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1 Serra, Roberto Modelling Protocells I10471 2017 eBook  
2 Stevenson, David S The Nature of Life and Its Potential to Survive I10177 2017 eBook  
3 Seargent, David Weird Astronomical Theories of the Solar System and Beyond I10096 2016 eBook  
4 Ellis, George How Can Physics Underlie the Mind? I10069 2016 eBook  
5 Javarone, Marco Alberto Statistical Physics and Computational Methods for Evolutionary Game Theory I10011 2018 eBook  
6 Schulze-Makuch, Dirk The Cosmic Zoo I09993 2017 eBook  
7 Bahar, Sonya The Essential Tension I09909 2018 eBook  
8 Georgiev, Georgi Yordanov Evolution, Development and Complexity I09567 2019 eBook  
9 La Porta, Caterina AM Understanding Innovation Through Exaptation I08919 2020 eBook  
10 Pismen, Len Morphogenesis Deconstructed I08906 2020 eBook  
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TitleModelling Protocells : The Emergent Synchronization of Reproduction and Molecular Replication
Author(s)Serra, Roberto;Villani, Marco
PublicationDordrecht, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Netherlands, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 182 p. 46 illus., 33 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe monograph discusses models of synthetic protocells, which are cell-like structures obtained from non-living matter endowed with some rudimentary kind of metabolism and genetics, but much simpler than biological cells. They should grow and proliferate, generating offsprings that resemble in some way the parent protocells with some variation, so that selection may take place. Sustainable protocell populations have not yet been obtained experimentally and mathematical models are therefore extremely important to address key questions concerning their synthesis and behavior. Different protocell ???architectures??? have been proposed and high-level abstract models like those that are presented in this book are particularly relevant to gain a better understanding of the different properites. These models are able to treat all the major dynamical phenomena in a unified framework, so they can be seen as ???virtual laboratories??? for protocell research. Particular attention is paid to the problem of synchronization of the fission rate of the whole protocell and the duplication rate of its "protogenetic" material, which is shown to be an emergent property that spontaneously develops in successive generations. The book is of interest for a broad range of scientists working in soft matter physics, chemistry and biology, interested in the role protocells may play on the development of new technologies with medical, environmental and industrial applications as well as scientists interested in the origin of life
ISBN,Price9789402411607
Keyword(s)1. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 2. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 3. BIOPHYSICS 4. Biotechnology 5. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 6. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. Evolutionary Biology 10. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 11. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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TitleThe Nature of Life and Its Potential to Survive
Author(s)Stevenson, David S
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 456 p. 70 illus., 69 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book looks at the persistence of life and how difficult it would be to annihilate life, especially a species as successful as humanity. The idea that life in general is fragile is challenged by the hardiness of microbes, which shows that astrobiology on exoplanets and other satellites must be robust and plentiful. Microbes have adapted to virtually every niche on the planet, from the deep, hot biosphere, to the frigid heights of the upper troposphere. Life, it seems, is almost indestructible. The chapters in this work examine the various scenarios that might lead to the extermination of life, and why they will almost always fail. Life's highly adaptive nature ensures that it will cling on no matter how difficult the circumstances. Scientists are increasingly probing and questioning life's true limits in, on and above the Earth, and how these limits could be pushed elsewhere in the universe. This investigation puts life in its true astronomical context, with the reader taken on a journey to illustrate life's potential and perseverance.
ISBN,Price9783319529110
Keyword(s)1. ASTROBIOLOGY 2. ASTRONOMY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Evolutionary Biology 6. PLANETOLOGY 7. Popular Science in Astronomy
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TitleWeird Astronomical Theories of the Solar System and Beyond
Author(s)Seargent, David
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIV, 270 p. 43 illus., 32 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteAfter addressing strange cosmological hypotheses in Weird Universe, David Seargent tackles the no-less??bizarre theories closer to home.??Alternate views on the Solar System's formation, comet composition, and??the evolution of life on Earth are only some of the topics he addresses in this new work.??Although these ideas??exist on??the fringe of mainstream astronomy, they can still shed light on the origins of life and the evolution of the planets. Continuing the author's series of books??popularizing??strange astronomy facts and knowledge, Weird Astronomical Theories??presents an approachable exploration of??the still mysterious questions about the origin of comets, the pattern of mass extinctions on??Earth, and more.??The alternative theories discussed here do not come from untrained amateurs. The scientists whose work is??covered includes the mid-20th century Russian S. K. Vsekhsvyatskii, cosmologist Max Tegmark, British??astronomers Victor Clube and William Napier, and American Tom Van Flandern, a specialist in celestial mechanics who held a variety of unusual beliefs about the possibility of intelligent life having come from elsewhere. Despite being outliers, their work reveals how much astronomical understanding is still evolving.??Unconventional approaches have also pushed our scientific understanding for the better, as with R.W. Mandl's approaching Einstein with regard to gravitational lensing.?? Even without full substantiation (and some theories are hardly credible), their hypotheses allow for a new perspective on??how the Solar System became what it is today
ISBN,Price9783319252957
Keyword(s)1. ASTRONOMY 2. Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology 3. ASTROPHYSICS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Evolutionary Biology 7. Popular Science in Astronomy
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TitleHow Can Physics Underlie the Mind? : Top-Down Causation in the Human Context
Author(s)Ellis, George
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016.
DescriptionXXVI, 482 p. 36 illus : online resource
Abstract NotePhysics underlies all complexity, including our own existence: how is this possible? How can our own lives emerge from interactions of electrons, protons, and neutrons? This book considers the interaction of physical and non-physical causation in complex systems such as living beings, and in particular in the human brain, relating this to the emergence of higher levels of complexity with real causal powers. In particular it explores the idea of top-down causation, which is the key effect allowing the emergence of true complexity and also enables the causal efficacy of non-physical entities, including the value of money, social conventions, and ethical choices
ISBN,Price9783662498095
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. EPISTEMOLOGY 6. Evolutionary Biology 7. NEUROBIOLOGY 8. Neurosciences 9. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 10. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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TitleStatistical Physics and Computational Methods for Evolutionary Game Theory
Author(s)Javarone, Marco Alberto
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2018.
DescriptionIX, 74 p. 27 illus., 25 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents an introduction to Evolutionary Game Theory (EGT) which is an emerging field in the area of complex systems attracting the attention of researchers from disparate scientific communities. EGT allows one to represent and study several complex phenomena, such as the emergence of cooperation in social systems, the role of conformity in shaping the equilibrium of a population, and the dynamics in biological and ecological systems. Since EGT models belong to the area of complex systems, statistical physics constitutes a fundamental ingredient for investigating their behavior. At the same time, the complexity of some EGT models, such as those realized by means of agent-based methods, often require the implementation of numerical simulations. Therefore, beyond providing an introduction to EGT, this book gives a brief overview of the main statistical physics tools (such as phase transitions and the Ising model) and computational strategies for simulating evolutionary games (such as Monte Carlo algorithms on lattices). ??This book will appeal to students and researchers in this burgeoning field of complex systems
ISBN,Price9783319702056
Keyword(s)1. Computational Social Sciences 2. Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. ECONOPHYSICS 6. Evolutionary Biology 7. GAME THEORY 8. Game Theory, Economics, Social and Behav. Sciences 9. PYTHON 10. Python (Computer program language) 11. Social sciences???Computer programs 12. Social sciences???Data processing 13. Sociophysics 14. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 15. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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TitleThe Cosmic Zoo : Complex Life on Many Worlds
Author(s)Schulze-Makuch, Dirk;Bains, William
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXII, 232 p. 33 illus., 31 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteAre humans a galactic oddity, or will complex life with human abilities develop on planets with environments that remain habitable for long enough? In a clear, jargon-free style, two leading researchers in the burgeoning field of astrobiology critically examine the major evolutionary steps that led us from the distant origins of life to the technologically advanced species we are today. Are the key events that took life from simple cells to astronauts unique occurrences that would be unlikely to occur on other planets? By focusing on what life does - it's functional abilities - rather than specific biochemistry or anatomy, the authors provide plausible answers to this question. Systematically exploring the various pathways that led to the complex biosphere we experience on planet Earth, they show that most of the steps along that path are likely to occur on any world hosting life, with only two exceptions: One is the origin of life itself ??? if this is a highly improbable event, then we live in a rather ???empty universe???. However, if this isn???t the case, we inevitably live in a universe containing a myriad of planets hosting complex as well as microbial life - a ???cosmic zoo???. The other unknown is the rise of technologically advanced beings, as exemplified on Earth by humans. Only one technological species has emerged in the roughly 4 billion years life has existed on Earth, and we don???t know of any other technological species elsewhere. If technological intelligence is a rare, almost unique feature of Earth's history, then there can be no visitors to the cosmic zoo other than ourselves. Schulze-Makuch and Bains take the reader through the history of life on Earth, laying out a consistent and straightforward framework for understanding why we should think that advanced, complex life exists on planets other than Earth. They provide a unique perspective on the question that puzzled the human species for centuries: are we alone?
ISBN,Price9783319620459
Keyword(s)1. ASTROBIOLOGY 2. ASTRONOMY 3. EARTH 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Evolutionary Biology 7. GEOLOGY 8. LIFE SCIENCES 9. Popular Earth Science 10. Popular Life Sciences 11. Popular Science in Astronomy
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TitleThe Essential Tension : Competition, Cooperation and Multilevel Selection in Evolution
Author(s)Bahar, Sonya
PublicationDordrecht, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Netherlands, 2018.
DescriptionXIV, 377 p. 104 illus., 56 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract Note'The Essential Tension'??explores how agents that naturally compete come to act together as a group. The author argues that the controversial concept of multilevel selection is essential to biological evolution, a proposition set to stimulate new debate. The idea of one collective unit emerging from the cooperative interactions of its constituent (and mutually competitive) parts has its roots in the ancient world. More recently, it has illuminated studies of animal behavior, and played a controversial role in evolutionary biology. In Part I, the author explores the historical development of the idea of a collectivity in biological systems, from early speculations on the sociology of human crowd behavior, through the mid-twentieth century debates over the role of group selection in evolution, to the notion of the selfish gene. Part II investigates the balance between competition and cooperation in a range of contemporary biological problems, from flocking and swarming to experimental evolution and the evolution of multicellularity. Part III addresses experimental studies of cooperation and competition, as well as controversial ideas such as the evolution of evolvability and Stephen Jay Gould???s suggestion that ???spandrels??? at one level of selection serve as possible sources of variability for the next higher level. Finally, building on the foundation established in the preceding chapters, the author arrives at a provocative new proposition: as a result of the essential tension between competition and cooperation, multiple levels may be essential in order for evolutionary processes to occur at all
ISBN,Price9789402410549
Keyword(s)1. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 2. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 3. BIOPHYSICS 4. Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. ECONOPHYSICS 8. Evolutionary Biology 9. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 10. PHYSICS 11. Sociophysics
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8.     
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TitleEvolution, Development and Complexity : Multiscale Evolutionary Models of Complex Adaptive Systems
Author(s)Georgiev, Georgi Yordanov;Smart, John M;Flores Martinez, Claudio L;Price, Michael E
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2019.
DescriptionXXX, 454 p. 55 illus., 51 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book explores the universe and its subsystems from the three lenses of evolutionary (diversifying), developmental (converging), and complex (adaptive) processes at all scales. It draws from prolific experts within the academic disciplines of complexity science, physical science, information and computer science, theoretical and evo-devo biology, cosmology, astrobiology, evolutionary theory, developmental theory, and philosophy. The chapters come from a Satellite Meeting, "Evolution, Development and Complexity" (EDC) hosted at the Conference on Complex Systems, in Cancun, 2017. The contributions will be peer-reviewed and contributors from outside the conference will be invited to submit chapters to ensure full coverage of the topics. This book explores many issues within the field of EDC such as the interaction of evolutionary stochasticity and developmental determinism in biological systems and what they might teach us about these twin processes in other complex systems. This text will appeal to students and researchers within the complex systems and EDC fields.
ISBN,Price9783030000752
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. COMPLEXITY 3. COMPUTATIONAL COMPLEXITY 4. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. Evolutionary Biology 8. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 9. Systems biology
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9.     
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TitleUnderstanding Innovation Through Exaptation
Author(s)La Porta, Caterina AM;Zapperi, Stefano;Pilotti, Luciano
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionX, 194 p. 50 illus., 40 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book explores the role of exaptation in diverse areas of life, with examples ranging from biology to economics, social sciences and architecture. The concept of exaptation, introduced in evolutionary biology by Gould and Vrba in 1982, describes the possibility that already existing traits can be exploited for new purposes throughout the evolutionary process. Edited by three active scholars in the fields of biology, physics and economics, the book presents an interdisciplinary collection of expert viewpoints illustrating the importance of exaptation for interpreting current reality in various fields of investigation. Using the lenses of exaptation, the contributing authors show how to view the overall macroscopic landscape as comprising many disciplines, all working in unity within a single complex system. This book is the first to discuss exaptation in both hard and soft disciplines and highlights the role of this concept in understanding the birth of innovation by identifying key elements and ideas. It also offers a comprehensive guide to the emerging interdisciplinary field of exaptation, provides didactic explanations of the basic concepts, and avoids excessive jargon and heavy formalism. Its target audience includes graduate students in physics, biology, mathematics, economics, psychology and architecture; it will also appeal to established researchers in the humanities who wish to explore or enter this new science-driven interdisciplinary field
ISBN,Price9783030457846
Keyword(s)1. Biological systems 2. Cancer Research 3. CITY PLANNING 4. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 5. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. Evolutionary Biology 9. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 10. Systems biology 11. Urban planning 12. Urbanism
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10.    
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TitleMorphogenesis Deconstructed : An Integrated View of the Generation of Forms
Author(s)Pismen, Len
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionVIII, 146 p. 2 illus., 1 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is about morphogenesis as the genesis of forms. It is not restricted to plants growing from seed or animals developing from an embryo (although these do supply the most abundant examples) but also addresses kindred processes, from inorganic to social to biomorphic technology. It is about our morphogenetic universe: unplanned, unfair and frustratingly complicated but benevolent in allowing us to emerge, survive, and inquire into its laws
ISBN,Price9783030368142
Keyword(s)1. Applications of Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos Theory 2. Applied sociology 3. COMPLEXITY 4. COMPUTATIONAL COMPLEXITY 5. Developmental biology 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. Evolutionary Biology 9. Plant anatomy 10. Plant Anatomy/Development 11. Plant development 12. Social/Human Development Studies 13. STATISTICAL PHYSICS
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