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1 Visvizi, Anna Artificial Intelligence and Its Contexts I11916 2021 eBook  
2 Nacht, Michael Nuclear Security I11912 2021 eBook  
3 Younes, Walid An Introduction to Nuclear Fission I11909 2021 eBook  
4 Hazell, Paul J The Story of the Gun I11803 2021 eBook  
5 Akmaykin, Denis Alexandrovich Theoretical Foundations of Radar Location and Radio Navigation I11794 2021 eBook  
6 Sabbagh, Harold A Advanced Electromagnetic Models for Materials Characterization and Nondestructive Evaluation I11793 2021 eBook  
7 Cheng, Songbai Safety of Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactors I11790 2021 eBook  
8 Pereira, Mauro Fernandes Terahertz (THz), Mid Infrared (MIR) and Near Infrared (NIR) Technologies for Protection of Critical Infrastructures Against Expl I11753 2021 eBook  
9 Kerner, Boris S Understanding Real Traffic I11675 2021 eBook  
10 Karam, P. Andrew Radiological and Nuclear Terrorism I11627 2021 eBook  
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TitleArtificial Intelligence and Its Contexts : Security, Business and Governance
Author(s)Visvizi, Anna;Bodziany, Marek
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionVIII, 240 p. 31 illus., 13 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book offers a comprehensive approach to the question of how artificial intelligence (AI) impacts politics, economy, and the society today. In this view, it is quintessential for understanding the complex nature of AI and its role in today???s world. The book has been divided into three parts. Part one is devoted to the question of how AI will be used for security and defense purposes, including combat in war zones. Part two looks at the value added of AI and machine learning for decision-making in the fields of politics and business. Part three consists of case studies???covering the EU, the USA, Saudi Arabia, Portugal, and Poland???that discuss how AI is being used in the realms of politics, security and defense. The discussion in the book opens with the question of the nature of AI, as well as of ethics and the use of AI in combat. Subsequently, the argument covers issues as diverse as the militarization of AI, the use of AI in strategic studies and military strategy design. These topics are followed by an insight into AI and strategic communication (StratCom), including disinformation, as well as into AI and finance. The case-studies included in part 3 of the book offer a captivating overview of how AI is being employed to stimulate growth and development, to promote data- and evidence-driven policy-making, to enable efficient and inclusive digital transformation and other related issues. Written by academics and practitioners in an academically sound, yet approachable manner, this volume queries issues and topics that form the thrust of processes that transform world politics, economics and society. As such, this volume will serve as the primer for students, researchers, lectures and other professionals who seek to understand and engage with the variety of issues AI implicates
ISBN,Price9783030889722
Keyword(s)1. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 2. Computer crimes 3. Cybercrime 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Security Science and Technology 7. Security systems
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2.     
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TitleNuclear Security : The Nexus Among Science, Technology and Policy
Author(s)Nacht, Michael;Frank, Michael;Prussin, Stanley
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXVII, 340 p. 77 illus., 44 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis textbook is the first comprehensive and systematic account of the science, technology and policy issues associated with nuclear energy and nuclear weapons. Throughout their account of the evolution of nuclear policy, from its origin to the early Trump presidency, the authors interweave clear technical expositions of the science and technology that underpin and constrain it. The book begins by tracing the early work in atomic physics, the discovery of fission, and the developments that led to the Manhattan Project and the delivery of atomic bombs against Japan that ended World War II. It follows the initial failed attempts at nuclear disarmament, the onset of the Cold War nuclear arms competition, and the development of light water reactors to harness nuclear energy for electric power generation. The authors thoroughly unpack the problem of nuclear proliferation, examining the strategy and incentives for states that have and have not pursued nuclear weapons, and providing an overview of the nuclear arsenals of the current nuclear weapon states. They trace the technical, political and strategic evolution of deterrence, arms control and disarmament policies from the first attempts for an Outer Space Treaty in 1957 through the new START treaty of 2009. At critical junctures in the narrative, the authors explain the relevant nuclear science and technology including nuclear fission and criticality; nuclear materials and enrichment; nuclear detonation and nuclear weapons effects; nuclear weapons stockpile constraints, stewardship and surveillance; nuclear fusion and thermonuclear weapons; technologies for monitoring, verification and proliferation; and nuclear forensics. They conclude with an assessment of contemporary issues ranging from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action reached to halt Iran???s nuclear weapons development program, to the threat of nuclear terrorism, the perceived nuclear weapons policies of Russia and China, and the US efforts to provide disincentives for its allies to acquire their own nuclear weapons by maintaining credible security guarantees
ISBN,Price9783030750855
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Energy and state 4. Energy policy 5. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 6. International Security Studies 7. NUCLEAR ENERGY 8. NUCLEAR ENGINEERING 9. Security Science and Technology 10. Security systems 11. Security, International
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3.     
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TitleAn Introduction to Nuclear Fission
Author(s)Younes, Walid;Loveland, Walter D
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXVIII, 187 p. 43 illus., 26 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis hands-on textbook introduces physics and nuclear engineering students to the experimental and theoretical aspects of fission physics for research and applications through worked examples and problem sets. The study of nuclear fission is currently undergoing a renaissance. Recent advances in the field create the opportunity to develop more reliable models of fission predictability and to supply measurements and data to critical applications including nuclear energy, national security and counter-proliferation, and medical isotope production. An Introduction to Nuclear Fission provides foundational knowledge for the next generation of researchers to contribute to nuclear fission physics
ISBN,Price9783030845926
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Nuclear and Particle Physics 4. NUCLEAR ENERGY 5. NUCLEAR ENGINEERING 6. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 7. Security Science and Technology 8. Security systems
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4.     
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TitleThe Story of the Gun : History, Science, and Impact on Society
Author(s)Hazell, Paul J
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIV, 192 p. 46 illus., 12 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis engaging and accessible book explains the scientific principles behind guns, both ancient and modern. It connects their evolution to advances in science, as well as tracing the developments of projectiles and propellants. It is not limited to small arms but also looks at the science of enormous guns such the Paris Gun, for example, and reviews the efforts to build a gun to launch projectiles into space. Extremely fast guns are also covered, such as two-stage guns and rail guns. Further, the book provides insight into the science of terminal ballistics and wound ballistics as well as the challenging subject of gun control. It is full of interesting facts for all who are curious about the science and history of guns, as well as those for whom the gun is an accessory of their profession
ISBN,Price9783030736521
Keyword(s)1. Criminal law 2. Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure Law 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. ENGINEERING 6. ENGINEERING DESIGN 7. Security Science and Technology 8. Security systems 9. Technology and Engineering
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5.     
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TitleTheoretical Foundations of Radar Location and Radio Navigation
Author(s)Akmaykin, Denis Alexandrovich;Bolelov, Eduard Anatolyevich;Kozlov, Anatoliy Ivanovich;Lezhankin, Boris Valentinovich;Svistunov, Alexander Evgenievich;Shatrakov, Yury Grigorievich
PublicationSingapore, Springer Nature Singapore, 2021.
DescriptionXVII, 325 p. 213 illus., 38 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe book represents a study guide reciting theoretical basics of radar location and radio navigation systems of air and sea transport. This is the distinctive feature of this study guide. The study guide states the principal physics of radar location and radio navigation, main measuring methods of proper and relative movement parameters of an object, tactical and technical characteristics of radar location and radio navigation systems, including examining issues on radiofrequency signals detection and its parameters estimation against background and interference of different type, filtering, combined detection and rating of signals, signals resolution and classification. The structural and functioning principles of the current and advanced radar location and radio navigation systems of air and sea transport are represented in the study guide with an adequate completeness. The study guide features the result of years long lecturing on radar location and radio navigation theoretical courses at the Moscow State Technical University of Civil Aviation and G.I.Nevelskiy Maritime State Technical Academy. The study guide is designated for students of radio-engineering specialties in area of air and sea transport. The study guide can be useful for radio engineers working in the field of air and maritime transport, and for graduate students and academic researchers as well
ISBN,Price9789813365148
Keyword(s)1. Aerospace engineering 2. Aerospace Technology and Astronautics 3. ASTRONAUTICS 4. CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. ELECTRODYNAMICS 8. Security Science and Technology 9. Security systems 10. SIGNAL PROCESSING 11. Signal, Speech and Image Processing 12. Statistics in Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Sciences 13. Statistics??
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6.     
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TitleAdvanced Electromagnetic Models for Materials Characterization and Nondestructive Evaluation
Author(s)Sabbagh, Harold A;Murphy, R. Kim;Sabbagh, Elias H;Zhou, Liming;Wincheski, Russell
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXII, 351 p. 246 illus., 51 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book expands on the subject matter of ???Computational Electromagnetics and Model-Based Inversion: A Modern Paradigm for Eddy-Current Nondestructive Evaluation.??? It includes (a) voxel-based inversion methods, which are generalizations of model-based algorithms; (b) a complete electromagnetic model of advanced composites (and other novel exotic materials), stressing the highly anisotropic nature of these materials, as well as giving a number of applications to nondestructive evaluation; and (c) an up-to-date discussion of stochastic integral equations and propagation-of-uncertainty models in nondestructive evaluation. As such, the book combines research started twenty-five years ago in advanced composites and voxel-based algorithms, but published in scattered journal articles, as well as recent research in stochastic integral equations. All of these areas are of considerable interest to the aerospace, nuclear power, civil infrastructure, materials characterization and biomedical industries. The book covers the topic of computational electromagnetics in eddy-current nondestructive evaluation (NDE) by emphasizing three distinct topics: (a) fundamental mathematical principles of volume-integral equations as a subset of computational electromagnetics, (b) mathematical algorithms applied to signal-processing and inverse scattering problems, and (c) applications of these two topics to problems in which real and model data are used. It is therefore more than an academic exercise and is valuable to users of eddy-current NDE technology in industries as varied as nuclear power, aerospace, materials characterization and biomedical imaging
ISBN,Price9783030679569
Keyword(s)1. Aerospace engineering 2. Aerospace Technology and Astronautics 3. ASTRONAUTICS 4. Characterization and Analytical Technique 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. Materials???Analysis 8. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 9. MEASUREMENT 10. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 11. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 12. Security Science and Technology 13. Security systems 14. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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7.     
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TitleSafety of Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactors : Particle-Bed-Related Phenomena in Severe Accidents
Author(s)Cheng, Songbai;Xu, Ruicong
PublicationSingapore, Springer Nature Singapore, 2021.
DescriptionIX, 306 p. 253 illus., 180 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book highlights the advances and trends in the safety analysis of sodium-cooled fast reactors, especially from the perspective of particle bed-related phenomena during core disruptive accidents. A sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) is an optimized candidate of the next-generation nuclear reactor systems. Its safety is a critical issue during its R&D process. The book elaborates on research progresses in particle bed-related phenomena in terms of the molten-pool mobility, the molten-pool sloshing motion, the debris bed formation behavior, and the debris bed self-leveling behavior. The book serves as a good reference for researchers, professionals, and postgraduate students interested in sodium-cooled fast reactors. Knowledge provided is also useful for those who are engaging in severe accident analysis for lead-cooled fast reactors and light water reactors
ISBN,Price9789811661167
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Electric power-plants 4. NUCLEAR ENERGY 5. NUCLEAR ENGINEERING 6. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 7. POWER STATIONS 8. Security Science and Technology 9. Security systems 10. THERMODYNAMICS
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8.     
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TitleTerahertz (THz), Mid Infrared (MIR) and Near Infrared (NIR) Technologies for Protection of Critical Infrastructures Against Explosives and CBRN
Author(s)Pereira, Mauro Fernandes;Apostolakis, Apostolos
PublicationDordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2021.
DescriptionXV, 285 p. 143 illus., 105 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteCritical infrastructures are targets for terrorism and deliver a valuable vector through which the proliferation of CBRN and explosive precursors can be detected. Recent technological breakthroughs, notably in the field of near infrared (NIR), mid infrared (MIR), Terahertz (THz) and Gigahertz (GHz) sources and detectors, have led to rugged commercial devices, capable of standoff sensing a range of these dangerous substances. However, at the same time criminal and terrorist organizations have also benefited from the availability of technologies to increase the threat they pose to the security of citizens and a concerted effort is needed to improve early detection measures to identify activities, such as the production of homemade explosives or CBRN that can be potentially dangerous to society. The key global technological bottleneck to be overcome is the current lack of integration and networking of mature detection technology into early warning systems for critical infrastructures. Thus, this book brings together complementary information connecting the research of leading teams working on critical Infrastructure protection with academic developers and industrial producers of state of the art sensors.
ISBN,Price9789402420821
Keyword(s)1. CONDENSED MATTER 2. CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. LASER 6. LASERS 7. OPTICAL MATERIALS 8. Security Science and Technology 9. Security systems
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9.     
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TitleUnderstanding Real Traffic : Paradigm Shift in Transportation Science
Author(s)Kerner, Boris S
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIX, 243 p. 84 illus., 71 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book addresses the reader interested in vehicular traffic phenomena, who have not learned about them before. It presents traffic phenomena like traffic breakdown and the emergence of moving traffic jams by showcasing empirical traffic data measured in real-world traffic. The author explains how these empirical traffic studies have led to the three-phase traffic theory and why this new theory is in conflict with standard traffic theories developed before. Moreover, he presents the reason for the failure of applications of standard traffic theories in real-world traffic and discusses why understanding real traffic has caused a paradigm shift in traffic and transportation science. The book examines why understanding real traffic breakdown is the basis for an explanation for the autonomous driving effects on traffic flow. It shows that understanding real traffic is possible from real-world traffic data without the need of mathematical traffic models. This makes the book intuitive for non-specialists, who can qualitatively understand all the basic features of traffic dynamics. In turn, experienced traffic researchers can grasp concepts and ideas made here easily accessible by the author, one of the leading pioneers in the field of vehicular traffic
ISBN,Price9783030796020
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Innovation and Technology Management 4. Security Science and Technology 5. Security systems 6. TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS 7. Traffic engineering 8. Transportation engineering 9. Transportation Technology and Traffic Engineering 10. Vehicle Engineering 11. VEHICLES
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10.    
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TitleRadiological and Nuclear Terrorism : Their Science, Effects, Prevention, and Recovery
Author(s)Karam, P. Andrew
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXI, 290 p. 58 illus., 47 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book discusses multiple aspects of radiological and nuclear terrorism. Do you know what to do if there is a radiological or nuclear emergency in your city? These accidents are not common, but they have happened ??? and even though we have not seen an attack using these weapons, governments around the world are making plans for how to prevent them ??? and for how to respond if necessary. Whether you are an emergency responder, a medical caregiver, a public health official ??? even a member of the public wanting to know how to keep yourself and your loved ones safe ??? there is a need to understand how these weapons work, how radiation affects our health, how to stop an attack from taking place, how to respond appropriately in the event of an emergency, and much more. Unfortunately, the knowledge that is needed to accomplish all of this is lacking at all levels of society and government. In this book, Dr. Andrew Karam, an internationally respected expert in radiation safety and multiple aspects of radiological and nuclear emergencies, discusses how these weapons work and what they can do, how they can affect our health, how to keep yourself safe, and how to react appropriately whether you are a police officer investigating a suspect radiological weapon, a firefighter responding to a radiological or nuclear attack, a nurse or physician caring for potentially contaminated patients, or a governmental official trying to keep the public safe. To do this, he draws upon his extensive experience in the military, the several years he worked directly with emergency responders, his service on a number of advisory committees, and multiple trips overseas in the aftermath of the Fukushima accident and on behalf of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Interpol, and the Health Physics Society.
ISBN,Price9783030691622
Keyword(s)1. Crime Control and Security 2. Criminology 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Emergency medicine 6. Medical physics 7. Public health 8. Radiation dosimetry 9. Radiation Dosimetry and Protection 10. Security Science and Technology 11. Security systems
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