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1 Weingartner, Paul A Alternative Logics. Do Sciences Need Them? I11584 2004 eBook  
2 Bricmont, J Chance in Physics I11452 2001 eBook  
3 Wigner, Eugene Paul The Collected Works of Eugene Paul Wigner I11438 2001 eBook  
4 Stapp, Henry P Mind, Matter and Quantum Mechanics I11294 2004 eBook  
5 K??hn, Reimer Adaptivity and Learning I11247 2003 eBook  
6 Ginzburg, Vitaly L The Physics of a Lifetime I11219 2001 eBook  
7 Emch, Gerard G The Logic of Thermostatistical Physics I11121 2002 eBook  
8 Castell, Lutz Time, Quantum and Information I11036 2003 eBook  
9 Mainzer, Klaus Thinking in Complexity I10557 2004 eBook  
10 Falkenburg, Brigitte Particle Metaphysics I08297 2007 eBook  
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TitleAlternative Logics. Do Sciences Need Them?
Author(s)Weingartner, Paul A
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2004.
DescriptionXVII, 368 p : online resource
Abstract NoteInitially proposed as rivals of classical logic, alternative logics have become increasingly important in sciences such as quantum physics, computer science, and artificial intelligence. The contributions collected in this volume address and explore the question whether the usage of logic in the sciences, especially in modern physics, requires a deviation from classical mathematical logic. The articles in the first part of the book set the scene by describing the context and the dilemma when applying logic in science. In Part II the authors offer several logics that deviate in different ways from classical logics. The twelve papers in Part III investigate in detail specific aspects such as quantum logic, quantum computation, computer-science considerations, praxic logic, and quantum probability. Most of the contributions are revised and partially extended versions of papers presented at a conference of the same title of the Acad??mie Internationale de Philosophie des Sciences held at the Internationales Forschungszentrum Salzburg in May 1999. Others have been added to complete the picture of recent research in alternative logics as they have been developed for applications in the sciences
ISBN,Price9783662056790
Keyword(s)1. ALGEBRA 2. COMPUTERS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Order, Lattices, Ordered Algebraic Structures 6. Ordered algebraic structures 7. PHILOSOPHY 8. Philosophy, general 9. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 10. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 11. QUANTUM PHYSICS 12. SPINTRONICS 13. Theory of Computation
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TitleChance in Physics : Foundations and Perspectives
Author(s)Bricmont, J;D??rr, D;Galavotti, M.C;Ghirardi, G;Petruccione, F;Zanghi, Nino
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2001.
DescriptionXII, 292 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThis selection of reviews and papers is intended to stimulate renewed reflection on the fundamental and practical aspects of probability in physics. While putting emphasis on conceptual aspects in the foundations of statistical and quantum mechanics, the book deals with the philosophy of probability in its interrelation with mathematics and physics in general. Addressing graduate students and researchers in physics and mathematics togehter with philosophers of science, the contributions avoid cumbersome technicalities in order to make the book worthwhile reading for nonspecialists and specialists alike
ISBN,Price9783540449669
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. PHILOSOPHY 6. Philosophy, general 7. PROBABILITIES 8. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes 9. QUANTUM PHYSICS 10. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 11. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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TitleThe Collected Works of Eugene Paul Wigner : Historical, Philosophical, and Socio-Political Papers. Historical and Biographical Reflections and Syntheses
Author(s)Wigner, Eugene Paul;Mehra, Jagdish
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2001.
DescriptionXII, 536 p : online resource
Abstract NoteNot only was E.P. Wigner one of the most active creators of 20th century physics, he was also always interested in expressing his opinion in philosophical, political or sociological matters. This volume of his collected works covers a wide selection of his essays about science and society, about himself and his colleagues. Annotated by J. Mehra, this volume will become an important source of reference for historians of science, and it will be pleasant reading for every physicist interested in forming ideas in modern physics
ISBN,Price9783662077917
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Heavy ions 6. Language and Literature 7. LINGUISTICS 8. MATHEMATICS 9. Mathematics, general 10. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 11. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 12. Philology 13. PHILOSOPHY 14. Philosophy, general 15. PHYSICS 16. Physics, general
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TitleMind, Matter and Quantum Mechanics
Author(s)Stapp, Henry P
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2004.
DescriptionXIII, 297 p. 2 illus : online resource
Abstract Note"Scientists other than quantum physicists often fail to comprehend the enormity of the conceptual change wrought by quantum theory in our basic conception of the nature of matter," writes Henry Stapp. Stapp is a leading quantum physicist who has given particularly careful thought to the implications of the theory that lies at the heart of modern physics. In this book, which contains several of his key papers as well as new material, he focuses on the problem of consciousness and explains how quantum mechanics allows causally effective conscious thought to be combined in a natural way with the physical brain made of neurons and atoms. The book is divided into four sections. The first consists of an extended introduction. Key foundational and somewhat more technical papers are included in the second part, together with a clear exposition of the "orthodox" interpretation of quantum mechanics. The third part addresses, in a non-technical fashion, the implications of the theory for some of the most profound questions that mankind has contemplated: How does the world come to be just what it is and not something else? How should humans view themselves in a quantum universe? What will be the impact on society of the revised scientific image of the nature of man? The final part contains a mathematical appendix for the specialist and a glossary of important terms and ideas for the interested layman. This new edition has been updated and extended to address recent debates about consciousness
ISBN,Price9783662053690
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. PHILOSOPHY 4. Philosophy, general 5. Popular Science, general 6. Popular works 7. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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TitleAdaptivity and Learning : An Interdisciplinary Debate
Author(s)K??hn, Reimer;Menzel, Randolf;Menzel, Wolfram;Ratsch, Ulrich;Richter, Michael M;Stamatescu, Ion-Olimpiu
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2003.
DescriptionXII, 403 p : online resource
Abstract NoteAdaptivity and learning have in recent decades become a common concern of scientific disciplines. These issues have arisen in mathematics, physics, biology, informatics, economics, and other fields more or less simultaneously. The aim of this publication is the interdisciplinary discourse on the phenomenon of learning and adaptivity. Different perspectives are presented and compared to find fruitful concepts for the disciplines involved. The authors select problems showing representative traits concerning the frame up, the methods and the achievements rather than to present extended overviews. To foster interdisciplinary dialogue, this book presents diverse perspectives from various scientific fields, including: - The biological perspective: e.g., physiology, behaviour; - The mathematical perspective: e.g., algorithmic and stochastic learning; - The physics perspective: e.g., learning for artificial neural networks; - The "learning by experience" perspective: reinforcement learning, social learning, artificial life; - The cognitive perspective: e.g., deductive/inductive procedures, learning and language learning as a high level cognitive process; - The application perspective: e.g., robotics, control, knowledge engineering
ISBN,Price9783662055946
Keyword(s)1. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 2. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 3. Control engineering 4. Control, Robotics, Mechatronics 5. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. Evolutionary Biology 9. Mechatronics 10. PHILOSOPHY 11. Philosophy, general 12. PHYSICS 13. Physics, general 14. ROBOTICS 15. STATISTICAL PHYSICS
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TitleThe Physics of a Lifetime : Reflections on the Problems and Personalities of 20th Century Physics
Author(s)Ginzburg, Vitaly L
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2001.
DescriptionXIII, 514 p : online resource
Abstract NoteEvery reader interested in understanding the important problems in physics and astrophysics and their historic development over the past 60 years will enjoy this book immensely. The philosophy, history and the individual views of famous scientists of the 20th century known personally to the author, make this book fascinating for non-physicists, too. The book consists of three parts on (I) major problems of physics and astrophyics, (II) the philosophy and history of science and (III) memorial essays on famous physicists. The author is an internationally renowned scientist, who summarises here his life-long experience
ISBN,Price9783662044551
Keyword(s)1. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 2. Astronomy???Observations 3. ASTROPHYSICS 4. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 5. CONDENSED MATTER 6. CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. Observations, Astronomical 10. PHILOSOPHY 11. Philosophy, general
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TitleThe Logic of Thermostatistical Physics
Author(s)Emch, Gerard G;Liu, Chuang
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2002.
DescriptionXV, 703 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book deals with models and model-building in classical and quantum physics; it relies on logic and the philosophy of science as well as on modern mathematics. The reader will also find vistas into the history of ideas. The philosophical analysis is based on the separation of syntax and semantics which is at the root of Kolmogorov's theory of probability; recursive functions and algorithmic complexity are used to discuss entropy and randomness. Basic concepts are discussed together with concrete physical models for phase transitions, scaling, renormalization semigroups, and the irreversible approach to equilibrium. The book is intended for mathematicians, physicists and philosophers of science, both researchers and graduate students
ISBN,Price9783662048863
Keyword(s)1. CLASSICAL MECHANICS 2. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 3. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Mathematical Methods in Physics 7. MECHANICS 8. PHILOSOPHY 9. Philosophy and science 10. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 11. Philosophy, general 12. PHYSICS 13. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 14. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleTime, Quantum and Information
Author(s)Castell, Lutz;Ischebeck, Otfried
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2003.
DescriptionXIV, 454 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThis collection of essays presented to Carl Friedrich von Weizs??cker on the occasion of his 90th birthday addresses a wide readership interested in astronomy, physics, and the history and philosophy of science. The articles treat subjects such as the social responsibility of scientists, thermonuclear processes in stars and stellar neutrinos, turbulence and the emergence of planetary systems. Furthermore, considerable attention is paid to the unity of nature, the nature of time, and to information about, and interpretation of, the structure of quantum theory, all important philosophical problems of our times. The last section describes von Weizs??cker's ur-hypothesis and how it will theoretically permit the construction of particles and interactions from quantized bits of information
ISBN,Price9783662105573
Keyword(s)1. ASTRONOMY 2. Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology 3. ASTROPHYSICS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. PHILOSOPHY 7. Philosophy, general 8. POLITICAL SCIENCE 9. Popular Science, general 10. Popular works 11. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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TitleThinking in Complexity : The Computational Dynamics of Matter, Mind, and Mankind
Author(s)Mainzer, Klaus
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2004.
DescriptionXVI, 456 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThe theory of nonlinear, complex systems has become by now a proven problem-solving approach in the natural sciences. It is also recognized that many, if not most, of our social, ecological, economical and political problems are essentially of a global, complex and nonlinear nature. And it is now further accepted than any holistic perspective of the human mind and brain can hardly be achieved by any other approach. In this wide-ranging, scholarly but very concise treatment, Klaus Mainzer (physicist, computer scientist and philosopher) discusses, in essentially nontechnical language, the common framework behind these ideas and challenges. Emphasis is given to the evolution of new structures in natural and cultural systems, and we are lead to see clearly how the new integrative approach can give insights not available from traditional reductionistic methods. The fifth edition enlarges and revises almost all sections and include an entirely new chapter on the complexity of economic systems. From the reviews of the fourth edition: "??? this highly recommended book is a wonderful resource for intuitive basic ideas in the need of rigorous formulation." (Albert A. Mullin, Zentralblatt MATH) "This book is ambitious, incredibly erudite with 22 pages of references, and is indisputably clearly and beautifully written and illustrated. It is perfectly suited to a first course on the science of complexity. Even beginners and young graduate students will have something to learn from this book." (Andr?? Hautot, Physicalia) "Readers of this book will enjoy Mainzer???s exposition, which is based on a tight coupling between classical and historical concepts from Plato and Aristotle to modern, mathematical and physical developments ??? . takes pains to point out essential differences between classical science and the science of complexity. ??? Thinking in Complexity is an outstandingly readable book." (Anutosh Moitra, The Industrial Physicist)
ISBN,Price9783662053645
Keyword(s)1. BIOINFORMATICS 2. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 3. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. PHILOSOPHY 7. Philosophy, general 8. PHYSICS 9. Physics, general 10. Popular Science, general 11. Popular works 12. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 13. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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10.    
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TitleParticle Metaphysics : A Critical Account of Subatomic Reality
Author(s)Falkenburg, Brigitte
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2007.
DescriptionXVIII, 386 p. 30 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThe empirical successes of atomic, nuclear, and particle physics have not reduced -- and may never fully resolve -- the philosophical controversies about the inner constitution of matter. This book examines these debates by exploring the particle concept in physics. Are the particles of modern physics "real" or are they fictitious entities, their existence deduced merely by the careless application of abstract theories? Or are the philosophers involved in the debate about "scientific realism" dedicating themselves to a problem that has long been solved by physicists? Studies of the experimental basis and theoretical relevance of the particle concept reveal that these questions are far from easy to answer, because, since the introduction of quantum theory, physical science no longer possesses a single unambiguous particle concept. All those interested in the "true meaning" of such physical concepts will find this book informative and thought provoking. It is written at a level accessible to scholars, students and teachers of science and philosophy
ISBN,Price9783540337324
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 4. Particle and Nuclear Physics 5. PHILOSOPHY 6. Philosophy, general 7. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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