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1 Ticar, Johanna Maria 3D Analysis of the Myocardial Microstructure I10252 2016 eBook  
2 Bartolf, Holger Fluctuation Mechanisms in Superconductors I10225 2016 eBook  
3 W??rl, Matthias Towards Offline PET Monitoring at a Cyclotron-Based Proton Therapy Facility I10136 2016 eBook  
4 Sch??tz, Johannes Attosecond Experiments on Plasmonic Nanostructures I09746 2016 eBook  
5 Z??ller, Nikolas Optimization of Stochastic Heat Engines in the Underdamped Limit I09647 2017 eBook  
6 Nanz, Stefan Toroidal Multipole Moments in Classical Electrodynamics I08734 2016 eBook  
7 Schikora, Sylvia All-Optical Noninvasive Delayed Feedback Control of Semiconductor Lasers I08272 2013 eBook  
8 Schultz, Gerrit Magnetic Resonance Imaging with Nonlinear Gradient Fields I08036 2013 eBook  
9 Schr??ter, Marco Dissipative Exciton Dynamics in Light-Harvesting Complexes I07491 2015 eBook  
10 Szangolies, Jochen Testing Quantum Contextuality I07443 2015 eBook  
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Title3D Analysis of the Myocardial Microstructure : Determination of Fiber and Sheet Orientations
Author(s)Ticar, Johanna Maria
PublicationWiesbaden, 1. Imprint: Springer Spektrum 2. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2016.
DescriptionXV, 76 p. 39 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe master thesis of Johanna Maria Ticar reveals high-resolution insights into the myocardial microstructure and illustrates that cardiac muscle fibers are straight, running in parallel with one preferred fiber direction, however, deposits such as fat seem to compromise the regular and compact structure. Second harmonic generation imaging combined with optical tissue clearing is an accurate method for determining the three-dimensional muscle fiber and sheet orientations and hence, allows the calculation of fiber rotation throughout the ventricle wall. Contents ??? Structure of the Human Myocardium ??? Imaging Tools for Fiber Mapping ??? Optical Tissue Clearing ??? Second Harmonic Generation Imaging ??? 3D Reconstruction and Visualization Target Groups ??? Researchers and Students in the field of Biomedical Engineering with a focus on Bioengineering and??Biomechanics ??? Professionals in the field of Biomedicine The Author Johanna Maria Ticar, MSc, studied Biomedical Engineering at Graz University of Technology. Her research interests are the microstructure of the human body, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, foremost in the field of cardiology
ISBN,Price9783658114244
Keyword(s)1. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 2. Biological Microscopy 3. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 4. Biomedicine, general 5. BIOPHYSICS 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. MEDICINE 9. MICROSCOPY
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TitleFluctuation Mechanisms in Superconductors : Nanowire Single-Photon Counters, Enabled by Effective Top-Down Manufacturing
Author(s)Bartolf, Holger
PublicationWiesbaden, 1. Imprint: Springer Spektrum 2. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2016.
DescriptionXXI, 328 p. 91 illus., 90 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteHolger Bartolf discusses state-of-the-art detection concepts based on superconducting nanotechnology as well as sophisticated analytical formul?? that model dissipative fluctuation-phenomena in superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors. Such knowledge is desirable for the development of advanced devices which are designed to possess an intrinsic robustness against vortex-fluctuations and it provides the perspective for honorable fundamental science in condensed matter physics. Especially the nanowire detector allows for ultra-low noise detection of signals with single-photon sensitivity and GHz repetition rates. Such devices have a huge potential for future technological impact and might enable unique applications (e.g. high rate interplanetary deep-space data links from Mars to Earth). Contents Superconducting Single-Photon Detectors Nanotechnological Manufacturing; Scale: 10 Nanometer Berezinskii-Kosterlitz Thouless (BKT) Transition, Edge-Barrier, Phase Slips Target Groups Researchers and students of physics in the fields of single-photon devices, nanofabrication, nanophotonics, nanoelectronics and superconductivity Industrial practitioners with focus on nanotechnology and single-photon detectors About the Author Holger Bartolf studied Solid State Physics at the Universities of Karlsruhe and Z??rich. In 2011 he relocated at the Swiss Corporate Research Center of a leading company in power and automation technologies where his current interests focus on the applied R&D of the next generation of power semiconductors
ISBN,Price9783658122461
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 4. NANOTECHNOLOGY 5. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleTowards Offline PET Monitoring at a Cyclotron-Based Proton Therapy Facility : Experiments and Monte Carlo Simulations
Author(s)W??rl, Matthias
PublicationWiesbaden, 1. Imprint: Springer Spektrum 2. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2016.
DescriptionXV, 86 p. 30 illus., 10 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteMatthias W??rl presents two essential steps to implement offline PET monitoring of proton dose delivery at a clinical facility, namely the setting up of an accurate Monte Carlo model of the clinical beamline and the experimental validation of positron emitter production cross-sections. In the first part, the field size dependence of the dose output is described for scanned proton beams. Both the Monte Carlo and an analytical computational beam model were able to accurately predict target dose, while the latter tends to overestimate dose in normal tissue. In the second part, the author presents PET measurements of different phantom materials, which were activated by the proton beam. The results indicate that for an irradiation with a high number of protons for the sake of good statistics, dead time losses of the PET scanner may become important and lead to an underestimation of positron-emitter production yields. Contents Monte Carlo Modeling of a Clinical Proton Beam Low-Dose Envelope and Field Size Factor PET Activation Studies Target Groups Researchers and students in the field of medical physics with focus on particle therapy Medical physicists at proton therapy facilities The Author Matthias W??rl wrote his Master???s Thesis at the chair of Medical Physics at the Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich. He is now a PhD student at the same department, working on transmission imaging with laser-accelerated ions
ISBN,Price9783658131685
Keyword(s)1. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 2. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 3. BIOPHYSICS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 8. Particle and Nuclear Physics 9. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleAttosecond Experiments on Plasmonic Nanostructures : Principles and Experiments
Author(s)Sch??tz, Johannes
PublicationWiesbaden, 1. Imprint: Springer Spektrum 2. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2016.
DescriptionXIV, 106 p. 45 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteJohannes Sch??tz presents the first measurements of optical electro-magnetic near-fields around nanostructures with subcycle-resolution. The ability to measure and understand light-matter interactions on the nanoscale is an important component for the development of light-wave-electronics, the control and steering of electron dynamics with the frequency of light, which promises a speed-up by several orders of magnitude compared to conventional electronics. The experiments presented here on metallic nanotips, widely used in experiments and applications, do not only demonstrate the feasibility of attosecond streaking as a unique tool for fundamental studies of ultrafast nanophotonics but also represent a first important step towards this goal. Contents Electron Scattering in Solids Attosecond Streaking from Metal Nanotips Target Groups Lecturers and students of physics, especially in the area of nanophotonics and attosecond physics About the Author Johannes Sch??tz received his Master's degree in physics and currently works as a PhD student in the field of ultrafast nanophotonics at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics Garching
ISBN,Price9783658137137
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. LASERS 4. Nanoscale science 5. Nanoscale Science and Technology 6. NANOSCIENCE 7. Nanostructures 8. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 9. PHOTONICS
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TitleOptimization of Stochastic Heat Engines in the Underdamped Limit
Author(s)Z??ller, Nikolas
PublicationWiesbaden, 1. Imprint: Springer Spektrum 2. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2017.
DescriptionIX, 91 p. 33 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteNikolas Z??ller examines the working principles and the underlying theoretical foundations of a microscopic heat engine. In particular, he investigates the system???s stochastic dynamics in the underdamped regime which has hardly been studied in the past, but will be experimentally feasible in the near future due to recent technological developments. Emphasis is put on the maximization of the engine???s efficiency at maximum power through optimization of the driving protocol. In addition, possible experimental realizations of a microscopic heat engine are discussed. Contents ??? Stochastic Dynamics ??? Stochastic Heat Engines in the Overdamped and Underdamped Regime ??? Experimental Realization of a Stochastic Heat Engine ??? Entropy Production in Inhomogeneous Thermal Environments Target Groups ??? Lecturers and students of physics, mathematics, especially physical engineering ??? Experimental physicists The Author Nikolas Z??ller is currently working as a research associate at the Institute for Urban Futures at the Applied University of Potsdam where he applies concepts from theoretical physics and statistics to sociological problems
ISBN,Price9783658163501
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. PHYSICS 7. PROBABILITIES 8. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes 9. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleToroidal Multipole Moments in Classical Electrodynamics : An Analysis of their Emergence and Physical Significance
Author(s)Nanz, Stefan
PublicationWiesbaden, 1. Imprint: Springer Spektrum 2. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2016.
DescriptionXI, 87 p. 4 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteStefan Nanz investigates the necessity for three multipole families in classical electrodynamics. He shows that by imposing symmetry and parity constraints, it is sufficient to deal with only two multipole families. This implies that the toroidal multipole moments do not represent an independent multipole family, and they only emerge in the long-wavelength limit. Contents Symmetry Considerations of Charge-Current Distributions Multipole Expansion of the Electromagnetic Potentials and Fields Conclusions for the Physical Significance of Toroidal Multipole Moments Target Groups Researchers and students in the field of physics Practitioners in the field of optics and photonics The Author Stefan Nanz studied physics at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and wrote his Master Thesis in the group of Prof. Dr. Carsten Rockstuhl. There, he is now a PhD student and working on tailored disorder of scattering interfaces and photon management in solar cells
ISBN,Price9783658125493
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 7. Particle and Nuclear Physics 8. PHYSICS 9. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleAll-Optical Noninvasive Delayed Feedback Control of Semiconductor Lasers
Author(s)Schikora, Sylvia
PublicationWiesbaden, 1. Imprint: Springer Spektrum 2. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2013.
DescriptionXIX, 118 p. 59 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThe stabilization of unstable states hidden in the dynamics of a system, in particular the control of chaos, has received much attention in the last years. Sylvia Schikora for the first time applies a well-known control method called delayed feedback control entirely in the all-optical domain. A multisection semiconductor laser receives optical feedback from an external Fabry-Perot interferometer. The control signal is a phase-tunable superposition of the laser signal and provokes the laser to operate in an otherwise unstable periodic state with a period equal to the time delay. The control is noninvasive, because the reflected signal tends to zero when the target state is reached. ?? The work has been awarded the Carl-Ramsauer-Prize 2012. ?? Contents ?????????????????? All-Optical Control Setup ?????????????????? Stable States with Resonant Fabry-Perot Feedback ?????????????????? Control of an Unstable Stationary State and of Unstable Selfpulsations ?????????????????? Controlling Chaos ?????????????????? Control of a Torsionfree Orbit ?? Target Groups ?? ?????????????????? Researchers and students of nonlinear dynamics or semiconductor laser technology, interested in the application of control synchronization in the GHz range ?????????????????? Practitioners in the field of optical telecommunication ?? ?? The author Dr. Sylvia Schikora completed her doctoral thesis on ultrafast noninvasive control of semiconductor lasers at the Department of Physics, Humboldt University of Berlin. She currently works at Humboldt University as a postdoctoral researcher with a focus on optical metrology
ISBN,Price9783658015404
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. LASERS 4. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 5. PHOTONICS
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TitleMagnetic Resonance Imaging with Nonlinear Gradient Fields : Signal Encoding and Image Reconstruction
Author(s)Schultz, Gerrit
PublicationWiesbaden, 1. Imprint: Springer Spektrum 2. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2013.
DescriptionXVI, 333 p. 93 illus., 27 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteWithin the past few decades magnetic resonance imaging has become one of the most important imaging modalities in medicine. For a reliable diagnosis of pathologies further technological improvements are of primary importance. This text deals with a radically new approach of image encoding: The fundamental principle of gradient linearity is challenged by investigating the possibilities of acquiring anatomical images with the help of nonlinear gradient fields. Besides a thorough theoretical analysis with a focus on signal encoding and image reconstruction, initial hardware implementations are tested using phantom as well as in-vivo measurements. Several applications are presented that give an impression about the implications that this technological advancement may have for future medical diagnostics. ?? Contents n?? Image Reconstruction in MRI n?? Nonlinear Gradient Encoding: PatLoc Imaging n?? Presentation of Initial Hardware Designs n?? Basics of Signal Encoding and Image Reconstruction in PatLoc Imaging n?? Direct and Iterative Reconstruction Techniques ?? ?? Target Groups ?????????????????? Researchers and students in the fields of physics, mathematics, medicine and engineering with interest in imaging technology. ?????????????????? Industrial practitioners with focus on medical imaging. ?? About the Author Gerrit Schultz studied Physics and Mathematics at the Universities of Heidelberg and Geneva. He joined the Medical Physics Group at the University Medical Center in Freiburg in 2007, where he is currently working as a postdoctoral researcher. ??
ISBN,Price9783658011345
Keyword(s)1. Diagnostic Radiology 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ELECTRONICS 5. Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation 6. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 7. Measurement?????? 8. MICROELECTRONICS 9. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 10. Radiology
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TitleDissipative Exciton Dynamics in Light-Harvesting Complexes
Author(s)Schr??ter, Marco
PublicationWiesbaden, 1. Imprint: Springer Spektrum 2. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2015.
DescriptionXII, 121 p. 20 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteMarco Schr??ter investigates the influence of the local environment on the exciton dynamics within molecular aggregates, which build, e.g., the light-harvesting complexes of plants, bacteria or algae by means of the hierarchy equations of motion (HEOM) method. He addresses the following questions in detail: How can coherent oscillations within a system of coupled molecules be interpreted? What are the changes in the quantum dynamics of the system for increasing coupling strength between electronic and nuclear degrees of freedom? To what extent does decoherence govern the energy transfer properties of molecular aggregates?
ISBN,Price9783658092825
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 7. PHYSICS 8. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleTesting Quantum Contextuality : The Problem of Compatibility
Author(s)Szangolies, Jochen
PublicationWiesbaden, 1. Imprint: Springer Spektrum 2. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2015.
DescriptionXVIII, 108 p. 25 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteJochen Szangolies contributes a novel way of dealing with the problem of the experimental testability of the Kochen-Specker theorem posed by realistic, that is, noisy, measurements. Such noise spoils perfect compatibility between successive measurements, which however is a necessary requirement to test the notion of contextuality in usual approaches. To overcome this difficulty, a new, extended notion of contextuality that reduces to Kochen-Specker contextuality in the limit of perfect measurement implementations is proposed by the author, together with a scheme to test this notion experimentally. Furthermore, the behaviour of these tests under realistic noise conditions is investigated. Contents Theoretical Background of the Kochen-Specker Theorem Noise-Robustness of Kochen-Specker Tests Statistical Models for Noisy Measurements Noncontextual Evolution Target Groups Researchers and students in physics with an interest in foundational issues in Quantum Mechanics and the Kochen-Specker Theorem specifically Experimentalists with an interest in testing the implications of the Kochen-Specker Theorem About the Author Jochen Szangolies obtained his diploma in physics at the University of Siegen, studying the problem of the experimental verification of quantum contextuality under Prof. Otfried G??hne. Currently, he investigates methods of entanglement detection under the tutelage of Prof. Dagmar Bru?? at the Heinrich-Heine University D??sseldorf
ISBN,Price9783658092009
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 4. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 5. QUANTUM PHYSICS 6. SPINTRONICS
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