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1 Thoennessen, Michael The Discovery of Isotopes I10420 2016 eBook  
2 Collamati, Francesco An Intraoperative Beta???Probe for Cancer Surgery I10358 2016 eBook  
3 Jegerlehner, Friedrich The Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon I10355 2017 eBook  
4 Takigawa, Noboru Fundamentals of Nuclear Physics I10316 2017 eBook  
5 Ma??a, Carlos Probability and Statistics for Particle Physics I10178 2017 eBook  
6 Wada, Michiharu TCP 2014 I10156 2017 eBook  
7 W??rl, Matthias Towards Offline PET Monitoring at a Cyclotron-Based Proton Therapy Facility I10136 2016 eBook  
8 Solomon, Adam Ross Cosmology Beyond Einstein I10117 2017 eBook  
9 Dittrich, Walter Classical and Quantum Dynamics I10116 2017 eBook  
10 Durrive, Jean-Baptiste Baryonic Processes in the Large-Scale Structuring of the Universe I10093 2017 eBook  
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TitleThe Discovery of Isotopes : A Complete Compilation
Author(s)Thoennessen, Michael
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 413 p. 107 illus., 21 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book describes the exciting discovery of every isotope observed on earth to date, which currently numbers some 3000. For each isotope a short essay highlights the authors of the first publication for the isotope, the laboratory and year where and when the isotope was discovered, as well as details about the production and detection methods used. In controversial cases previously claims are also discussed. At the end a comprehensive table lists all isotopes sorted by elements and a complete list of references. Preliminary versions of these paragraphs have been published over the last few years as separate articles in the journal "Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables". The work re-evaluates all assignments judging them with a uniform set of criteria. In addition, the author includes over 100 new isotopes which have been discovered since the articles published. This book is a source of information for researchers as well as enthusiastic laymen alike. From the prepublication review: ???The explanations focus on the essentials, which makes the various chapters pleasingly compact. The phrasing is well understandable also for non-experts. This makes the book easy to read, even thrilling. I have to confess that parts of the manuscript I was even reading as an evening lecture in the bed, so exciting was the history of isotope discoveries.??? Sigurd Hofmann, Helmholtz Professor at GSI Darmstadt, Germany, and a leading expert in superheavy nuclei
ISBN,Price9783319317632
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 4. NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY 5. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 6. Particle and Nuclear Physics 7. PHYSICS
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TitleAn Intraoperative Beta???Probe for Cancer Surgery
Author(s)Collamati, Francesco
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIV, 100 p. 55 illus., 24 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis focuses on a novel radio-guided surgery technique for complete tumor resections. It describes all aspects of the intraoperative probe, as well as testing and simulation of the novel technique. The presentation develops the technique from the initial idea to realistic feasibility studies that have been the subject of a press release of the American Society of Nuclear Medicine. Just a year after completing this work, the technique has now been tested for the first time on a meningioma patient, confirming all of the predictions made in this thesis
ISBN,Price9783319336992
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Medical and Radiation Physics 4. Medical physics 5. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 6. Particle and Nuclear Physics 7. RADIATION 8. Surgical oncology
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TitleThe Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon
Author(s)Jegerlehner, Friedrich
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVIII, 693 p. 206 illus., 110 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis research monograph covers extensively the theory of the muon anomalous magnetic moment and provides estimates of the theoretical uncertainties. The muon anomalous magnetic moment is one of the most precisely measured quantities in elementary particle physics and provides one of the most stringent tests of relativistic quantum field theory as a fundamental theoretical framework. It allows for an extremely precise check of the standard model of elementary particles and of its limitations. This book reviews the present state of knowledge of the anomalous magnetic moment a=(g-2)/2 of the muon. Recent experiments at the Brookhaven National Laboratory now reach the unbelievable precision of 0.5 parts per million, improving the accuracy of previous g-2 experiments at CERN by a factor of 14. In addition, quantum electrodynamics and electroweak and hadronic effects are reviewed. Since non-perturbative hadronic effects play a key role for the precision test, their evaluation is described in detail. Perspectives for future improvements of the theoretical and experimental precision are considered. The new edition features improved theoretical predictions to match upcoming experiments, like the one at Fermilab. Additionally the new more precise basic parameters are presented
ISBN,Price9783319635774
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 4. Particle and Nuclear Physics 5. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 6. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 7. STRING THEORY
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TitleFundamentals of Nuclear Physics
Author(s)Takigawa, Noboru;Washiyama, Kouhei
PublicationTokyo, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Japan, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 269 p. 86 illus., 6 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book introduces the current understanding of the fundamentals of nuclear physics by referring to key experimental data and by providing a theoretical understanding of principal nuclear properties. It primarily covers the structure of nuclei at low excitation in detail. It also examines nuclear forces and decay properties. In addition to fundamentals, the book treats several new research areas such as non-relativistic as well as relativistic Hartree???Fock calculations, the synthesis of super-heavy elements, the quantum chromodynamics phase diagram, and nucleosynthesis in stars, to convey to readers the flavor of current research frontiers in nuclear physics. The authors explain semi-classical arguments and derivation of its formulae. In these ways an intuitive understanding of complex nuclear phenomena is provided. The book is aimed at graduate school students as well as junior and senior undergraduate students and postdoctoral fellows. It is also useful for researchers to update their knowledge of diverse fields of nuclear structure. The book explains how basic physics such as quantum mechanics and statistical physics, as well as basic physical mathematics, is used to describe nuclear phenomena. A number of questions are given from place to place as supplements to the text
ISBN,Price9784431553786
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Continuum Physics 2. Continuum physics 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 6. Particle and Nuclear Physics 7. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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TitleProbability and Statistics for Particle Physics
Author(s)Ma??a, Carlos
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionX, 244 p. 27 illus., 11 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book comprehensively presents the basic concepts of probability and Bayesian inference with sufficient generality to make them applicable to current problems in scientific research. The first chapter provides the fundamentals of probability theory that are essential for the analysis of random phenomena. The second chapter includes a full and pragmatic review of the Bayesian methods that constitute a natural and coherent framework with enough freedom to analyze all the information available from experimental data in a conceptually simple manner. The third chapter presents the basic Monte Carlo techniques used in scientific research, allowing a large variety of problems to be handled difficult to tackle by other procedures. The author also introduces a basic algorithm, which enables readers to simulate samples from simple distribution, and describes useful cases for researchers in particle physics.The final chapter is devoted to the basic ideas of Information Theory, which are important in the Bayesian methodology. This highly readable book is appropriate for graduate-level courses, while at the same time being useful for scientific researches in general and for physicists in particular since most of the examples are from the field of Particle Physics.
ISBN,Price9783319557380
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Mathematical Methods in Physics 4. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 5. Particle and Nuclear Physics 6. PHYSICS 7. Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Sciences 8. Statistics??
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TitleTCP 2014 : Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Trapped Charged Particles and Fundamental Physics, held in Takamatsu, Japan, 1-5, December 2014
Author(s)Wada, Michiharu;Schury, Peter;Ichikawa, Yuichi
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXI, 184 p. 102 illus., 81 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis volume presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Trapped Charged Particles and Fundamental Physics (TCP 14). It presents recent developments in the theoretical and experimental research on trapped charged particles and related fundamental physics and applications. The content has been divided topic-wise covering basic questions of Fundamental Physics, Quantum and QED Effects, Plasmas and Collective Behavior and Anti-Hydrogen. More technical issues include Storage Ring Physics, Precision Spectroscopy and Frequency Standards, Highly Charged Ions in Traps, Traps for Radioactive Isotopes and New Techniques and Facilities. An applied aspect of ion trapping is discussed in section devoted to Applications of Particle Trapping including Quantum Information and Processing. Each topic has a more general introduction, but also more detailed contributions are included. A selection of contributions exemplifies the interdisciplinary nature of the research on trapped charged particles worldwide. Reprinted from Hyperfine Interactions (HYPE) Volumes 235, Issue 1-3 and 236, Issue 1-3
ISBN,Price9783319615882
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 4. Particle and Nuclear Physics 5. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 6. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 7. SPINTRONICS
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TitleTowards Offline PET Monitoring at a Cyclotron-Based Proton Therapy Facility : Experiments and Monte Carlo Simulations
Author(s)W??rl, Matthias
PublicationWiesbaden, 1. Imprint: Springer Spektrum 2. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2016.
DescriptionXV, 86 p. 30 illus., 10 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteMatthias W??rl presents two essential steps to implement offline PET monitoring of proton dose delivery at a clinical facility, namely the setting up of an accurate Monte Carlo model of the clinical beamline and the experimental validation of positron emitter production cross-sections. In the first part, the field size dependence of the dose output is described for scanned proton beams. Both the Monte Carlo and an analytical computational beam model were able to accurately predict target dose, while the latter tends to overestimate dose in normal tissue. In the second part, the author presents PET measurements of different phantom materials, which were activated by the proton beam. The results indicate that for an irradiation with a high number of protons for the sake of good statistics, dead time losses of the PET scanner may become important and lead to an underestimation of positron-emitter production yields. Contents Monte Carlo Modeling of a Clinical Proton Beam Low-Dose Envelope and Field Size Factor PET Activation Studies Target Groups Researchers and students in the field of medical physics with focus on particle therapy Medical physicists at proton therapy facilities The Author Matthias W??rl wrote his Master???s Thesis at the chair of Medical Physics at the Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich. He is now a PhD student at the same department, working on transmission imaging with laser-accelerated ions
ISBN,Price9783658131685
Keyword(s)1. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 2. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 3. BIOPHYSICS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 8. Particle and Nuclear Physics 9. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleCosmology Beyond Einstein
Author(s)Solomon, Adam Ross
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXI, 231 p. 20 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis investigates the theoretical and cosmological implications of modifying Einstein's theory of general relativity. It explores two classes of modifications to gravity: those in which the graviton is given a small mass, and those in which Lorentz invariance is spontaneously broken. It elucidates the nature of cosmological perturbations in theories of massive bimetric gravity, including a potentially deadly instability. Theories of gravity beyond general relativity could explain why the expansion of the Universe is accelerating, obviating the need for a dark energy, and can also affect the evolution of the early Universe. Next, it investigates the nature of spacetime in massive gravity theories that contain two different spacetime metrics. Lastly, the strongest constraints to date are placed on the size of Lorentz-violating effects in the gravity sector during inflation.
ISBN,Price9783319466217
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. GRAVITATION 6. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 7. Particle and Nuclear Physics
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TitleClassical and Quantum Dynamics : From Classical Paths to Path Integrals
Author(s)Dittrich, Walter;Reuter, Martin
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVI, 489 p. 18 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteGraduate students who wish to become familiar with advanced computational strategies in classical and quantum dynamics will find in this book both the fundamentals of a standard course and a detailed treatment of the time-dependent oscillator, Chern-Simons mechanics, the Maslov anomaly and the Berry phase, to name just a few topics. Well-chosen and detailed examples illustrate perturbation theory, canonical transformations and the action principle, and demonstrate the usage of path integrals. The fifth edition has been revised and enlarged to include chapters on quantum electrodynamics, in particular, Schwinger???s proper time method and the treatment of classical and quantum mechanics with Lie brackets and pseudocanonical transformations. It is shown that operator quantum electrodynamics can be equivalently described with c-numbers, as demonstrated by calculating the propagation function for an electron in a prescribed classical electromagnetic field
ISBN,Price9783319582986
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Continuum Physics 2. Continuum physics 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 8. Particle and Nuclear Physics 9. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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TitleBaryonic Processes in the Large-Scale Structuring of the Universe
Author(s)Durrive, Jean-Baptiste
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXIII, 187 p. 29 illus., 23 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis addresses two very different but equally important topics in the very broad fields of astrophysics and cosmology: (I) the generation of cosmological magnetic fields and (II) gravitational fragmentation of the Cosmic Web. All mathematical developments are completed by illuminating physical interpretations, and the thesis, which is guided by existing observations, is purely theoretical. In part I, the author further develops a magnetogenesis model proposed in the literature, providing an unprecedented level of physical understanding. He demonstrates that the physics of photoionisation is very likely to have premagnetised, at a relevant level, the entire Universe at the early epoch of the formation of the first luminous sources. In part II, the author adapts the tools of plasma spectral theory to the context of gravitational instability of the baryonic gas within the stratified structures of the Cosmic Web. He skillfully derives the wave equation governing the growth of perturbations and explores various equilibrium configurations, in planar and cylindrical geometries characteristic of cosmic walls and filaments, for isothermal and polytropic conditions, with or without an external gravitational background. Clearly structured and written in pedagogical style, this outstanding thesis puts the results into perspective and highlights the merits and limitations of the various approaches explored
ISBN,Price9783319618814
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 3. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 4. COSMOLOGY 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. GRAVITATION 8. MAGNETIC MATERIALS 9. MAGNETISM 10. Magnetism, Magnetic Materials 11. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 12. Particle and Nuclear Physics 13. PLASMA (IONIZED GASES) 14. PLASMA PHYSICS
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