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1 Nacht, Michael Nuclear Security I11912 2021 eBook  
2 Reinders, L. J The Fairy Tale of Nuclear Fusion I11796 2021 eBook  
3 Reinders, L. J Sun in a Bottle?... Pie in the Sky! I11772 2021 eBook  
4 Chen, Liang-Yao Optical Properties of Solar Absorber Materials and Structures I11667 2021 eBook  
5 Masys, Anthony J Exploring the Security Landscape: Non-Traditional Security Challenges I10203 2016 eBook  
6 Chen, Jing The Unity of Science and Economics I10126 2016 eBook  
7 Ayres, Robert Energy, Complexity and Wealth Maximization I09947 2016 eBook  
8 Hafemeister, David Nuclear Proliferation and Terrorism in the Post-9/11 World I09257 2016 eBook  
9 Shah, Arvind Solar Cells and Modules I09218 2020 eBook  
10 Claeys, C Radiation Effects in Advanced Semiconductor Materials and Devices I11304 2002 eBook  
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1.    
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TitleNuclear Security : The Nexus Among Science, Technology and Policy
Author(s)Nacht, Michael;Frank, Michael;Prussin, Stanley
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXVII, 340 p. 77 illus., 44 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis textbook is the first comprehensive and systematic account of the science, technology and policy issues associated with nuclear energy and nuclear weapons. Throughout their account of the evolution of nuclear policy, from its origin to the early Trump presidency, the authors interweave clear technical expositions of the science and technology that underpin and constrain it. The book begins by tracing the early work in atomic physics, the discovery of fission, and the developments that led to the Manhattan Project and the delivery of atomic bombs against Japan that ended World War II. It follows the initial failed attempts at nuclear disarmament, the onset of the Cold War nuclear arms competition, and the development of light water reactors to harness nuclear energy for electric power generation. The authors thoroughly unpack the problem of nuclear proliferation, examining the strategy and incentives for states that have and have not pursued nuclear weapons, and providing an overview of the nuclear arsenals of the current nuclear weapon states. They trace the technical, political and strategic evolution of deterrence, arms control and disarmament policies from the first attempts for an Outer Space Treaty in 1957 through the new START treaty of 2009. At critical junctures in the narrative, the authors explain the relevant nuclear science and technology including nuclear fission and criticality; nuclear materials and enrichment; nuclear detonation and nuclear weapons effects; nuclear weapons stockpile constraints, stewardship and surveillance; nuclear fusion and thermonuclear weapons; technologies for monitoring, verification and proliferation; and nuclear forensics. They conclude with an assessment of contemporary issues ranging from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action reached to halt Iran???s nuclear weapons development program, to the threat of nuclear terrorism, the perceived nuclear weapons policies of Russia and China, and the US efforts to provide disincentives for its allies to acquire their own nuclear weapons by maintaining credible security guarantees
ISBN,Price9783030750855
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Energy and state 4. Energy policy 5. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 6. International Security Studies 7. NUCLEAR ENERGY 8. NUCLEAR ENGINEERING 9. Security Science and Technology 10. Security systems 11. Security, International
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2.     
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TitleThe Fairy Tale of Nuclear Fusion
Author(s)Reinders, L. J
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXX, 620 p. 171 illus., 138 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis carefully researched book presents facts and arguments showing, beyond a doubt, that nuclear fusion power will not be technically feasible in time to satisfy the world's urgent need for climate-neutral energy. The author describes the 70-year history of nuclear fusion; the vain attempts to construct an energy-generating nuclear fusion power reactor, and shows that even in the most optimistic scenario nuclear fusion, in spite of the claims of its proponents, will not be able to make a sizable contribution to the energy mix in this century, whatever the outcome of ITER. This implies that fusion power will not be a factor in combating climate change, and that the race to save the climate with carbon-free energy will have been won or lost long before the first nuclear fusion power station comes on line. Aimed at the general public as well as those whose decisions directly affect energy policy, this book will be a valuable resource for informing future debates
ISBN,Price9783030643447
Keyword(s)1. ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE 2. Climate Sciences 3. CLIMATOLOGY 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Energy and state 7. Energy policy 8. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 9. NUCLEAR ENERGY 10. NUCLEAR ENGINEERING 11. NUCLEAR FUSION 12. PLASMA (IONIZED GASES) 13. PLASMA PHYSICS
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3.     
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TitleSun in a Bottle?... Pie in the Sky! : The Wishful Thinking of Nuclear Fusion Energy
Author(s)Reinders, L. J
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXV, 293 p. 50 illus., 43 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book gives an accessible overview of the 70-year history of nuclear fusion research and the vain attempts to construct an energy-generating nuclear fusion reactor. It shows that even in the most optimistic scenario nuclear fusion, despite the claims of its proponents and the billions being spent on research, will not be able to make a sizable contribution to the energy mix in this century. The important consequence is that nuclear fusion will not be a factor in combating climate change, since the race for carbon-free energy will have been won or lost long before the first nuclear fusion power station comes on line.
ISBN,Price9783030747343
Keyword(s)1. ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE 2. Climate Sciences 3. CLIMATOLOGY 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Energy and state 7. Energy policy 8. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 9. NUCLEAR ENERGY 10. NUCLEAR ENGINEERING 11. NUCLEAR FUSION 12. PLASMA (IONIZED GASES) 13. PLASMA PHYSICS
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4.     
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TitleOptical Properties of Solar Absorber Materials and Structures
Author(s)Chen, Liang-Yao
PublicationSingapore, Springer Nature Singapore, 2021.
DescriptionXVI, 172 p. 92 illus., 66 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents an overview of both the theory and experimental methods required to realize high efficiency solar absorber devices. It begins with a historical description of the study of spectrally selective solar absorber materials and structures based on optical principles and methods developed over the past few decades. The optical properties of metals and dielectric materials are addressed to provide the background necessary to achieve high performance of the solar absorber devices as applied in the solar energy field. In the following sections, different types of materials and structures, together with the relevant experimental methods, are discussed for practical construction and fabrication of the solar absorber devices, aiming to maximally harvest the solar energy while at the same time effectively suppressing the heat-emission loss. The optical principles and methods used to evaluate the performance of solar absorber devices with broad applications in different physical conditions are presented. The book is suitable for graduate students in applied physics, and provides a valuable reference for researchers working actively in the field of solar energy
ISBN,Price9789811634925
Keyword(s)1. Catalysis 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Energy and state 5. Energy policy 6. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 7. FORCE AND ENERGY 8. LASER 9. LASERS 10. MATERIALS 11. Materials for Energy and Catalysis 12. Microwaves, RF Engineering and Optical Communications 13. OPTICAL MATERIALS 14. TELECOMMUNICATION
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5.     
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TitleExploring the Security Landscape: Non-Traditional Security Challenges
Author(s)Masys, Anthony J
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionVI, 325 p. 45 illus., 29 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides international perspective for those studying or working in the security domain, from enforcement to policy. It focuses on non-traditional threats in a landscape that has been described as transnational in nature and incorporates natural disasters, gang violence, extremism and terrorism, amongst other issues. Chapters provide innovative thinking on themes including cyber security, maritime security, transnational crime, human security, globalization and economic security. Relevant theoretical frameworks are presented and readers are expertly guided through complex threats, from matters pertaining to health security which pose threats not only to humans but also have significant national security implications, to issues regarding critical infrastructure vulnerability and the complexity of understanding terrorist operations. Authors reveal how emerging uncertainties regarding global critical infrastructure and supply chain security, food security, and health security are linked to the notion of human security. Security professionals, policy makers and academics will all gain from the insights, strategies and perspectives in this book. It builds understanding of the deepening and broadening domain of security studies and provides a valuable reference text for courses on security studies and international relations
ISBN,Price9783319279145
Keyword(s)1. Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks 2. COMPUTER SECURITY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Energy and state 6. Energy policy 7. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 8. Health promotion 9. Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 10. NATURAL DISASTERS 11. NATURAL HAZARDS 12. PHYSICS 13. Security Science and Technology 14. System safety 15. Systems and Data Security
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6.     
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TitleThe Unity of Science and Economics : A New Foundation of Economic Theory
Author(s)Chen, Jing
PublicationNew York, NY, Springer New York, 2016.
DescriptionXVI, 136 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents a new economic theory developed from physical and biological principles. It explains how technology, social systems and economic values are intimately related to resources. Many people have recognized that mainstream (neoclassical) economic theories are not consistent with physical laws and often not consistent with empirical patterns, but most feel that economic activities are too complex to be described by a simple and coherent mathematical theory. While social systems are indeed complex, all life systems, including social systems, satisfy two principles. First, all systems need to extract resources from the external environment to compensate for their consumption. Second, for a system to be viable, the amount of resource extraction has to be no less than the level of consumption. From these two principles, we derive a quantitative theory of major factors in economic activities, such as fixed cost, variable cost, discount rate, uncertainty and duration. The mathematical theory enables us to systematically measure the effectiveness of different policies and institutional structures at varying levels of resource abundance and cost. The theory presented in this book shows that there do not exist universally optimal policies or institutional structures. Instead, the impacts of different policies or social structures have to be measured within the context of existing levels of resource abundance. As the physical costs of extracting resources rise steadily, many policy assumptions adopted in mainstream economic theories, and workable in times of cheap and abundant energy supplies and other resources, need to be reconsidered. In this rapidly changing world, the theory presented here provides a solid foundation for examining the long-term impacts of today's policy decisions
ISBN,Price9781493934669
Keyword(s)1. Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ECONOMIC THEORY 5. Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods 6. ECONOPHYSICS 7. Energy and state 8. Energy policy 9. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 10. Environmental economics 11. Sociophysics 12. Sustainable development 13. THERMODYNAMICS
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7.     
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TitleEnergy, Complexity and Wealth Maximization
Author(s)Ayres, Robert
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXXV, 593 p. 121 illus., 120 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is about the mechanisms of wealth creation, or what we like to think of as evolutionary ???progress???. For the modern economy, natural wealth consists of complex physical structures of condensed (???frozen???) energy ??? mass - maintained in the earth???s crust far from thermodynamic equilibrium. However, we usually perceive wealth as created when mutation or ???invention??? ??? a change agent - introduces something different, and fitter, and usually after some part of the natural wealth of the planet has been exploited in an episode of ???creative destruction???. Selection out of the resulting diversity is determined by survival in a competitive environment, whether a planet, a habitat, or a market. While human wealth is associated with money and what it can buy, it is ultimately based on natural wealth, both as materials transformed into useful artifacts, and how those artifacts, activated by energy, can create and transmit useful information. Humans have learned how to transform natural wealth into other forms. Can the new immaterial wealth of information and ideas, which makes up the so-called knowledge economy, replace depleted natural wealth? This seemingly simple question is the grand challenge of the 21st century. In this book, you will learn about the three key requirements for wealth creation, and how this process acts at all scales from elementary particles to biological organisms to the human economy according to physical laws. At the planetary level, continuing life on Earth depends on ???entropy minimization??? or the ???circular economy???. In the human economy, however, the massive circular flow of goods and services between producers and consumers is not a perpetual motion machine; it has been dependent for the past 150 years on energy inputs from a finite storage of fossil fuels. Knowledge and natural capital, particularly energy, will interact to power the human wealth engine in the future as it has in the past. Will it sputter or continue along the path of evolutionary progress that we have come to expect?
ISBN,Price9783319305455
Keyword(s)1. Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ECONOMIC POLICY 5. ECONOMICS 6. ECONOPHYSICS 7. Energy and state 8. Energy policy 9. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 10. Natural Resource and Energy Economics 11. Natural resources 12. Political Economy/Economic Systems 13. Sociophysics 14. THERMODYNAMICS
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8.     
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TitleNuclear Proliferation and Terrorism in the Post-9/11 World
Author(s)Hafemeister, David
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXXIV, 434 p. 52 illus., 35 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book fills a clear gap in the literature for a technically-focused book covering nuclear proliferation and related issues post-9/11. Using a concept-led approach which serves a broad readership, it provides detailed overview of nuclear weapons, nuclear proliferation and international nuclear policy. The author addresses topics including offensive and defensive missile systems, command and control, verification, weapon effects, and nuclear testing. A chronology of nuclear arms is presented including detailed discussion of the Cold War, proliferation, and arms control treaties. The book is tailored to courses on nuclear proliferation, and the general reader will also find it a fascinating introduction to the science and strategy behind international nuclear policy in the modern era. ???Finally, a spritely, accessible overview of the nuclear world in historical context from someone who has both seen it from the U.S. State Department and Congressional policy trenches and taught it for 43 years. A gift to both concerned citizens and interested students.??? Frank von Hippel, Prof. Public and International Affairs (emeritus), Princeton University ???The threat of nuclear weapons has been with the world community for a long time. Global destruction was narrowly avoided three or four times or more during the Cold War with the use of such weapons remaining an immediate threat in some parts of the world??? David Hafemeister's outstanding new book provides the reader this essential review of the threat, taking into account its many manifestations in a careful and thorough way. It should not be missed.??? Thomas Graham, Jr., former Special Representative of the President for Arms Control and Non-proliferation ???Hafemeister's Nuclear Proliferation and Terrorism contains a wealth of information about nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction. The reader ??? whether professionally involved with these weapons or a citizen seeking to become better informed ??? will come away with a sober appreciation of the dangers, and with increased insight into how the world seeks to eliminate them.??? Pierce Corden, former Admin. Exec. Officer, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Commission ???For more than 70 years since August 9, 1945, nuclear weapons have not been detonated in war, and terrorists have yet to acquire these weapons. Will humanity be so fortunate for the next 70 years? To learn what can and should be done to further reduce the risks of these and other dangers, read David Hafemeister???s excellent book.??? Charles D. Ferguson, President, Federation of American Scientists
ISBN,Price9783319253671
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Energy and state 4. Energy policy 5. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 6. International humanitarian law 7. International Humanitarian Law, Law of Armed Conflict 8. NUCLEAR ENERGY 9. Science???Social aspects 10. Security Science and Technology 11. Societal Aspects of Physics, Outreach and Education 12. System safety
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9.     
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TitleSolar Cells and Modules
Author(s)Shah, Arvind
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXX, 346 p. 225 illus., 176 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book gives a comprehensive introduction to the field of photovoltaic (PV) solar cells and modules. In thirteen chapters, it addresses a wide range of topics including the spectrum of light received by PV devices, the basic functioning of a solar cell, and the physical factors limiting the efficiency of solar cells. It places particular emphasis on crystalline silicon solar cells and modules, which constitute today more than 90 % of all modules sold worldwide. Describing in great detail both the manufacturing process and resulting module performance, the book also touches on the newest developments in this sector, such as Tunnel Oxide Passivated Contact (TOPCON) and heterojunction modules, while dedicating a major chapter to general questions of module design and fabrication. Overall, it presents the essential theoretical and practical concepts of PV solar cells and modules in an easy-to-understand manner and discusses current challenges facing the global research and development community
ISBN,Price9783030464875
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Electronic materials 4. Energy and state 5. Energy policy 6. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 7. Interfaces (Physical sciences) 8. Optical and Electronic Materials 9. OPTICAL MATERIALS 10. SEMICONDUCTORS 11. Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films 12. Surfaces (Physics) 13. THIN FILMS
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10.    
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TitleRadiation Effects in Advanced Semiconductor Materials and Devices
Author(s)Claeys, C;Simoen, E
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2002.
DescriptionXXII, 404 p : online resource
Abstract NoteIn the modern semiconductor industry, there is a growing need to understand and combat potential radiation damage problems. Space applications are an obvious case, but, beyond that, today's device and circuit fabrication rely on increasing numbers of processing steps that involve an aggressive environment where inadvertant radiation damage can occur. This book is both aimed at post-graduate researchers seeking an overview of the field, and will also be immensely useful for nuclear and space engineers and even process engineers. A background knowledge of semiconductor and device physics is assumed, but the basic concepts are all briefly summarized. Finally the book outlines the shortcomings of present experimental and modeling techniques and gives an outlook on future developments
ISBN,Price9783662049747
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 2. CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS 3. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 4. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. ELECTRODYNAMICS 8. Electronic materials 9. Energy and state 10. Energy policy 11. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 12. MATERIALS SCIENCE 13. Materials???Surfaces 14. Optical and Electronic Materials 15. OPTICAL MATERIALS 16. OPTICS 17. Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films 18. THIN FILMS
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