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1 Weinert, Friedel The Demons of Science I10450 2016 eBook  
2 Cavallaro, Umberto Women Spacefarers I10447 2017 eBook  
3 Bricmont, Jean Making Sense of Quantum Mechanics I10440 2016 eBook  
4 d'Espagnat, Bernard The Quantum World I10434 2017 eBook  
5 Ensslin, Klaus Manuel Cardona I10433 2016 eBook  
6 Calcagni, Gianluca Classical and Quantum Cosmology I10431 2017 eBook  
7 Norsen, Travis Foundations of Quantum Mechanics I10427 2017 eBook  
8 Cunningham, Clifford Discovery of the First Asteroid, Ceres I10426 2016 eBook  
9 Naik, Pramod V Meghnad Saha I10421 2017 eBook  
10 Thoennessen, Michael The Discovery of Isotopes I10420 2016 eBook  
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TitleThe Demons of Science : What They Can and Cannot Tell Us About Our World
Author(s)Weinert, Friedel
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionIX, 251 p. 40 illus., 8 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is the first all-encompassing exploration of the role of demons in philosophical and scientific thought experiments. In Part I, the author explains the importance of thought experiments in science and philosophy. Part II considers Laplace???s Demon, whose claim is that the world is completely deterministic. Part III introduces Maxwell???s Demon, who - by contrast - experiences a world that is probabilistic and indeterministic. Part IV explores Nietzsche???s thesis of the cyclic and eternal recurrence of events. In each case a number of philosophical consequences regarding determinism and indeterminism, the arrows of time, the nature of the mind and free will are said to follow from the Demons???s worldviews. The book investigates what these Demons - and others - can and cannot tell us about our world.
ISBN,Price9783319317083
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 5. Philosophy and science 6. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 7. PHYSICS 8. Popular Science in Physics
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2.     
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TitleWomen Spacefarers : Sixty Different Paths to Space
Author(s)Cavallaro, Umberto
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXXI, 403 p. 177 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book tells the fascinating stories of the valiant women who broke down barriers to join the space program. Beginning with the orbital flight of USSR cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, they became players in the greatest adventure of our time. The author contextualizes their accomplishments in light of the political and cultural climate, from the Cold War in the background to the changing status of women in society at large, during the Seventies. The book includes the biographies of, and in some cases interviews with, the sixty women who flew in space in the first half century of space history. It reports their achievements and some little known details. The result is a gallery of pioneering women who reached for the stars: women who, with exceptional skill, hard work, and dedication, reached impressive careers as accomplished pilots, researchers, and engineers; many are now in high level managerial positions both at NASA or in public and private organizations, and all left a legacy of strength
ISBN,Price9783319340487
Keyword(s)1. Aerospace engineering 2. Aerospace Technology and Astronautics 3. ASTRONAUTICS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Gender Studies 7. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 8. PHYSICS 9. Popular Science in Technology 10. Sociology 11. SPACE SCIENCES 12. Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astronautics) 13. TECHNOLOGY
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TitleMaking Sense of Quantum Mechanics
Author(s)Bricmont, Jean
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionX, 331 p. 26 illus., 25 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book explains, in simple terms, with a minimum of mathematics, why things can appear to be in two places at the same time, why correlations between simultaneous events occurring far apart cannot be explained by local mechanisms, and why, nevertheless, the quantum theory can be understood in terms of matter in motion. No need to worry, as some people do, whether a cat can be both dead and alive, whether the moon is there when nobody looks at it, or whether quantum systems need an observer to acquire definite properties. The author???s inimitable and even humorous style makes the book a pleasure to read while bringing a new clarity to many of the longstanding puzzles of quantum physics
ISBN,Price9783319258898
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 4. Philosophy and science 5. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 6. PHYSICS 7. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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TitleThe Quantum World : Philosophical Debates on Quantum Physics
Author(s)d'Espagnat, Bernard;Zwirn, Herv??
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVII, 299 p. 11 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteIn this largely nontechnical book, eminent physicists and philosophers address the philosophical impact of recent advances in quantum physics. These are shown to shed new light on profound questions about realism, determinism, causality or locality. The participants contribute in the spirit of an open and honest discussion, reminiscent of the time when science and philosophy were inseparable. After the editors??? introduction, the next chapter reveals the strangeness of quantum mechanics and the subsequent discussions examine our notion of reality. The spotlight is then turned to the topic of decoherence. Bohm???s theory is critically examined in two chapters, and the relational interpretation of quantum mechanics is likewise described and discussed. The penultimate chapter presents a proposal for resolving the measurement problem, and finally the topic of loop quantum gravity is presented by one of its founding fathers, Carlo Rovelli. The original presentations and discussions on which this volume is based took place under the auspices of the French ???Acad??mie des Sciences Morales et Politiques???. The book will appeal to everybody interested in knowing how our description of the world is impacted by the results of the most powerful and successful theory that physicists have ever built
ISBN,Price9783319554204
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 4. Philosophy and science 5. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 6. PHYSICS 7. Popular Science in Physics 8. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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TitleManuel Cardona : Memories and Reminiscences
Author(s)Ensslin, Klaus;Vi??a, Luis
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXV, 174 p. 36 illus., 23 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book pays tribute to an extraordinary researcher and personality, Manuel Cardona. He had significant influence in the development of science and inside the scientific community. The book consists of contributions by former collaborators and students of Prof. Manuel Cardona. The short contributions deal with personal encounters with Manuel Cardona describing his extraordinary personality. This includes descriptions of scientific discussions, Manuel Cardona's involvement in social justice and his enormous knowledge about human culture, languages and history
ISBN,Price9783319203430
Keyword(s)1. CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ELECTRODYNAMICS 5. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 6. OPTICS 7. PHYSICS 8. Science???Social aspects 9. Societal Aspects of Physics, Outreach and Education 10. SOLID STATE PHYSICS
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TitleClassical and Quantum Cosmology
Author(s)Calcagni, Gianluca
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 843 p. 80 illus., 52 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis comprehensive textbook is devoted to classical and quantum cosmology, with particular emphasis on modern approaches to quantum gravity and string theory and on their observational imprint. It covers major challenges in theoretical physics such as the big bang and the cosmological constant problem. An extensive review of standard cosmology, the cosmic microwave background, inflation and dark energy sets the scene for the phenomenological application of all the main quantum-gravity and string-theory models of cosmology. Born of the author's teaching experience and commitment to bridging the gap between cosmologists and theoreticians working beyond the established laws of particle physics and general relativity, this is a unique text where quantum-gravity approaches and string theory are treated on an equal footing. As well as introducing cosmology to undergraduate and graduate students with its pedagogical presentation and the help of 45 solved exercises, this book, which includes an ambitious bibliography of about 3500 items, will serve as a valuable reference for lecturers and researchers
ISBN,Price9783319411279
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. GRAVITATION 6. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 7. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 8. PHYSICS
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7.     
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TitleFoundations of Quantum Mechanics : An Exploration of the Physical Meaning of Quantum Theory
Author(s)Norsen, Travis
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 310 p. 70 illus., 12 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteAuthored by an acclaimed teacher of quantum physics and philosophy, this textbook pays special attention to the aspects that many courses sweep under the carpet. Traditional courses in quantum mechanics teach students how to use the quantum formalism to make calculations. But even the best students - indeed, especially the best students - emerge rather confused about what, exactly, the theory says is going on, physically, in microscopic systems. This supplementary textbook is designed to help such students understand that they are not alone in their confusions (luminaries such as Albert Einstein, Erwin Schroedinger, and John Stewart Bell having shared them), to sharpen their understanding of the most important difficulties associated with interpreting quantum theory in a realistic manner, and to introduce them to the most promising attempts to formulate the theory in a way that is physically clear and coherent. The text is accessible to students with at least one semester of prior exposure to quantum (or "modern") physics and includes over a hundred engaging end-of-chapter "Projects" that make the book suitable for either a traditional classroom or for self-study.
ISBN,Price9783319658674
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 4. Philosophy and science 5. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 6. PHYSICS 7. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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8.     
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TitleDiscovery of the First Asteroid, Ceres : Historical Studies in Asteroid Research
Author(s)Cunningham, Clifford
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 333 p. 92 illus., 19 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteBased on extensive primary sources, many never previously translated into English, this is the definitive account of the origins of Ceres as it went from being classified as a new planet to reclassification as the first of a previously unknown group of celestial objects. Cunningham opens this critical moment of astronomical discovery to full modern analysis for the first time. This book includes all the voluminous correspondence, translated into English, between the astronomers of Europe about the startling discovery of Ceres by Piazzi in 1801. It covers the period up to March 1802, at which time Pallas was discovered. Also included are Piazzi's two monographs about Ceres, and the sections of two books dealing with Ceres, one by Johann Bode, the other by Johann Schroeter. The origin of the word 'asteroid' is explained, along with several chapters on the antecedents of the story going back to ancient Greek times. The formulation of Bode's Law is given, as are the details on the efforts of Baron von Zach to organize a search for the supposed missing planet between Mars and Jupiter. Examples of verse created to commemorate the great discovery are included in this first volume. The author, who has a PhD in the History of Astronomy, is a dedicated scholar of the story of asteroids and his research on the discovery of Ceres is comprehensive and fully sourced. The discovery came at a time when rival astronomers were in hot competition with each other, and when the true nature of these celestial bodies was not yet known. With astronomers in France, Italy and beyond vying to understand and receive credit for the new class of astral bodies, drama was not in short supply--nor were scientific advances
ISBN,Price9783319217772
Keyword(s)1. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 2. Astronomy???Observations 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. HISTORY 6. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 7. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 8. Observations, Astronomical 9. PHYSICS 10. PLANETOLOGY 11. SPACE SCIENCES 12. Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astronautics)
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9.     
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TitleMeghnad Saha : His Life in Science and Politics
Author(s)Naik, Pramod V
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 211 p. 25 illus., 4 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis biography is a short yet comprehensive overview of the life of Meghnad Saha, the mastermind behind the frequently used Saha equations and a strong contributor to the foundation of science in India. The author explores the lesser known details behind the man who played a major role in building scientific institutions in India, developed the breakthrough theory of thermal ionization, and whose fervor about India???s rapid progress in science and technology, along with concern for uplifting his countrymen and optimizing resources, led him to eventually enter politics and identify the mismanagement of many programs of national importance to Parliament. This book is free of most academic technicalities, so that the reader with general scientific knowledge can read and understand it easily. One interested only in Saha???s contribution to physics can pick up just that part and read it. Conversely, the average reader may skip the technical chapters, and read the book without loss of continuity or generality to still get a coherent picture. This work touches on all aspects of Saha???s multidimensional personality, which overflows in the pages of his periodical,??Science and Culture,as well as his many speeches, debates and discussions in Parliament, all of which is appropriately conveyed in this book
ISBN,Price9783319621029
Keyword(s)1. Asia???Politics and government 2. Asian Politics 3. ASTROPHYSICS 4. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. HISTORY 8. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 9. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 10. PHYSICS 11. THERMODYNAMICS
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10.    
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TitleThe Discovery of Isotopes : A Complete Compilation
Author(s)Thoennessen, Michael
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 413 p. 107 illus., 21 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book describes the exciting discovery of every isotope observed on earth to date, which currently numbers some 3000. For each isotope a short essay highlights the authors of the first publication for the isotope, the laboratory and year where and when the isotope was discovered, as well as details about the production and detection methods used. In controversial cases previously claims are also discussed. At the end a comprehensive table lists all isotopes sorted by elements and a complete list of references. Preliminary versions of these paragraphs have been published over the last few years as separate articles in the journal "Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables". The work re-evaluates all assignments judging them with a uniform set of criteria. In addition, the author includes over 100 new isotopes which have been discovered since the articles published. This book is a source of information for researchers as well as enthusiastic laymen alike. From the prepublication review: ???The explanations focus on the essentials, which makes the various chapters pleasingly compact. The phrasing is well understandable also for non-experts. This makes the book easy to read, even thrilling. I have to confess that parts of the manuscript I was even reading as an evening lecture in the bed, so exciting was the history of isotope discoveries.??? Sigurd Hofmann, Helmholtz Professor at GSI Darmstadt, Germany, and a leading expert in superheavy nuclei
ISBN,Price9783319317632
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 4. NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY 5. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 6. Particle and Nuclear Physics 7. PHYSICS
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