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1 Kleiman, Jacob Protection of Materials and Structures from the Space Environment I10430 2017 eBook  
2 Herega, Alexander The Selected Models of the Mesostructure of Composites I09806 2018 eBook  
3 Dowden, John The Theory of Laser Materials Processing I09530 2017 eBook  
4 Su, Ching-Hua Vapor Crystal Growth and Characterization I09486 2020 eBook  
5 Miskin, Marc Z The Automated Design of Materials Far From Equilibrium I09264 2016 eBook  
6 Owolabi, Bayode Characterisation of Turbulent Duct Flows I09171 2019 eBook  
7 Lecoq, Paul Inorganic Scintillators for Detector Systems I09031 2017 eBook  
8 Han, Yafang Physics and Techniques of Ceramic and Polymeric Materials I08885 2019 eBook  
9 Huang, Songling Electromagnetic Ultrasonic Guided Waves I08841 2016 eBook  
10 Quinten, Michael A Practical Guide to Surface Metrology I08790 2019 eBook  
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TitleProtection of Materials and Structures from the Space Environment : ICPMSE-11
Author(s)Kleiman, Jacob
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVI, 603 p. 403 illus., 289 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe proceedings published in this book document and foster the goals of the 11th International Space Conference on ???Protection of Materials and Structures from Space Environment??? ICPMSE-11 to facilitate exchanges between members of the various engineering and science disciplines involved in the development of space materials. Contributions cover aspects of interaction with space environment of LEO, GEO, Deep Space, Planetary environments, ground-based qualification and in-flight experiments, as well as lessons learned from operational vehicles that are closely interrelated to disciplines of atmospheric sciences, solar-terrestrial interactions and space life sciences
ISBN,Price9783319193090
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Engineering???Materials 4. Materials Engineering 5. NANOTECHNOLOGY 6. Nanotechnology and Microengineering 7. SPACE SCIENCES 8. Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astronautics)
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TitleThe Selected Models of the Mesostructure of Composites : Percolation, Clusters, and Force Fields
Author(s)Herega, Alexander
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2018.
DescriptionIX, 107 p. 35 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents the role of mesostructure on the properties of composite materials. A complex percolation model is developed for the material structure containing percolation clusters of phases and interior boundaries. Modeling of technological cracks and the percolation in the Sierpinski carpet are described. The interaction of mesoscopic interior boundaries of the material, including the fractal nature of interior boundaries, the oscillatory nature of it interaction and also the stochastic model of the interior boundaries??? interaction, the genesis, structure, and properties are discussed. One of part of the book introduces the percolation model of the long-range effect which is based on the notion on the multifractal clusters with transforming elements, and the theorem on the field interaction of multifractals is described. In addition small clusters, their characteristic properties and the criterion of stability are presented
ISBN,Price9783319897042
Keyword(s)1. Amorphous substances 2. Ceramics 3. Ceramics, Glass, Composites, Natural Materials 4. Complex fluids 5. Composite materials 6. Composites (Materials) 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. Engineering???Materials 10. GLASS 11. Materials Engineering 12. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 13. PHYSICS 14. Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics 15. Structural Materials
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TitleThe Theory of Laser Materials Processing : Heat and Mass Transfer in Modern Technology
Author(s)Dowden, John;Schulz, Wolfgang
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVII, 432 p. 177 illus., 15 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe revised edition of this important reference volume presents an expanded overview of the analytical and numerical approaches employed when exploring and developing modern laser materials processing techniques. The book shows how general principles can be used to obtain insight into laser processes, whether derived from fundamental physical theory or from direct observation of experimental results. The book gives readers an understanding of the strengths and limitations of simple numerical and analytical models that can then be used as the starting-point for more elaborate models of specific practical, theoretical or commercial value. Following an introduction to the mathematical formulation of some relevant classes of physical ideas, the core of the book consists of chapters addressing key applications in detail: cutting, keyhole welding, drilling, arc and hybrid laser-arc welding, hardening, cladding and forming. The second edition includes a new a chapter on glass cutting with lasers, as employed in the display industry. A further addition is a chapter on meta-modelling, whose purpose is to construct fast, simple and reliable models based on appropriate sources of information. It then makes it easy to explore data visually and is a convenient interactive tool for scientists to improve the quality of their models and for developers when designing their processes. As in the first edition, the book ends with an updated introduction to comprehensive numerical simulation. Although the book focuses on laser interactions with materials, many of the principles and methods explored can be applied to thermal modelling in a variety of different fields and at different power levels. It is aimed principally however at academic and industrial researchers and developers in the field of laser technology
ISBN,Price9783319567112
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer 4. Engineering???Materials 5. Heat engineering 6. HEAT TRANSFER 7. LASERS 8. Manufactures 9. Manufacturing, Machines, Tools, Processes 10. MASS TRANSFER 11. Materials Engineering 12. Metallic Materials 13. METALS 14. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 15. PHOTONICS 16. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleVapor Crystal Growth and Characterization : ZnSe and Related II???VI Compound Semiconductors
Author(s)Su, Ching-Hua
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXVI, 215 p. 178 illus., 75 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe book describes developments in the crystal growth of bulk II-VI semiconductor materials. A fundamental, systematic, and in-depth study of the physical vapor transport (PVT) growth process is the key to producing high-quality single crystals of semiconductors. As such, the book offers a comprehensive overview of the extensive studies on ZnSe and related II-VI wide bandgap compound semiconductors, such as CdS, CdTe, ZnTe, ZnSeTe and ZnSeS. Further, it shows the detailed steps for the growth of bulk crystals enabling optical devices which can operate in the visible spectrum for applications such as blue light emitting diodes, lasers for optical displays and in the mid-IR wavelength range, high density recording, and military communications. The book then discusses the advantages of crystallization from vapor compared to the conventional melt growth: lower processing temperatures, the purification process associated with PVT, and the improved surface morphology of the grown crystals, as well as the necessary drawbacks to the PVT process, such as the low and inconsistent growth rates and the low yield of single crystals. By presenting in-situ measurements of transport rate, partial pressures and interferometry, as well as visual observations, the book provides detailed insights into in the kinetics during the PVT process. This book is intended for graduate students and professionals in materials science as well as engineers preparing and developing optical devices with semiconductors
ISBN,Price9783030396558
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Engineering???Materials 5. Materials Engineering 6. MATERIALS SCIENCE 7. Particle acceleration 8. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 9. SEMICONDUCTORS
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TitleThe Automated Design of Materials Far From Equilibrium
Author(s)Miskin, Marc Z
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIX, 89 p. 39 illus., 7 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis conceptualizes and implements a new framework for designing materials that are far from equilibrium. Starting with state-of-the-art optimization engines, it describes an automated system that makes use of simulations and 3D printing to find the material that best performs a user-specified goal. Identifying which microscopic features produce a desired macroscopic behavior is a problem at the forefront of materials science. This task is materials design, and within it, new goals and challenges have emerged from tailoring the response of materials far from equilibrium. These materials hold promising properties such as robustness, high strength, and self-healing. Yet without a general theory to predict how these properties emerge, designing and controlling them presents a complex and important problem. As proof of concept, the thesis shows how to design the behavior of granular materials, i.e., collections of athermal, macroscopic identical objects, by identifying the particle shapes that form the stiffest, softest, densest, loosest, most dissipative and strain-stiffening aggregates. More generally, the thesis shows how these results serve as prototypes for problems at the heart of materials design, and advocates the perspective that machines are the key to turning complex material forms into new material functions
ISBN,Price9783319246215
Keyword(s)1. Amorphous substances 2. Complex fluids 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. ENGINEERING DESIGN 6. Engineering???Materials 7. Materials Engineering 8. MECHANICS 9. Mechanics, Applied 10. Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics 11. Structural Materials 12. Theoretical and Applied Mechanics
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TitleCharacterisation of Turbulent Duct Flows : Experiments and Direct Numerical Simulations
Author(s)Owolabi, Bayode
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2019.
DescriptionXXXI, 141 p. 160 illus., 127 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents several new findings in the field of turbulent duct flows, which are important for a range of industrial applications. It presents both high-quality experiments and cutting-edge numerical simulations, providing a level of insight and rigour rarely found in PhD theses. The scientific advancements concern the effect of the Earth???s rotation on large duct flows, the experimental confirmation of marginal turbulence in a pressure-driven square duct flow (previously only predicted in simulations), the identification of similar marginal turbulence in wall-driven flows using simulations (for the first time by any means) and, on a separate but related topic, a comprehensive experimental study on the phenomenon of drag reduction via polymer additives in turbulent duct flows. In turn, the work on drag reduction resulted in a correlation that provides a quantitative prediction of drag reduction based on a single, measurable material property of the polymer solution, regardless of the flow geometry or concentration. The first correlation of its kind, it represents an important advancement from both a scientific and practical perspective
ISBN,Price9783030197452
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Engineering Fluid Dynamics 4. Engineering???Materials 5. FLUID MECHANICS 6. Fluid- and Aerodynamics 7. FLUIDS 8. Materials Engineering 9. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 10. PHYSICS
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TitleInorganic Scintillators for Detector Systems : Physical Principles and Crystal Engineering
Author(s)Lecoq, Paul;Gektin, Alexander;Korzhik, Mikhail
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVI, 408 p. 226 illus., 44 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis second edition features new chapters highlighting advances in our understanding of the behavior and properties of scintillators, and the discovery of new families of materials with light yield and excellent energy resolution very close to the theoretical limit. The book focuses on the discovery of next-generation scintillation materials and on a deeper understanding of fundamental processes. Such novel materials with high light yield as well as significant advances in crystal engineering offer exciting new perspectives. Most promising is the application of scintillators for precise time tagging of events, at the level of 100 ps or higher, heralding a new era in medical applications and particle physics. Since the discovery of the Higgs Boson with a clear signature in the lead tungstate scintillating blocks of the CMS Electromagnetic Calorimeter detector, the current trend in particle physics is toward very high luminosity colliders, in which timing performance will ultimately be essential to mitigating pile-up problems. New and extremely fast light production mechanisms based on Hot-Intraband-Luminescence as well as quantum confinement are exploited for this purpose. Breakthroughs such as crystal engineering by means of co-doping procedures and selection of cations with small nuclear fragmentation cross-sections will also pave the way for the development of more advanced and radiation-hard materials. Similar innovations are expected in medical imaging, nuclear physics ecology, homeland security, space instrumentation and industrial applications. This second edition also reviews modern trends in our understanding and the engineering of scintillation materials. Readers will find new and updated references and information, as well as new concepts and inspirations to implement in their own research and engineering endeavors
ISBN,Price9783319455228
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 2. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 3. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Engineering???Materials 7. Materials Engineering 8. MATERIALS SCIENCE 9. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 10. Measurement?????? 11. Nuclear medicine 12. Particle acceleration 13. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 14. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS
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TitlePhysics and Techniques of Ceramic and Polymeric Materials : Proceedings of Chinese Materials Conference 2018
Author(s)Han, Yafang
PublicationSingapore, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Singapore, 2019.
DescriptionXVIII, 240 p. 157 illus., 113 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book gathers selected papers from the Chinese Materials Conference 2018 (CMC2018) held in Xiamen City, Fujian, China, on July 12???16, 2018. The Chinese Materials Conference (CMC) is the Chinese Materials Research Society???s most important conference series and has been held annually since the early 1990s. The 2018 edition consisted of 32 domestic symposia, 2 international symposia and 1 international materials forum. This proceedings book covers the fields of advanced ceramic materials and polymer materials, and presents recent original research results from more than 300 research groups in various universities and research institutes
ISBN,Price9789811359477
Keyword(s)1. Amorphous substances 2. Ceramics 3. Ceramics, Glass, Composites, Natural Materials 4. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 5. Complex fluids 6. Composite materials 7. Composites (Materials) 8. EBOOK 9. EBOOK - SPRINGER 10. Engineering???Materials 11. GLASS 12. Materials Engineering 13. MATERIALS SCIENCE 14. Polymer Sciences 15. Polymers???? 16. Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics
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9.     
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TitleElectromagnetic Ultrasonic Guided Waves
Author(s)Huang, Songling;Wang, Shen;Li, Weibin;Wang, Qing
PublicationSingapore, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Singapore, 2016.
DescriptionXII, 301 p. 292 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book introduces the fundamental theory of electromagnetic ultrasonic guided waves, together with its applications. It includes the dispersion characteristics and matching theory of guided waves; the mechanism of production and theoretical model of electromagnetic ultrasonic guided waves; the effect mechanism between guided waves and defects; the simulation method for the entire process of electromagnetic ultrasonic guided wave propagation; electromagnetic ultrasonic thickness measurement; pipeline axial guided wave defect detection; and electromagnetic ultrasonic guided wave detection of gas pipeline cracks. This theory and findings on applications draw on the author???s intensive research over the past eight years. The book can be used for nondestructive testing technology and as an engineering reference work. The specific implementation of the electromagnetic ultrasonic guided wave system presented here will also be of value for other nondestructive test developers
ISBN,Price9789811005640
Keyword(s)1. Acoustical engineering 2. ACOUSTICS 3. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Engineering Acoustics 7. Engineering???Materials 8. Materials Engineering 9. MATERIALS SCIENCE 10. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 11. Measurement?????? 12. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS
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10.    
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TitleA Practical Guide to Surface Metrology
Author(s)Quinten, Michael
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2019.
DescriptionXXV, 230 p. 156 illus., 100 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book offers a genuinely practical introduction to the most commonly encountered optical and non-optical systems used for the metrology and characterization of surfaces, including guidance on best practice, calibration, advantages and disadvantages, and interpretation of results. It enables the user to select the best approach in a given context. Most methods in surface metrology are based upon the interaction of light or electromagnetic radiation (UV, NIR, IR), and different optical effects are utilized to get a certain optical response from the surface; some of them record only the intensity reflected or scattered by the surface, others use interference of EM waves to obtain a characteristic response from the surface. The book covers techniques ranging from microscopy (including confocal, SNOM and digital holographic microscopy) through interferometry (including white light, multi-wavelength, grazing incidence and shearing) to spectral reflectometry and ellipsometry. The non-optical methods comprise tactile methods (stylus tip, AFM) as well as capacitive and inductive methods (capacitive sensors, eddy current sensors). The book provides: Overview of the working principles Description of advantages and disadvantages Currently achievable numbers for resolutions, repeatability, and reproducibility Examples of real-world applications A final chapter discusses examples where the combination of different surface metrology techniques in a multi-sensor system can reasonably contribute to a better understanding of surface properties as well as a faster characterization of surfaces in industrial applications. The book is aimed at scientists and engineers who use such methods for the measurement and characterization of surfaces across a wide range of fields and industries, including electronics, energy, automotive and medical engineering
ISBN,Price9783030294540
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Engineering???Materials 5. Interfaces (Physical sciences) 6. LASERS 7. Materials Engineering 8. MATERIALS SCIENCE 9. Materials???Surfaces 10. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 11. Measurement?????? 12. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 13. PHOTONICS 14. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 15. Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films 16. Surfaces (Physics) 17. Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films 18. THIN FILMS
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