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1 Vassiliev, Oleg N Monte Carlo Methods for Radiation Transport I10359 2017 eBook  
2 Antoni, Rodolphe Applied Physics of External Radiation Exposure I10261 2017 eBook  
3 Scherer, Kai Hermann Grating-Based X-Ray Phase-Contrast Mammography I10182 2016 eBook  
4 Loske, Achim M Medical and Biomedical Applications of Shock Waves I10129 2017 eBook  
5 Maqbool, Muhammad An Introduction to Medical Physics I09978 2017 eBook  
6 Podgorsak, Ervin B Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists I09953 2016 eBook  
7 Concei????o, Raquel Cruz An Introduction to Microwave Imaging for Breast Cancer Detection I09767 2016 eBook  
8 Smirnova, Olga A Environmental Radiation Effects on Mammals I09761 2017 eBook  
9 M??ller, S??ren Accelerator Technology I09617 2020 eBook  
10 Brombal, Luca X-Ray Phase-Contrast Tomography I09527 2020 eBook  
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TitleMonte Carlo Methods for Radiation Transport : Fundamentals and Advanced Topics
Author(s)Vassiliev, Oleg N
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVII, 281 p. 38 illus., 32 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is a guide to the use of Monte Carlo techniques in radiation transport. This topic is of great interest for medical physicists. Praised as a "gold standard" for accurate radiotherapy dose calculations, Monte Carlo has stimulated a high level of research activity that has produced thousands of papers within the past few years. The book is designed primarily to address the needs of an academically inclined medical physicist who wishes to learn the technique, as well as experienced users of standard Monte Carlo codes who wish to gain insight into the underlying mathematics of Monte Carlo algorithms. The book focuses on the fundamentals???giving full attention to and explaining the very basic concepts. It also includes advanced topics and covers recent advances such as transport of charged particles in magnetic fields and the grid-based solvers of the Boltzmann equation
ISBN,Price9783319441412
Keyword(s)1. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 2. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 3. BIOPHYSICS 4. Diagnostic Radiology 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences 8. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 9. Medical and Radiation Physics 10. Medical physics 11. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 12. Particle acceleration 13. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 14. PHYSICS 15. RADIATION 16. Radiology
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TitleApplied Physics of External Radiation Exposure : Dosimetry and Radiation Protection
Author(s)Antoni, Rodolphe;Bourgois, Laurent
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 470 p. 277 illus., 21 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book describes the interaction of living matter with photons, neutrons, charged particles, electrons and ions. The authors are specialists in the field of radiation protection. The book synthesizes many years of experiments with external radiation exposure in the fields of dosimetry and radiation shielding in medical, industrial and research fields. It presents the basic physical concepts including dosimetry and offers a number of tools to be used by students, engineers and technicians to assess the radiological risk and the means to avoid them by calculating the appropriate shields. The theory of radiation interaction in matter is presented together with empirical formulas and abacus. Numerous numerical applications are treated to illustrate the different topics. The state of the art in radiation protection and dosimetry is presented in detail, especially in the field of simulation codes for external exposure to radiation, medical projects and advanced research. Moreover, important data spread in different up to date references are presented in this book. The book deals also with accelerators, X-rays facilities, sealed sources, dosimetry, Monte Carlo simulation and radiation regulation. Each chapter is split in two parts depending on the level of details the readers want to focus on. The first part, accessible to a large public, provides a lot of simple examples to help understanding the physics concepts under radiation external exposure. The second part, called ???Additional Information??? is not mandatory; it aims on explaining topics more deeply, often using mathematical formulations. The book treats fundamental radiometric and dosimetric quantities to describe the interaction in materials under the aspects of absorbed dose processes in tissues. Definitions and applications on limited and operational radiation protection quantities are given. An important aspect are practical engineering tools in industrial, medical and research domains. Source characterization and shielding design are addressed. Also more ???exotic??? topics, such as ultra intense laser and new generation accelerators, are treated. The state of the art is presented to help the reader to work with the book in a self-consistent way. The basic knowledge necessary to apply Monte Carlo methods in the field of radiation protection and dosimetry for external radiation exposure is provided. Coverage of topics such as variance reduction, pseudo-random number generation and statistic estimators make the book useful even to experienced Monte Carlo practitioners. Solved problems help the reader to understand the Monte Carlo process. The book is meant to be used by researchers, engineers and medical physicist. It is also valuable to technicians and students
ISBN,Price9783319486604
Keyword(s)1. Biomedical engineering 2. Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering 3. Diagnostic Radiology 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Medical and Radiation Physics 7. Medical physics 8. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 9. Particle acceleration 10. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 11. PHYSICS 12. RADIATION 13. Radiology
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TitleGrating-Based X-Ray Phase-Contrast Mammography
Author(s)Scherer, Kai Hermann
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXX, 140 p. 47 illus., 33 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis offers an accessible guide to biomedical phase-contrast imaging with over 20 radiographic illustrations. It focuses on research to improve radiography, and particularly mammography applications, by using a novel X-ray imaging modality that exploits the wave-nature of X-rays, rather than just their absorption in tissue. Further, it explores a broad range of potential applications ??? from the assessment of breast cancer and the evaluation of microcalcification clusters, to the examination of renal stones. X-ray imaging is an indispensable tool in modern medical diagnostics, and ranges from simple radiography applications to advanced CT imaging protocols. This novel phase-contrast approach has the potential to deliver significantly improved diagnostic information, also and especially in cases where mammography is used for screening purposes. The thesis is based on several studies conducted by the author ??? working in close interdisciplinary cooperation with medical doctors at two university clinics in Munich ??? and successfully demonstrates this diagnostic potential in pre-clinical experiments
ISBN,Price9783319395371
Keyword(s)1. Cancer Research 2. Diagnostic Radiology 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Medical and Radiation Physics 6. Medical physics 7. RADIATION 8. Radiology
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TitleMedical and Biomedical Applications of Shock Waves
Author(s)Loske, Achim M
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXIII, 378 p. 198 illus., 184 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides current, comprehensive, and clear explanations of the physics behind medical and biomedical applications of shock waves. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is one of the greatest medical advances of our time, and its techniques and clinical devices are continuously evolving. Further research continues to improve the understanding of calculi fragmentation and tissue-damaging mechanisms. Shock waves are also used in orthopedics and traumatology. Possible applications in oncology, cardiology, dentistry, gene therapy, cell transfection, transformation of fungi and bacteria, as well as the inactivation of microorganisms are promising approaches for clinical treatment, industrial applications and research. Medical and Biomedical Applications of Shock Waves is useful as a guide for students, technicians and researchers working in universities and laboratories. Chemists, biologists, physicians and veterinarians, involved in research or clinical practice will find useful advice, but also engineers and physicists may benefit from the overview of current research endeavors and future directions. Furthermore, it may also serve to direct manufacturers towards the design of more efficient and safer clinical, industrial and laboratory equipment
ISBN,Price9783319475707
Keyword(s)1. ACOUSTICS 2. Biomedical engineering 3. Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Gene therapy 7. Radiology 8. Ultrasound 9. Urology
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TitleAn Introduction to Medical Physics
Author(s)Maqbool, Muhammad
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXII, 416 p. 276 illus., 151 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book begins with the basic terms and definitions and takes a student, step by step, through all areas of medical physics. The book covers radiation therapy, diagnostic radiology, dosimetry, radiation shielding, and nuclear medicine, all at a level suitable for undergraduates. This title not only describes the basics concepts of the field, but also emphasizes numerical and mathematical problems and examples.Students will find??An Introduction to Medical Physics??to be an indispensible resource in preparations for further graduate studies??in the field
ISBN,Price9783319615400
Keyword(s)1. Biomedical engineering 2. Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Imaging / Radiology 6. Medical and Radiation Physics 7. Medical physics 8. RADIATION 9. Radiology
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TitleRadiation Physics for Medical Physicists
Author(s)Podgorsak, Ervin B
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionLVIII, 906 p. 257 illus., 67 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis textbook summarizes the basic knowledge of atomic, nuclear, and radiation physics that professionals working in medical physics and biomedical engineering need for efficient and safe use of ionizing radiation in medicine. Concentrating on the underlying principles of radiation physics, the textbook covers the prerequisite knowledge for medical physics courses on the graduate and post-graduate levels in radiotherapy physics, radiation dosimetry, imaging physics, and health physics, thus providing the link between elementary undergraduate physics and the intricacies of four medical physics specialties: diagnostic radiology physics, nuclear medicine physics, radiation oncology physics, and health physics.??To recognize the importance of radiation dosimetry to medical physics three new chapters have been added to the 14 chapters of the previous edition. Chapter 15 provides a general introduction to radiation dosimetry. Chapter 16 deals with absolute radiation dosimetry systems that establish absorbed dose or some other dose related quantity directly from the signal measured by the dosimeter. Three absolute dosimetry techniques are known and described in detail: (i) calorimetric; (ii) chemical (Fricke), and (iii) ionometric. Chapter 17 deals with relative radiation dosimetry systems that rely on a previous dosimeter calibration in a known radiation field. Many relative radiation dosimetry systems have been developed to date and four most important categories used routinely in medicine and radiation protection are described in this chapter: (i) Ionometric dosimetry; (ii) Luminescence dosimetry; (iii) Semiconductor dosimetry; and (iv) Film dosimetry. The book is intended as a textbook for a radiation physics course in academic medical physics graduate programs as well as a reference book for candidates preparing for certification examinations in medical physics sub-specialties. It may also be of interest to many professionals, not only physicists, who in their daily occupations deal with various aspects of medical physics or radiation physics and have a need or desire to improve their understanding of radiation physics.?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ????
ISBN,Price9783319253824
Keyword(s)1. Biomedical engineering 2. Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering 3. Diagnostic Radiology 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Medical and Radiation Physics 7. Medical physics 8. Nuclear medicine 9. Particle acceleration 10. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 11. RADIATION 12. Radiology
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7.     
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TitleAn Introduction to Microwave Imaging for Breast Cancer Detection
Author(s)Concei????o, Raquel Cruz;Mohr, Johan Jacob;O'Halloran, Martin
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 144 p. 43 illus., 22 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book collates past and current research on one of the most promising emerging modalities for breast cancer detection. Readers will discover how, as a standalone technology or in conjunction with another modality, microwave imaging has the potential to provide reliable, safe and comfortable breast exams at low cost. Current breast imaging modalities include X- ray, Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and Positron Emission Tomography. Each of these methods suffers from limitations, including poor sensitivity or specificity, high cost, patient discomfort, and exposure to potentially harmful ionising radiation. Microwave breast imaging is based on a contrast in the dielectric properties of breast tissue that exists at microwave frequencies. The book begins by considering the anatomy and dielectric properties of the breast, contrasting historical and recent studies. Next, radar-based breast imaging algorithms are discussed, encompassing both early-stage artefact removal, and data independent and adaptive beamforming algorithms. Similarly, microwave tomographic reconstruction algorithms are reviewed, introducing the reader to both the fundamental and more advanced algorithms. The book also reviews research efforts to extract clinically useful information from the radar target signature of breast tumours. Finally, the book concludes by describing the state of the art prototype microwave breast imaging systems, with a particular emphasis on those which have progressed to the clinical evaluation stage. This work is motivated by the fact that breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death amongst women in Europe and the US, and the second most common cancer in the world today. Such an important area of research will appeal to many scholars and practitioners
ISBN,Price9783319278667
Keyword(s)1. Biomedical engineering 2. Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering 3. Diagnostic Radiology 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. IMAGE PROCESSING 7. Medical and Radiation Physics 8. Medical physics 9. MICROWAVES 10. Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering 11. OPTICAL ENGINEERING 12. RADIATION 13. Radiology 14. SIGNAL PROCESSING 15. Signal, Image and Speech Processing 16. Speech processing systems
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TitleEnvironmental Radiation Effects on Mammals : A Dynamical Modeling Approach
Author(s)Smirnova, Olga A
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXIII, 359 p. 203 illus., 4 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteDr. Smirnova's updated text is devoted to the theoretical studies of radiation effects on mammals. It summarizes 35 years of results the author obtained from analyzing dose rate equivalents for the Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR) and for Solar Particles Events (SPE). This edition also includes two new chapters on skin epidermal epithelium and risk assessment for myeloid leukemia, as well as extended revisions addressing the radiation effects on the blood-forming system. Mathematical models are used to explain the effects of both acute and chronic irradiation on the dynamics of vital body systems, like the hematopoietic system, the development of autoimmune diseases, and the mortality dynamics in homogeneous and nonhomogeneous mammalian populations. The proposed methodology of these studies, the models themselves, and the obtained results are of a great theoretical significance and can find wide practical use.
ISBN,Price9783319457611
Keyword(s)1. Aerospace engineering 2. Aerospace Technology and Astronautics 3. Animal Physiology 4. ASTRONAUTICS 5. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 6. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 7. BIOMATHEMATICS 8. BIOPHYSICS 9. EBOOK 10. EBOOK - SPRINGER 11. Imaging / Radiology 12. Mathematical and Computational Biology 13. Occupational medicine 14. Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine 15. Radiology
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9.     
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TitleAccelerator Technology : Applications in Science, Medicine, and Industry
Author(s)M??ller, S??ren
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXIII, 378 p. 207 illus., 160 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book explores the physics, technology and applications of particle accelerators. It illustrates the interconnections between applications and basic physical principles, enabling readers to better understand current and upcoming technologies and see beyond the paradigmatic borders of the individual fields. The reader will discover why accelerators are no longer just toys for scientists, but have also become modern and efficient nuclear workhorses. The book starts with an introduction to the relevant technologies and radiation safety aspects of accelerating electrons and ions from several keV to roughly 250 MeV. It subsequently describes the physics behind the interactions of these particle beams with matter. Mathematical descriptions and state-of-the-art computer models of energy-loss and nuclear interactions between the particle beams and targets round out the physics coverage. On this basis, the book then presents the most important accelerator applications in science, medicine, and industry, explaining and comparing more than 20 major application fields, encompassing semiconductors, cancer treatment, and space exploration. Despite the disparate fields involved, this book demonstrates how the same essential technology and physics connects all of these applications
ISBN,Price9783030623081
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Imaging / Radiology 4. Materials???Surfaces 5. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 6. Measurement?????? 7. NUCLEAR ENERGY 8. Particle acceleration 9. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 10. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 11. Radiology 12. Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films 13. THIN FILMS
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TitleX-Ray Phase-Contrast Tomography : Underlying Physics and Developments for Breast Imaging
Author(s)Brombal, Luca
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXIII, 140 p. 68 illus., 53 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteX-ray imaging is a corner stone of breast cancer diagnosis. By exploiting the phase shift of X-rays rather than their attenuation, phase-contrast tomography has the potential to dramatically increase the visibility of small and low contrast features, thus leading to better diagnosis. This thesis presents research on the first synchrotron-based project developing a clinical phase-contrast breast computed tomography (CT) setup at Elettra, the Italian Syncrotron Radiation Facility. This book includes a comprehensive theoretical background on propagation-based phase-contrast imaging, exploring and extending the most recent image formation models. Along with theory, many practical implementation and optimization issues, ranging from detector-specific processing to setup geometry, are tackled on the basis of a large number of experimental evidences. Most of the modelling results and data analysis have general validity, being a valuable framework for optimization of phase-contrast setups. Results obtained at synchrotron are also compared with "real world" laboratory sources: both a first-of-its-kind comparison with one of the few hospital breast CT systems and a state-of-the-art implementation of monochromatic phase-contrast micro-tomography with a conventional rotating anode source are presented. On a more general level, this work sheds a light on the importance of synchrotron-based clinical programs, which are key to trigger the long-anticipated transition of phase-contrast imaging from synchrotrons to hospitals.
ISBN,Price9783030604332
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 4. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 5. BIOPHYSICS 6. Cancer Research 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. Imaging / Radiology 10. PHYSICS 11. Radiology
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