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11 Stadnik, Yevgeny V Manifestations of Dark Matter and Variations of the Fundamental Constants in Atoms and Astrophysical Phenomena I09781 2017 eBook  
12 Dick, Rainer Advanced Quantum Mechanics I09726 2020 eBook  
13 Smirnov, Boris M Atomic Particles and Atom Systems I09699 2018 eBook  
14 Vogel, Manuel Particle Confinement in Penning Traps I09684 2018 eBook  
15 Z??ller, Nikolas Optimization of Stochastic Heat Engines in the Underdamped Limit I09647 2017 eBook  
16 Smirnov, Boris M Global Atmospheric Phenomena Involving Water I09608 2020 eBook  
17 Park, Youngwook Manipulation of Matrix-Isolated Molecules and Molecular Clusters with Electrostatic Fields I09602 2020 eBook  
18 Zannotti, Alessandro Caustic Light in Nonlinear Photonic Media I09592 2020 eBook  
19 Sernelius, Bo E Fundamentals of van der Waals and Casimir Interactions I09555 2018 eBook  
20 Brombal, Luca X-Ray Phase-Contrast Tomography I09527 2020 eBook  
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11.    
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TitleManifestations of Dark Matter and Variations of the Fundamental Constants in Atoms and Astrophysical Phenomena
Author(s)Stadnik, Yevgeny V
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXI, 88 p. 22 illus., 18 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis explores the possibility of searching for new effects of dark matter that are linear in g, an approach that offers enormous advantages over conventional schemes, since the interaction constant g is very small, g<<1. Further, the thesis employs an investigation of linear effects to derive new limits on certain interactions of dark matter with ordinary matter that improve on previous limits by up to 15 orders of magnitude. The first-ever limits on several other interactions are also derived. Astrophysical observations indicate that there is five times more dark matter???an ???invisible??? form of matter, the identity and properties of which still remain shrouded in mystery???in the Universe than the ordinary ???visible??? matter that makes up stars, planets, dust and interstellar gases. Conventional schemes for the direct detection of dark matter involve processes (such as collisions with, absorption by or inter-conversion with ordinary matter) that are either quartic (g4) or quadratic (g2) in an underlying interaction constant g
ISBN,Price9783319634173
Keyword(s)1. ASTRONOMY 2. Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology 3. ASTROPHYSICS 4. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 5. ATOMS 6. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. Elementary particles (Physics) 10. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 11. GRAVITATION 12. PHYSICS 13. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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12.     
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TitleAdvanced Quantum Mechanics : Materials and Photons
Author(s)Dick, Rainer
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXXI, 811 p. 64 illus., 42 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis textbook, now in an expanded third edition, emphasizes the importance of advanced quantum mechanics for materials science and all experimental techniques which employ photon absorption, emission, or scattering. Important aspects of introductory quantum mechanics are covered in the first seven chapters to make the subject self-contained and accessible for a wide audience. Advanced Quantum Mechanics: Materials and Photons can therefore be used for advanced undergraduate courses and introductory graduate courses which are targeted towards students with diverse academic backgrounds from the Natural Sciences or Engineering. To enhance this inclusive aspect of making the subject as accessible as possible, introductions to Lagrangian mechanics and the covariant formulation of electrodynamics are provided in appendices. This third edition includes 60 new exercises, new and improved illustrations, and new material on interpretations of quantum mechanics. Other special features include an introduction to Lagrangian field theory and an integrated discussion of transition amplitudes with discrete or continuous initial or final states. Once students have acquired an understanding of basic quantum mechanics and classical field theory, canonical field quantization is easy. Furthermore, the integrated discussion of transition amplitudes naturally leads to the notions of transition probabilities, decay rates, absorption cross sections and scattering cross sections, which are important for all experimental techniques that use photon probes
ISBN,Price9783030578701
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. CONDENSED MATTER 4. CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. LASERS 8. MATERIALS SCIENCE 9. Materials Science, general 10. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 11. PHOTONICS 12. PHYSICS 13. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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13.     
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TitleAtomic Particles and Atom Systems : Data for Properties of Atomic Objects and Processes
Author(s)Smirnov, Boris M
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2018.
DescriptionVIII, 217 p. 102 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents physical units and widely used physical formulas, which are given together with conversion factors in various units. It includes frequently used atomic spectra and data for atoms, ions and molecules, as well as potential curves for diatomic molecules, and provides numerical parameters for transport phenomena in gases and plasmas. Further, the rate constants of a number of processes in atmospheric ionized air have been added to this second edition of the book. The numerical data has been selected from the information on atoms, atomic systems, atomic processes and models for atomic physics in this area, and the numerical parameters of atoms, ions and atom systems are included in periodical tables of elements
ISBN,Price9783319754055
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer 7. Heat engineering 8. HEAT TRANSFER 9. MASS TRANSFER 10. MATERIALS SCIENCE 11. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 12. PHYSICS 13. THERMODYNAMICS
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14.     
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TitleParticle Confinement in Penning Traps : An Introduction
Author(s)Vogel, Manuel
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2018.
DescriptionXIV, 452 p. 175 illus., 162 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides an introduction to the field of Penning traps and related experimental techniques. It serves both as a primer for those entering the field, and as a quick reference for those working in it. The book is motivated by the observation that often a vast number of different resources have to be explored to gain a good overview of Penning trap principles. This is especially true for students who experience additional difficulty due to the different styles of presentation and notation. This volume provides a broad introductory overview in unified notation
ISBN,Price9783319762647
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 6. Measurement?????? 7. MICROSCOPY 8. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 9. Particle and Nuclear Physics 10. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 11. PHYSICS 12. SPECTROSCOPY 13. Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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15.     
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TitleOptimization of Stochastic Heat Engines in the Underdamped Limit
Author(s)Z??ller, Nikolas
PublicationWiesbaden, 1. Imprint: Springer Spektrum 2. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2017.
DescriptionIX, 91 p. 33 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteNikolas Z??ller examines the working principles and the underlying theoretical foundations of a microscopic heat engine. In particular, he investigates the system???s stochastic dynamics in the underdamped regime which has hardly been studied in the past, but will be experimentally feasible in the near future due to recent technological developments. Emphasis is put on the maximization of the engine???s efficiency at maximum power through optimization of the driving protocol. In addition, possible experimental realizations of a microscopic heat engine are discussed. Contents ??? Stochastic Dynamics ??? Stochastic Heat Engines in the Overdamped and Underdamped Regime ??? Experimental Realization of a Stochastic Heat Engine ??? Entropy Production in Inhomogeneous Thermal Environments Target Groups ??? Lecturers and students of physics, mathematics, especially physical engineering ??? Experimental physicists The Author Nikolas Z??ller is currently working as a research associate at the Institute for Urban Futures at the Applied University of Potsdam where he applies concepts from theoretical physics and statistics to sociological problems
ISBN,Price9783658163501
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. PHYSICS 7. PROBABILITIES 8. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes 9. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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16.     
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TitleGlobal Atmospheric Phenomena Involving Water : Water Circulation, Atmospheric Electricity, and the Greenhouse Effect
Author(s)Smirnov, Boris M
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionIX, 219 p. 93 illus., 26 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book covers the role of water in global atmospheric phenomena, focussing on the physical processes involving water molecules and water microparticles. It presents the reader with a detailed look at some of the most important types of global atmospheric phenomena involving water, such as water circulation, atmospheric electricity and the greenhouse effect. Beginning with the cycle of water evaporation and condensation, and the important roles played by the nucleation and growth processes of water microdroplets, the book discusses atmospheric electricity as a secondary phenomenon of water circulation in the atmosphere, comprising a chain of processes involving water molecules and water microdroplets. Finally, the book discusses aspects of the molecular spectroscopy of greenhouse atmospheric components, showing how water molecules and water microdroplets give the main contribution to atmospheric emission in the infrared spectrum range. Featuring numerous didactic schematics and appendices detailing all necessary unit conversion factors, this book is useful to both active researchers and doctoral students working in the fields of atmospheric physics, climate science and molecular spectroscopy
ISBN,Price9783030580391
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. Chemistry, Physical and theoretical 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 7. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 8. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 9. PHYSICS 10. PLASMA (IONIZED GASES) 11. PLASMA PHYSICS 12. Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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17.     
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TitleManipulation of Matrix-Isolated Molecules and Molecular Clusters with Electrostatic Fields
Author(s)Park, Youngwook
PublicationSingapore, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Singapore, 2020.
DescriptionXVI, 41 p. 7 illus., 6 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book describes the manipulation of molecular properties, such as orientation, structure, and dynamics, of small molecules and molecular clusters isolated in cold inert matrices by using unprecedentedly strong external electrostatic fields. Manipulation of molecules with controllable external forces is a dream of chemists. Molecules are inherently quantum-mechanical systems, control of which potentially can lead to quantum technology, such as quantum sensing and computing. This book demonstrates a combination of the ice film nanocapacitor method and the matrix isolation technique enabled the application of intense external dc electric fields across the isolated molecules and molecular clusters. Changes in molecular states induced by fields were monitored by means of vibrational spectroscopy. Also, the book presents manipulations of the inversion tunneling dynamics of ammonia molecule and the dislocation of acidic proton in hydrogen chloride???water complex. The book shows that the vibrational spectroscopy with the aid of unprecedentedly strong dc electric field can provide rich information on the electrostatic behaviors of molecules and molecular clusters, which underlie the understanding of intermolecular processes and molecular manipulation
ISBN,Price9789811586934
Keyword(s)1. Atomic structure???? 2. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 3. Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra 4. ATOMS 5. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 6. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 7. BIOPHYSICS 8. EBOOK 9. EBOOK - SPRINGER 10. Molecular structure?? 11. PHYSICS
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18.     
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TitleCaustic Light in Nonlinear Photonic Media
Author(s)Zannotti, Alessandro
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXIII, 180 p. 70 illus., 59 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteCaustics are natural phenomena, forming light patterns in rainbows or through drinking glasses, and creating light networks at the bottom of swimming pools. Only in recent years have scientists started to artificially create simple caustics with laser light. However, these realizations have already contributed to progress in advanced imaging, lithography, and micro-manipulation. In this book, Alessandro Zannotti pioneers caustics in many ways, establishing the field of artificial caustic optics. He employs caustic design to customize high-intensity laser light. This is of great relevance for laser-based machining, sensing, microscopy, and secure communication. The author also solves a long standing problem concerning the origin of rogue waves which appear naturally in the sea and can have disastrous consequences. By means of a far-reaching optical analogy, he identifies scattering of caustics in random media as the origin of rogue waves, and shows how nonlinear light-matter interaction increases their probability
ISBN,Price9783030530884
Keyword(s)1. Applications of Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos Theory 2. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 3. ATOMS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Electronic materials 7. LASERS 8. OCEANOGRAPHY 9. Optical and Electronic Materials 10. OPTICAL MATERIALS 11. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 12. PHOTONICS 13. PHYSICS 14. STATISTICAL PHYSICS
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19.     
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TitleFundamentals of van der Waals and Casimir Interactions
Author(s)Sernelius, Bo E
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2018.
DescriptionXVIII, 416 p. 109 illus., 78 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents a self-contained derivation of van der Waals and Casimir type dispersion forces, covering the interactions between two atoms but also between microscopic, mesoscopic, and macroscopic objects of various shapes and materials. It also presents detailed and general prescriptions for finding the normal modes and the interactions in layered systems of planar, spherical and cylindrical types, with two-dimensional sheets, such as graphene incorporated in the formalism. A detailed derivation of the van der Waals force and Casimir-Polder force between two polarizable atoms serves as the starting point for the discussion of forces: Dispersion forces, of van der Waals and Casimir type, act on bodies of all size, from atoms up to macroscopic objects. The smaller the object the more these forces dominate and as a result they play a key role in modern nanotechnology through effects such as stiction. They show up in almost all fields of science, including physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, and even cosmology. Written by a condensed matter physicist in the language of condensed matter physics, the book shows readers how to obtain the electromagnetic normal modes, which for metallic systems, is especially useful in the field of plasmonics
ISBN,Price9783319998312
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Mathematical Methods in Physics 6. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 7. PHYSICS 8. SOLID STATE PHYSICS
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I09555     On Shelf    

20.    
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TitleX-Ray Phase-Contrast Tomography : Underlying Physics and Developments for Breast Imaging
Author(s)Brombal, Luca
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXIII, 140 p. 68 illus., 53 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteX-ray imaging is a corner stone of breast cancer diagnosis. By exploiting the phase shift of X-rays rather than their attenuation, phase-contrast tomography has the potential to dramatically increase the visibility of small and low contrast features, thus leading to better diagnosis. This thesis presents research on the first synchrotron-based project developing a clinical phase-contrast breast computed tomography (CT) setup at Elettra, the Italian Syncrotron Radiation Facility. This book includes a comprehensive theoretical background on propagation-based phase-contrast imaging, exploring and extending the most recent image formation models. Along with theory, many practical implementation and optimization issues, ranging from detector-specific processing to setup geometry, are tackled on the basis of a large number of experimental evidences. Most of the modelling results and data analysis have general validity, being a valuable framework for optimization of phase-contrast setups. Results obtained at synchrotron are also compared with "real world" laboratory sources: both a first-of-its-kind comparison with one of the few hospital breast CT systems and a state-of-the-art implementation of monochromatic phase-contrast micro-tomography with a conventional rotating anode source are presented. On a more general level, this work sheds a light on the importance of synchrotron-based clinical programs, which are key to trigger the long-anticipated transition of phase-contrast imaging from synchrotrons to hospitals.
ISBN,Price9783030604332
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 4. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 5. BIOPHYSICS 6. Cancer Research 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. Imaging / Radiology 10. PHYSICS 11. Radiology
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