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 #  AuthorTitleAccn#YearItem Type Claims
1 Primas, Hans Knowledge and Time I10262 2017 eBook  
2 ??irca, Simon Probability for Physicists I10254 2016 eBook  
3 Plotnitsky, Arkady The Principles of Quantum Theory, From Planck's Quanta to the Higgs Boson I10089 2016 eBook  
4 Weiss, Thomas Reflected Brownian Motions in the KPZ Universality Class I09966 2017 eBook  
5 Livan, Giacomo Introduction to Random Matrices I09912 2018 eBook  
6 Harney, Hanns Ludwig Bayesian Inference I09850 2016 eBook  
7 Vitali, Ettore Theory and Simulation of Random Phenomena I09810 2018 eBook  
8 Matsoukas, Themis Generalized Statistical Thermodynamics I09706 2018 eBook  
9 Kemppainen, Antti Schramm???Loewner Evolution I09669 2017 eBook  
10 Z??ller, Nikolas Optimization of Stochastic Heat Engines in the Underdamped Limit I09647 2017 eBook  
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TitleKnowledge and Time
Author(s)Primas, Hans;Atmanspacher, Harald
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 427 p. 38 illus., 10 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis is a unique volume by a unique scientist, which combines conceptual, formal, and engineering approaches in a way that is rarely seen. Its core is the relation between ways of learning and knowing on the one hand and different modes of time on the other. Partial Boolean logic and the associated notion of complementarity are used to express this relation, and mathematical tools of fundamental physics are used to formalize it. Along the way many central philosophical problems are touched and addressed, above all the mind-body problem. Completed only shortly before the death of the author, the text has been edited and annotated by the author's close collaborator Harald Atmanspacher
ISBN,Price9783319473703
Keyword(s)1. Cognitive psychology 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. EPISTEMOLOGY 5. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 6. Philosophy and science 7. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 8. PHYSICS 9. PROBABILITIES 10. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes
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TitleProbability for Physicists
Author(s)??irca, Simon
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIV, 415 p. 142 illus., 29 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is designed as a practical and intuitive introduction to probability, statistics and random quantities for physicists. The book aims at getting to the main points by a clear, hands-on exposition supported by well-illustrated and worked-out examples. A strong focus on applications in physics and other natural sciences is maintained throughout. In addition to basic concepts of random variables, distributions, expected values and statistics, the book discusses the notions of entropy, Markov processes, and fundamentals of random number generation and Monte-Carlo methods
ISBN,Price9783319316116
Keyword(s)1. Chemistry, Physical and theoretical 2. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 3. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences 7. Mathematical Methods in Physics 8. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 9. PHYSICS 10. PROBABILITIES 11. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes 12. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 13. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems 14. Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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TitleThe Principles of Quantum Theory, From Planck's Quanta to the Higgs Boson : The Nature of Quantum Reality and the Spirit of Copenhagen
Author(s)Plotnitsky, Arkady
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXXXIV, 313 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThe book considers foundational thinking in quantum theory, focusing on the role the fundamental principles and principle thinking there, including thinking that leads to the invention of new principles, which is, the book contends, one of the ultimate achievements of theoretical thinking in physics and beyond. The focus on principles, prominent during the rise and in the immediate aftermath of quantum theory, has been uncommon in more recent discussions and debates concerning it. The book argues, however, that exploring the fundamental principles and principle thinking is exceptionally helpful in addressing the key issues at stake in quantum foundations and the seemingly interminable debates concerning them. Principle thinking led to major breakthroughs throughout the history of quantum theory, beginning with the old quantum theory and quantum mechanics, the first definitive quantum theory, which it remains within its proper (nonrelativistic) scope. It has, the book also argues, been equally important in quantum field theory, which has been the frontier of quantum theory for quite a while now, and more recently, in quantum information theory, where principle thinking was given new prominence. The approach allows the book to develop a new understanding of both the history and philosophy of quantum theory, from Planck???s quantum to the Higgs boson, and beyond, and of the thinking the key founding figures, such as Einstein, Bohr, Heisenberg, Schr??dinger, and Dirac, as well as some among more recent theorists. The book also extensively considers the nature of quantum probability, and contains a new interpretation of quantum mechanics, ???the statistical Copenhagen interpretation.??? Overall, the book???s argument is guided by what Heisenberg called ???the spirit of Copenhagen,??? which is defined by three great divorces from the preceding foundational thinking in physics???reality from realism, probability from causality, and locality from relativity???and defined the fundamental principles of quantum theory accordingly
ISBN,Price9783319320687
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 4. Philosophy and science 5. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 6. PHYSICS 7. PROBABILITIES 8. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes 9. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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TitleReflected Brownian Motions in the KPZ Universality Class
Author(s)Weiss, Thomas;Ferrari, Patrik;Spohn, Herbert
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionVII, 118 p. 4 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents a detailed study of a system of interacting Brownian motions in one dimension. The interaction is point-like such that the n-th Brownian motion is reflected from the Brownian motion with label n-1. This model belongs to the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) universality class. In fact, because of the singular interaction, many universal properties can be established with rigor. They depend on the choice of initial conditions. Discussion addresses packed and periodic initial conditions (Chapter 5), stationary initial conditions (Chapter 6), and mixtures thereof (Chapter 7). The suitably scaled spatial process will be proven to converge to an Airy process in the long time limit. A chapter on determinantal random fields and another one on Airy processes are added to have the notes self-contained. These notes serve as an introduction to the KPZ universality class, illustrating the main concepts by means of a single model only. The notes will be of interest to readers from interacting diffusion processes and non-equilibrium statistical mechanics
ISBN,Price9783319494999
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 4. PROBABILITIES 5. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes 6. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 7. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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TitleIntroduction to Random Matrices : Theory and Practice
Author(s)Livan, Giacomo;Novaes, Marcel;Vivo, Pierpaolo
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2018.
DescriptionIX, 124 p. 10 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteModern developments of Random Matrix Theory as well as pedagogical approaches to the standard core of the discipline are surprisingly hard to find in a well-organized, readable and user-friendly fashion. This slim and agile book, written in a pedagogical and hands-on style, without sacrificing formal rigor fills this gap. It brings Ph.D. students in Physics, as well as more senior practitioners, through the standard tools and results on random matrices, with an eye on most recent developments that are not usually covered in introductory texts. The focus is mainly on random matrices with real spectrum. The main guiding threads throughout the book are the Gaussian Ensembles. In particular, Wigner???s semicircle law is derived multiple times to illustrate several techniques (e.g., Coulomb gas approach, replica theory). Most chapters are accompanied by Matlab codes (stored in an online repository) to guide readers through the numerical check of most analytical results
ISBN,Price9783319708850
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Mathematical Methods in Physics 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. PHYSICS 8. PROBABILITIES 9. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes 10. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 11. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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TitleBayesian Inference : Data Evaluation and Decisions
Author(s)Harney, Hanns Ludwig
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 243 p. 39 illus., 3 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis new edition offers a comprehensive introduction to the analysis of data using Bayes rule. It generalizes Gaussian error intervals to situations in which the data follow distributions other than Gaussian. This is particularly useful when the observed parameter is barely above the background or the histogram of multiparametric data contains many empty bins, so that the determination of the validity of a theory cannot be based on the chi-squared-criterion. In addition to the solutions of practical problems, this approach provides an epistemic insight: the logic of quantum mechanics is obtained as the logic of unbiased inference from counting data. New sections feature factorizing parameters, commuting parameters, observables in quantum mechanics, the art of fitting with coherent and with incoherent alternatives and fitting with multinomial distribution. Additional problems and examples help deepen the knowledge. Requiring no knowledge of quantum mechanics, the book is written on introductory level, with many examples and exercises, for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in the physical sciences, planning to, or working in, fields such as medical physics, nuclear physics, quantum mechanics, and chaos
ISBN,Price9783319416441
Keyword(s)1. Computational Mathematics and Numerical Analysis 2. Computer mathematics 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Mathematical Methods in Physics 6. Medical and Radiation Physics 7. Medical physics 8. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 9. Particle and Nuclear Physics 10. PHYSICS 11. PROBABILITIES 12. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes 13. RADIATION 14. Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Sciences 15. Statistics??
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TitleTheory and Simulation of Random Phenomena : Mathematical Foundations and Physical Applications
Author(s)Vitali, Ettore;Motta, Mario;Galli, Davide Emilio
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2018.
DescriptionXIII, 235 p. 5 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThe purpose of this book is twofold: first, it sets out to equip the reader with a sound understanding of the foundations of probability theory and stochastic processes, offering step-by-step guidance from basic probability theory to advanced topics, such as stochastic differential equations, which typically are presented in textbooks that require a very strong mathematical background. Second, while leading the reader on this journey, it aims to impart the knowledge needed in order to develop algorithms that simulate realistic physical systems. Connections with several fields of pure and applied physics, from quantum mechanics to econophysics, are provided. Furthermore, the inclusion of fully solved exercises will enable the reader to learn quickly and to explore topics not covered in the main text. The book will appeal especially to graduate students wishing to learn how to simulate physical systems and to deepen their knowledge of the mathematical framework, which has very deep connections with modern quantum field theory
ISBN,Price9783319905150
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences 4. Mathematical Methods in Physics 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 7. PHYSICS 8. PROBABILITIES 9. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes 10. Statistical Theory and Methods 11. Statistics??
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TitleGeneralized Statistical Thermodynamics : Thermodynamics of Probability Distributions and Stochastic Processes
Author(s)Matsoukas, Themis
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2018.
DescriptionXXI, 363 p. 57 illus., 55 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book gives the definitive mathematical answer to what thermodynamics really is: a variational calculus applied to probability distributions. Extending Gibbs's notion of ensemble, the Author imagines the ensemble of all possible probability distributions and assigns probabilities to them by selection rules that are fairly general. The calculus of the most probable distribution in the ensemble produces the entire network of mathematical relationships we recognize as thermodynamics. The first part of the book develops the theory for discrete and continuous distributions while the second part applies this thermodynamic calculus to problems in population balance theory and shows how the emergence of a giant component in aggregation, and the shattering transition in fragmentation may be treated as formal phase transitions. While the book is intended as a research monograph, the material is self-contained and the style sufficiently tutorial to be accessible for self-paced study by an advanced graduate student in such fields as physics, chemistry, and engineering
ISBN,Price9783030041496
Keyword(s)1. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING 2. Coding and Information Theory 3. CODING THEORY 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering 7. INFORMATION THEORY 8. PROBABILITIES 9. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes 10. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 11. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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TitleSchramm???Loewner Evolution
Author(s)Kemppainen, Antti
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionIX, 145 p. 25 illus., 10 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is a short, but complete, introduction to the Loewner equation and the SLEs, which are a family of random fractal curves, as well as the relevant background in probability and complex analysis. The connection to statistical physics is also developed in the text in an example case.??The book is based on a course (with the same title) lectured by the author.??First three chapters are devoted to the background material, but at the same time, give the reader a good understanding on the overview on the subject and on some aspects of conformal invariance. The chapter on the Loewner equation develops in detail the connection of growing hulls and the differential equation satisfied by families of conformal maps. The Schramm???Loewner evolutions are defined and their basic properties are studied in the following chapter, and the regularity properties of random curves as well as scaling limits of discrete random curves are investigated in the final chapter. The book is aimed at graduate students or researchers who want to learn the subject fairly quickly
ISBN,Price9783319653297
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. FUNCTIONS OF COMPLEX VARIABLES 6. Mathematical Methods in Physics 7. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 8. PHYSICS 9. PROBABILITIES 10. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes 11. Several Complex Variables and Analytic Spaces 12. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 13. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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TitleOptimization of Stochastic Heat Engines in the Underdamped Limit
Author(s)Z??ller, Nikolas
PublicationWiesbaden, 1. Imprint: Springer Spektrum 2. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2017.
DescriptionIX, 91 p. 33 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteNikolas Z??ller examines the working principles and the underlying theoretical foundations of a microscopic heat engine. In particular, he investigates the system???s stochastic dynamics in the underdamped regime which has hardly been studied in the past, but will be experimentally feasible in the near future due to recent technological developments. Emphasis is put on the maximization of the engine???s efficiency at maximum power through optimization of the driving protocol. In addition, possible experimental realizations of a microscopic heat engine are discussed. Contents ??? Stochastic Dynamics ??? Stochastic Heat Engines in the Overdamped and Underdamped Regime ??? Experimental Realization of a Stochastic Heat Engine ??? Entropy Production in Inhomogeneous Thermal Environments Target Groups ??? Lecturers and students of physics, mathematics, especially physical engineering ??? Experimental physicists The Author Nikolas Z??ller is currently working as a research associate at the Institute for Urban Futures at the Applied University of Potsdam where he applies concepts from theoretical physics and statistics to sociological problems
ISBN,Price9783658163501
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. PHYSICS 7. PROBABILITIES 8. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes 9. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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