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 #  AuthorTitleAccn#YearItem Type Claims
1 Anna Christine Henrichs Top quark pair production I02391 eBook  
2 Eiichiro Ochiai Hiroshima to Fukushima I02380 eBook  
3 Priscila de Aquino Beyond standard model phenomenology at the LHC I02372 eBook  
4 Rutger van Haasteren Gravitational wave detection and data analysis for pulsar timing arrays I02356 eBook  
5 Jana Novakova Standard model measurements with the ATLAS detector I02345 eBook  
6 Cheng Jin Theory of nonlinear propagation of high harmonics generated in a gaseous medium I02334 eBook  
7 Francesco Pandolfi Search for the standard model Higgs boson in the H --] ZZ --] ��p-s q�q decay channel at CMS I02330 2013 eBook  
8 Andr�es Bustos Molina Kinetic simulations of ion transport in fusion devices I02323 eBook  
9 Quan Wang Charge multiplicity asymmetry correlation study searching for local parity violation at RHIC for STAR collaboration I02313 eBook  
10 Pei Zhang Beam diagnostics in superconducting accelerating cavities I02306 2013 eBook  
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TitleTop quark pair production : precision measurements of the top quark pair production cross section in the single lepton channel with the ATLAS Experiment
Author(s)Anna Christine Henrichs
Description1 online resource (230 pages) : illustrations
Abstract NoteBefore any kind of new physics discovery could be made at the LHC, a precise understanding and measurement of the Standard Model of particle physics' processes was necessary. The book provides an introduction to top quark production in the context of the Standard Model and presents two such precise measurements of the production of top quark pairs in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV that were observed with the ATLAS Experiment at the LHC. The presented measurements focus on events with one charged lepton, missing transverse energy and jets. Using novel and advanced analysis techniques as well as a good understanding of the detector, they constitute the most precise measurements of the quantity at that time
Contents NoteIntroduction -- The Top Quark in the Context of the Standard Model -- Experimental Setup -- Objects and Processes -- General Analysis Strategy -- Measurement of tt in 35 pb1 of Data -- Measurement of tt in 0.7 fb1 of Data -- Future Extension to a Simultaneous Measurement of tt and Rb -- Conclusions -- Separate Lepton Channel Fits in 35 pb1 of Data -- Separate Lepton Channel Fits in 0.7 fb1 of Data
NotesIncludes bibliographical references
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. QUARKS 4. SCIENCE / Physics / Quantum Theory
Item TypeeBook
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I02391     On Shelf    

2.     
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TitleHiroshima to Fukushima : biohazards of radiation
Author(s)Eiichiro Ochiai
Description1 online resource (xvi, 225 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Abstract NoteSet against a backdrop of the recent disaster at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, "Hiroshima to Fukushima" examines the issue of radiation safety. The author provides important and accurate scientific information about the radioactive substances arising from nuclear power plants and weapons, including the effects of this radiation on living organisms. Currently, humankind is at a crossroads and must decide whether to phase out or increase its reliance on nuclear power as weapons and an energy source. Although a few countries, mostly European, have vowed to abolish nuclear power as an energy source, many other countries are about to increase their nuclear power programs. This book is written from a Japanese perspective and thus provides an alternative to views of Western writers. The author includes rigorous scientific analyses, however maintains a broad scope which allows the book to be accessible to decision-makers and non-specialists
Contents NotePart I. The Scientific Bases of Nuclear World, Radiation and Chemical World -- The Nuclear World and Nuclear Power -- Radiation -- The Chemical World -- Part II. The Military Uses of Nuclear Power -- The Development of the Atomic Bomb -- Dropping of Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki ? The Devastation -- Depleted Uranium Bombs -- Part III. The Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Power -- Development of Nuclear Power Reactors -- Examples of Major Failures at Nuclear Power Plants -- Part IV. The Scientific Basis of Interaction of Radiation with the Chemical World -- General Consideration of Interactions of Radiation with the Chemical World -- Chemical and Biological Interactions of Chemical Compounds -- What Happens if a Chemical Compound is Radioactive? -- (High-energy) Radiation is Incompatible With Life -- Part V. Health Effects of Radiation Revealed So Far -- Data From Hiroshima and Nagasaki -- Data From Chernobyl -- Data From Fukushima -- Part VI. The Future of Human Use of Energy -- Non-Nuclear and Renewable Energy Sources and Uses
NotesIncludes bibliographical references
Keyword(s)1. CHEMISTRY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Effects of Radiation/Radiation Protection 5. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 6. NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY 7. NUCLEAR ENERGY 8. Radioactive pollution 9. Radioactive substances 10. SCIENCE / Physics / Quantum Theory
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I02380     On Shelf    

3.     
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TitleBeyond standard model phenomenology at the LHC
Author(s)Priscila de Aquino
Description1 online resource (xiii, 158 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Abstract NoteThis thesis provides an introduction to the physics of the Standard Model and beyond, and to the methods used to analyse Large Hadron Collider (LHC) data. The 'hierarchy problem', astrophysical data and experiments on neutrinos indicate that new physics can be expected at the now accessible TeV scale. This work investigates extensions of the Standard Model with gravitons and gravitinos (in the context of supergravity). The production of these particles in association with jets is studied as one of the most promising avenues for researching new physics at the LHC. Advanced simulation techniques and tools, such as algorithms allowing the computation of Feynman graphs and helicity amplitudes are first developed and then employed
Contents NoteThe Standard Model -- Gravitation in Beyond Standard Model theories -- The LHC and collision simulations -- Phenomenology of graviton production -- Gravitino production at the LHC
NotesIncludes bibliographical references
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. PHYSICS 7. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 8. SCIENCE / Physics / Quantum Theory 9. STANDARD MODEL - NUCLEAR PHYSICS
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I02372     On Shelf    

4.     
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TitleGravitational wave detection and data analysis for pulsar timing arrays
Author(s)Rutger van Haasteren
Description1 online resource
Abstract NotePulsar timing is a promising method for detecting gravitational waves in the nano-Hertz band. In his prize winning Ph.D. thesis Rutger van Haasteren deals with how one takes thousands of seemingly random timing residuals which are measured by pulsar observers, and extracts information about the presence and character of the gravitational waves in the nano-Hertz band that are washing over our Galaxy. The author presents a sophisticated mathematical algorithm that deals with this issue. His algorithm is probably the most well-developed of those that are currently in use in the Pulsar Timing Array community. In chapter 3, the gravitational-wave memory effect is described. This is one of the first descriptions of this interesting effect in relation with pulsar timing, which may become observable in future Pulsar Timing Array projects. The last part of the work is dedicated to an effort to combine the European pulsar timing data sets in order to search for gravitational waves. This study has placed the most stringent limit to date on the intensity of gravitational waves that are produced by pairs of supermassive black holes dancing around each other in distant galaxies, as well as those that may be produced by vibrating cosmic strings. Rutger van Haasteren has won the 2011 GWIC Thesis Prize of the Gravitational Wave International Community for his innovative work in various directions of the search for gravitational waves by pulsar timing
Contents NoteBayesian data analysis of Pulsar Timing Arrays -- Gravitational-wave memory and Pulsar Timing Arrays -- Limiting the gravitational-wave background with EPTA data -- Marginal likelihood calculation with MCMC methods
NotesIncludes bibliographical references and index
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. GRAVITATIONAL WAVES 4. PULSARS 5. SCIENCE / Physics / Quantum Theory
Item TypeeBook
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I02356     On Shelf    

5.     
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TitleStandard model measurements with the ATLAS detector : Monte Carlo simulations of the tile calorimeter and measurement of the Z --> [theta, theta] cross section
Author(s)Jana Novakova
Description1 online resource (XV, 91 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Abstract NoteThis thesis deals with two main procedures performed with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The noise description in the hadronic calorimeter TileCal represents a very valuable technical job. The second part presents a fruitful physics analysis-- the cross section measurement of the process p + p --> Z0 --> T + T. The Monte Carlo simulations of the TileCal are described in the first part of the thesis, including a detailed treatment of the electronic noise and multiple interactions (so-called pile-up). An accurate description of both is crucial for the reconstruction of e.g. jets or hadronic tau-jets. The second part reports a Standard Model measurement of the Z0 --> T + T process with the emphasis on the final state with an electron and a hadronically decaying tau-lepton. The Z0 --> T+T channel forms the dominant background in the search for Higgs bosons decaying into tau lepton pairs, and thus the good understanding achieved here can facilitate more sensitive Higgs detection
Contents NoteOverview of the ATLAS experiment at the LHC -- Monte Carlo simulations of the Tile calorimeter -- Electron efficiency measurement -- Z0 + cross section measurement
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 4. HIGGS BOSONS 5. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 6. Monte Carlo method 7. NUCLEAR COUNTERS 8. PHYSICS 9. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 10. SCIENCE / Physics / Quantum Theory
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I02345     On Shelf    

6.     
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TitleTheory of nonlinear propagation of high harmonics generated in a gaseous medium
Author(s)Cheng Jin
Description1 online resource (xiv, 159 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Abstract NoteTheory of Nonlinear Propagation of High Harmonics Generated in a Gaseous Medium establishes the theoretical tools to study High-Order Harmonic Generation (HHG) by intense ultrafast infrared lasers in atoms and molecules. The macroscopic propagation of both laser and high-harmonic fields is taken into account by solving Maxwell's wave equations, while the single-atom or single-molecule response is treated with a quantitative rescattering theory by solving the time-dependent Schrd inger equation. This book demonstrates for the first time that observed experimental HHG spectra of atoms and molecules can be accurately reproduced theoretically when precise experimental conditions are known. The macroscopic HHG can be expressed as a product of a macroscopic wave packet and a photorecombination cross section, where the former depends on laser and experimental conditions while the latter is the property of target atoms or molecules. The factorization makes it possible to retrieve microscopically atomic or molecular structure information from the measured macroscopic HHG spectra. This book also investigates other important issues about HHG, such as contributions from multiple molecular orbitals, the minimum in the HHG spectrum, the spatial mode of laser beams, and the generation of an isolated attosecond pulse. Additionally, this book presents the photoelectron angular distribution of aligned molecules ionized by the HHG light
NotesIncludes bibliographical references
Keyword(s)1. Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra 2. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Harmonics (Electric waves) 6. Numerical and Computational Physics 7. Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices 8. PHYSICS 9. QUANTUM THEORY 10. SCIENCE / Physics / Quantum Theory
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I02334     On Shelf    

7.     
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TitleSearch for the standard model Higgs boson in the H --] ZZ --] ��p-s q�q decay channel at CMS
Author(s)Francesco Pandolfi
PublicationCham, Springer, 2013.
Description1 online resource (xv, 128 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Abstract NoteThe theoretical foundations of the Standard Model of elementary particles relies on the existence of the Higgs boson, a particle which has been revealed for the first time by the experiments run at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in 2012. As the Higgs boson is an unstable particle, its search strategies were based on its decay products. In this thesis, Francesco Pandolfi conducted a search for the Higgs boson in the H --> ZZ --> ��p-s q�q Decay Channel with 4.6 fb -1 of 7 TeV proton-proton collision data collected by the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment. The presence of jets in the final state poses a series of challenges to the experimenter: both from a technical point of view, as jets are complex objects and necessitate of ad-hoc reconstruction techniques, and from an analytical one, as backgrounds with jets are copious at hadron colliders, therefore analyses must obtain high degrees of background rejection in order to achieve competitive sensitivity. This is accomplished by following two directives: the use of an angular likelihood discriminant, capable of discriminating events likely to originate from the decay of a scalar boson from non-resonant backgrounds, and by using jet parton flavor tagging, selecting jets compatible with quark hadronization and discarding jets more likely to be initiated by gluons. The events passing the selection requirements in 4.6 fb -1 of data collected by the CMS detector are examined, in the search of a possible signal compatible with the decay of a heavy Higgs boson. The thesis describes the statistical tools and the results of this analysis
Notes"Doctoral thesis accepted by Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Universit�a di Roma, Rome, Italy.". -Includes bibliographical references
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. HIGGS BOSONS 4. SCIENCE / Physics / Quantum Theory
Item TypeeBook
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I02330     On Shelf    

8.     
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TitleKinetic simulations of ion transport in fusion devices
Author(s)Andr�es Bustos Molina
Description1 online resource (xi, 128 pages) : color illustrations
Abstract NoteThis thesis deals with the problem of ion confinement in thermonuclear fusion devices. It is a topic of general interest, as it helps to understand via numerical simulations the ion confinement properties in complex geometries, in order to predict their behavior and maximize the performance of future fusion reactors. The main work carried out in this thesis is the improvement and exploitation of an existing simulation code called ISDEP. This code solves the so-called ion collisional transport in arbitrary plasma geometry, improving in this sense other existing codes. Additionally, it presents outstanding portability and scalability in distributed computing architectures, such as Grid or Volunteer Computing. The main physical results can be divided into two blocks. First, the study of 3D ion transport in ITER is presented. ITER is the largest fusion reactor (under construction) and most of the simulations so far assume the axis-symmetry of the device. Unfortunately, this symmetry is only an approximation because of the discrete number of magnetic coils used. ISDEP has shown, using a simple model of the 3D magnetic field, how the ion confinement is affected by this symmetry breaking. Secondly, ISDEP has been applied successfully to the study of fast ion dynamics in fusion plasmas. The fast ions, with energies much larger than the thermal energy, are a product of the device's heating system. Thus, a numerical predictive tool can be used to improve the heating efficiency. ISDEP has been combined with the FAFNER2 code to study such ions in stellarator (TJ-II, LHD) and tokamak (ITER) geometries. It has also been validated by experimental results. In particular, comparisons with the CNPA diagnostic in the TJ-II stellarator are remarkable
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. NUCLEAR ENERGY 4. NUCLEAR FUSION 5. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 6. Numerical and Computational Physics 7. PHYSICS 8. PLASMA PHYSICS 9. SCIENCE / Physics / Quantum Theory
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I02323     On Shelf    

9.     
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TitleCharge multiplicity asymmetry correlation study searching for local parity violation at RHIC for STAR collaboration
Author(s)Quan Wang
Description1 online resource
Abstract NoteIt has been suggested that local parity violation (LPV) in Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) would lead to charge separation of quarks by the Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME) in heavy ion collisions. Charge Multiplicity Asymmetry Correlation Study Searching for Local Parity Violation at RHIC for STAR Collaboration presents the detailed study of charge separation with respect to the event plane. Results on charge multiplicity asymmetry in Au+Au and d+Au collisions at 200 GeV by the STAR experiment are reported. It was found that the correlation results could not be explained by CME alone. Additionally, the charge separation signal as a function of the measured azimuthal angle range as well as the event-by-event anisotropy parameter are studied. These results indicate that the charge separation effect appears to be in-plane rather than out-of-plane. It is discovered that the charge separation effect is proportional to the event-by-event azimuthal anisotropy and consistent with zero in events with zero azimuthal anisotropy. These studies suggest that the charge separation effect, within the statistical error, may be a net effect of event anisotropy and correlated particle production. A potential upper limit on the CME is also presented through this data
NotesIncludes bibliographical references
Keyword(s)1. COLLISIONS (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. PARITY NONCONSERVATION 5. QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS 6. SCIENCE / Physics / Quantum Theory
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I02313     On Shelf    

10.    
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TitleBeam diagnostics in superconducting accelerating cavities : the extraction of transverse beam position from beam-excired higher order modes
Author(s)Pei Zhang
PublicationNew York, Springer Verlag, 2013.
Description1 online resource
NotesIncludes bibliographical references
Keyword(s)1. Beam emittance (Nuclear physics) 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Electron beams 5. Molecular emission cavity analysis 6. SCIENCE / Physics / Quantum Theory
Item TypeeBook
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Accession#  Call#StatusIssued ToReturn Due On Physical Location
I02306     On Shelf    

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