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1 Jan??en, Martin Generated Dynamics of Markov and Quantum Processes I10130 2016 eBook  
2 Herres, David Oscilloscopes: A Manual for Students, Engineers, and Scientists I09604 2020 eBook  
3 Gupta, S. V Units of Measurement I09509 2020 eBook  
4 Christodoulides, Costas Analysis and Presentation of Experimental Results I08635 2017 eBook  
5 Wandelt, Klaus Solid-Liquid Interfaces I11582 2003 eBook  
6 Porsezian, Kuppuswamy Optical Solitons I11579 2003 eBook  
7 Shvyd'ko, Yuri X-Ray Optics I11575 2004 eBook  
8 Nishikawa, K Plasma Physics I11546 2000 eBook  
9 Vainshtein, Boris K Modern Crystallography 2 I11538 2000 eBook  
10 Hergert, Wofram Computational Materials Science I11475 2004 eBook  
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TitleGenerated Dynamics of Markov and Quantum Processes
Author(s)Jan??en, Martin
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016.
DescriptionXVII, 226 p. 36 illus., 1 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents Markov and quantum processes as two sides of a coin called generated stochastic processes. It deals with quantum processes as reversible stochastic processes generated by one-step unitary operators, while Markov processes are irreversible stochastic processes generated by one-step stochastic operators. The characteristic feature of quantum processes are oscillations, interference, lots of stationary states in bounded systems and possible asymptotic stationary scattering states in open systems, while the characteristic feature of Markov processes are relaxations to a single stationary state. Quantum processes apply to systems where all variables, that control reversibility, are taken as relevant variables, while Markov processes emerge when some of those variables cannot be followed and are thus irrelevant for the dynamic description. Their absence renders the dynamic irreversible. A further aim is to demonstrate that almost any subdiscipline of theoretical physics can conceptually be put into the context of generated stochastic processes. Classical mechanics and classical field theory are deterministic processes which emerge when fluctuations in relevant variables are negligible. Quantum mechanics and quantum field theory consider genuine quantum processes. Equilibrium and non-equilibrium statistics apply to the regime where relaxing Markov processes emerge from quantum processes by omission of a large number of uncontrollable variables. Systems with many variables often self-organize in such a way that only a few slow variables can serve as relevant variables. Symmetries and topological classes are essential in identifying such relevant variables. The third aim of this book is to provide conceptually general methods of solutions which can serve as starting points to find relevant variables as to apply best-practice approximation methods. Such methods are available through generating functionals. The potential reader is a graduate student who has heard already a course in quantum theory and equilibrium statistical physics including the mathematics of spectral analysis (eigenvalues, eigenvectors, Fourier and Laplace transformation). The reader should be open for a unifying look on several topics
ISBN,Price9783662496961
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Economics, Mathematical?? 4. ENGINEERING 5. Engineering, general 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. Quantitative Finance 8. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleOscilloscopes: A Manual for Students, Engineers, and Scientists
Author(s)Herres, David
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionX, 267 p. 192 illus., 168 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis text presents readers with an engaging while rigorous manual on the use of oscilloscopes in laboratory and field settings. It describes procedures for measuring and displaying waveforms, gives examples of how this information can be used for repairing malfunctioning equipment and developing new designs, and explains steps for debugging pre-production prototypes. The book begins by examining how the oscilloscope displays electrical energy as traces on X and Y co-ordinates, freely transitioning without loss of information between time and frequency domains, in accordance with the Fourier Transform and its modern correlate, the Fast Fourier Transform. The book continues with practical applications and case studies, describes how oscilloscopes are used in diagnosing pulse width modulation (PWM) problems--looking at serial data streaming and analyzing power supply noise and premises power quality issues???and emphasizes the great functionality of mixed-signal as opposed to mixed-domain oscilloscope, and earlier instruments. Featuring many descriptions of applications in applied science and physics, Oscilloscopes: A Manual for Students, Engineers, and Scientists is ideal for students, faculty, and practitioners
ISBN,Price9783030538859
Keyword(s)1. CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS 5. ENGINEERING 6. Engineering, general 7. Manufactures 8. Manufacturing, Machines, Tools, Processes 9. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 10. Measurement?????? 11. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 12. PHYSICS 13. Physics, general
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TitleUnits of Measurement : History, Fundamentals and Redefining the SI Base Units
Author(s)Gupta, S. V
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXXIII, 304 p. 122 illus., 20 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book delivers a comprehensive overview of units of measurement. Beginning with a historical look at metrology in Ancient India, the book explains fundamental concepts in metrology such as basic, derived and dimensionless quantities, and introduces the concept of quantity calculus. It discusses and critically examines various three and four-dimensional systems of units used both presently and in the past, while explaining why only four base units are needed for a system of measurement. It discusses the Metre Convention as well as the creation of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures, and gives a detailed look at the evolution of the current SI base units of time, length, mass, electric current, temperature, intensity of illumination and substance. This updated second edition is extended with timely new chapters discussing past efforts to redefine the SI base units as well as the most recent 2019 redefinitions based entirely on the speed of light and other fundamental physical constants. Additionally, it provides biographical presentations of many of the historical figures behind commonly used units of measurements, such as Newton, Joule and Ohm, With its accessible and comprehensive treatment of the field, together with its unique presentation of the underlying history, this book is well suited to any student and researcher interested in the practical and historical aspects of the field of metrology
ISBN,Price9783030439699
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ENGINEERING 5. Engineering, general 6. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 7. MATERIALS SCIENCE 8. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 9. Measurement?????? 10. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 11. PHYSICS
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TitleAnalysis and Presentation of Experimental Results : With Examples, Problems and Programs
Author(s)Christodoulides, Costas;Christodoulides, George
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXIV, 526 p. 119 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is intended as a guide to the analysis and presentation of experimental results. It develops various techniques for the numerical processing of experimental data, using basic statistical methods and the theory of errors. After presenting basic theoretical concepts, the book describes the methods by which the results can be presented, both numerically and graphically. The book is divided into three parts, of roughly equal length, addressing the theory, the analysis of data, and the presentation of results. Examples are given and problems are solved using the Excel, Origin, Python and R software packages. In addition, programs in all four languages are made available to readers, allowing them to use them in analyzing and presenting the results of their own experiments. Subjects are treated at a level appropriate for undergraduate students in the natural sciences, but this book should also appeal to anyone whose work involves dealing with experimental results
ISBN,Price9783319533452
Keyword(s)1. CHEMISTRY 2. Chemistry/Food Science, general 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. ENGINEERING 6. Engineering, general 7. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 8. Measurement?????? 9. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS
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TitleSolid-Liquid Interfaces : Macroscopic Phenomena ??? Microscopic Understanding
Author(s)Wandelt, Klaus;Thurgate, Stephen
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2003.
DescriptionXVIII, 446 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book gives an account of state-of-the-art investigations of properties and processes at solid-liquid interfaces with the same precision as is standard in ultrahigh-vacuum-based surface science. Using combinations of in situ and ex situ experimental methods, fundamental and relevant phenomena such as adsorption and desorption of ions and molecules, restructuring of surfaces, thin film and nanocluster growth, and electrochemical reactions on the micrometer scale are addressed. The overview includes a wide range of experimental techniques and examples of solid-liquid interfaces and aims at stimulating an expansion of this important type of interface science
ISBN,Price9783540448174
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. ENGINEERING 4. Engineering, general 5. Fluid- and Aerodynamics 6. FLUIDS 7. Materials???Surfaces 8. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 9. Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films 10. THIN FILMS
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TitleOptical Solitons : Theoretical and Experimental Challenges
Author(s)Porsezian, Kuppuswamy;Kuriakose, Valakkattil Chako
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2003.
DescriptionXI, 408 p : online resource
Abstract NoteOptical solitons represent one of the most exciting and fascinating concepts in modern communications, arousing special interest due to their potential applications in optical fibre communication. This volume focuses on the explicit integration of analytical and experimental methods in nonlinear fibre optics and integrated optics. It covers all important recent technical issues in optical-soliton communication. For example, individual chapters are devoted to topics such as dispersion management and fibre Bragg grating. All authors are leading authorities in their fields
ISBN,Price9783540361411
Keyword(s)1. CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ELECTRODYNAMICS 5. Elementary particles (Physics) 6. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 7. ENGINEERING 8. Engineering, general 9. LASERS 10. MICROWAVES 11. Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering 12. OPTICAL ENGINEERING 13. OPTICS 14. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 15. PHOTONICS 16. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleX-Ray Optics : High-Energy-Resolution Applications
Author(s)Shvyd'ko, Yuri
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2004.
DescriptionXIV, 406 p. 27 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThe generation of radiation with well-defined frequency and wavelength, and the ability to precisely determine these quantities, are of fundamental importance in physics and other natural sciences. Monochromatic radiation enables both very accurate structure determinations and studies of the dynamics of living and non-living matter. It is crucial for the realization of standards of time and length, for the determination of fundamental constants, and for many other aspects of basic research. Bragg backscattering from perfect crystals is a tool for creating, manipulating, and analyzing x-rays with highest spectral purity. It has the unique feature of selecting x-rays with narrow spectral bandwidth. This book describes the theoretical foundations and principles of x-ray crystal optics with high spectral resolution. Various experimental studies and applications are presented and the author also addresses the development of instrumentation, such as high-resolution x-ray monochromators, analyzers, wavelength meters, resonators, and interferometers. The book will be a valuable source of information for all students and researchers working in the field of x-ray optics
ISBN,Price9783540408901
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. ENGINEERING 4. Engineering, general 5. LASERS 6. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 7. Measurement?????? 8. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 9. PHOTONICS 10. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS
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TitlePlasma Physics : Basic Theory with Fusion Applications
Author(s)Nishikawa, K;Wakatani, M
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2000.
DescriptionXIII, 342 p : online resource
Abstract NotePlasma Physics - Basic Theory with Fusion Applications presents a thorough treatment of plasma physics, beginning at an introductory level and including an extensive discussion of applications in thermonuclear fusion research. The physics of fusion plasmas is explained in relation to recent progress in tokamak research and other plasma confinement schemes, such as stellarators and intertial confinement. The unique and systematic presentation and numerous problems will help readers to understand the overall structure of plasma theory and will facilitate access to more advanced literature on specialized topics. This new edition has been updated with more recent-results
ISBN,Price9783662040782
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. ENGINEERING 7. Engineering, general 8. PHYSICS 9. SPACE SCIENCES 10. Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astronautics) 11. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleModern Crystallography 2 : Structure of Crystals
Author(s)Vainshtein, Boris K;Fridkin, Vladimir M;Indenbom, Vladimir L
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2000.
DescriptionXX, 521 p : online resource
Abstract NoteStructure of Crystals describes the ideal and real atomic structure of crystals as well as the electronic structures. The fundamentals of chemical bonding between atoms are given, and the geometric representations in the theory of crystal structure and crystal chemistry, as well as the lattice energy, are considered. The important classes of crystal structures in inorganic compounds as well as the structures of polymers, liquid crystals, biological crystals, and macromolecules are treated. This edition is complemented with recent data on many types of crystal structures - e.g., the structure of fullerenes, high-temperature superconductors, minerals, and liquid crystals
ISBN,Price9783642572548
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 4. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 5. BIOPHYSICS 6. Chemistry, Physical and theoretical 7. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 8. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 9. EBOOK 10. EBOOK - SPRINGER 11. ENGINEERING 12. Engineering, general 13. MINERALOGY 14. PHYSICS 15. Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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10.    
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TitleComputational Materials Science : From Basic Principles to Material Properties
Author(s)Hergert, Wofram;Ernst, Arthur;D??ne, Markus
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2004.
DescriptionXVI, 320 p. 78 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteComputational Physics is now a discipline in its own right, comparable with theoretical and experimental physics. Computational Materials Science concentrates on the calculation of materials properties starting from microscopic theories. It has become a powerful tool in industrial research for designing new materials, modifying materials properties and optimizing chemical processes. This book focusses on the application of computational methods in new fields of research, such as nanotechnology, spintronics and photonics, which will provide the foundation for important technological advances in the future. Methods such as electronic structure calculations, molecular dynamics simulations and beyond are presented, the discussion extending from the basics to the latest applications
ISBN,Price9783540399155
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 2. CONDENSED MATTER 3. CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. ENGINEERING 7. Engineering, general 8. MATERIALS SCIENCE 9. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 10. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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