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61 Shahandeh, Farid Quantum Correlations I08596 2019 eBook  
62 Cohen, Yonatan A New Platform for Edge Mode Manipulations in the Quantum Hall Effect I08571 2018 eBook  
63 Islam, Nurul T High-Rate, High-Dimensional Quantum Key Distribution Systems I08561 2018 eBook  
64 Tomamichel, Marco Quantum Information Processing with Finite Resources I08537 2016 eBook  
65 Nikolopoulos, Georgios M Quantum State Transfer and Network Engineering I08450 2014 eBook  
66 Gupta, Ved Prakash The Functional Analysis of Quantum Information Theory I08428 2015 eBook  
67 Andersson, Erika Quantum Information and Coherence I08389 2014 eBook  
68 Br??ning, Erwin Theoretical Foundations of Quantum Information Processing and Communication I08226 2010 eBook  
69 Bancal, Jean-Daniel On the Device-Independent Approach to Quantum Physics I08040 2014 eBook  
70 Portugal, Renato Quantum Walks and Search Algorithms I07585 2013 eBook  
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61.    
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TitleQuantum Correlations : A Modern Augmentation
Author(s)Shahandeh, Farid
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2019.
DescriptionXIX, 166 p. 26 illus., 21 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe correlations between physical systems provide significant information about their collective behaviour ??? information that is used as a resource in many applications, e.g. communication protocols. However, when it comes to the exploitation of such correlations in the quantum world, identification of the associated ???resource??? is extremely challenging and a matter of debate in the quantum community. This dissertation describes three key results on the identification, detection, and quantification of quantum correlations. It starts with an extensive and accessible introduction to the mathematical and physical grounds for the various definitions of quantum correlations. It subsequently focusses on introducing a novel unified picture of quantum correlations by taking a modern resource-theoretic position. The results show that this novel concept plays a crucial role in the performance of collaborative quantum computations that is not captured by the standard textbook approaches. Further, this new perspective provides a deeper understanding of the quantum-classical boundary and paves the way towards establishing a resource theory of quantum computations
ISBN,Price9783030241209
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences 4. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 5. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 6. Quantum computing 7. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 8. QUANTUM PHYSICS 9. SPINTRONICS
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62.     
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TitleA New Platform for Edge Mode Manipulations in the Quantum Hall Effect
Author(s)Cohen, Yonatan
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2018.
DescriptionXIV, 55 p : online resource
Abstract NoteIn the last several decades, the quantum Hall effect has provided a remarkable platform for manipulating one-dimensional electronic modes and investigating fundamental physical phenomena. However, certain limitations make it difficult for various kinds of interesting modes structures to be formed using this platform. One example is the so called helical mode structure, in which two one-dimensional, counter propagating modes have opposite spins and thus spin and momentum are locked. Such helical modes have lately attracted significant interest, since, when coupled to a conventional superconductor, they are expected to manifest topological superconductivity and host Majorana zero modes. Even more interesting are fractional helical modes, which open the way for realizing generalized parafermionic zero modes. Possessing non-abelian exchange statistics, these quasiparticles may serve as building blocks in topological quantum computing. Here we present a new platform for manipulating integer and fractional quantum Hall edge modes, which allows the formation of robust one-dimensional helical as well as fractional helical modes. The platform is based on a carefully designed double-quantum-well structure in a GaAs based system hosting two electronic sub-bands in the quantum Hall effect regime. By electrostatic gating of different areas of the structure, counter-propagating integer, as well as fractional, edge modes with opposite spins are formed and their spin protection is verified. Beyond the formation of helical modes, the new platform can serve as a rich playground for new research. Some new possibilities include the artificial induction of compounded fractional edge modes and the construction of new edge mode-based interferometers
ISBN,Price9783030059439
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. MAGNETIC MATERIALS 4. MAGNETISM 5. Magnetism, Magnetic Materials 6. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 7. Quantum computing 8. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 9. QUANTUM PHYSICS 10. SOLID STATE PHYSICS 11. SPINTRONICS
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63.     
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TitleHigh-Rate, High-Dimensional Quantum Key Distribution Systems
Author(s)Islam, Nurul T
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2018.
DescriptionXIII, 132 p. 50 illus., 49 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book describes a broad research program on quantum communication. Here, a cryptographic key is exchanged by two parties using quantum states of light and the security of the system arises from the fundamental properties of quantum mechanics. The author developed new communication protocols using high-dimensional quantum states so that more than one classical bit is transferred by each photon. This approach helps circumvent some of the non-ideal properties of the experimental system, enabling record key rates on metropolitan distance scales. Another important aspect of the work is the encoding of the key on high-dimensional phase-randomized weak coherent states, combined with so-called decoy states to thwart a class of possible attacks on the system. The experiments are backed up by a rigorous security analysis of the system, which accounts for all known device non-idealities. The author goes on to demonstrate a scalable approach for increasing the dimension of the quantum states, and considers attacks on the system that use optimal quantum cloning techniques. This thesis captures the current state-of-the-art of the field of quantum communication in laboratory systems, and demonstrates that phase-randomized weak coherent states have application beyond quantum communication
ISBN,Price9783319989297
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. LASERS 4. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 5. PHOTONICS 6. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 7. Quantum computing 8. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 9. QUANTUM OPTICS 10. SPINTRONICS
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64.     
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TitleQuantum Information Processing with Finite Resources : Mathematical Foundations
Author(s)Tomamichel, Marco
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionIX, 138 p. 4 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides the reader with the mathematical framework required to fully explore the potential of small quantum information processing devices. As decoherence will continue to limit their size, it is essential to master the conceptual tools which make such investigation possible. A strong emphasis is given to information measures that are essential for the study of devices of finite size, including R??nyi entropies and smooth entropies. The presentation is self-contained and includes rigorous and concise proofs of the most important properties of these measures. The first chapters will introduce the formalism of quantum mechanics, with particular emphasis on norms and metrics for quantum states. This is necessary to explore quantum generalizations of R??nyi divergence and conditional entropy, information measures that lie at the core of information theory. The smooth entropy framework is discussed next and provides a natural means to lift many arguments from information theory to the quantum setting. Finally selected applications of the theory to statistics and cryptography are discussed. The book is aimed at graduate students in Physics and Information Theory. Mathematical fluency is necessary, but no prior knowledge of quantum theory is required
ISBN,Price9783319218915
Keyword(s)1. Data structures (Computer science) 2. Data Structures and Information Theory 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 6. Quantum computing 7. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 8. QUANTUM PHYSICS 9. SPINTRONICS
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65.     
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TitleQuantum State Transfer and Network Engineering
Author(s)Nikolopoulos, Georgios M;Jex, Igor
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2014.
DescriptionX, 250 p. 80 illus., 68 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteFaithful communication is a necessary precondition for large-scale quantum information processing and networking, irrespective of the physical platform. Thus, the problems of quantum-state transfer and quantum-network engineering have attracted enormous interest over the last years, and constitute one of the most active areas of research in quantum information processing. The present volume introduces the reader to fundamental concepts and various aspects of this exciting research area, including links to other related areas and problems. The implementation of state-transfer schemes and the engineering of quantum networks are discussed in the framework of various quantum optical and condensed matter systems, emphasizing the interdisciplinary character of the research area. Each chapter is a review of theoretical or experimental achievements on a particular topic, written by leading scientists in the field. The volume aims at both newcomers as well as experienced researchers
ISBN,Price9783642399374
Keyword(s)1. Communications Engineering, Networks 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 5. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 6. Quantum computing 7. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 8. QUANTUM PHYSICS 9. Special Purpose and Application-Based Systems 10. Special purpose computers 11. SPINTRONICS
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66.     
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TitleThe Functional Analysis of Quantum Information Theory : A Collection of Notes Based on Lectures by Gilles Pisier, K. R. Parthasarathy, Vern Paulsen and Andreas Winter
Author(s)Gupta, Ved Prakash;Mandayam, Prabha;Sunder, V.S
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2015.
DescriptionXI, 139 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides readers with a concise introduction to current studies on operator-algebras and their generalizations, operator spaces and operator systems, with a special focus on their application in quantum information science. This basic framework for the mathematical formulation of quantum information can be traced back to the mathematical work of John von Neumann, one of the pioneers of operator algebras, which forms the underpinning of most current mathematical treatments of the quantum theory, besides being one of the most dynamic areas of twentieth century functional analysis. Today, von Neumann???s foresight finds expression in the rapidly growing field of quantum information theory. These notes gather the content of lectures given by a very distinguished group of mathematicians and quantum information theorists, held at the IMSc in Chennai some years ago, and great care has been taken to present the material as a primer on the subject matter. Starting from the basic definitions of operator spaces and operator systems, this text proceeds to discuss several important theorems including Stinespring???s dilation theorem for completely positive maps and Kirchberg???s theorem on tensor products of C*-algebras. It also takes a closer look at the abstract characterization of operator systems and, motivated by the requirements of different tensor products in quantum information theory, the theory of tensor products in operator systems is discussed in detail. On the quantum information side, the book offers a rigorous treatment of quantifying entanglement in bipartite quantum systems, and moves on to review four different areas in which ideas from the theory of operator systems and operator algebras play a natural role: the issue of zero-error communication over quantum channels, the strong subadditivity property of quantum entropy, the different norms on quantum states and the corresponding induced norms on quantum channels, and, lastly, the applications of matrix-valued random variables in the quantum information setting
ISBN,Price9783319167183
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS 4. Mathematical Methods in Physics 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. PHYSICS 7. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 8. Quantum computing 9. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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67.     
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TitleQuantum Information and Coherence
Author(s)Andersson, Erika;??hberg, Patrik
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2014.
DescriptionX, 285 p. 96 illus., 61 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book??offers an introduction to??ten key topics in quantum information science and quantum coherent phenomena, aimed at graduate-student level. The chapters cover some of the most recent developments in this dynamic research field where theoretical and experimental physics, combined with computer science, provide a fascinating arena for groundbreaking new concepts in information processing. The book??addresses both the theoretical and experimental aspects of the subject, and clearly demonstrates how progress in experimental techniques has stimulated a great deal of theoretical effort and vice versa.??Experiments are shifting from simply preparing and measuring quantum states to controlling and manipulating them, and the book outlines how the first real applications, notably quantum key distribution for secure communication, are starting to emerge. The chapters cover quantum retrodiction, ultracold quantum gases in optical lattices, optomechanics, quantum algorithms, quantum key distribution, quantum control based on measurement, orbital angular momentum of light, entanglement theory, trapped ions and quantum metrology, and open quantum systems subject to decoherence. The contributing authors have been chosen not just on the basis of their scientific expertise, but also because of their ability to offer pedagogical and well-written contributions which will be of interest to students and established researchers
ISBN,Price9783319040639
Keyword(s)1. Condensed materials 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Phase transformations (Statistical physics) 5. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 6. Quantum computing 7. Quantum Gases and Condensates 8. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 9. QUANTUM OPTICS 10. QUANTUM PHYSICS 11. SPINTRONICS
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68.     
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TitleTheoretical Foundations of Quantum Information Processing and Communication : Selected Topics
Author(s)Br??ning, Erwin;Petruccione, Francesco
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2010.
DescriptionXIV, 253 p. 48 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteBased on eight extensive lectures selected from those given at the renowned Chris Engelbrecht Summer School in Theoretical Physics in South Africa, this text on the theoretical foundations of quantum information processing and communication covers an array of topics, including quantum probabilities, open systems, and non-Markovian dynamics and decoherence. It also addresses quantum information and relativity as well as testing quantum mechanics in high energy physics. Because these self-contained lectures discuss topics not typically covered in advanced undergraduate courses, they are ideal for post-graduate students entering this field of research. Some of the lectures are written at a more introductory level while others are presented as tutorials that survey recent developments and results in various subfields
ISBN,Price9783642028717
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Information and Communication, Circuits 4. INFORMATION THEORY 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 7. Quantum computing 8. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 9. QUANTUM OPTICS 10. QUANTUM PHYSICS 11. SPINTRONICS 12. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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69.     
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TitleOn the Device-Independent Approach to Quantum Physics : Advances in Quantum Nonlocality and Multipartite Entanglement Detection
Author(s)Bancal, Jean-Daniel
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2014.
DescriptionXIII, 119 p. 34 illus., 17 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteQuantum physics started in the 1920's with wave mechanics and the wave-particle duality. However, the last 20 years have seen a second quantum revolution, centered around non-locality and quantum correlations between measurement outcomes. The associated key property, entanglement, is recognized today as the signature of quantumness. This second revolution opened the possibility of studying quantum correlations without any assumption on the internal functioning of the measurement apparata, the so-called Device-Independent Approach to Quantum Physics. ?? This thesis explores this new approach using the powerful geometrical tool of polytopes. Emphasis is placed on the study of non-locality in the case of three or more parties, where it is shown that a whole new variety of phenomena appear compared to the bipartite case. Genuine multiparty entanglement is also studied for the first time within the device-independent framework.???Finally, these tools are used to answer a long-standing open question: could quantum non-locality be explained by influences that propagate from one party to the others faster than light, but that remain hidden so that one cannot use them to communicate faster than light? This would provide a way around Einstein's notion of action at a distance that would be compatible with relativity. However, the answer is shown to be negative, as such influences could not remain hidden
ISBN,Price9783319011837
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. GRAVITATION 5. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 6. Quantum computing 7. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 8. QUANTUM PHYSICS 9. SPINTRONICS
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70.    
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TitleQuantum Walks and Search Algorithms
Author(s)Portugal, Renato
PublicationNew York, NY, Springer New York, 2013.
DescriptionXI, 222 p. 37 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book addresses an interesting area of quantum computation called quantum walks, which play an important role in building quantum algorithms, in particular search algorithms. Quantum walks are the quantum analogue of classical random walks. It is known that quantum computers have great power for searching unsorted databases. This power extends to many kinds of searches, particularly to the problem of finding a specific location in a spatial layout, which can be modeled by a graph. The goal is to find a specific node knowing that the particle uses the edges to jump from one node to the next. This book is self-contained with main topics that include: Grover's algorithm, describing its geometrical interpretation and evolution by means of the spectral decomposition of the evolution operater Analytical solutions of quantum walks on important graphs like line, cycles, two-dimensional lattices, and hypercubes using Fourier transforms Quantum walks on generic graphs, describing methods to calculate the limiting distribution and mixing time Spatial search algorithms, with emphasis on the abstract search algorithm (the two-dimensional lattice is used as an example) Szedgedy's quantum-walk model and a natural definition of quantum hitting time (the complete graph is used as an example) The reader will benefit from the pedagogical aspects of the book, learning faster and with more ease than would be possible from the primary research literature. Exercises and references further deepen the reader's understanding, and guidelines for the use of computer programs to simulate the evolution of quantum walks are also provided
ISBN,Price9781461463368
Keyword(s)1. COMPUTERS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 5. Quantum computing 6. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 7. QUANTUM PHYSICS 8. SPINTRONICS 9. Theory of Computation
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