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1 Ebenezar, Jeyasingh Recent Trends in Materials Science and Applications I10469 2017 eBook  
2 Bettles, Robert Cooperative Interactions in Lattices of Atomic Dipoles I10448 2017 eBook  
3 Ren, Shang Yuan Electronic States in Crystals of Finite Size I10280 2017 eBook  
4 Tachibana, Makoto Beginner???s Guide to Flux Crystal Growth I09900 2017 eBook  
5 Rocca, Mario Springer Handbook of Surface Science I09728 2020 eBook  
6 Cremonesi, Lloren?? Light Scattering From Micrometric Mineral Dust and Aggregate Particles I09722 2020 eBook  
7 Nakasako, Masayoshi X-Ray Diffraction Imaging of Biological Cells I09683 2018 eBook  
8 Liu, Lai Chung Chemistry in Action: Making Molecular Movies with Ultrafast Electron Diffraction and Data Science I09523 2020 eBook  
9 Atkinson, Mack C Developing Nucleon Self-Energies to Generate the Ingredients for the Description of Nuclear Reactions I09522 2020 eBook  
10 Bluschke, Martin Controlling Collective Electronic States in Cuprates and Nickelates I09514 2020 eBook  
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TitleRecent Trends in Materials Science and Applications : Nanomaterials, Crystal Growth, Thin films, Quantum Dots, & Spectroscopy (Proceedings ICRTMSA 2016)
Author(s)Ebenezar, Jeyasingh
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXXIII, 735 p. 396 illus., 295 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book gathers the proceedings of the plenary sessions, invited lectures, and papers presented at the International Conference on Recent Trends in Materials Science and Applications (ICRTMSA-2016). It also features revealing presentations on various aspects of Materials Science, such as nanomaterials, photonic crystal fibers, quantum dots, thin film techniques, crystal growth, spectroscopic procedures, fabrication and characterisation of new materials / compounds with enhanced features, and potential applications in nonlinear optical and electro-optic devices, solar cell device, chemical sensing, biomedical imaging, diagnosis and treatment of cancer, energy storage device etc. This book will be of great interest to beginning and seasoned researchers alike
ISBN,Price9783319448909
Keyword(s)1. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 2. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Interfaces (Physical sciences) 6. MICROSCOPY 7. Nanoscale science 8. Nanoscale Science and Technology 9. NANOSCIENCE 10. Nanostructures 11. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 12. PHYSICS 13. SPECTROSCOPY 14. Spectroscopy and Microscopy 15. Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films 16. Surfaces (Physics) 17. THIN FILMS
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TitleCooperative Interactions in Lattices of Atomic Dipoles
Author(s)Bettles, Robert
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVII, 169 p. 35 illus., 12 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis reports the remarkable discovery that, by arranging the dipoles in an ordered array with particular spacings, it is possible to greatly enhance the cross-section and achieve a strong light-matter coupling (>98% of the incident light). It also discusses the broad background to cooperative behaviour in atomic ensembles, and analyses in detail effects in one- and two-dimensional atomic arrays. In general, when light interacts with matter it excites electric dipoles and since the nineteenth century it has been known that if the amplitude of these induced dipoles is sufficiently large, and their distance apart is on the scale of the wavelength of the light, then their mutual interaction significantly modifies the light???matter interaction. However, it was not known how to exploit this effect to modify the light???matter interaction in a desirable way, for example in order to enhance the optical cross-section
ISBN,Price9783319628431
Keyword(s)1. ATOMS 2. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 3. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 4. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. LASERS 8. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 9. PHOTONICS 10. PHYSICS
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TitleElectronic States in Crystals of Finite Size : Quantum Confinement of Bloch Waves
Author(s)Ren, Shang Yuan
PublicationSingapore, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Singapore, 2017.
DescriptionXVI, 283 p. 42 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents an analytical theory of the electronic states in ideal low dimensional systems and finite crystals based on a differential equation theory approach. It provides precise and fundamental understandings on the electronic states in ideal low-dimensional systems and finite crystals, and offers new insights into some of the basic problems in low-dimensional systems, such as the surface states and quantum confinement effects, etc., some of which are quite different from what is traditionally believed in the solid state physics community. Many previous predictions have been confirmed in subsequent investigations by other authors on various relevant problems. In this new edition, the theory is further extended to one-dimensional photonic crystals and phononic crystals, and a general theoretical formalism for investigating the existence and properties of surface states/modes in semi-infinite one-dimensional crystals is developed. In addition, there are various revisions and improvements, including using the Kronig-Penney model to illustrate the analytical theory and make it easier to understand. This book is a valuable resource for solid-state physicists and material scientists
ISBN,Price9789811047183
Keyword(s)1. ACOUSTICS 2. CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS 3. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 4. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. ELECTRODYNAMICS 8. Materials???Surfaces 9. Nanoscale science 10. Nanoscale Science and Technology 11. NANOSCIENCE 12. Nanostructures 13. OPTICS 14. Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films 15. THIN FILMS
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TitleBeginner???s Guide to Flux Crystal Growth
Author(s)Tachibana, Makoto
PublicationTokyo, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Japan, 2017.
DescriptionIX, 130 p. 63 illus., 41 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book introduces the principles and techniques of crystal growth by the flux method, which is arguably the most useful way to obtain millimeter- to centimeter-sized single crystals for physical research. As it is possible to find an appropriate solvent (???flux???) for nearly all inorganic materials, the flux method can be applied to the growth of many crystals ranging from transition metal oxides to intermetallic compounds. Both important principles and experimental procedures are described in a clear and accessible manner. Practical advice on various aspects of the experiment, which is not readily available in the literature, will assist the beginning graduate students in setting up the lab and conducting successful crystal growth. The mechanisms of crystal growth at an elementary level are also provided to better understand the techniques and to help in assessing the quality of the crystals. The book also contains many photographs of beautiful crystals with important physical properties of current interest, such as high-temperature superconductors, strongly correlated electronic systems, topological insulators, relaxor ferroelectrics, low-dimensional quantum magnets, non-linear optical materials, and multiferroics
ISBN,Price9784431565871
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 2. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 3. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Electronic materials 7. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 8. MATERIALS SCIENCE 9. Optical and Electronic Materials 10. OPTICAL MATERIALS
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TitleSpringer Handbook of Surface Science
Author(s)Rocca, Mario;Rahman, Talat;Vattuone, Luca
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXXXII, 1260 p. 840 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis handbook delivers an up-to-date, comprehensive and authoritative coverage of the broad field of surface science, encompassing a range of important materials such metals, semiconductors, insulators, ultrathin films and supported nanoobjects. Over 100 experts from all branches of experiment and theory review in 39 chapters all major aspects of solid-state surfaces, from basic principles to applications, including the latest, ground-breaking research results. Beginning with the fundamental background of kinetics and thermodynamics at surfaces, the handbook leads the reader through the basics of crystallographic structures and electronic properties, to the advanced topics at the forefront of current research. These include but are not limited to novel applications in nanoelectronics, nanomechanical devices, plasmonics, carbon films, catalysis, astrochemistry and biology. The handbook is an ideal reference guide and instructional aid for a wide range of physicists, chemists, materials scientists and engineers active throughout academic and industrial research
ISBN,Price9783030469061
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 2. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 3. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Interfaces (Physical sciences) 7. MATERIALS SCIENCE 8. Materials???Surfaces 9. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 10. Measurement?????? 11. Nanoscale science 12. Nanoscale Science and Technology 13. NANOSCIENCE 14. Nanostructures 15. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 16. Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films 17. Surfaces (Physics) 18. Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films 19. THIN FILMS
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TitleLight Scattering From Micrometric Mineral Dust and Aggregate Particles : Effects of Structure and Shape Applied to Paleoclimate Studies
Author(s)Cremonesi, Lloren??
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXIV, 142 p. 62 illus., 11 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteLight scattering from particles in the nanometric and micrometric size range is relevant in several research fields, such as aerosol science and nanotechnology. In many applications, the description of the optical properties of non-spherical, inhomogeneous particles is still inadequate or requires demanding numerical calculations. Lorenz???Mie scattering and effective medium approximations represent currently the main theoretical tools to model such particles, but their effectiveness has been recently called into question. This work examines how the morphology of a particle affects its scattering parameters from an experimental standpoint, supporting findings with extensive simulations. The dust content of Antarctic, Greenlandic, and Alpine ice cores is analysed with a particle-by-particle approach. Moreover, a study on colloidal aggregates shows that correlations among the fields radiated by primary particles are responsible for the poor agreement of effective medium approximations with experimental results. On the theoretical side, an interpretation in terms of the structure factor is given, which satisfactorily describes the data. The insights of this thesis are relevant for quantifying the contribution of mineral dust to the radiative energy balance of the Earth
ISBN,Price9783030567873
Keyword(s)1. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 2. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. ECOLOGY 6. Ecology?? 7. LASERS 8. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 9. PALEOECOLOGY 10. PHOTONICS
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TitleX-Ray Diffraction Imaging of Biological Cells
Author(s)Nakasako, Masayoshi
PublicationTokyo, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Japan, 2018.
DescriptionXX, 228 p. 96 illus., 89 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteIn this book, the author describes the development of the experimental diffraction setup and structural analysis of non-crystalline particles from material science and biology. Recent advances in X-ray free electron laser (XFEL)-coherent X-ray diffraction imaging (CXDI) experiments allow for the structural analysis of non-crystalline particles to a resolution of 7 nm, and to a resolution of 20 nm for biological materials. Now XFEL-CXDI marks the dawn of a new era in structural analys of non-crystalline particles with dimensions larger than 100 nm, which was quite impossible in the 20th century. To conduct CXDI experiments in both synchrotron and XFEL facilities, the author has developed apparatuses, named KOTOBUKI-1 and TAKASAGO-6 for cryogenic diffraction experiments on frozen-hydrated non-crystalline particles at around 66 K. At the synchrotron facility, cryogenic diffraction experiments dramatically reduce radiation damage of specimen particles and allow tomography CXDI experiments. In addition, in XFEL experiments, non-crystalline particles scattered on thin support membranes and flash-cooled can be used to efficiently increase the rate of XFEL pulses. The rate, which depends on the number density of scattered particles and the size of X-ray beams, is currently 20-90%, probably the world record in XFEL-CXDI experiments. The experiment setups and results are introduced in this book. The author has also developed software suitable for efficiently processing of diffraction patterns and retrieving electron density maps of specimen particles based on the diffraction theory used in CXDI
ISBN,Price9784431566182
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 2. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 3. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. LASERS 7. MATERIALS SCIENCE 8. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 9. Measurement?????? 10. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 11. PHOTONICS 12. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 13. Protein Structure 14. Proteins??
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TitleChemistry in Action: Making Molecular Movies with Ultrafast Electron Diffraction and Data Science
Author(s)Liu, Lai Chung
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXX, 239 p. 110 illus., 106 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe thesis provides the necessary experimental and analytical tools to unambiguously observe the atomically resolved chemical reactions. A great challenge of modern science has been to directly observe atomic motions during structural transitions, and while this was first achieved through a major advance in electron source brightness, the information content was still limited and new methods for image reconstruction using femtosecond electron diffraction methods were needed. One particular challenge lay in reconciling the innumerable possible nuclear configurations with the observation of chemical reaction mechanisms that reproducibly give the same kind of chemistry for large classes of molecules. The author shows that there is a simple solution that occurs during barrier crossing in which the highly anharmonic potential at that point in nuclear rearrangements couples high- and low-frequency vibrational modes to give highly localized nuclear motions, reducing hundreds of potential degrees of freedom to just a few key modes. Specific examples are given in this thesis, including two photoinduced phase transitions in an organic system, a ring closure reaction, and two direct observations of nuclear reorganization driven by spin transitions. The emerging field of structural dynamics promises to change the way we think about the physics of chemistry and this thesis provides tools to make it happen
ISBN,Price9783030548513
Keyword(s)1. Analytical chemistry 2. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 3. ATOMS 4. Chemistry, Physical and theoretical 5. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 6. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. PHYSICS 10. Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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TitleDeveloping Nucleon Self-Energies to Generate the Ingredients for the Description of Nuclear Reactions
Author(s)Atkinson, Mack C
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXI, 143 p. 54 illus., 49 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis develops the dispersive optical model into a tool that allows for the assessment of the validity of nuclear reaction models, thereby generating unambiguous removal probabilities of nucleons from valence orbits using the electron-induced proton knockout reaction. These removal probabilities document the substantial quantitative degree in which nuclei deviate from the independent-particle model description. Another outcome reported within is the prediction for the neutron distribution of Ca-40, Ca-48, and Pb-208. The neutron radii of these nuclei have direct relevance for the understanding of neutron stars and are currently the subject of delicate experiments. Unlike other approaches, the current method is consistent with all other relevant data and describes nuclei beyond the independent-particle model. Finally, a new interpretation of the saturation probabilities of infinite nuclear matter is proposed suggesting that the semi-empirical mass formula must be supplemented with a better extrapolation from nuclei to infinite matter
ISBN,Price9783030531140
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 3. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 4. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 8. Particle and Nuclear Physics
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TitleControlling Collective Electronic States in Cuprates and Nickelates : A Resonant X-ray Scattering Study
Author(s)Bluschke, Martin
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXXVI, 151 p. 90 illus., 73 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteIn this thesis chemical and epitaxial degrees of freedom are used to manipulate charge and spin ordering phenomena in two families of transition metal oxides, while taking advantage of state-of-the-art resonant x-ray scattering (RXS) methods to characterize their microscopic origin in a comprehensive manner. First, the relationship of charge density wave order to both magnetism and the "pseudogap" phenomenon is systematically examined as a function of charge-carrier doping and isovalent chemical substitution in single crystals of a copper oxide high-temperature superconductor. Then, in copper oxide thin films, an unusual three-dimensionally long-range-ordered charge density wave state is discovered, which persists to much higher temperatures than charge-ordered states in other high-temperature superconductors. By combining crystallographic and spectroscopic measurements, the origin of this phenomenon is traced to the epitaxial relationship with the underlying substrate. This discovery opens new perspectives for the investigation of charge order and its influence on the electronic properties of the cuprates. In a separate set of RXS experiments on superlattices with alternating nickel and dysprosium oxides, several temperature- and magnetic-field-induced magnetic phase transitions are discovered. These observations are explained in a model based on transfer of magnetic order and magneto-crystalline anisotropy between the Ni and Dy subsystems, thus establishing a novel model system for the interplay between transition-metal and rare-earth magnetism
ISBN,Price9783030479022
Keyword(s)1. CHEMISTRY 2. Chemistry/Food Science, general 3. CONDENSED MATTER 4. CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS 5. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 6. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. Materials???Surfaces 10. Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films 11. THIN FILMS
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