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1 Crisp??n Ortuzar, Mireia High Jet Multiplicity Physics at the LHC I10459 2016 eBook  
2 Knolle, Johannes Dynamics of a Quantum Spin Liquid I10454 2016 eBook  
3 Duffy, Kirsty Elizabeth First Measurement of Neutrino and Antineutrino Oscillation at T2K I10438 2017 eBook  
4 Knechtli, Francesco Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics I10410 2017 eBook  
5 Lindgren, Ingvar Relativistic Many-Body Theory I10407 2016 eBook  
6 Kallosh, Renata Theoretical Frontiers in Black Holes and Cosmology I10395 2016 eBook  
7 Spannagel, Simon CMS Pixel Detector Upgrade and Top Quark Pole Mass Determination I10380 2017 eBook  
8 Kieseler, Jan Top-Quark Pair Production Cross Sections and Calibration of the Top-Quark Monte-Carlo Mass I10364 2016 eBook  
9 Jegerlehner, Friedrich The Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon I10355 2017 eBook  
10 Shore, Graham The c and a-Theorems and the Local Renormalisation Group I10302 2017 eBook  
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TitleHigh Jet Multiplicity Physics at the LHC
Author(s)Crisp??n Ortuzar, Mireia
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXXII, 177 p. 95 illus., 62 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book describes research in two different areas of state-of-the-art hadron collider physics, both of which are of central importance in the field of particle physics. The first part of the book focuses on the search for supersymmetric particles called gluinos. The book subsequently presents a set of precision measurements of ???multi-jet??? collision events, which involve large numbers of newly created particles, and are among the dominant processes at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Now that a Higgs boson has been discovered at the LHC, the existence (or non-existence) of supersymmetric particles is of the utmost interest and significance, both theoretically and experimentally. In addition, multi-jet collision events are an important background process for a wide range of analyses, including searches for supersymmetry
ISBN,Price9783319434612
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 6. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 7. STRING THEORY
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TitleDynamics of a Quantum Spin Liquid
Author(s)Knolle, Johannes
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXV, 140 p. 46 illus., 4 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis presents an exact theoretical study of dynamical correlation functions in different phases of a??two-dimensional quantum spin liquid. By calculating the dynamical spin structure factor and the Raman scattering cross section, this??thesis shows that there are salient signatures???qualitative and quantitative???of the Majorana fermions and the gauge fluxes emerging as effective degrees of freedom in the exactly solvable Kitaev honeycomb lattice model. The model is a representative of a class of spin liquids with Majorana fermions coupled to Z2 gauge fields. The qualitative features of the response functions should therefore be characteristic for this broad class of topological states
ISBN,Price9783319239538
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. MAGNETIC MATERIALS 4. MAGNETISM 5. Magnetism, Magnetic Materials 6. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 7. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 8. STRING THEORY 9. Strongly Correlated Systems, Superconductivity 10. SUPERCONDUCTIVITY 11. SUPERCONDUCTORS
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TitleFirst Measurement of Neutrino and Antineutrino Oscillation at T2K
Author(s)Duffy, Kirsty Elizabeth
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 172 p. 87 illus., 10 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis reports the measurement of muon neutrino and antineutrino disappearance and electron neutrino and antineutrino appearance in a muon neutrino and antineutrino beam using the T2K experiment. It describes a result in neutrino physics that is a pioneering indication of charge-parity (CP) violation in neutrino oscillation; the first to be obtained from a single experiment. Neutrinos are some of the most abundant???but elusive???particles in the universe, and may provide a promising place to look for a potential solution to the puzzle of matter/antimatter imbalance in the observable universe. It has been firmly established that neutrinos can change flavour (or ???oscillate???), as recognised by the 2015 Nobel Prize. The theory of neutrino oscillation allows for neutrinos and antineutrinos to oscillate differently (CP violation), and may provide insights into why our universe is matter-dominated. Bayesian statistical methods, including the Markov Chain Monte Carlo fitting technique, are used to simultaneously optimise several hundred systematic parameters describing detector, beam, and neutrino interaction uncertainties as well as the six oscillation parameters
ISBN,Price9783319650401
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 7. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 8. STRING THEORY
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TitleLattice Quantum Chromodynamics : Practical Essentials
Author(s)Knechtli, Francesco;G??nther, Michael;Peardon, Michael
PublicationDordrecht, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Netherlands, 2017.
DescriptionXIII, 140 p. 12 illus., 1 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides an overview of the techniques central to lattice quantum chromodynamics, including modern developments. The book has four chapters. The first chapter explains the formulation of quarks and gluons on a Euclidean lattice. The second chapter introduces Monte Carlo methods and details the numerical algorithms to simulate lattice gauge fields. Chapter three explains the mathematical and numerical techniques needed to study quark fields and the computation of quark propagators. The fourth chapter is devoted to the physical observables constructed from lattice fields and explains how to measure them in simulations. The book is aimed at enabling graduate students who are new to the field to carry out explicitly the first steps and prepare them for research in lattice QCD
ISBN,Price9789402409994
Keyword(s)1. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 8. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 9. STRING THEORY
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TitleRelativistic Many-Body Theory : A New Field-Theoretical Approach
Author(s)Lindgren, Ingvar
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXVII, 406 p. 151 illus., 5 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis revised second edition of the author???s classic text offers readers a comprehensively updated review of relativistic atomic many-body theory, covering the many developments in the field since the publication of the original title. In particular, a new final section extends the scope to cover the evaluation of QED effects for dynamical processes. The treatment of the book is based upon quantum-field theory, and demonstrates that when the procedure is carried to all orders of perturbation theory, two-particle systems are fully compatible with the relativistically covariant Bethe-Salpeter equation. This procedure can be applied to arbitrary open-shell systems, in analogy with the standard many-body theory, and it is also applicable to systems with more than two particles. Presently existing theoretical procedures for treating atomic systems are, in several cases, insufficient to explain the accurate experimental data recently obtained, particularly for highly charged ions. The main text is divided into three parts. In Part I, the standard time-independent and time-dependent perturbation procedures are reviewed. This includes a new section at the end of chapter 2 concerning the so-called ???Fock-space procedure??? or ???Coulomb-only procedure??? for relativistic-QED calculations. This is a procedure on an intermediate level, frequently u sed in recent time by chemists on molecular systems, where a full QED treatment is out of question. Part II describes three methods for QED calculations, a) the standard S-matrix formulation, b) the Two-times Green???s-function method, developed by the St Petersburg Atomic Theory group, and c) the Covariant-evolution operator (CEO) method, recently developed by the Gothenburg Atomic Theory group. In Part III, the CEO method is combined with electron correlation to arbitrary order to a unified MBPT-QED procedure. The new Part IV includes two new chapters dealing with dynamical properties and how QED effects can be evaluated for such processes. This part is much needed as there has been an increasing interest in the study of QED effects for such processes. All methods treated in the book are illustrated with numerical examples, making it a text suitable for advanced students new to the field and a useful reference for established researchers
ISBN,Price9783319153865
Keyword(s)1. Atomic structure???? 2. Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Molecular structure?? 6. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 7. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 8. QUANTUM PHYSICS 9. STRING THEORY
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TitleTheoretical Frontiers in Black Holes and Cosmology : Theoretical Perspective in High Energy Physics
Author(s)Kallosh, Renata;Orazi, Emanuele
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionIX, 252 p. 21 illus., 17 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThese lecture notes are dedicated to the most recent theoretical applications of Black Hole solutions in high-energy physics. The main motivation of this volume is to present the latest black hole backgrounds that are relevant for gauge/gravity correspondence. Leading scientists in the field explain effective techniques for finding singular and cosmological solutions embedded in gauged supergravity, shedding light on underlying properties and symmetries. Starting from a basic level, the mathematical structures underlying black holes and cosmologies are revealed, helping the reader grasp the connection between theoretical approaches and physical observations with insights into possible future developments from both a theoretical and experimental point of view. The topics covered in this volume are based on lectures delivered during the ???Theoretical Frontiers in Black Holes and Cosmology??? school, held in Natal in June 2015
ISBN,Price9783319313528
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. GRAVITATION 5. Mathematical Methods in Physics 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. PHYSICS 8. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 9. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 10. STRING THEORY
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TitleCMS Pixel Detector Upgrade and Top Quark Pole Mass Determination
Author(s)Spannagel, Simon
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXVII, 274 p. 136 illus., 74 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis addresses two different topics, both vital for implementing modern high-energy physics experiments: detector development and data analysis. Providing a concise introduction to both the standard model of particle physics and the basic principles of semiconductor tracking detectors, it presents the first measurement of the top quark pole mass from the differential cross-section of tt+J events in the dileptonic tt decay channel. The first part focuses on the development and characterization of silicon pixel detectors. To account for the expected increase in luminosity of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the pixel detector of the compact muon solenoid (CMS) experiment is replaced by an upgraded detector with new front-end electronics. It presents comprehensive test beam studies conducted to verify the design and quantify the performance of the new front-end in terms of tracking efficiency and spatial resolution. Furthermore, it proposes a new cluster interpol ation method, which utilizes the third central moment of the cluster charge distribution to improve the position resolution. The second part of the thesis introduces an alternative measurement of the top quark mass from the normalized differential production cross-sections of dileptonic top quark pair events with an additional jet. The energy measurement is 8TeV. Using theoretical predictions at next-to-leading order in perturbative Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), the top quark pole mass is determined using a template fit method
ISBN,Price9783319588803
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 4. Measurement?????? 5. Particle acceleration 6. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 7. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 8. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 9. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 10. STRING THEORY
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TitleTop-Quark Pair Production Cross Sections and Calibration of the Top-Quark Monte-Carlo Mass : Measurements Performed with the CMS Detector Using LHC Run I Proton-Proton Collision Data
Author(s)Kieseler, Jan
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 167 p. 52 illus., 31 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis presents the first experimental calibration of the top-quark Monte-Carlo mass. It also provides the top-quark mass-independent and most precise top-quark pair production cross-section measurement to date. The most precise measurements of the top-quark mass obtain the top-quark mass parameter (Monte-Carlo mass) used in simulations, which are partially based on heuristic models. Its interpretation in terms of mass parameters used in theoretical calculations, e.g. a running or a pole mass, has been a long-standing open problem with far-reaching implications beyond particle physics, even affecting conclusions on the stability of the vacuum state of our universe. In this thesis, this problem is solved experimentally in three steps using data obtained with the compact muon solenoid (CMS) detector. The most precise top-quark pair production cross-section measurements to date are performed. The Monte-Carlo mass is determined and a new method for extracting the top-quark mass from theoretical calculations is presented. Lastly, the top-quark production cross-sections are obtained ??? for the first time ??? without residual dependence on the top-quark mass, are interpreted using theoretical calculations to determine the top-quark running- and pole mass with unprecedented precision, and are fully consistently compared with the simultaneously obtained top-quark Monte-Carlo mass
ISBN,Price9783319400051
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 6. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 7. STRING THEORY
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TitleThe Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon
Author(s)Jegerlehner, Friedrich
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVIII, 693 p. 206 illus., 110 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis research monograph covers extensively the theory of the muon anomalous magnetic moment and provides estimates of the theoretical uncertainties. The muon anomalous magnetic moment is one of the most precisely measured quantities in elementary particle physics and provides one of the most stringent tests of relativistic quantum field theory as a fundamental theoretical framework. It allows for an extremely precise check of the standard model of elementary particles and of its limitations. This book reviews the present state of knowledge of the anomalous magnetic moment a=(g-2)/2 of the muon. Recent experiments at the Brookhaven National Laboratory now reach the unbelievable precision of 0.5 parts per million, improving the accuracy of previous g-2 experiments at CERN by a factor of 14. In addition, quantum electrodynamics and electroweak and hadronic effects are reviewed. Since non-perturbative hadronic effects play a key role for the precision test, their evaluation is described in detail. Perspectives for future improvements of the theoretical and experimental precision are considered. The new edition features improved theoretical predictions to match upcoming experiments, like the one at Fermilab. Additionally the new more precise basic parameters are presented
ISBN,Price9783319635774
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 4. Particle and Nuclear Physics 5. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 6. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 7. STRING THEORY
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TitleThe c and a-Theorems and the Local Renormalisation Group
Author(s)Shore, Graham
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionVII, 102 p. 5 illus., 3 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe Zamolodchikov c-theorem has led to important new insights in the understanding of the Renormalisation Group (RG) and the geometry of the space of QFTs. The present primer introduces and reviews the parallel developments of the search for a higher-dimensional generalisation of the c-theorem and of the Local RG (LRG). The idea of renormalisation with position-dependent couplings, running under local Weyl scaling, is traced from its early realisations to the elegant modern formalism of the LRG. The key r??le of the associated Weyl consistency conditions in establishing RG flow equations for the coefficients of the trace anomaly in curved spacetime, and their relation to the c-theorem and four-dimensional a-theorem, is explained in detail. A number of different derivations of the c-theorem in two dimensions are presented and subsequently generalised to four dimensions. The obstructions to establishing monotonic C-functions related to the trace anomaly coefficients in four dimensions are explained. The possibility of deriving an a-theorem for the coefficient of the Euler-Gauss-Bonnet density is explored, initially by formulating the QFT on maximally symmetric spaces. Then the formulation of the weak a-theorem using a dispersion relation for four-point functions is presented. Finally, the application of the LRG to the issue of limit cycles in theories with a global symmetry is described, shedding new light on the geometry of the space of couplings in QFT
ISBN,Price9783319540009
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Mathematical Methods in Physics 4. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 5. PHYSICS 6. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 7. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 8. STRING THEORY
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