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1 Jain, Ashok Kumar Nuclear Isomers I11648 2021 eBook  
2 Bostock, Thomas D Low-Loss Storage and Handling of Cryogenic Liquids I09467 2019 eBook  
3 Habasaki, Junko Dynamics of Glassy, Crystalline and Liquid Ionic Conductors I09437 2017 eBook  
4 K????, Peter Thin-Film Catalysts for Proton Exchange Membrane Water Electrolyzers and Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cells I09071 2019 eBook  
5 Jain, Vinod Kumar Recent Trends in Materials and Devices I09026 2020 eBook  
6 Jain, Vinod Kumar Recent Trends in Materials and Devices I08540 2017 eBook  
7 Paddison, Stephen J Device and Materials Modeling in PEM Fuel Cells I06868 2009 eBook  
8 Wu, Jiang Quantum Dot Solar Cells I05803 2014 eBook  
9 Zhao, Jijun Graphene Oxide: Physics and Applications I05446 2015 eBook  
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TitleNuclear Isomers : A Primer
Author(s)Jain, Ashok Kumar;Maheshwari, Bhoomika;Goel, Alpana
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXV, 144 p. 49 illus., 43 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteNuclear isomers are the long-lived excited states of nuclei. Therefore, they constitute the meta-stable landscape of nuclei. The first isomer was probably identified as early as 1921. Since then, the number of isomers has been growing steadily picking up pace in recent times. Interest in nuclear isomers has grown in recent years for many reasons. The experimental capabilities to observe isomers have been expanding to cover a wider time scale. This has opened up new windows to observe and decipher the underlying nuclear structure and interactions. Further, the isomers are beginning to be seen as potential energy storage devices and nuclear clocks with a host of applications. Possible discovery of a gamma ray laser has also ignited many researches in this area. Isomers now cover the full nuclear landscape with structural peculiarities specific to each region of the nuclear chart. Exploring the nuclear isomers, therefore, provides a novel insight into the nuclear structure properties of that region. There could be many different reasons for the long lives of excited nuclear states, which lead to the classification of isomers. Isomers are broadly classified in to four classes: Spin isomers, shape isomers, fission isomers and K-isomers. Seniority isomers have also been identified which are often clubbed with the spin isomers. We discuss this classification and the underlying causes in detail. Many examples are considered to highlight the large variety of isomers. The range of half-lives covered by the isomers varies from billions of years to nano-seconds and even small. To understand this vast variation is a fascinating endeavor in itself. The angular momentum couplings, nuclear shapes, pairing etc. conspire together to give this vast range of half-lives. We go through these aspects in detail, highlighting the various selection rules at work. It is interesting that the nuclear shapes play an important role in many types of isomers. The spin isomers, which occur in spherical or, near-spherical nuclei, are generally confined to the magic numbers. Seniority isomers are largely found in semi-magic nuclei and should be explored in conjunction with the spin isomers. New developments in seniority and generalized seniority isomers are discussed in detail. As the nuclei deform; the nature of isomers changes. We take a close look into the decay properties of isomers in deformed nuclei, particularly the K isomers, the shape isomers and the fission isomers. While doing so, the theoretical and experimental developments of isomers are also addressed. A number of open questions are posed for possible new experiments and better understanding of the isomers
ISBN,Price9783030786755
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Energy Storage 4. Mechanical and Thermal Energy Storage 5. NUCLEAR PHYSICS
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2.     
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TitleLow-Loss Storage and Handling of Cryogenic Liquids : The Application of Cryogenic Fluid Dynamics
Author(s)Bostock, Thomas D;Scurlock, Ralph G
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2019.
DescriptionXXV, 170 p. 42 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThe revised second edition of this practical book reviews the fundamentals of cryogenic liquid behaviour in small and large scale storage systems. The text is based on research findings on the convective and evaporative behaviour of cryogenic fluids, aimed at improving the design, construction and operation of low-loss cryogenic liquid storage systems, with a view to minimising cost and improving operational safety. Since the first edition was published in 2006, the breadth of cryogenic applications and the modelling of cryogenic fluid dynamics (CFD) have expanded in several directions. In this second edition, most chapters have been extended to introduce discussions of these new applications and their safety and energy economy. These include advances in the modelling of CFD required in, for example, the design of miniature cryocoolers and condensers and reboilers, large-scale cryogenic liquid mixture properties and their stability, and the understanding that hazards and safety problems in the public domain increase with the scaling up of cryogenic systems. With helpful summaries at the end of each chapter, the book is an essential reference for anyone working on the design and operation of cryogenic liquid storage and transportation systems
ISBN,Price9783030106416
Keyword(s)1. Applied and Technical Physics 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Energy Storage 5. Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer 6. Heat engineering 7. HEAT TRANSFER 8. LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS 9. LOW TEMPERATURES 10. MASS TRANSFER 11. PHYSICS 12. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleDynamics of Glassy, Crystalline and Liquid Ionic Conductors : Experiments, Theories, Simulations
Author(s)Habasaki, Junko;Leon, Carlos;Ngai, K.L
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXIX, 600 p. 249 illus., 196 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book discusses the physics of the dynamics of ions in various ionically conducting materials, and applications including electrical energy generation and storage. The experimental techniques for measurements and characterization, molecular dynamics simulations, the theories of ion dynamics, and applications are all addressed by the authors, who are experts in their fields. The experimental techniques of measurement and characterization of dynamics of ions in glassy, crystalline, and liquid ionic conductors are introduced with the dual purpose of introducing the reader to the experimental activities of the field, and preparing the reader to understand the physical quantities derived from experiments. These experimental techniques include calorimetry, conductivity relaxation, nuclear magnetic resonance, light scattering, neutron scattering, and others. Methods of molecular dynamics simulations are introduced to teach the reader to utilize the technique for practical applications to specific problems. The results elucidate the dynamics of ions on some issues that are not accessible by experiments. The properties of ion dynamics in glassy, crystalline and liquid ionic conductors brought forth by experiments and simulations are shown to be universal, i.e. independent of physical and chemical structure of the ionic conductor as long as ion-ion interaction is the dominant factor. Moreover these universal properties of ion dynamics are shown to be isomorphic to other complex interacting systems including the large class of glass-forming materials with or without ionic conductivity. By covering the basic concepts, theories/models, experimental techniques and data, molecular dynamics simulations, and relating them together, the book on Dynamics of Glassy, Crystalline and Liquid Ionic Conductors will be of great interest to many in basic and applied research areas from the broad and diverse communities of condensed matter physicists, chemists, materials scientists and engineers. The book also provides the fundamentals for an introduction to the field and it is written in such a way that can be used for teaching courses either at the undergraduate or graduate level in academic institutions
ISBN,Price9783319423913
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Electrochemistry 4. Energy Storage 5. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 6. PHYSICS 7. SOLID STATE PHYSICS
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TitleThin-Film Catalysts for Proton Exchange Membrane Water Electrolyzers and Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cells
Author(s)K????, Peter
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2019.
DescriptionXIV, 101 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThis work revolves around the hydrogen economy and energy-storage electrochemical systems. More specifically, it investigates the possibility of using magnetron sputtering for deposition of efficient thin-film anode catalysts with low noble metal content for proton exchange membrane water electrolyzers (PEM-WEs) and unitized regenerative fuel cells (PEM-URFCs). The motivation for this research derives from the urgent need to minimize the price of such electrochemical devices should they enter the mass production. Numerous experiments were carried out, correlating the actual in-cell performance with the varying position of thin-film catalyst within the membrane electrode assembly, with the composition of high-surface support sublayer and with the chemical structure of the catalyst itself. The wide arsenal of analytical methods ranging from electrochemical impedance spectroscopy through electrochemical atomic force microscopy to photoelectron spectroscopy allowed the description of the complex phenomena behind different obtained efficiencies. Systematic optimizations led to the design of a novel PEM-WE anode thin-film iridium catalyst which performs similarly to the standard counterparts despite using just a fraction of their noble metal content. Moreover, the layer-by-layer approach resulted in the design of a Ir/TiC/Pt bi-functional anode for PEM-URFC which is able to operate in both the fuel cell and electrolyzer regime and thus helps to cut the cost of the whole conversion system even further
ISBN,Price9783030208592
Keyword(s)1. Catalysis 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Electrochemistry 5. Energy efficiency 6. Energy Storage 7. Interfaces (Physical sciences) 8. Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films 9. Surfaces (Physics) 10. THIN FILMS
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5.     
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TitleRecent Trends in Materials and Devices : Proceedings of ICRTMD 2019
Author(s)Jain, Vinod Kumar;Rattan, Sunita;Verma, Abhishek
PublicationSingapore, Springer Singapore, 2020.
DescriptionXV, 258 p. 144 illus., 107 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Trends in Materials and Devices (ICRTMD 2019) held in India. It brings together academicians, scientists and industrialists from various fields for the establishment of enduring connections to solve the common global challenges across a number of disciplines. The conference provides a platform to tackle complex problems from a range of perspectives, thereby modeling integrated, solution-focused thinking and partnerships
ISBN,Price9789811586255
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Electronic materials 4. Energy Storage 5. Nanoscale science 6. Nanoscale Science and Technology 7. NANOSCIENCE 8. Nanostructures 9. NANOTECHNOLOGY 10. Nanotechnology and Microengineering 11. Optical and Electronic Materials 12. OPTICAL MATERIALS 13. SEMICONDUCTORS
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TitleRecent Trends in Materials and Devices : Proceedings ICRTMD 2015
Author(s)Jain, Vinod Kumar;Rattan, Sunita;Verma, Abhishek
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXVII, 547 p. 315 illus., 226 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Trends in Materials and Devices, which was conceived as a major contribution to large-scale efforts to foster Indian research and development in the field in close collaboration with the community of non-resident Indian researchers from all over the world. The research articles collected in this volume - selected from among the submissions for their intrinsic quality and originality, as well as for their potential value for further collaborations - document and report on a wide range of recent and significant results for various applications and scientific developments in the areas of Materials and Devices. The technical sessions covered include photovoltaics and energy storage, semiconductor materials and devices, sensors, smart and polymeric materials, optoelectronics, nanotechnology and nanomaterials, MEMS and NEMS, as well as emerging technologies
ISBN,Price9783319290966
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Electronic materials 4. Energy Storage 5. Nanoscale science 6. Nanoscale Science and Technology 7. NANOSCIENCE 8. Nanostructures 9. NANOTECHNOLOGY 10. Optical and Electronic Materials 11. OPTICAL MATERIALS 12. SEMICONDUCTORS
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7.     
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TitleDevice and Materials Modeling in PEM Fuel Cells
Author(s)Paddison, Stephen J;Promislow, Keith S
PublicationNew York, NY, Springer New York, 2009.
DescriptionXX, 588 p : online resource
Abstract NoteDevice and Materials Modeling in PEM Fuel Cells is a specialized text that compiles the mathematical details and results of both device and materials modeling in a single volume. Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells will likely have an impact on our way of life similar to the integrated circuit. The potential applications range from the micron scale to large scale industrial production. Successful integration of PEM fuel cells into the mass market will require new materials and a deeper understanding of the balance required to maintain various operational states. This book contains articles from scientists who contribute to fuel cell models from both the materials and device perspectives. Topics such as catalyst layer performance and operation, reactor dynamics, macroscopic transport, and analytical models are covered under device modeling. Materials modeling include subjects relating to the membrane and the catalyst such as proton conduction, atomistic structural modeling, quantum molecular dynamics, and molecular-level modeling of the anode and cathode electrocatalysts. Device and Materials Modeling in PEM Fuel Cells is ideal for professionals and researchers working with fuel cells, as well as electrical engineers and graduate students performing computational materials research, applied mathematics, and molecular physics
ISBN,Price9780387786919
Keyword(s)1. CONDENSED MATTER 2. CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Energy harvesting 6. Energy Storage 7. ENERGY SYSTEMS 8. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 9. POWER ELECTRONICS 10. Power Electronics, Electrical Machines and Networks
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8.     
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TitleQuantum Dot Solar Cells
Author(s)Wu, Jiang;Wang, Zhiming M
PublicationNew York, NY, Springer New York, 2014.
DescriptionXIV, 387 p. 220 illus., 173 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe third generation of solar cells includes those based on semiconductor quantum dots. This sophisticated technology applies nanotechnology and quantum mechanics theory to enhance the performance of ordinary solar cells. Although a practical application of quantum dot solar cells has yet to be achieved, a large number of theoretical calculations and experimental studies have confirmed the potential for meeting the requirement for ultra-high conversion efficiency. In this book, high-profile scientists have contributed tutorial chapters that outline the methods used in and the results of various quantum dot solar cell designs, including quantum dot intermediate band solar cells, hot electron quantum dot solar cells, quantum-dot sensitized solar cells, colloidal quantum dot solar cells, hybrid polymer-quantum dot solar cells, and MEG quantum dot solar cells. Both theoretical and experimental approaches are described. Quantum Dot Solar Cells helps to connect the fundamental laws of physics and the chemistry of materials with advances in device design and performance. The book can be recommended for a broad audience of chemists, electrical engineers, and materials scientists, and is suitable for use in courses on materials and device design for advanced and future optoelectronics. Features comprehensive coverage of novel technologies for quantum dot solar cells Written by leading experts in the corresponding research areas Supplies the keys to understanding the latest technologies for third-generation solar cells Provides a foundation for future research in materials and optoelectronics for energy applications
ISBN,Price9781461481485
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Electronic materials 4. Energy Storage 5. ENERGY SYSTEMS 6. Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer 7. Heat engineering 8. HEAT TRANSFER 9. MASS TRANSFER 10. Nanoscale science 11. Nanoscale Science and Technology 12. NANOSCIENCE 13. Nanostructures 14. Optical and Electronic Materials 15. OPTICAL MATERIALS 16. QUANTUM OPTICS 17. THERMODYNAMICS
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9.    
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TitleGraphene Oxide: Physics and Applications
Author(s)Zhao, Jijun;Liu, Lizhao;Li, Fen
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015.
DescriptionXIII, 154 p. 81 illus., 45 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book gives a comprehensive overview of graphene oxides (GO)?? from atomic structures and fundamental properties to technological applications. Atomic structural models, electronic properties, mechanical properties, optical properties, and functionalizing and compositing of GO are illustrated. Moreover, the excellent physical and chemical properties offer GO promising applications in electronic nanodevices, chemical sensors and catalyst, energy storage, and biotechnology, which are also presented in this book. Therefore, this book is of interest to researchers in physics, chemistry, materials science, and nanoscience
ISBN,Price9783662448298
Keyword(s)1. Catalysis 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Energy Storage 5. Materials???Surfaces 6. Nanochemistry 7. Nanoscale science 8. Nanoscale Science and Technology 9. NANOSCIENCE 10. Nanostructures 11. Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films 12. THIN FILMS
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