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 #  AuthorTitleAccn#YearItem Type Claims
1 Alexander Pechenkin Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam I02394 eBook  
2 Erich Robens Balances I02393 eBook  
3 Juan M. Torres-Rincon Hadronic transport coefficients from effective field theories I02369 eBook  
4 Kia Manouchehri Physical implementation of quantum walks I02350 eBook  
5 Per Olsson Transport phenomena in Newtonian fluids-- a concise primer I02348 eBook  
6 Tomislav Stankovski Tackling the inverse problem for non-autonomous systems I02342 eBook  
7 Gregg Jaeger Quantum objects I02340 eBook  
8 Srinivasan Gopalakrishnan Wave propagation in nanostructures I02333 eBook  
9 Monique Frize Laura Bassi and science in 18th Century Europe I02285 2013 eBook  
10 Michael Eckert Arnold Sommerfeld I02276 2013 eBook  
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1.    
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TitleLeonid Isaakovich Mandelstam : research, teaching, life
Author(s)Alexander Pechenkin
Description1 online resource (xi, 241 pages) : illustrations
Abstract NoteThis biography of the famous Soviet physicist Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam (1889-1944), who became a Professor at Moscow State University in 1925, describes his contributions to both physics and technology, as well as discussing the scientific community which formed around him, usually called the Mandelstam school. Mandelstam?s life story is thereby placed in its proper cultural context. The following more general issues are taken under consideration: the impact of German scientific culture on Russian science; the problems and fates of Russian intellectuals during the revolutionary and post-revolutionary years; the formation of the Soviet Academy of Sciences; and transformation of the system of higher education in the USSR during the 1920's and 1930's.The author shows that Mandelstam?s fundamental writings and his lectures notes allow to reconstruct his philosophy of science and his approach to the social and ethical functions of science and science education. That reconstruction is enhanced through extensive use of hitherto unpublished archival material as well as the transcripts of personal interviews conducted by the author
Contents NoteYouth and Strasbourg years -- The Strasbourg years: radio engineering -- The Strasbourg years: optics -- The years of pilgrimage (1914-1925) -- Moscow State University (1925-1935) -- Research in optics (Odessa, Moscow) -- The Scientific School of Mandelstam school: the early steps and results -- The Mandelstam school: the theory of non-linear oscillations -- A continuation, the Mandelstam-Andronov School -- Moscow State University and the Academy of Sciences -- Borovoe and the last year in Moscow -- The Mandelstam's operationalism -- L.I. Mandelstam's interpretation of quantum mechanics in the context of the discussions of 1930-1940s -- Conclusion
NotesIncludes bibliographical references and index
Keyword(s)1. BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Science & Technology 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 5. Optics and Electrodynamics 6. Physicists 7. PHYSICS 8. Popular Science in Nature and Environment 9. QUANTUM PHYSICS 10. SCIENCE / Energy 11. SCIENCE / Mechanics / General 12. SCIENCE / Physics / General 13. SCIENCE EDUCATION
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2.     
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TitleBalances : instruments, manufacturers, history
Author(s)Erich Robens;Shanath Amarasiri A. Jayaweera;Susanne Kiefer
Description1 online resource (xx, 730 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Abstract NoteThe book deals mainly with direct mass determination by means of a conventional balances. It covers the history of the balance from the beginnings in Egypt earlier than 3000 BC to recent developments. All balance types are described with emphasis on scientific balances. Methods of indirect mass determination, which are applied to very light objects like molecules and the basic particles of matter and celestial bodies, are included. As additional guidance, today's manufacturers are listed and the profile of important companies is reviewed. Several hundred photographs, reproductions and drawings show instruments and their uses. This book includes commercial weighing instruments for merchandise and raw materials in workshops as well as symbolic weighing in the ancient Egyptian's ceremony of "Weighing of the Heart", the Greek fate balance, the Roman Justitia, Juno Moneta and Middle Ages scenes of the Last Judgement with Jesus or St. Michael and of modern balances
Contents NoteMass and gravity -- Weights -- Weighing -- Balances -- Balances for special applications -- Balance as symbol and art object -- Documentation and archiving -- Weighing scales manufacturers
NotesIncludes bibliographical references and indexes
Keyword(s)1. Applied and Technical Physics 2. Balances (Weighing instruments) 3. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 7. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 8. PHYSICS 9. SCIENCE / Energy 10. SCIENCE / Mechanics / General 11. SCIENCE / Physics / General
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3.     
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TitleHadronic transport coefficients from effective field theories
Author(s)Juan M. Torres-Rincon
Description1 online resource (xix, 215 pages) : illustrations
Abstract NoteThis dissertation focuses on the calculation of transport coefficients in the matter created in a relativistic heavy-ion collision after chemical freeze-out. This matter can be well approximated using a pion gas out of equilibrium. We describe the theoretical framework needed to obtain the shear and bulk viscosities, the thermal and electrical conductivities and the flavor diffusion coefficients of a meson gas at low temperatures. To describe the interactions of the degrees of freedom, we use effective field theories with chiral and heavy quark symmetries. We subsequently introduce the unitarization methods in order to obtain a scattering amplitude that satisfies the unitarity condition exactly, then go on to calculate the transport properties of the low-temperature phase of quantum chromodynamics - the hadronic medium - which can be used in hydrodynamic simulations of a relativistic heavy-ion collision and its subsequent evolution. We show that the shear viscosity over entropy density exhibits a minimum in a phase transition by studying this coefficient in atomic Argon (around the liquid-gas phase transition) and in the linear sigma model in the limit of a large number of scalar fields (which presents a chiral phase transition). Finally, we provide an experimental method for estimating the bulk viscosity in relativistic heavy-ion collisions by performing correlations of the fluctuating components of the stress-energy tensor
Contents NoteRelativistic Heavy Ion Collisions -- Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck Equation -- Shear Viscosity and KSS Coefficient -- Bulk Viscosity -- Thermal and Electrical Conductivities -- Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook or Relaxation Time Approximation -- Strangeness Diffusion -- Charm Diffusion -- Linear Sigma Model and Phase Transitions -- Measurement of the Bulk Viscosity
NotesIncludes bibliographical references and index
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Field theory (Physics) 4. HADRONS 5. LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS 6. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 7. PHYSICS 8. SCIENCE / Energy 9. SCIENCE / Mechanics / General 10. SCIENCE / Physics / General 11. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics 12. THERMODYNAMICS 13. TRANSPORT THEORY
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4.     
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TitlePhysical implementation of quantum walks
Author(s)Kia Manouchehri;Jingbo Wang
Description1 online resource (x, 230 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Abstract NoteGiven the extensive application of random walks in virtually every science related discipline, we may be at the threshold of yet another problem solving paradigm with the advent of quantum walks. Over the past decade, quantum walks have been explored for their non-intuitive dynamics, which may hold the key to radically new quantum algorithms. This growing interest has been paralleled by a flurry of research into how one can implement quantum walks in laboratories. This book presents numerous proposals as well as actual experiments for such a physical realization, underpinned by a wide range of quantum, classical and hybrid technologies
Contents NoteTheoretical framework -- Potential applications -- Physical implementation -- Appendix A: Electromagnetic radiation -- Appendix B: Atoms optics -- Appendix C: Bloch rotations -- Appendix D: Linear optical elements -- Appendix E: Optical lattices
NotesIncludes bibliographical references and index
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. QUANTUM THEORY 4. Random walks (Mathematics) 5. SCIENCE / Energy 6. SCIENCE / Mechanics / General 7. SCIENCE / Physics / General
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5.     
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TitleTransport phenomena in Newtonian fluids-- a concise primer
Author(s)Per Olsson
Description1 online resource (ix, 94 pages) : illustrations
Abstract NoteThis short primer provides a concise and tutorial-style introduction to transport phenomena in Newtonian fluids , in particular the transport of mass, energy and momentum. The reader will find detailed derivations of the transport equations for these phenomena, as well as selected analytical solutions to the transport equations in some simple geometries. After a brief introduction to the basic mathematics used in the text, Chapter 2, which deals with momentum transport, presents a derivation of the Navier-Stokes-Duhem equation describing the basic flow in a Newtonian fluid. Also provided at this stage are the derivations of the Bernoulli equation, the pressure equation and the wave equation for sound waves. The boundary layer, turbulent flow and flow separation are briefly reviewed. Chapter 3, which addresses energy transport caused by thermal conduction and convection, examines a derivation of the heat transport equation. Finally, Chapter 4, which focuses on mass transport caused by diffusion and convection, discusses a derivation of the mass transport equation
Contents NoteElementary Mathematics -- Momentum Transport -- Energy Transport -- Mass Transport
NotesIncludes bibliographical references and index
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Engineering Fluid Dynamics 4. Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer 5. Fluid- and Aerodynamics 6. Newtonian fluids 7. PHYSICS 8. SCIENCE / Energy 9. SCIENCE / Mechanics / General 10. SCIENCE / Physics / General 11. TRANSPORT THEORY
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6.     
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TitleTackling the inverse problem for non-autonomous systems : application to the life sciences
Author(s)Tomislav Stankovski
Description1 online resource (xv, 135 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Abstract NoteThis thesis presents a new method for following evolving interactions between coupled oscillatory systems of the kind that abound in nature. Examples range from the subcellular level, to ecosystems, through climate dynamics, to the movements of planets and stars. Such systems mutually interact, adjusting their internal clocks, and may correspondingly move between synchronized and non-synchronized states. The thesis describes a way of using Bayesian inference to exploit the presence of random fluctuations, thus analyzing these processes in unprecedented detail. It first develops the basic theory of interacting oscillators whose frequencies are non-constant, and then applies it to the human heart and lungs as an example. Their coupling function can be used to follow with great precision the transitions into and out of synchronization. The method described has the potential to illuminate the ageing process as well as to improve diagnostics in cardiology, anesthesiology and neuroscience, and yields insights into a wide diversity of natural processes
Contents NoteTheoretical background: non-autonomous systems and synchronization -- Inference of time-evolving coupled dynamical systems in the presence of noise -- Application to life sciences -- Analogue simulation and synchronization analysis of non-autonomous oscillators
NotesIncludes bibliographical references
Keyword(s)1. Bayesian statistical decision theory 2. Computer Appl. in Life Sciences 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Inverse problems (Differential equations) 6. Math. Appl. in Environmental Science 7. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 8. PHYSICS 9. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes 10. SCIENCE / Energy 11. SCIENCE / Mechanics / General 12. SCIENCE / Physics / General 13. Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity 14. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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I02342     On Shelf    

7.     
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TitleQuantum objects : non-local correlation, causality and objective indefiniteness in the quantum world
Author(s)Gregg Jaeger
Description1 online resource
Abstract NoteThis monograph identifiesthe essential characteristics of the objects described by current quantum theoryand considers their relationship to space-time.In the process, it explicates the senses in which quantum objects may be consistently considered to have parts of which they may be composed or into which they may be decomposed. The book also demonstrates the degree to which reduction is possible in quantum mechanics, showing it to be related to the objective indefiniteness of quantum properties and the strong non-local correlations that can occur betweenthephysical quantities of quantum subsystems. Careful attention is paid to the relationships among such property correlations, physical causation, probability, and symmetry in quantum theory. In this way, the text identifies and clarifies the conceptual grounds underlying the unique nature of many quantum phenomena
Contents NoteNon-locality, Communication, and Entanglement -- Einstein locality -- Bell locality -- Communication -- Non-locality -- Entanglement -- Causation, Imprecision, and Indefiniteness -- Probability -- Causation -- Indeterminacy -- Imprecision -- Indefiniteness -- Individuals, Parts, and Wholes -- Potentiality -- Discernibility -- Individuation -- Persistence -- Parts and wholes
NotesIncludes bibliographical references and index
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. QUANTUM THEORY 4. SCIENCE / Energy 5. SCIENCE / Mechanics / General 6. SCIENCE / Physics / General
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8.     
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TitleWave propagation in nanostructures : nonlocal continuum mechanics formulations
Author(s)Srinivasan Gopalakrishnan;Saggam Narendar
Description1 online resource (xiii, 359 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Abstract NoteWave Propagation in Nanostructures describes the fundamental and advanced concepts of waves propagating in structures that have dimensions of the order of nanometers. The book is fundamentally based on non-local elasticity theory, which includes scale effects in the continuum model. The book predominantly addresses wave behavior in carbon nanotubes and graphene structures, although the methods of analysis provided in this text are equally applicable to other nanostructures. The book takes the reader from the fundamentals of wave propagation in nanotubes to more advanced topics such as rotating nanotubes, coupled nanotubes, and nanotubes with magnetic field and surface effects. The first few chapters cover the basics of wave propagation, different modeling schemes for nanostructures and introduce non-local elasticity theories, which form the building blocks for understanding the material provided in later chapters. A number of interesting examples are provided to illustrate the important features of wave behavior in these low dimensional structures
NotesIncludes bibliographical references and index
Keyword(s)1. CONTINUUM MECHANICS 2. Continuum Mechanics and Mechanics of Materials 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. MECHANICS 6. Nanoscale Science and Technology 7. Nanostructured materials 8. Nanotechnology and Microengineering 9. PHYSICS 10. SCIENCE / Energy 11. SCIENCE / Mechanics / General 12. SCIENCE / Physics / General 13. WAVE MECHANICS
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9.     
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TitleLaura Bassi and science in 18th Century Europe : the extraordinary life and role of Italy's pioneering female professor
Author(s)Monique Frize
PublicationBerlin, Springer, 2013.
Description1 online resource
Contents NoteAn Extraordinary Event in 1732 -- "Querelle des femmes" and Debates on the "Woman Question" -- Women in Science and Medicine in Europe Prior to the Eighteenth Century -- Laura Bassi: Her Education and Her Marriage -- The Slow Start of Laura Bassi's Scientific Career and the Bolognese Community's Response to her Work -- A Transition from the "Old" to the New Science -- Scientific Works by Laura Bassi and Giuseppe Veratti -- Laura Bassi and her Networks (1732-1745) -- Correspondence with Men in Science and Medicine (1746-1778) -- Famous Women in Science in Laura Bassi's Epoch -- After Laura Bassi: Women in Science and Health careers in Nineteenth Century Italy
NotesIncludes bibliographical references and index
Keyword(s)1. BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Science & Technology 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. PHYSICS 5. SCIENCE / Energy 6. SCIENCE / Mechanics / General 7. SCIENCE / Physics / General 8. Women physicists
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10.    
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TitleArnold Sommerfeld : science, life and turbulent times 1868-1951
Author(s)Michael Eckert;translated by Tom Artin
PublicationNew York, Springer, 2013.
Description1 online resource
NotesIncludes bibliographical references and index
Keyword(s)1. BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Science & Technology 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Physicists 5. PHYSICS 6. SCIENCE / Energy 7. SCIENCE / Mechanics / General 8. SCIENCE / Physics / General
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Accession#  Call#StatusIssued ToReturn Due On Physical Location
I02276     On Shelf    

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