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 #  AuthorTitleAccn#YearItem Type Claims
1 Ge, Yunbao From Geocentric to Heliocentric: How Discoveries Are Made I11963 2021 eBook  
2 Pavlidis, George A Brief History of Colour Theory I11956 2021 eBook  
3 De Angelis, Alessandro Galileo Galilei???s ???Two New Sciences??? I11951 2021 eBook  
4 Kwok, Sun Our Place in the Universe - II I11864 2021 eBook  
5 Lojek, Bo William Shockley: The Will to Think I11806 2021 eBook  
6 Sheehan, William Neptune: From Grand Discovery to a World Revealed I11797 2021 eBook  
7 Helrich, Carl S The Quantum Theory???Origins and Ideas I11774 2021 eBook  
8 Lipton, Lenny The Cinema in Flux I11731 2021 eBook  
9 van der Kruit, Pieter C Master of Galactic Astronomy: A Biography of Jan Hendrik Oort I11703 2021 eBook  
10 van der Kruit, Pieter C Pioneer of Galactic Astronomy: A Biography of Jacobus C. Kapteyn I11702 2021 eBook  
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TitleFrom Geocentric to Heliocentric: How Discoveries Are Made
Author(s)Ge, Yunbao
PublicationSingapore, Springer Nature Singapore, 2021.
DescriptionXIV, 174 p. 87 illus., 69 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteHas anyone ever seen with their own eyes that the Earth goes around the sun? Even to this day, no one has. However, 500 and even 2000 years ago, some astronomers managed to point out that this is the case. At that time, people???s range of activities was strictly confined, the technology and tools used were extremely primitive, and many of the mathematical methods used today had not been developed. How did those astronomers make and verify this discovery? This book explains this exciting demonstration process. It enables anyone with a basic junior-high-school knowledge of geometry and a certain degree of spatial imagination to understand this and other interesting discoveries in the solar system. By demonstrating this interesting process, the book not satisfies readers curiosity using the simplest mathematics, but also inspires them to explore the new and unknown world
ISBN,Price9789811677793
Keyword(s)1. ASTRONOMY 2. Astronomy, Cosmology and Space Sciences 3. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 4. Astronomy???Observations 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 8. Philosophical Foundations of Physics and Astronomy 9. Physics???Philosophy 10. Science???History
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TitleA Brief History of Colour Theory : Foundations of Colour Science
Author(s)Pavlidis, George
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXV, 140 p. 133 illus., 18 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book offers a comprehensive introduction in to the various theories of colour and how they developed over the centuries and millennia. As color is the perception of light by our brains, the book captures not only the physical phenomena but also psychological and philosophical aspects of colours. It starts with ancient studies of Greek philosophers and their insights into light and mirrors, then reviews the theory of colors in the middle ages in Europe and Middle East. The last big part of the book explains the theories of colours by modern scientists and philosophers, starting with Isaac Newton and ending colour schemes of modern digital pictures
ISBN,Price9783030877712
Keyword(s)1. CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ELECTRODYNAMICS 5. History of Physics and Astronomy 6. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 7. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 8. Physics???History 9. Science???History 10. Science???Philosophy
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TitleGalileo Galilei???s ???Two New Sciences??? : for Modern Readers
Author(s)De Angelis, Alessandro
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXXVIII, 163 p. 53 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book aims to make Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) accessible to the modern reader by refashioning the great scientist's masterpiece "Discourses and Mathematical Demonstrations Relating to Two New Sciences" in today's language. Galileo Galilei stands as one of the most important figures in history, not simply for his achievements in astronomy, physics, and engineering and for revolutionizing science and the scientific method in general, but also for the role that he played in the (still ongoing) drama concerning entrenched power and its desire to stifle any knowledge that may threaten it. Therefore, it is important that today's readers come to understand and appreciate what Galilei accomplished and wrote. But the mindset that shapes how we see the world today is quite different from the mindset -- and language -- of Galilei and his contemporaries. Another obstacle to a full understanding of Galilei's writings is posed by the countless historical, philosophical, geometrical, and linguistic references he made, along with his often florid prose, with its blend of Italian and Latin. De Angelis' new rendition of the work includes translations of the original geometrical figures into algebraic formulae in modern notation and allows the non-specialist reader to follow the thread of Galileo's thought and in a way that was barely possible until now
ISBN,Price9783030719524
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. HISTORY 4. History of Physics and Astronomy 5. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 6. HISTORY OF TECHNOLOGY 7. Physics???History 8. Science???History 9. TECHNOLOGY
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TitleOur Place in the Universe - II : The Scientific Approach to Discovery
Author(s)Kwok, Sun
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXIII, 344 p. 117 illus., 101 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteStarting from Newton???s times this follow-up to the author???s Springer book ???Our Place in the Universe - Understanding Fundamental Astronomy from Ancient Discoveries??? addresses the question of ???our place in the Universe??? from astronomical, physical, chemical, biological, philosophical and social perspectives. Using the history of astronomy to illustrate the process of discovery, the emphasis is on the description of the process of how we learned and on the exploration of the impacts of discoveries rather than on the presentation of facts. Thus readers are informed of the influence of science on a broad scale. Unlike the traditional way of teaching science, in this book, the author begins by describing the observations and then discusses various attempts to find answers (including unsuccessful ones). The goal is to help students develop a better appreciation of the scientific process and learn from this process to tackle real-life problems
ISBN,Price9783030802608
Keyword(s)1. ASTROBIOLOGY 2. ASTRONOMY 3. Astronomy, Cosmology and Space Sciences 4. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 5. Astronomy???Observations 6. COSMOLOGY 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 10. Science???History
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TitleWilliam Shockley: The Will to Think
Author(s)Lojek, Bo
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionX, 224 p. 161 illus., 60 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book takes a fresh look at the work, thoughts, and life of 1956 Nobel Prize winner William B. Shockley. It reconstructs Shockley???s upbringing, his patriotic achievements during World War II, his contribution to semiconductor physics ??? culminating with the epoch-making invention of the transistor ??? and his views on the social issues of his time. The author???s unparalleled access to Shockley???s personal documents provides insight into a colorful, yet controversial, man, and also sheds light on the attitudes of other prominent scientists of that era. Shockley was not only an outstanding scientist in his own right but also a fiercely independent thinker in perpetual search of the truth. His contributions to the field known today as microelectronics are enormous and unmatched. This book explores the critical facets of Shockley???s life, replete with never-before-published photos and excerpts from his private correspondence and personal notebooks. The book also delves into Shockley???s views on genetics and human intelligence. It tells the story of a man beset by an unrelenting rationality, slandered by the popular media, and ultimately alienated by his peers. It discusses his controversial, although sometimes prescient, ideas regarding human genetics, putting these into the context of modern research findings. Today, William Shockley is perhaps just as enigmatic as his work and accomplishments. The author presents a convincing argument that Shockley still has much to say about the issues of our age, and many of his ideas deserve evaluation in the public forum
ISBN,Price9783030659585
Keyword(s)1. Astronomers???Biography 2. Biographies of Physicists and Astronomers 3. Demography 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Electrical and Electronic Engineering 7. ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 8. Evolutionary genetics 9. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 10. Physicists???Biography 11. POPULATION 12. Population and Demography 13. Science???History 14. SEMICONDUCTORS
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TitleNeptune: From Grand Discovery to a World Revealed : Essays on the 200th Anniversary of the Birth of John Couch Adams
Author(s)Sheehan, William;Bell, Trudy E;Kennett, Carolyn;Smith, Robert
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXXI, 403 p. 130 illus., 71 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe 1846 discovery of Neptune is one of the most remarkable stories in the history of science and astronomy. John Couch Adams and U.J. Le Verrier both investigated anomalies in the motion of Uranus and independently predicted the existence and location of this new planet. However, interpretations of the events surrounding this discovery have long been mired in controversy. Who first predicted the new planet? Was the discovery just a lucky fluke? The ensuing storm engaged astronomers across Europe and the United States. Written by an international group of authors, this pathbreaking volume explores in unprecedented depth the contentious history of Neptune???s discovery, drawing on newly discovered documents and re-examining the historical record. In so doing, we gain new understanding of the actions of key individuals and sharper insights into the pressures acting on them. The discovery of Neptune was a captivating mathematical moment and was widely regarded at the time as the greatest triumph of Newton???s theory of universal gravitation. The book therefore begins with Newton???s development of his ideas of gravity. It examines too the mathematical calculations related to the discovery of Neptune, using new theories and tools provided by advances in celestial mechanics over the past twenty years. Through this process, the book analyzes why the mathematical approach that proved so potent in the discovery of Neptune, grand as it was, could not help produce similar discoveries despite several valiant attempts. In the final chapters, we see how the discovery of Neptune marked the end of one quest???to explain the wayward motions of Uranus???and the beginning of another quest to fill in the map and understand the nature of the outer Solar System, whose icy precincts Neptune, as the outermost of the giant planets, bounds.
ISBN,Price9783030542184
Keyword(s)1. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 2. Astronomy???Observations 3. CLASSICAL MECHANICS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 7. MECHANICS 8. Philosophical Foundations of Physics and Astronomy 9. Physics???Philosophy 10. PLANETARY SCIENCE 11. Science???History
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TitleThe Quantum Theory???Origins and Ideas : A Historical Primer for Physics Students
Author(s)Helrich, Carl S
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionX, 241 p. 52 illus., 20 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book offers a fresh perspective on some of the central experimental and theoretical works that laid the foundations for today's quantum mechanics: It traces the theoretical and mathematical development of the hypotheses that put forward to explain puzzling experimental results; it also examines their interconnections and how they together evolved into modern quantum theory. Particular attention is paid to J.J. Thomson's atomic modeling and experiments at the Cavendish Laboratory, Max Planck's struggle to explain the experimental results of Heinrich Rubens and Ferdinand Kurlbaum, as well as the path leading from Louis de Broglie???s ideas to the wave theory of Erwin Schr??dinger. Combining his experience in teaching quantum mechanics with his interest in the historical roots of the subject, the author has created a valuable resource for understanding quantum physics through its history, and a book that is appreciated both by working physicists and historians
ISBN,Price9783030792688
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Continuum Physics 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 5. Philosophical Foundations of Physics and Astronomy 6. PHYSICS 7. Physics???Philosophy 8. QUANTUM PHYSICS 9. Science???History
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TitleThe Cinema in Flux : The Evolution of Motion Picture Technology from the Magic Lantern to the Digital Era
Author(s)Lipton, Lenny
PublicationNew York, NY, Springer US, 2021.
DescriptionXXII, 795 p. 577 illus., 259 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe first of its kind, this book traces the evolution of motion picture technology in its entirety. Beginning with Huygens' magic lantern and ending in the current electronic era, it explains cinema???s scientific foundations and the development of parallel enabling technologies alongside the lives of the innovators. Product development issues, business and marketplace factors, the interaction of aesthetic and technological demands, and the patent system all play key roles in the tale. The topics are covered sequentially, with detailed discussion of the transition from the magic lantern to Edison???s invention of the 35mm camera, the development of the celluloid cinema, and the transition from celluloid to digital. Unique and essential reading from a lifetime innovator in the field of cinema technology, this engaging and well-illustrated book will appeal to anyone interested in the history and science of cinema, from movie buffs to academics and members of the motion picture industry
ISBN,Price9781071609514
Keyword(s)1. COMPUTER GRAPHICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Electrical and Electronic Engineering 5. ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 6. Film and Television Studies 7. HISTORY 8. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 9. HISTORY OF TECHNOLOGY 10. LASER 11. LASERS 12. Motion pictures 13. Science???History 14. TECHNOLOGY 15. Television broadcasting
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TitleMaster of Galactic Astronomy: A Biography of Jan Hendrik Oort
Author(s)van der Kruit, Pieter C
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIX, 356 p. 195 illus., 60 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis accessible and entertaining biography chronicles the life and triumphs of astronomer Jan Hendrik Oort, who helped lay the foundations of modern astronomy in the 20th century. The book puts into context some of Oort's most significant achievements, including his discovery that the Milky Way rotates, as well as his famous hypothesis that our Solar System is surrounded by a reservoir of comets ??? now simply known as the Oort Cloud. Written by Oort???s former student, this fascinating story also delves into Oort???s pivotal role in the foundation of major astronomical facilities, including radio telescopes in the Netherlands and the European Southern Observatory (ESO), which now operates the most successful astronomical observatories in the world. The book draws extensively on new archival research through the Oort Archives, along with personal reminiscences by Oort???s son and astronomer-grandson, to paint a more detailed picture of Oort???s life not just as an astronomer, but also as a husband, father, and citizen. The strong public interest in comets triggered by the Rosetta mission to comet 67P/Churyumov???Gerasimenko and the recently discovered interstellar comet in the Solar System make this book particularly timely
ISBN,Price9783030555481
Keyword(s)1. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 2. Astronomy???Observations 3. ASTROPHYSICS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 7. Philosophical Foundations of Physics and Astronomy 8. Physics???Philosophy 9. Science???History
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TitlePioneer of Galactic Astronomy: A Biography of Jacobus C. Kapteyn
Author(s)van der Kruit, Pieter C
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXI, 305 p. 154 illus., 88 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis non-technical biography of Jacobus Cornelius Kapteyn (1851-1922) presents to the general reader the scientific life of the astronomer who pioneered the studies of the structure of the Milky Way Galaxy. In telling Kapteyn???s story the author weaves in astronomy basics and uses modern astronomical images to show the developments of astronomical research from Kapteyn???s times to the present. In particular the study of the distribution of stars in space has now culminated with spectacular new insights coming from the astrometric satellite GAIA, which is receiving much public attention today. The biography shows how Kapteyn???s ideas influenced prominent astronomers worldwide. He is prominent as designer of the Kapteyn Universe, the alternative to the large system found by Harlow Shapley. He is the discoverer of Kapteyn???s Star, still the second fastest moving star in the sky, which is now one of the nearest stars with a planet in the habitable zone. This fascinating hybrid of astronomy history and popular astronomy tells the story of the astronomy professor without an observatory who founded the first astronomical laboratory specializing in measuring photographic plates exposed elsewhere. Kapteyn took astronomy out of cataloguing stars to measuring distances and velocities in order to study their spatial distribution, systematic motions (Kapteyn???s Star Streams) and the equilibrium between their gravity and motions. His legacy includes, in addition to the first application of Galactic structure and dynamics, Jan Hendrik Oort, the famous astronomer from Leiden, who as a student was so impressed by Kapteyn???s lectures that he decided to become an astronomer
ISBN,Price9783030554231
Keyword(s)1. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 2. Astronomy???Observations 3. ASTROPHYSICS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 7. Science???History
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