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1 Serra, Roberto Modelling Protocells I10471 2017 eBook  
2 Eu, Byung Chan Kinetic Theory of Nonequilibrium Ensembles, Irreversible Thermodynamics, and Generalized Hydrodynamics I10418 2016 eBook  
3 Masys, Anthony J Applications of Systems Thinking and Soft Operations Research in Managing Complexity I10393 2016 eBook  
4 Bonamente, Massimiliano Statistics and Analysis of Scientific Data I10326 2017 eBook  
5 Hertel, Peter Quantum Theory and Statistical Thermodynamics I10295 2017 eBook  
6 Nassar, Antonio B Bohmian Mechanics, Open Quantum Systems and Continuous Measurements I10293 2017 eBook  
7 Sch??ll, Eckehard Control of Self-Organizing Nonlinear Systems I10292 2016 eBook  
8 Hall, Michael J. W Ensembles on Configuration Space I10264 2016 eBook  
9 ??irca, Simon Probability for Physicists I10254 2016 eBook  
10 Tobisch, Elena New Approaches to Nonlinear Waves I10244 2016 eBook  
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TitleModelling Protocells : The Emergent Synchronization of Reproduction and Molecular Replication
Author(s)Serra, Roberto;Villani, Marco
PublicationDordrecht, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Netherlands, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 182 p. 46 illus., 33 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe monograph discusses models of synthetic protocells, which are cell-like structures obtained from non-living matter endowed with some rudimentary kind of metabolism and genetics, but much simpler than biological cells. They should grow and proliferate, generating offsprings that resemble in some way the parent protocells with some variation, so that selection may take place. Sustainable protocell populations have not yet been obtained experimentally and mathematical models are therefore extremely important to address key questions concerning their synthesis and behavior. Different protocell ???architectures??? have been proposed and high-level abstract models like those that are presented in this book are particularly relevant to gain a better understanding of the different properites. These models are able to treat all the major dynamical phenomena in a unified framework, so they can be seen as ???virtual laboratories??? for protocell research. Particular attention is paid to the problem of synchronization of the fission rate of the whole protocell and the duplication rate of its "protogenetic" material, which is shown to be an emergent property that spontaneously develops in successive generations. The book is of interest for a broad range of scientists working in soft matter physics, chemistry and biology, interested in the role protocells may play on the development of new technologies with medical, environmental and industrial applications as well as scientists interested in the origin of life
ISBN,Price9789402411607
Keyword(s)1. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 2. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 3. BIOPHYSICS 4. Biotechnology 5. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 6. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. Evolutionary Biology 10. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 11. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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TitleKinetic Theory of Nonequilibrium Ensembles, Irreversible Thermodynamics, and Generalized Hydrodynamics : Volume 2. Relativistic Theories
Author(s)Eu, Byung Chan
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionIX, 201 p. 1 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents the fundamentals of irreversible thermodynamics for nonlinear transport processes in gases and liquids, as well as for generalized hydrodynamics extending the classical hydrodynamics of Navier, Stokes, Fourier, and Fick. Together with its companion volume on nonrelativistic contexts, it provides a comprehensive picture of the relativistic covariant kinetic theory of gases and relativistic hydrodynamics of gases.Relativistic theories of macroscopic irreversible processes must strictly conform to the thermodynamic laws at every step and in all approximations that enter their derivation from the mechanical principles. Upholding this as the inviolable tenet, the author develops theories of irreversible transport processes in fluids (gases or liquids). They apply regardless of whether the processes are near to or far removed from equilibrium, or whether they are linear or nonlinear with respect to macroscopic fluxes or thermodynamic forces. The irreversible covariant Boltzmann as well as the covariant form of the Boltzmann-Nordheim-Uehling-Uhlenbeck equation is used for deriving theories of irreversible transport equations and generalized hydrodynamic equations for either classical gases or quantum gases. They all conform rigorously to the tenet. All macroscopic observables described by the so-formulated theories therefore are likewise expected to strictly obey the tenet
ISBN,Price9783319411538
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Mathematical Methods in Physics 6. PHYSICS 7. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 8. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems 9. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleApplications of Systems Thinking and Soft Operations Research in Managing Complexity : From Problem Framing to Problem Solving
Author(s)Masys, Anthony J
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionVIII, 322 p. 77 illus., 61 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book captures current trends and developments in the field of systems thinking and soft operations research which can be applied to solve today's??problems of dynamic complexity and interdependency. Such ???wicked problems??? and messes are seemingly intractable problems characterized as value-laden, ambiguous, and unstable, that resist being tamed by classical problem solving. Actions and interventions associated with this complex problem space can have highly unpredictable and unintended consequences. Examples of such complex problems include health care reform, global climate change, transnational serious and organized crime, terrorism, homeland security, human security, disaster management, and humanitarian aid. Moving towards the development of solutions to these complex problem spaces depends on the lens we use to examine them and how we frame the problem. It will be shown that systems thinking and soft operations research has had great success in contributing to the management of complexity.??
ISBN,Price9783319211060
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. COMPUTER SIMULATION 3. DECISION MAKING 4. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. Methodology of the Social Sciences 8. OPERATIONS RESEARCH 9. Operations Research/Decision Theory 10. Security Science and Technology 11. Simulation and Modeling 12. SOCIAL SCIENCES 13. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 14. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems 15. System safety
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TitleStatistics and Analysis of Scientific Data
Author(s)Bonamente, Massimiliano
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer New York, 2017.
DescriptionXVII, 318 p. 40 illus., 4 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe revised second edition of this textbook provides the reader with a solid foundation in probability theory and statistics as applied to the physical sciences, engineering and related fields. It covers a broad range of numerical and analytical methods that are essential for the correct analysis of scientific data, including probability theory, distribution functions of statistics, fits to two-dimensional data and parameter estimation, Monte Carlo methods and Markov chains. Features new to this edition include: ??? a discussion of statistical techniques employed in business science, such as multiple regression analysis of multivariate datasets. ??? a new chapter on the various measures of the mean including logarithmic averages. ??? new chapters on systematic errors and intrinsic scatter, and on the fitting of data with bivariate errors. ??? a new case study and additional worked examples. ??? mathematical derivations and theoretical background material have been appropriately marked,to improve the readability of the text. ??? end-of-chapter summary boxes, for easy reference. As in the first edition, the main pedagogical method is a theory-then-application approach, where emphasis is placed first on a sound understanding of the underlying theory of a topic, which becomes the basis for an efficient and practical application of the material. The level is appropriate for undergraduates and beginning graduate students, and as a reference for the experienced researcher. Basic calculus is used in some of the derivations, and no previous background in probability and statistics is required. The book includes many numerical tables of data, as well as exercises and examples to aid the readers' understanding of the topic
ISBN,Price9781493965724
Keyword(s)1. APPLIED MATHEMATICS 2. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 3. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS 7. Mathematical and Computational Engineering 8. Mathematical Methods in Physics 9. PHYSICS 10. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 11. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems 12. Statistics for Business, Management, Economics, Finance, Insurance 13. Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Sciences 14. Statistics??
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TitleQuantum Theory and Statistical Thermodynamics : Principles and Worked Examples
Author(s)Hertel, Peter
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXIV, 368 p. 27 illus., 17 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis textbook presents a concise yet detailed introduction to quantum physics. Concise, because it condenses the essentials to a few principles. Detailed, because these few principles ??? necessarily rather abstract ??? are illustrated by several telling examples. A fairly complete overview of the conventional quantum mechanics curriculum is the primary focus, but the huge field of statistical thermodynamics is covered as well. The text explains why a few key discoveries shattered the prevailing broadly accepted classical view of physics. First, matter appears to consist of particles which, when propagating, resemble waves. Consequently, some observable properties cannot be measured simultaneously with arbitrary precision. Second, events with single particles are not determined, but are more or less probable. The essence of this is that the observable properties of a physical system are to be represented by non-commuting mathematical objects instead of real numbers. Chapters on exceptionally simple, but highly instructive examples illustrate this abstract formulation of quantum physics. The simplest atoms, ions, and molecules are explained, describing their interaction with electromagnetic radiation as well as the scattering of particles. A short introduction to many particle physics with an outlook on quantum fields follows. There is a chapter on maximally mixed states of very large systems, that is statistical thermodynamics. The following chapter on the linear response to perturbations provides a link to the material equations of continuum physics. Mathematical details which would hinder the flow of the main text have been deferred to an appendix. The book addresses university students of physics and related fields. It will attract graduate students and professionals in particular who wish to systematize or refresh their knowledge of quantum physics when studying specialized texts on solid state and materials physics, advanced optics, and other modern fields
ISBN,Price9783319585956
Keyword(s)1. Condensed materials 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Phase transformations (Statistical physics) 5. Quantum Gases and Condensates 6. QUANTUM PHYSICS 7. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 8. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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TitleBohmian Mechanics, Open Quantum Systems and Continuous Measurements
Author(s)Nassar, Antonio B;Miret-Art??s, Salvador
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVII, 241 p. 19 illus., 12 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book shows how Bohmian mechanics overcomes the need for a measurement postulate involving wave function collapse.????The measuring process plays a very important role in quantum mechanics. It has been??widely analyzed within??the Copenhagen approach through the Born and von Neumann postulates, with later extension due to L??ders.??In contrast, much less effort has been??invested in the measurement theory within the Bohmian mechanics framework. The continuous measurement (sharp and fuzzy, or strong and weak) problem is considered here??in this framework. The authors begin??by??generalizing the so-called Mensky approach, which is based on restricted path integral through quantum corridors. The measuring system is then considered to be an open quantum system following a stochastic Schr??dinger equation. Quantum stochastic trajectories (in the Bohmian sense)??and their role in??basic quantum processes are discussed in detail. The decoherence process is thereby described in terms of classical trajectories issuing from the violation of the noncrossing rule of quantum trajectories
ISBN,Price9783319536538
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 6. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 7. Measurement?????? 8. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 9. PHYSICS 10. QUANTUM PHYSICS 11. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 12. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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TitleControl of Self-Organizing Nonlinear Systems
Author(s)Sch??ll, Eckehard;Klapp, Sabine H. L;H??vel, Philipp
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXVII, 475 p. 159 illus., 117 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe book summarizes the state-of-the-art of research on control of self-organizing nonlinear systems with contributions from leading international experts in the field. The first focus concerns recent methodological developments including control of networks and of noisy and time-delayed systems. As a second focus, the book features emerging concepts of application including control of quantum systems, soft condensed matter, and biological systems. Special topics reflecting the active research in the field are the analysis and control of chimera states in classical networks and in quantum systems, the mathematical treatment of multiscale systems, the control of colloidal and quantum transport, the control of epidemics and of neural network dynamics
ISBN,Price9783319280288
Keyword(s)1. Amorphous substances 2. Biological systems 3. Complex fluids 4. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 5. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. Mathematical Methods in Physics 9. PHYSICS 10. Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics 11. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 12. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems 13. SYSTEM THEORY 14. Systems biology
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TitleEnsembles on Configuration Space : Classical, Quantum, and Beyond
Author(s)Hall, Michael J. W;Reginatto, Marcel
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIV, 280 p. 3 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book describes a promising approach to problems in the foundations of quantum mechanics, including the measurement problem. The dynamics of ensembles on configuration space is shown here to be a valuable tool for unifying the formalisms of classical and quantum mechanics, for deriving and extending the latter in various ways, and for addressing the quantum measurement problem. A description of physical systems by means of ensembles on configuration space can be introduced at a very fundamental level: the basic building blocks are a configuration space, probabilities, and Hamiltonian equations of motion for the probabilities. The formalism can describe both classical and quantum systems, and their thermodynamics, with the main difference being the choice of ensemble Hamiltonian. Furthermore, there is a natural way of introducing ensemble Hamiltonians that describe the evolution of hybrid systems; i.e., interacting systems that have distinct classical and quantum sectors, allowing for consistent descriptions of quantum systems interacting with classical measurement devices and quantum matter fields interacting gravitationally with a classical spacetime
ISBN,Price9783319341668
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. QUANTUM PHYSICS 7. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 8. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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TitleProbability for Physicists
Author(s)??irca, Simon
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIV, 415 p. 142 illus., 29 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is designed as a practical and intuitive introduction to probability, statistics and random quantities for physicists. The book aims at getting to the main points by a clear, hands-on exposition supported by well-illustrated and worked-out examples. A strong focus on applications in physics and other natural sciences is maintained throughout. In addition to basic concepts of random variables, distributions, expected values and statistics, the book discusses the notions of entropy, Markov processes, and fundamentals of random number generation and Monte-Carlo methods
ISBN,Price9783319316116
Keyword(s)1. Chemistry, Physical and theoretical 2. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 3. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences 7. Mathematical Methods in Physics 8. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 9. PHYSICS 10. PROBABILITIES 11. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes 12. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 13. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems 14. Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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TitleNew Approaches to Nonlinear Waves
Author(s)Tobisch, Elena
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXV, 298 p. 65 illus., 15 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe book details a few of the novel methods developed in the last few years for studying various aspects of nonlinear wave systems. The introductory chapter provides a general overview, thematically linking the objects described in the book. Two chapters are devoted to wave systems possessing resonances with linear frequencies (Chapter 2) and with nonlinear frequencies (Chapter 3). In the next two chapters modulation instability in the KdV-type of equations is studied using rigorous mathematical methods (Chapter 4) and its possible connection to freak waves is investigated (Chapter 5). The book goes on to demonstrate how the choice of the Hamiltonian (Chapter 6) or the Lagrangian (Chapter 7) framework allows us to gain a deeper insight into the properties of a specific wave system. The final chapter discusses problems encountered when attempting to verify the theoretical predictions using numerical or laboratory experiments. All the chapters are illustrated by ample constructive examples demonstrating the applicability of these novel methods and approaches to a wide class of evolutionary dispersive PDEs, e.g. equations from Benjamin-Oro, Boussinesq, Hasegawa-Mima,?? KdV-type,?? Klein-Gordon, NLS-type, Serre,?? Shamel , Whitham and Zakharov. This makes the book interesting for professionals in the fields of nonlinear physics, applied mathematics and fluid mechanics as well as students who are studying these subjects. The book can also be used as a basis for a one-semester lecture course in applied mathematics or mathematical physics. ?? ??
ISBN,Price9783319206905
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Continuum Physics 2. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 3. Continuum physics 4. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. GEOPHYSICS 8. Geophysics and Environmental Physics 9. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 10. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 11. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems 12. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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