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1 Pavlidis, George A Brief History of Colour Theory I11956 2021 eBook  
2 De Angelis, Alessandro Galileo Galilei???s ???Two New Sciences??? I11951 2021 eBook  
3 Dittrich, Walter The Development of the Action Principle I11810 2021 eBook  
4 Honerkamp, Josef About the Oddities of Quantum Mechanics I11785 2021 eBook  
5 Wiescher, Michael Arthur E. Haas - The Hidden Pioneer of Quantum Mechanics I11781 2021 eBook  
6 Talbot, Chris Boris Hessen: Physics and Philosophy in the Soviet Union, 1927???1931 I11764 2021 eBook  
7 Reed, Bruce Cameron The Physics of the Manhattan Project I11704 2021 eBook  
8 Dolan, Marion Decoding Astronomy in Art and Architecture I11690 2021 eBook  
9 Elizalde, Emilio The True Story of Modern Cosmology I11664 2021 eBook  
10 S??nchez, Francisco The Rise of Astrophysics in Modern Spain I11615 2021 eBook  
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TitleA Brief History of Colour Theory : Foundations of Colour Science
Author(s)Pavlidis, George
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXV, 140 p. 133 illus., 18 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book offers a comprehensive introduction in to the various theories of colour and how they developed over the centuries and millennia. As color is the perception of light by our brains, the book captures not only the physical phenomena but also psychological and philosophical aspects of colours. It starts with ancient studies of Greek philosophers and their insights into light and mirrors, then reviews the theory of colors in the middle ages in Europe and Middle East. The last big part of the book explains the theories of colours by modern scientists and philosophers, starting with Isaac Newton and ending colour schemes of modern digital pictures
ISBN,Price9783030877712
Keyword(s)1. CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ELECTRODYNAMICS 5. History of Physics and Astronomy 6. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 7. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 8. Physics???History 9. Science???History 10. Science???Philosophy
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TitleGalileo Galilei???s ???Two New Sciences??? : for Modern Readers
Author(s)De Angelis, Alessandro
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXXVIII, 163 p. 53 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book aims to make Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) accessible to the modern reader by refashioning the great scientist's masterpiece "Discourses and Mathematical Demonstrations Relating to Two New Sciences" in today's language. Galileo Galilei stands as one of the most important figures in history, not simply for his achievements in astronomy, physics, and engineering and for revolutionizing science and the scientific method in general, but also for the role that he played in the (still ongoing) drama concerning entrenched power and its desire to stifle any knowledge that may threaten it. Therefore, it is important that today's readers come to understand and appreciate what Galilei accomplished and wrote. But the mindset that shapes how we see the world today is quite different from the mindset -- and language -- of Galilei and his contemporaries. Another obstacle to a full understanding of Galilei's writings is posed by the countless historical, philosophical, geometrical, and linguistic references he made, along with his often florid prose, with its blend of Italian and Latin. De Angelis' new rendition of the work includes translations of the original geometrical figures into algebraic formulae in modern notation and allows the non-specialist reader to follow the thread of Galileo's thought and in a way that was barely possible until now
ISBN,Price9783030719524
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. HISTORY 4. History of Physics and Astronomy 5. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 6. HISTORY OF TECHNOLOGY 7. Physics???History 8. Science???History 9. TECHNOLOGY
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TitleThe Development of the Action Principle : A Didactic History from Euler-Lagrange to Schwinger
Author(s)Dittrich, Walter
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXV, 135 p. 23 illus., 1 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book describes the historical development of the principle of stationary action from the 17th to the 20th centuries. Reference is made to the most important contributors to this topic, in particular Bernoullis, Leibniz, Euler, Lagrange and Laplace. The leading theme is how the action principle is applied to problems in classical physics such as hydrodynamics, electrodynamics and gravity, extending also to the modern formulation of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory, especially quantum electrodynamics. A critical analysis of operator versus c-number field theory is given. The book contains many worked examples. In particular, the term "vacuum" is scrutinized. The book is aimed primarily at actively working researchers, graduate students and historians interested in the philosophical interpretation and evolution of physics; in particular, in understanding the action principle and its application to a wide range of natural phenomena
ISBN,Price9783030691059
Keyword(s)1. CLASSICAL MECHANICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. History of Physics and Astronomy 7. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 8. MECHANICS 9. Philosophical Foundations of Physics and Astronomy 10. Physics???History 11. Physics???Philosophy 12. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleAbout the Oddities of Quantum Mechanics
Author(s)Honerkamp, Josef
PublicationWiesbaden, Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2021.
DescriptionIX, 42 p. 1 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteQuantum mechanics is a physical theory for objects of the microcosm, e.g. for atoms or electrons. It has proven itself so far, but leads to the fact that we have to grant properties and relations to these objects, which are neither compatible with our common sense nor with the concepts of classical physics. These peculiarities are presented and their significance for our cognitive faculty and for a world view is discussed. This Springer essential is a translation of the original German 1st edition essentials, ??ber die Merkw??rdigkeiten der Quantenmechanik by Josef Honerkamp, published by Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature in 2020. The translation was done with the help of artificial intelligence (machine translation by the service DeepL.com). A subsequent human revision was done primarily in terms of content, so that the book will read stylistically differently from a conventional translation. Springer Nature works continuously to further the development of tools for the production of books and on the related technologies to support the authors. The content Emergence or supervenience Objects, features, relations Concepts in classical physics Oddities in quantum mechanics The Target Groups People interested in natural science and philosophy Philosophers, physicists The Author Josef Honerkamp taught for more than 30 years as a professor of theoretical physics and did research in the fields of quantum field theories, statistical mechanics, nonlinear systems, and stochastic dynamical systems in Hamburg, Bonn, and Freiburg. Since his retirement, he has tried to make the beauty and consistency of physical theories understandable to non-physicists
ISBN,Price9783658345785
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. History of Physics and Astronomy 4. PHILOSOPHY OF PHYSICS 5. Physics???History 6. Physics???Philosophy 7. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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TitleArthur E. Haas - The Hidden Pioneer of Quantum Mechanics : A Biography
Author(s)Wiescher, Michael
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXVII, 560 p. 181 illus., 114 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe book highlights the personal and scientific struggles of Arthur Erich Haas (1884-1941), an Austrian Physicist from a wealthy Jewish middle-class family, whose remarkable accomplishments in a politically hostile but scientifically rewarding environment deserve greater recognition. Haas was a fellow student of both Lise Meitner and Erwin Schr??dinger and was also one of the last doctoral students of Ludwig Boltzmann. Following Boltzmann's suicide, Haas was forced to submit a more independent doctoral thesis in which he postulated new approaches in early quantum theory, actually introducing the idea of the Bohr radius before Niels Bohr. It is the lost story of a trailblazer in the fields of quantum mechanics and cosmology, a herald of nuclear energy and applications of modern science. This biography of Haas is based on new and previously unpublished family records and archived material from the Vienna Academy of Science and the University of Notre Dame, which the author has collected over many years. From his analysis of the letters, documents, and photos that rested for nearly a century in family attics and academic archives, Michael Wiescher provides a unique and detailed insight into the life of a gifted Jewish physicist during the first half of the twentieth century. It also sheds light on the scientific developments and thinking of the time. It appeals not only to historians and physicists, but also general readers. All appreciate the record of Haas??? interactions with many of the key figures who helped to found modern physics
ISBN,Price9783030806064
Keyword(s)1. Astronomers???Biography 2. Biographies of Physicists and Astronomers 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Foundations of Physics and Cosmology 6. History of Physics and Astronomy 7. Jewish History 8. Judaism???History 9. Physicists???Biography 10. Physics???History 11. QUANTUM PHYSICS 12. SCIENCE
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TitleBoris Hessen: Physics and Philosophy in the Soviet Union, 1927???1931 : Neglected Debates on Emergence and Reduction
Author(s)Talbot, Chris;Pattison, Olga
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionIX, 169 p. 7 illus., 1 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents key works of Boris Hessen, outstanding Soviet philosopher of science, available here in English for the first time. Quality translations are accompanied by an editors' introduction and annotations. Boris Hessen is known in history of science circles for his ???Social and Economic Roots of Newton???s Principia??? presented in London (1931), which inspired new approaches in the West. As a philosopher and a physicist, he was tasked with developing a Marxist approach to science in the 1920s. He studied the history of physics to clarify issues such as reductionism and causality as they applied to new developments. With the philosophers called the ???Dialecticians???, his debates with the opposing ???Mechanists??? on the issue of emergence are still worth studying and largely ignored in the many recent works on this subject. Taken as a whole, the book is a goldmine of insights into both the foundations of physics and Soviet history
ISBN,Price9783030700454
Keyword(s)1. Astronomers???Biography 2. Biographies of Physicists and Astronomers 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Europe, Eastern???History 6. Foundations of Physics and Cosmology 7. History of Physics and Astronomy 8. Marxian school of sociology 9. Marxist Sociology 10. PHILOSOPHY OF PHYSICS 11. Physicists???Biography 12. Physics???History 13. Physics???Philosophy 14. Russia???History 15. Russian, Soviet, and East European History 16. SCIENCE 17. Soviet Union???History
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TitleThe Physics of the Manhattan Project
Author(s)Reed, Bruce Cameron
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXIII, 256 p. 88 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThe development of nuclear weapons during the Manhattan Project is one of the most significant scientific events of the twentieth century. This revised and updated 4th edition explores the challenges that faced the scientists and engineers of the Manhattan Project. It gives a clear introduction to fission weapons at the level of an upper-year undergraduate physics student by examining the details of nuclear reactions, their energy release, analytic and numerical models of the fission process, how critical masses can be estimated, how fissile materials are produced, and what factors complicate bomb design. An extensive list of references and a number of exercises for self-study are included. Revisions to this fourth edition include many upgrades and new sections. Improvements are made to, among other things, the analysis of the physics of the fission barrier, the time-dependent simulation of the explosion of a nuclear weapon, and the discussion of tamped bomb cores. New sections cover, for example, composite bomb cores, approximate methods for various of the calculations presented, and the physics of the polonium-beryllium "neutron initiators" used to trigger the bombs. The author delivers in this book an unparalleled, clear and comprehensive treatment of the physics behind the Manhattan project
ISBN,Price9783030613730
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. History of Physics and Astronomy 4. History of World War II and the Holocaust 5. NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY 6. NUCLEAR ENERGY 7. NUCLEAR ENGINEERING 8. NUCLEAR FUSION 9. Physics???History 10. World War, 1939-1945
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TitleDecoding Astronomy in Art and Architecture
Author(s)Dolan, Marion
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIII, 343 p. 152 illus., 146 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteFor centuries, our ancestors carefully observed the movements of the heavens and wove that astronomical knowledge into their city planning, architecture, mythology, paintings, sculpture, and poetry. This book uncovers the hidden messages and advanced science encoded within these sacred spaces, showing how the rhythmic motions of the night sky played a central role across many different cultures. Our astronomical tour transports readers through time and space, from prehistoric megaliths to Renaissance paintings, Greco-Roman temples to Inca architecture. Along the way, you will investigate unexpected findings at Lascaux, Delphi, Petra, Angkor Wat, Borobudur, and many more archaeological sites both famous and little known. Through these vivid examples, you will come to appreciate the masterful ways that astronomical knowledge was incorporated into each society???s religion and mythology, then translated into their physical surroundings. The latest archaeoastronomical studies and discoveries are recounted through a poetic and nontechnical narrative, revealing how many longstanding beliefs about our ancestors are being overturned. Through this celestial journey, readers of all backgrounds will learn the basics about this exciting field and share in the wonders of cultural astronomy.
ISBN,Price9783030765118
Keyword(s)1. ARCHAEOLOGY 2. Archaeology and Heritage 3. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 4. Astronomy???Observations 5. COSMOLOGY 6. Cultural property 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. History of Physics and Astronomy 10. Physics???History
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TitleThe True Story of Modern Cosmology : Origins, Main Actors and Breakthroughs
Author(s)Elizalde, Emilio
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXV, 280 p. 158 illus., 91 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book tells the story of how, over the past century, dedicated observers and pioneering scientists achieved our current understanding of the universe. It was in antiquity that humankind first attempted to explain the universe often with the help of myths and legends. This book, however, focuses on the time when cosmology finally became a true science. As the reader will learn, this was a slow process, extending over a large part of the 20th century and involving many astronomers, cosmologists and theoretical physicists. The book explains how empirical astronomical data (e.g., Leavitt, Slipher and Hubble) were reconciled with Einstein's general relativity; a challenge which finally led Friedmann, De Sitter and Lema??tre, and eventually Einstein himself, to a consistent understanding of the observational results. The reader will realize the extraordinary implications of these achievements and how deeply they changed our vision of the cosmos: From being small, static, immutable and eternal, it became vast and dynamical - originating from (almost) nothing, and yet now, nearly 14 billion years later, undergoing accelerated expansion. But, as always happens, as well as precious knowledge, new mysteries have also been created where previously absolute certainty had reigned
ISBN,Price9783030806545
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. History of Physics and Astronomy 5. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 6. Physics???History 7. Science???History
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TitleThe Rise of Astrophysics in Modern Spain : From Dictatorship to Democracy
Author(s)S??nchez, Francisco
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIX, 296 p. 92 illus., 70 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book describes the unlikely development of astrophysics in Spain, set against the final decade of Franco???s rule and the country???s transition to democracy. The author, Founding Director of Spain???s Instituto de Astrof??sica de Canarias, gives a firsthand account of his own and others??? odyssey in establishing the field in Franco???s Spain, showing how in a mere half-century, Spain was able to transform from a scientific backwater to a world player in astronomy and astrophysics. The book is a behind-the-scenes, warts-and-all depiction of how Big Science gets done, showing the motivations???sometimes as entertaining as they are infuriating???that drive scientific institutions and the scientists who work for them. Many astronomers, both professional and amateur, and historians know of the great scientific work being done in Spain, but there is very little published information available about the complex story underlying it. This English edition now makes that story accessible for the lay reader. With its casual, yet captivating narrative, the book is a rare and inspiring contribution to the history of astrophysics, science policy, education and outreach
ISBN,Price9783030664268
Keyword(s)1. Astronomers???Biography 2. ASTROPHYSICS 3. Biographies of Physicists and Astronomers 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. History of Physics and Astronomy 7. Physicists???Biography 8. Physics???History
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