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1 Ludu, Andrei Boundaries of a Complex World I10429 2016 eBook  
2 Cremonesi, Lloren?? Light Scattering From Micrometric Mineral Dust and Aggregate Particles I09722 2020 eBook  
3 Schwarz, H.E Light Pollution: The Global View I11367 2003 eBook  
4 Boccara, Nino Modeling Complex Systems I10933 2004 eBook  
5 Antonelli, P.L Finslerian Geometries I10811 2000 eBook  
6 Butterworth, Frank M Biomonitors and Biomarkers as Indicators of Environmental Change 2 I10533 2001 eBook  
7 Deffuant, Guillaume Viability and Resilience of Complex Systems I07171 2011 eBook  
8 Mendez, Vicenc Reaction-Transport Systems I07157 2010 eBook  
9 M??ndez, Vicen?? Stochastic Foundations in Movement Ecology I05866 2014 eBook  
10 Wolff, Wilfried Ecodynamics I04429 1988 eBook  
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TitleBoundaries of a Complex World
Author(s)Ludu, Andrei
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 361 p. 158 illus., 112 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe central theme of this book is the extent to which the structure of the free dynamical boundaries of a system controls the evolution of the system as a whole. Applying three orthogonal types of thinking - mathematical, constructivist and morphological, it illustrates these concepts using applications to selected problems from the social and life sciences, as well as economics. ??In a broader context, it introduces and reviews some modern mathematical approaches to the science of complex systems. Standard modeling approaches (based on non-linear differential equations, dynamic systems, graph theory, cellular automata, stochastic processes, or information theory) are suitable for studying local problems. However they cannot simultaneously take into account all the different facets and phenomena of a complex system, and new approaches are required to solve the challenging problem of correlations between phenomena at different levels and hierarchies, their self-organization and memory-evolutive aspects, the growth of additional structures and are ultimately required to explain why and how such complex systems can display both robustness and flexibility. ????This graduate-level text also addresses a broader interdisciplinary audience, keeping the mathematical level essentially uniform throughout the book, and involving only basic elements from calculus, algebra, geometry and systems theory. ??
ISBN,Price9783662490785
Keyword(s)1. Applications of Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos Theory 2. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 3. COMPLEXITY 4. COMPUTATIONAL COMPLEXITY 5. Earth System Sciences 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. Ecology?? 9. Physical geography 10. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 11. SYSTEM THEORY 12. Systems biology 13. Theoretical Ecology/Statistics
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TitleLight Scattering From Micrometric Mineral Dust and Aggregate Particles : Effects of Structure and Shape Applied to Paleoclimate Studies
Author(s)Cremonesi, Lloren??
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXIV, 142 p. 62 illus., 11 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteLight scattering from particles in the nanometric and micrometric size range is relevant in several research fields, such as aerosol science and nanotechnology. In many applications, the description of the optical properties of non-spherical, inhomogeneous particles is still inadequate or requires demanding numerical calculations. Lorenz???Mie scattering and effective medium approximations represent currently the main theoretical tools to model such particles, but their effectiveness has been recently called into question. This work examines how the morphology of a particle affects its scattering parameters from an experimental standpoint, supporting findings with extensive simulations. The dust content of Antarctic, Greenlandic, and Alpine ice cores is analysed with a particle-by-particle approach. Moreover, a study on colloidal aggregates shows that correlations among the fields radiated by primary particles are responsible for the poor agreement of effective medium approximations with experimental results. On the theoretical side, an interpretation in terms of the structure factor is given, which satisfactorily describes the data. The insights of this thesis are relevant for quantifying the contribution of mineral dust to the radiative energy balance of the Earth
ISBN,Price9783030567873
Keyword(s)1. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 2. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. ECOLOGY 6. Ecology?? 7. LASERS 8. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 9. PALEOECOLOGY 10. PHOTONICS
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TitleLight Pollution: The Global View
Author(s)Schwarz, H.E
PublicationDordrecht, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Netherlands, 2003.
DescriptionXVIII, 306 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThe effects of light pollution on flora, fauna -including humans and their widely varying night-time activities- are often subtle and need extensive field studies to be quantified in a sensible manner. Some of the highlights were: The presentation of the 1st world atlas of artificial night sky brightness (Cinzano et al.); the article by the International Darksky Association on their world-wide efforts to curb light pollution (Alvarez del Castillo et al.); the laws controlling light pollution implemented in Spain (Diaz et al.) and Chile (Sanhueza et al.), an overview of the work on radio frequency protection of sites (Cohen et al.) and the excellent introduction to the topic from the Chilean point of view (Daud). Related topics in the book are light pollution education, aircraft contrails, space advertising (with an added document provided by the relevant UN commission), and an experiment on involving the population of an entire country in measuring sky brightness, by using the internet and the media. The text is aimed at professionals from a wide range of disciplines related to lighting and its effects on the night-time environment in the broadest sense of the word. Lay persons interested in this emerging multi-disciplinary field can also find much of interest in this book
ISBN,Price9789401701259
Keyword(s)1. AIR POLLUTION 2. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 3. Astronomy???Observations 4. Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. ECOLOGY 8. Ecology?? 9. Observations, Astronomical 10. REMOTE SENSING 11. Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry
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TitleModeling Complex Systems
Author(s)Boccara, Nino
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer New York, 2004.
DescriptionXII, 399 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book explores the process of modeling complex systems in the widest sense of that term, drawing on examples from such diverse fields as ecology, epidemiology, sociology, seismology, as well as economics. It also provides the mathematical tools for studying the dynamics of these systems. Boccara takes a carefully inductive approach in defining what it means for a system to be "complex" (and at the same time addresses the equally elusive concept of emergent properties). This is the first text on the subject to draw comprehensive conclusions from such a wide range of analogous phenomena
ISBN,Price9780387216461
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Ecology?? 6. GAME THEORY 7. Game Theory, Economics, Social and Behav. Sciences 8. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 9. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems 10. Theoretical Ecology/Statistics
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TitleFinslerian Geometries : A Meeting of Minds
Author(s)Antonelli, P.L
PublicationDordrecht, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Netherlands, 2000.
DescriptionVIII, 312 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThe International Conference on Finsler and Lagrange Geometry and its Applications: A Meeting of Minds, took place August 13-20, 1998 at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada. The main objective of this meeting was to help acquaint North American geometers with the extensive modern literature on Finsler geometry and Lagrange geometry of the Japanese and European schools, each with its own venerable history, on the one hand, and to communicate recent advances in stochastic theory and Hodge theory for Finsler manifolds by the younger North American school, on the other. The intent was to bring together practitioners of these schools of thought in a Canadian venue where there would be ample opportunity to exchange information and have cordial personal interactions. The present set of refereed papers begins ??with the Pedagogical Sec?? tion I, where introductory and brief survey articles are presented, one from the Japanese School and two from the European School (Romania and Hungary). These have been prepared for non-experts with the intent of explaining basic points of view. The Section III is the main body of work. It is arranged in alphabetical order, by author. Section II gives a brief account of each of these contribu?? tions with a short reference list at the end. More extensive references are given in the individual articles
ISBN,Price9789401142359
Keyword(s)1. DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ECOLOGY 5. Ecology?? 6. Elementary particles (Physics) 7. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 8. MATHEMATICAL OPTIMIZATION 9. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 10. OPTIMIZATION 11. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 12. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleBiomonitors and Biomarkers as Indicators of Environmental Change 2 : A Handbook
Author(s)Butterworth, Frank M;Gunatilaka, Amara;Gonsebatt, Mar??a Eugenia
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer US, 2001.
DescriptionXI, 508 p. 112 illus., 2 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteMonitoring the environment is absolutely essential if we are to identify hazards to human health, to assess environmental cleanup efforts, and to prevent further degradation of the ecosystem. Biomonitors and biomarkers combined with chemical monitoring offer the only approach to making these assessments. Based on an International Association of Great Lakes Research conference, this book is intended for researchers who want to incorporate new and different technologies in their development of specifically-crafted monitors; students who are learning the field of biomonitoring; and regulatory agencies that want to consider newer technologies to replace inadequate and less powerful test regimes
ISBN,Price9781461513056
Keyword(s)1. Biotechnology 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ECOLOGY 5. Ecology?? 6. Ecotoxicology 7. ENVIRONMENT 8. Environment, general 9. Environmental engineering 10. Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology 11. Environmental Science and Engineering 12. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES 13. Waste management 14. Waste Management/Waste Technology
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TitleViability and Resilience of Complex Systems : Concepts, Methods and Case Studies from Ecology and Society
Author(s)Deffuant, Guillaume;Gilbert, Nigel
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2011.
DescriptionXII, 224 p : online resource
Abstract NoteOne common characteristic of a complex system is its ability to withstand major disturbances and the capacity to rebuild itself. Understanding how such systems demonstrate resilience by absorbing or recovering from major external perturbations requires both quantitative foundations and a multidisciplinary view of the topic. This book demonstrates how new methods can be used to identify the actions favouring the recovery from perturbations on a variety of examples including the dynamics of bacterial biofilms, grassland savannahs, language competition and Internet social networking sites. The reader is taken through an introduction to the idea of resilience and viability and shown the mathematical basis of the techniques used to analyse systems. The idea of individual or agent-based modelling of complex systems is introduced and related to analytically tractable approximations of such models. A set of case studies illustrates the use of the techniques in real applications, and the final section describes how one can use new software tools for carrying out the necessary calculations. The book is intended for a general scientific audience of readers from the natural and social sciences, although it requires some mathematics to gain a full understanding of the more theoretical chapters. It is an essential point of reference for those interested in the practical application of the concepts of resilience and viability
ISBN,Price9783642204234
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. COMPUTER SIMULATION 3. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. ECOLOGY 7. Ecology?? 8. GAME THEORY 9. Game Theory, Economics, Social and Behav. Sciences 10. Methodology of the Social Sciences 11. Simulation and Modeling 12. SOCIAL SCIENCES 13. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 14. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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TitleReaction-Transport Systems : Mesoscopic Foundations, Fronts, and Spatial Instabilities
Author(s)Mendez, Vicenc;Fedotov, Sergei;Horsthemke, Werner
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2010.
DescriptionXXI, 454 p. 109 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is an introduction to the dynamics of reaction-diffusion systems, with a focus on fronts and stationary spatial patterns. Emphasis is on systems that are non-standard in the sense that either the transport is not simply classical diffusion (Brownian motion) or the system is not homogeneous. A important feature is the derivation of the basic phenomenological equations from the mesoscopic system properties. Topics addressed include transport with inertia, described by persistent random walks and hyperbolic reaction-transport equations and transport by anomalous diffusion, in particular subdiffusion, where the mean square displacement grows sublinearly with time. In particular reaction-diffusion systems are studied where the medium is in turn either spatially inhomogeneous, compositionally heterogeneous or spatially discrete. Applications span a vast range of interdisciplinary fields and the systems considered can be as different as human or animal groups migrating under external influences, population ecology and evolution, complex chemical reactions, or networks of biological cells. Several chapters treat these applications in detail
ISBN,Price9783642114434
Keyword(s)1. Applied and Technical Physics 2. BIOMATHEMATICS 3. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING 4. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 5. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. Ecology?? 9. Genetics and Population Dynamics 10. Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering 11. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 12. PHYSICS 13. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 14. Theoretical Ecology/Statistics
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TitleStochastic Foundations in Movement Ecology : Anomalous Diffusion, Front Propagation and Random Searches
Author(s)M??ndez, Vicen??;Campos, Daniel;Bartumeus, Frederic
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2014.
DescriptionXVII, 310 p. 84 illus., 16 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents the fundamental theory for non-standard diffusion problems in movement ecology. L??vy processes and anomalous diffusion have shown to be both powerful and useful tools for qualitatively and quantitatively describing a wide variety of spatial population ecological phenomena and dynamics, such as invasion fronts and search strategies. Adopting a self-contained, textbook-style approach, the authors provide the elements of statistical physics and stochastic processes on which the modeling of movement ecology is based and systematically introduce the physical characterization of ecological processes at the microscopic, mesoscopic and macroscopic levels. The explicit definition of these levels and their interrelations is particularly suitable to coping with the broad spectrum of space and time scales involved in bio-ecological problems. ?? Including numerous exercises (with solutions), this text is aimed at graduate students and newcomers in this field at the interface of theoretical ecology, mathematical biology and physics
ISBN,Price9783642390104
Keyword(s)1. BIOMATHEMATICS 2. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 3. COMPLEXITY 4. COMPUTATIONAL COMPLEXITY 5. Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. Ecology?? 9. ECONOPHYSICS 10. Genetics and Population Dynamics 11. Sociophysics 12. SYSTEM THEORY 13. Theoretical Ecology/Statistics
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10.    
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TitleEcodynamics : Contributions to Theoretical Ecology
Author(s)Wolff, Wilfried;Soeder, Carl-J;Drepper, Friedhelm R
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1988.
DescriptionXI, 351 p : online resource
Abstract NoteGiven the problems of the environment in relation to the ever-growing civi?? lization activities of man, it is not surprising that in recent years more and more related data have been collected, phenomena have been observed and concerns have been expressed. The ecological systems of man's environment react to the impact of these civilization activities. In fact, quite often these reactions occur as shocks and surprises. Acid rain and the related forest die backs are but one example. Ecological systems consist of many compo?? nents and their dynamics is thus complex. The study of complexity is the underlying theme for work at KFA Jiilich. A major part of this work concerns the physics of condensed matter, including polymers, spin glasses, surfaces and layers. Another part relates to micro?? electronics in the submicrometre range in its relation to the design of vector and parallel computers. Supercomputing characterizes this search for the understanding of complexity further. But equally the work on the chemistry of the atmosphere, radio agronomy, biotechnology and research on informa?? tion processing on the molecular level must also be mentioned. To make the picture complete, at KFA Jiilich work on reactor technology, fusion research and energy systems of course continues. These are complex systems too
ISBN,Price9783642739538
Keyword(s)1. AIR POLLUTION 2. Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. ECOLOGY 6. Ecology?? 7. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 8. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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