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1 Matta, James Till Exotic Nuclear Excitations: The Transverse Wobbling Mode in 135 Pr I10460 2017 eBook  
2 Schramm, Stefan New Horizons in Fundamental Physics I10446 2017 eBook  
3 Chang, You-Hao Study of Double Parton Scattering in Photon + 3 Jets Final State I10383 2017 eBook  
4 Solov???yov, Andrey V Nanoscale Insights into Ion-Beam Cancer Therapy I10243 2017 eBook  
5 Bhuyan, Bipul XXI DAE-BRNS High Energy Physics Symposium I10236 2016 eBook  
6 Walz, Christopher The Two-Photon Decay of the 11-/2 Isomer of 137Ba and Mixed-Symmetry States of 92,94Zr and 94Mo I10219 2016 eBook  
7 Cassidy, David C Farm Hall and the German Atomic Project of World War II I10154 2017 eBook  
8 Patel, Darshana Chandrakant A Study of the Isoscalar Giant Monopole Resonance I10142 2016 eBook  
9 Rafelski, Johann Relativity Matters I10106 2017 eBook  
10 Yi, Li Study of Quark Gluon Plasma By Particle Correlations in Heavy Ion Collisions I10066 2016 eBook  
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TitleExotic Nuclear Excitations: The Transverse Wobbling Mode in 135 Pr
Author(s)Matta, James Till
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 112 p. 57 illus., 35 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe work presented in this thesis established the existence of wobbling at low spin and low deformation in the Z~60, N~76 nuclear region. This opens the region to further searches for wobbling and shows that wobbling is not confined to a particular quasiparticle orbital, spin or deformation. While deformed nuclei usually have axial shape, triaxial shapes have been predicted at low to moderate spins in certain regions of the nuclear chart (e.g. Z~60, N~76 and Z~46, N~66). Observation of one of the fingerprints of triaxiality, chirality and wobbling, guarantees that the nucleus is axially asymmetric. While chirality has been observed in numerous nuclei from many regions of the nuclear chart, wobbling, prior to this work, had only been observed at high spins in super deformed bands in five nuclei confined to the Z~70, N~90 region. Additionally, this dissertation establishes a new interpretation for the wobbling phenomenon. It shows for the first time that the nucleon aligns to the short axis, which explains the decrease in wobbling energies with angular momentum seen on this and all previous wobbling nuclei while still explaining the observed B(E2out)B(E2in) ratios. This is a new phenomenon, which is in contrast to the increase of the wobbling energies predicted by Bohr and Mottelson
ISBN,Price9783319532400
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Heavy ions 4. MICROSCOPY 5. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 6. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 7. SPECTROSCOPY 8. Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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TitleNew Horizons in Fundamental Physics
Author(s)Schramm, Stefan;Sch??fer, Mirko
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionIX, 389 p. 134 illus., 95 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis volume presents the state-of-the-art in selected topics across modern nuclear physics, covering fields of central importance to research and illustrating their connection to many different areas of physics. It describes recent progress in the study of superheavy and exotic nuclei, which is pushing our knowledge to ever heavier elements and neutron-richer isotopes. Extending nuclear physics to systems that are many times denser than even the core of an atomic nucleus, one enters the realm of the physics of neutron stars and possibly quark stars, a topic that is intensively investigated with many ground-based and outer-space research missions as well as numerous theoretical works. By colliding two nuclei at very high ultra-relativistic energies one can create a fireball of extremely hot matter, reminiscent of the universe very shortly after the big bang, leading to a phase of melted hadrons and free quarks and gluons, the so-called quark-gluon plasma. These studies tie up with effects of crucial importance in other fields. During the collision of heavy ions, electric fields of extreme strength are produced, potentially destabilizing the vacuum of the atomic physics system, subsequently leading to the decay of the vacuum state and the emission of positrons. In neutron stars the ultra-dense matter might support extremely high magnetic fields, far beyond anything that can be produced in the laboratory, significantly affecting the stellar properties. At very high densities general relativity predicts the stellar collapse to a black hole. However, a number of current theoretical activities, modifying Einstein???s theory, point to possible alternative scenarios, where this collapse might be avoided. These and related topics are addressed in this book in a series of highly readable chapters. In addition, the book includes fundamental analyses of the practicalities involved in transiting to an electricity supply mainly based on renewable energies, investigating this scenario less from an engineering and more from a physics point of view. While the topics comprise a large scope of activities, the contributions also show an extensive overlap in the methodology and in the analytical and numerical tools involved in tackling these diverse research fields that are the forefront of modern science.
ISBN,Price9783319441658
Keyword(s)1. Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks 2. ASTROPHYSICS 3. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 4. ATOMS 5. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. Heavy ions 9. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 10. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 11. PHYSICS
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TitleStudy of Double Parton Scattering in Photon + 3 Jets Final State : In Proton-Proton Collisions at ???s = 7TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC
Author(s)Chang, You-Hao
PublicationSingapore, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Singapore, 2017.
DescriptionXIV, 101 p. 49 illus., 43 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book mainly focuses on the study of photon + 3 jets final state in Proton-Proton Collisions at ???s = 7TeV, searching for patterns of two (or more) distinct hard scatterings in the same collision, i.e the so-called Double Parton Scattering (DPS). A new method by using Monte Carlo generators was performed and provides higher order corrections to the description of the Single Parton Scattering (SPS) background. Further it is investigated whether additional contributions from DPS can improve the agreement between the measured data and the Monte Carlo predictions. The current theoretical uncertainties related to the SPS background are found to be larger than expectation. At the same time a rich set of DPS-sensitive measurements is reported for possible further interpretation
ISBN,Price9789811038242
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. Heavy ions 6. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 7. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 8. Particle acceleration 9. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 10. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleNanoscale Insights into Ion-Beam Cancer Therapy
Author(s)Solov???yov, Andrey V
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXX, 498 p. 183 illus., 159 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides a unique and comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art understanding of the molecular and nano-scale processes that play significant roles in ion-beam cancer therapy. It covers experimental design and methodology, and reviews the theoretical understanding of the processes involved. It offers the reader an opportunity to learn from a coherent approach about the physics, chemistry and biology relevant to ion-beam cancer therapy, a growing field of important medical application worldwide. The book describes phenomena occurring on different time and energy scales relevant to the radiation damage of biological targets and ion-beam cancer therapy from the molecular (nano) scale up to the macroscopic level. It illustrates how ion-beam therapy offers the possibility of excellent dose localization for treatment of malignant tumours, minimizing radiation damage in normal tissue whilst maximizing cell-killing within the tumour, offering a significant development in cancer therapy. The full potential of such therapy can only be realized by better understanding the physical, chemical and biological mechanisms, on a range of time and space scales that lead to cell death under ion irradiation. This book describes how, using a multiscale approach, experimental and theoretical expertise available can lead to greater insight at the nanoscopic and molecular level into radiation damage of biological targets induced by ion impact. The book is intended for advanced students and specialists in the areas of physics, chemistry, biology and medicine related to ion-beam therapy, radiation protection, biophysics, radiation nanophysics and chemistry, atomic and molecular physics, condensed matter physics, and the physics of interaction of charged particles with matter. One of the most important features of the book is the inclusive multiscale approach to the understanding of complex and highly interdisciplinary processes behind ion-beam cancer therapy, which stretches from the atomistic level up to the biological scale and is demonstrated to be in excellent agreement with experimental observations
ISBN,Price9783319430300
Keyword(s)1. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 2. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 3. BIOPHYSICS 4. Cancer Research 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. Heavy ions 8. Medical and Radiation Physics 9. Medical physics 10. Nanochemistry 11. Nanoscale science 12. Nanoscale Science and Technology 13. NANOSCIENCE 14. Nanostructures 15. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 16. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 17. RADIATION
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TitleXXI DAE-BRNS High Energy Physics Symposium : Proceedings, Guwahati, India, December 8 ??? 12, 2014
Author(s)Bhuyan, Bipul
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXXXVII, 682 p. 295 illus., 95 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThese proceedings gather invited and contributed talks presented at the XXI DAE-BRNS High Energy Physics Symposium, which was held at the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati in December 2014. The contributions cover??many of the??most active research areas in particle physics, namely (i) Electroweak Physics; (ii) QCD and??Heavy Ion Physics; (iii) Heavy Flavour Physics and CP Violation; (iv) Neutrino Physics; (v)??Astro-particle Physics and Cosmology; (vi) Formal Theory; (vii) Future Colliders and New??Machines; and (viii) BSM Physics: SUSY, Extra Dimensions, Composites etc. The DAE-BRNS High Energy Physics Symposium,??widely considered to be one of the??premiere symposiums organised in India in the field of elementary particle physics,??is held every??other year and supported by the Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences,??Department of Atomic Energy, India.??Roughly 250 physicists and researchers participated in the 21st Symposium, discussing the latest advancements in the field in 18 plenary review talks, 15 invited mini-review talks and approximately??130 contributed presentations. Bringing together the essential content, the book offers a valuable resource for both beginning and advanced researchers in the field
ISBN,Price9783319256191
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Elementary particles (Physics) 6. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 7. Heavy ions 8. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 9. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 10. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleThe Two-Photon Decay of the 11-/2 Isomer of 137Ba and Mixed-Symmetry States of 92,94Zr and 94Mo
Author(s)Walz, Christopher
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXV, 160 p. 71 illus., 62 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis??work focuses on new electromagnetic decay mode in nuclear physics. The first part of the thesis presents the observation of the two-photon decay for a transition where the one-photon decay is allowed. In the second part, so called quadrupole mixed-symmetry is investigated in inelastic proton scattering experiments. In 1930 Nobel-prize winner M. Goeppert-Mayer was the first to discuss??the two-photon decay of an exited state in her doctoral thesis. This process has been observed many times in atomic physics. However in nuclear physics data is sparse. Here this decay mode has only been observed for the special case of a transition between nuclear states with spin and parity quantum number 0+. For such a transition, the one-photon decay ??? the main experimental obstacle to observe the two-photon decay ??? is forbidden. Furthermore, the energy sharing and angular distributions were measured, allowing??conclusions to be drawn??about the multipoles contributing??to the two-photon transition. Quadrupole mixed-symmetry states are an excitation mode in spherical nuclei which are sensitive to the strength of the quadrupole residual interaction. A new signature for these interesting states??is presented which allows??identification of mixed-symmetry states independently of electromagnetic transition strengths. Furthermore this signature represents a valuable additional observable to test model predictions for mixed-symmetry states
ISBN,Price9783319271835
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Heavy ions 4. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 5. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 6. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 7. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleFarm Hall and the German Atomic Project of World War II : A Dramatic History
Author(s)Cassidy, David C
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXIV, 125 p. 32 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis gripping book brings back to life the events surrounding the internment of ten German Nuclear Scientists immediately after World War II. It is also an "eye-witness" account of the dawning of the nuclear age, with the dialogue and narrative spanning the period before, during and after atomic bombs were dropped on Japan at the end of the war. This pivotal historical episode is conveyed, along with the emotions as well as the facts, through drama, historical narrative, and photographs of the captive German nuclear scientists - who included Werner Heisenberg, Otto Hahn, and Max von Laue. The unique story that unfolds in the play is based on secretly recorded transcripts of the scientists??? actual conversations at Farm Hall, together with related documents and photographs
ISBN,Price9783319595788
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. ETHICS 4. Heavy ions 5. History of World War II and the Holocaust 6. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 7. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 8. PHYSICS 9. Popular Science in Physics 10. World War, 1939-1945
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TitleA Study of the Isoscalar Giant Monopole Resonance : The Role of Symmetry Energy in Nuclear Incompressibility in the Open-Shell Nuclei
Author(s)Patel, Darshana Chandrakant
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXXVI, 102 p. 51 illus., 42 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis reports on investigations of a specific collective mode of nuclear vibration, the isoscalar giant monopole resonance (ISGMR), the nuclear "breathing mode", the energy of which is directly related to a fundamental property of nuclei???the nuclear incompressibility. The alpha inelastic scattering experiments reported in this thesis have been critical to answering some fundamental questions about nuclear incompressibility and the symmetry energy, quantities that are crucial to our understanding of a number of phenomena in nuclear physics and astrophysics, including collective excitations in nuclei, radii of neutron stars, and the nature of stellar collapse and supernova explosions. The work described included three sets of experiments and subsequent sophisticated data analysis, both leading to results that have been welcomed by the community and recognised as important contributions to the field
ISBN,Price9783319222073
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Heavy ions 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 8. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 9. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleRelativity Matters : From Einstein's EMC2 to Laser Particle Acceleration and Quark-Gluon Plasma
Author(s)Rafelski, Johann
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXV, 468 p. 85 illus., 63 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteRafelski presents Special Relativity in a language deemed accessible to students without any topical preparation - avoiding the burden of geometry, tensor calculus, and space-time symmetries ??? and yet advancing in highly contemporary context all the way to research frontiers. Special Relativity is presented such that nothing remains a paradox or just apparent, but rather is explained. A text of similar character, content, and scope, has not been available before. This book describes Special Relativity when rigid material bodies are introduced describing the reality of body contraction; it shows the relevance of acceleration and the necessary evolution of the theoretical framework when acceleration is critical. This book also presents the evolving views of Einstein about the aether. In addition to a careful and elementary introduction to relativity complete with exercises, worked examples and many discussions, this volume connects to current research topics so that readers can explore Special Relativity from the foundation to the frontier. Johann Rafelski is a theoretical physicist working at The University of Arizona in Tucson, USA. Born in 1950 in Krakow, Poland, he received his Ph.D. with Walter Greiner at University Frankfurt, Germany in 1973. In 1977 Rafelski arrived at CERN-Geneva, where with Rolf Hagedorn he developed the search for quark-gluon plasma in relativistic heavy ion collision as a novel research domain. He invented and developed the strangeness quark flavor as the signature of quark-gluon plasma, advancing the discovery of this new phase of primordial matter. Professor Rafelski also has held professional appointments at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, Argonne National Laboratory in Chicago, the University of Frankfurt, the University of Cape Town, the University of Paris-Jussieu, and the Ecole Polytechnique. He has been a DFG Excellence Initiative Professor at Ludwig-Maximillian University Munich. In collaboration with researchers from the Ecole Polytechnique in Paris and ELI-Beamlines in Prague he is using ultra-intense lasers in nuclear and fundamental physics. Prof. Rafelski is the editor of the open-access book: Melting Hadrons, Boiling Quarks - From Hagedorn Temperature to Ultra-Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions at CERN - With a Tribute to Rolf Hagedorn (Springer, 2016)
ISBN,Price9783319512310
Keyword(s)1. ATOMS 2. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 3. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 4. CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS 5. CLASSICAL MECHANICS 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. ELECTRODYNAMICS 9. GRAVITATION 10. Heavy ions 11. MECHANICS 12. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 13. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 14. OPTICS 15. Particle acceleration 16. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 17. PHYSICS
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TitleStudy of Quark Gluon Plasma By Particle Correlations in Heavy Ion Collisions
Author(s)Yi, Li
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer New York, 2016.
DescriptionXVI, 83 p. 54 illus., 42 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis covers several important topics relevant to our understanding of quark-gluon plasma. It describes measurement of the third-order harmonic flow using two-particle correlations and isolation of flow and non-flow contributions to particle correlations in gold-gold collisions. The work also investigates long-range longitudinal correlations in small systems of deuteron-gold collisions. The former is related to the hydrodynamic transport properties of the quark-gluon plasma created in gold-gold collisions. The latter pertains to the question whether hydrodynamics is applicable to small systems, such as deuteron-gold collisions, and whether the quark-gluon plasma can be formed in those small-system collisions. The work presented in this thesis was conducted with the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory, where the center-of-mass energy of both collision systems was a factor of 100 larger than the rest mass of the colliding nuclei. The results contained in this thesis are highly relevant to our quest for deeper understanding of quantum chromodynamics. The results obtained challenge the interpretation of previous works from several other experiments on small systems, and provoke a fresh look at the physics of hydrodynamics and particle correlations pertinent to high energy nuclear collisions
ISBN,Price9781493964871
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Fluid- and Aerodynamics 4. FLUIDS 5. Heavy ions 6. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 7. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 8. Particle acceleration 9. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 10. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 11. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 12. STRING THEORY
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