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 #  AuthorTitleAccn#YearItem Type Claims
1 Pavlidis, George A Brief History of Colour Theory I11956 2021 eBook  
2 Grodzicki, Michael Physical Reality ??? Construction or Discovery? I11755 2021 eBook  
3 Jensen, Pablo Your Life in Numbers: Modeling Society Through Data I11754 2021 eBook  
4 Valentijn, Edwin A Powers of Two I11740 2021 eBook  
5 Aguirre, Anthony Undecidability, Uncomputability, and Unpredictability I11665 2021 eBook  
6 Parusnikov??, Zuzana Karl Popper's Science and Philosophy I11654 2021 eBook  
7 Mari, Luca Measurement across the Sciences I11641 2021 eBook  
8 Allori, Valia Do Wave Functions Jump? I11592 2021 eBook  
9 Chalmers, Alan F One Hundred Years of Pressure I09784 2017 eBook  
10 Talbot, Chris David Bohm's Critique of Modern Physics I09581 2020 eBook  
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TitleA Brief History of Colour Theory : Foundations of Colour Science
Author(s)Pavlidis, George
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXV, 140 p. 133 illus., 18 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book offers a comprehensive introduction in to the various theories of colour and how they developed over the centuries and millennia. As color is the perception of light by our brains, the book captures not only the physical phenomena but also psychological and philosophical aspects of colours. It starts with ancient studies of Greek philosophers and their insights into light and mirrors, then reviews the theory of colors in the middle ages in Europe and Middle East. The last big part of the book explains the theories of colours by modern scientists and philosophers, starting with Isaac Newton and ending colour schemes of modern digital pictures
ISBN,Price9783030877712
Keyword(s)1. CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ELECTRODYNAMICS 5. History of Physics and Astronomy 6. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 7. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 8. Physics???History 9. Science???History 10. Science???Philosophy
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2.     
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TitlePhysical Reality ??? Construction or Discovery? : An Introduction to the Methodology and Aims of Physics
Author(s)Grodzicki, Michael
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionVIII, 333 p. 2 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides a well-grounded account of the methodology of physics, the structure of physical knowledge and theories, and in particular of the relations between theory and experience. An important feature of the book is that all its essential conclusions are elucidated with the help of representative examples from theoretical, molecular and solid state physics. All young physicists as well as physics teachers will find here valuable insights into the philosophy and tools of their trade
ISBN,Price9783030745790
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Empiricism 4. EPISTEMOLOGY 5. Knowledge, Theory of 6. PHILOSOPHY OF PHYSICS 7. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 8. Physics???Philosophy 9. Science???Philosophy
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3.     
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TitleYour Life in Numbers: Modeling Society Through Data
Author(s)Jensen, Pablo
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Copernicus 2. Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionVII, 114 p. 16 illus., 10 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteMore than 300 years ago, Isaac Newton created a mathematical model of the solar system that predicted the existence of a yet unknown planet: Neptune. Today, driven by the digital revolution, modern scientists are creating complex models of society itself to shed light on topics as far-ranging as epidemic outbreaks and economic growth. But how do these scientists gather and interpret their data? How accurate are their models? Can we trust the numbers? With a rare background in physics, economics and sociology, the author is able to present an insider???s view of the strengths, weaknesses and dangers of transforming our lives into numbers. After reading this book, you???ll understand how different numerical models work and how they are used in practice. The author begins by exploring several simple, easy-to-understand models that form the basis for more complex simulations. What follows is an exploration of the myriad ways that models have come to describe and define our world, from epidemiology and climate change to urban planning and the world chess championship. Highly engaging and nontechnical, this book will appeal to any readers interested in understanding the links between data and society and how our lives are being increasingly captured in numbers
ISBN,Price9783030651039
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. Computer Modelling 3. COMPUTER SIMULATION 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. HUMANITIES 7. Humanities and Social Sciences 8. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 9. Science???Philosophy 10. Social Philosophy 11. SOCIAL SCIENCES 12. Social sciences???Philosophy 13. Sociological Methods 14. Sociology???Methodology 15. SYSTEM THEORY
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TitlePowers of Two : The Information Universe ??? Information as the Building Block of Everything
Author(s)Valentijn, Edwin A
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXVI, 173 p. 116 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteIs everything Information? This is a tantalizing question which emerges in modern physics, life sciences, astronomy and in today???s information and technology-driven society. In Powers of Two expert authors undertake a unique expedition - in words and images - throughout the world (and scales) of information. The story resembles, in a way, the classic ???Powers of Ten??? journeys through space: from us to the macro and the micro worlds. However, by following Powers of Two through the world of information, a completely different and timely paradigm unfolds: The Information Universe in nature and in our society. In this book, we experience how information lies at the very foundation of our understanding of the Universe.
ISBN,Price9783030583453
Keyword(s)1. Data structures (Computer science) 2. Data Structures and Information Theory 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. INFORMATION THEORY 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 8. Science???Philosophy 9. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleUndecidability, Uncomputability, and Unpredictability
Author(s)Aguirre, Anthony;Merali, Zeeya;Sloan, David
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionVIII, 180 p. 27 illus., 17 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteFor a brief time in history, it was possible to imagine that a sufficiently advanced intellect could, given sufficient time and resources, in principle understand how to mathematically prove everything that was true. They could discern what math corresponds to physical laws, and use those laws to predict anything that happens before it happens. That time has passed. G??del???s undecidability results (the incompleteness theorems), Turing???s proof of non-computable values, the formulation of quantum theory, chaos, and other developments over the past century have shown that there are rigorous arguments limiting what we can prove, compute, and predict. While some connections between these results have come to light, many remain obscure, and the implications are unclear. Are there, for example, real consequences for physics ??? including quantum mechanics ??? of undecidability and non-computability? Are there implications for our understanding of the relations between agency, intelligence, mind, and the physical world? This book, based on the winning essays from the annual FQXi competition, contains ten explorations of Undecidability, Uncomputability, and Unpredictability. The contributions abound with connections, implications, and speculations while undertaking rigorous but bold and open-minded investigation of the meaning of these constraints for the physical world, and for us as humans
ISBN,Price9783030703547
Keyword(s)1. Computability and Recursion Theory 2. COMPUTABLE FUNCTIONS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Foundations of Physics and Cosmology 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 8. PROBABILITIES 9. PROBABILITY THEORY 10. RECURSION THEORY 11. SCIENCE 12. Science???Philosophy 13. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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6.     
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TitleKarl Popper's Science and Philosophy
Author(s)Parusnikov??, Zuzana;Merritt, David
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionX, 367 p. 18 illus., 10 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteOf all philosophers of the 20th century, few built more bridges between academic disciplines than Karl Popper. He contributed to a wide variety of fields in addition to the epistemology and the theory of scientific method for which he is best known. This book illustrates and evaluates the impact, both substantive and methodological, that Popper has had in the natural and mathematical sciences. The topics selected include quantum mechanics, evolutionary biology, cosmology, mathematical logic, statistics, and cognitive science. The approach is multidisciplinary, opening a dialogue across scientific disciplines and between scientists and philosophers
ISBN,Price9783030670368
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. LOGIC 5. Philosophical Foundations of Physics and Astronomy 6. PHILOSOPHY OF MIND 7. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 8. Physics???Philosophy 9. Science???Philosophy
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7.     
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TitleMeasurement across the Sciences : Developing a Shared Concept System for Measurement
Author(s)Mari, Luca;Wilson, Mark;Maul, Andrew
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXXV, 279 p. 72 illus., 64 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book proposes a conceptual framework for understanding measurement across a broad range of scientific fields and areas of application, such as physics, engineering, education, and psychology. The authors, who themselves span these disciplines, argue that the justification of the public trust attributed to measurement results can in principle apply identically to both physical and psychosocial properties. They further argue that the lack of a common conceptualization of measurement hampers interdisciplinary communication and limits the ability to share knowledge. They advance their views by first surveying the conceptual history of the philosophy of measurement and arguing that classical, operationalist and representational perspectives on measurement each make important contributions but also each have important shortcomings. A synthesis is then offered as the foundation for a new conceptual framework. The authors describe how the framework, which operates as a shared concept system, supports understanding measurement???s work in different domains, using examples in the physical and human sciences. They consider connections and consequences with respect to causality, objectivity, and intersubjectivity, among other topics, and how measurement science concepts and issues are construed across these disciplines and settings. They also address contemporary issues and controversies within measurement in the light of the framework, including operationalism, definitional uncertainty, and the relations between measurement and computation. The book concludes with a justification for the basic claim that measurement is an empirical and informational process that produces explicitly justifiable information. Researchers and academics across a wide range of disciplines including biological, physical, social and behavioral scientists, as well as specialists in measurement and philosophy will appreciate the work???s fresh and provocative approach to the field at a time when sound measurements of complex scientific systems are increasingly essential to solving critical global problems
ISBN,Price9783030655587
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. MANAGEMENT 5. MEASUREMENT 6. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 7. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 8. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 9. PSYCHOMETRICS 10. Science???Philosophy 11. Sociological Methods 12. Sociology???Methodology 13. SYSTEM THEORY
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8.     
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TitleDo Wave Functions Jump? : Perspectives of the Work of GianCarlo Ghirardi
Author(s)Allori, Valia;Bassi, Angelo;Drr, Detlef;Zanghi, Nino
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXV, 436 p. 122 illus., 40 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is a tribute to the scientific legacy of GianCarlo Ghirardi, who was one of the most influential scientists in the field of modern foundations of quantum theory. In this appraisal, contributions from friends, collaborators and colleagues reflect the influence of his world of thoughts on theory, experiments and philosophy, while also offering prospects for future research in the foundations of quantum physics. The themes of the contributions revolve around the physical reality of the wave function and its notorious collapse, randomness, relativity and experiments
ISBN,Price9783030467777
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravity 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. EPISTEMOLOGY 5. GRAVITATION 6. Knowledge, Theory of 7. Philosophical Foundations of Physics and Astronomy 8. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 9. Physics???Philosophy 10. QUANTUM PHYSICS 11. Science???Philosophy
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9.     
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TitleOne Hundred Years of Pressure : Hydrostatics from Stevin to Newton
Author(s)Chalmers, Alan F
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionIX, 197 p. 14 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis monograph investigates the development of hydrostatics as a science. In the process, it sheds new light on the nature of science and its origins in the Scientific Revolution. Readers will come to see that the history of hydrostatics reveals subtle ways in which the science of the seventeenth century differed from previous periods. The key, the author argues, is the new insights into the concept of pressure that emerged during the Scientific Revolution. This came about due to contributions from such figures as Simon Stevin, Pascal, Boyle and Newton. The author compares their work with Galileo and Descartes, neither of whom grasped the need for a new conception of pressure. As a result, their contributions to hydrostatics were unproductive. The story ends with Newton insofar as his version of hydrostatics set the subject on its modern course. He articulated a technical notion of pressure that was up to the task. Newton compared the mathematical way in hydrostatics and the experimental way, and sided with the former. The subtleties that lie behind Newton's position throws light on the way in which developments in seventeenth-century science simultaneously involved mathematization and experimentation. This book serves as an example of the degree of conceptual change that new sciences often require. It will be of interest to those involved in the study of history and philosophy of science. It will also appeal to physicists as well as interested general readers
ISBN,Price9783319565293
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. EPISTEMOLOGY 4. HISTORY 5. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 6. History of Mathematical Sciences 7. MATHEMATICS 8. Philosophical and Historical Foundations of Science 9. Philosophy and science 10. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 11. PHYSICS 12. Science???History 13. Science???Philosophy
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10.    
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TitleDavid Bohm's Critique of Modern Physics : Letters to Jeffrey Bub, 1966-1969
Author(s)Talbot, Chris
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXII, 375 p. 13 illus., 7 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteIn the letters contained in this book, David Bohm argues that the dominant formal, mathematical approach in physics is seriously flawed. In the 1950s and 60s, Bohm took a direction unheard of for a professor of theoretical physics: while still researching in physics, working among others with Yakir Aharanov and later Jeffrey Bub, he also spent time studying ???metaphysics??????such as Hegel???s dialectics and Indian panpsychism. 50 years on, questions raised about the direction and philosophical assumptions of theoretical physics show that Bohm???s arguments still have contemporary relevance
ISBN,Price9783030455378
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 4. Philosophical and Historical Foundations of Science 5. Philosophy and science 6. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 7. PHYSICS 8. QUANTUM PHYSICS 9. Science???History 10. Science???Philosophy
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