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1 Mohanty, Subhendra Astroparticle Physics and Cosmology I09607 2020 eBook  
2 Elia, Domenico The XVIII International Conference on Strangeness in Quark Matter (SQM 2019) I09603 2020 eBook  
3 Lozanov, Kaloian Reheating After Inflation I09585 2020 eBook  
4 Susskind, Leonard Three Lectures on Complexity and Black Holes I09574 2020 eBook  
5 Montagud-Camps, Victor Turbulent Heating and Anisotropy in the Solar Wind I09402 2019 eBook  
6 Hashimoto, Masa-aki Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis I09371 2018 eBook  
7 Pnigouras, Pantelis Saturation of the f-mode Instability in Neutron Stars I09370 2018 eBook  
8 Essig, Rouven Illuminating Dark Matter I09318 2019 eBook  
9 Hirai, Yutaka Understanding the Enrichment of Heavy Elements by the Chemodynamical Evolution Models of Dwarf Galaxies I09296 2019 eBook  
10 Feldmeier, Achim Theoretical Fluid Dynamics I09204 2019 eBook  
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TitleAstroparticle Physics and Cosmology : Perspectives in the Multimessenger Era
Author(s)Mohanty, Subhendra
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXIX, 287 p. 31 illus., 27 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteCosmology and astroparticle physics have seen an avalanche of discoveries in the past decade (IceCube - high energy neutrinos, LIGO - gravitational waves, Fermi- gamma-ray telescope, Xenon-1T - dark matter detection, PLANCK- cosmic microwave radiation, EHT picture of black hole, SDSS -galaxy surveys), all of which require a multidisciplinary background for analyzing the phenomena. The arena for testing particle physics models is in the multimessenger astronomical observations and at the same time cosmology now requires a particle physics basis for explaining many phenomena. This book discusses the theoretical tools of particle physics and general relativity which are essential for understanding and correlating diverse astronomical observations
ISBN,Price9783030562014
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 3. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 4. COSMOLOGY 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. GRAVITATION 8. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 9. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 10. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 11. STRING THEORY 12. THEORETICAL ASTROPHYSICS
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TitleThe XVIII International Conference on Strangeness in Quark Matter (SQM 2019)
Author(s)Elia, Domenico;Bruno, Giuseppe E;Colangelo, Pietro;Cosmai, Leonardo
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXXII, 615 p. 250 illus., 234 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book focuses on new experimental and theoretical advances concerning the role of strange and heavy-flavour quarks in high-energy heavy-ion collisions and in astrophysical phenomena. The topics covered include ??? Strangeness and heavy-quark production in nuclear collisions and hadronic interactions, ??? Hadron resonances in the strongly-coupled partonic and hadronic medium, ??? Bulk matter phenomena associated with strange and heavy quarks, ??? QCD phase structure, ??? Collectivity in small systems, ??? Strangeness in astrophysics, ??? Open questions and new developments.
ISBN,Price9783030534486
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Elementary particles (Physics) 6. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 7. Heavy ions 8. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 9. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 10. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 11. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 12. THEORETICAL ASTROPHYSICS
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TitleReheating After Inflation
Author(s)Lozanov, Kaloian
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionIX, 92 p. 15 illus., 13 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides a pedagogical introduction to the rapidly growing field of reheating after inflation. It begins with a brief review of the inflationary paradigm and a motivation for why the reheating of the universe is an integral part of inflationary cosmology. It then goes on to survey different aspects of reheating in a chronological manner, starting from the young, empty and cold universe at the end of inflation, and going all the way to the hot and thermal universe at the beginning of the Big Bang nucleosynthesis epoch. Different particle production mechanisms are considered with a focus on the non-perturbative excitation of scalar fields at the beginning of reheating (fermionic and vector fields are also discussed). This is followed by a review of the subsequent non-linear dynamical processes, such as soliton formation and relativistic turbulence. Various thermalization processes are also discussed. High energy physics embeddings of phenomenological models as well as observational implications of reheating such as gravitational waves generation and imprints on the cosmic microwave background are also covered
ISBN,Price9783030568108
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 3. COSMOLOGY 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 8. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 9. STRING THEORY 10. THEORETICAL ASTROPHYSICS
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TitleThree Lectures on Complexity and Black Holes
Author(s)Susskind, Leonard
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionVIII, 100 p. 85 illus., 80 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThese three lectures cover a certain aspect of complexity and black holes, namely the relation to the second law of thermodynamics. The first lecture describes the meaning of quantum complexity, the analogy between entropy and complexity, and the second law of complexity. Lecture two reviews the connection between the second law of complexity and the interior of black holes. Prof. L. Susskind discusses how firewalls are related to periods of non-increasing complexity which typically only occur after an exponentially long time. The final lecture is about the thermodynamics of complexity, and ???uncomplexity??? as a resource for doing computational work. The author explains the remarkable power of ???one clean qubit,??? in both computational terms and in space-time terms. This book is intended for graduate students and researchers who want to take the first steps towards the mysteries of black holes and their complexity
ISBN,Price9783030451097
Keyword(s)1. Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks 2. ASTROPHYSICS 3. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 4. COSMOLOGY 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. GRAVITATION 8. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 9. PHYSICS 10. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 11. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 12. STRING THEORY 13. THEORETICAL ASTROPHYSICS 14. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleTurbulent Heating and Anisotropy in the Solar Wind : A Numerical Study
Author(s)Montagud-Camps, Victor
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2019.
DescriptionXVII, 123 p. 45 illus., 13 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents two important new findings. First, it demonstrates from first principles that turbulent heating offers an explanation for the non-adiabatic decay of proton temperature in solar wind. Until now, this was only proved with reduced or phenomenological models. Second, the book demonstrates that the two types of anisotropy of turbulent fluctuations that are observed in solar wind at 1AU originate not only from two distinct classes of conditions near the Sun but also from the imbalance in Alfv??n wave populations. These anisotropies do not affect the overall turbulent heating if we take into account the relation observed in solar wind between anisotropy and Alfv??n wave imbalance. In terms of the methods used to obtain these achievements, the author shows the need to find a very delicate balance between turbulent decay and expansion losses, so as to directly solve the magnetohydrodynamic equations, including the wind expansion effects.
ISBN,Price9783030303839
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 5. Solar and Heliospheric Physics 6. SOLAR SYSTEM 7. SPACE SCIENCES 8. Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astronautics) 9. THEORETICAL ASTROPHYSICS
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TitleBig-Bang Nucleosynthesis : Thermonuclear History in the Early Universe
Author(s)Hashimoto, Masa-aki;Nakamura, Riou;Thushari, E. P. Berni Ann;Arai, Kenzo
PublicationSingapore, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Singapore, 2018.
DescriptionIX, 84 p. 39 illus., 25 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe book reviews theories of nucleosynthesis in big-bang cosmology. It introduces the standard model of cosmology, astronuclear reactions, numerical techniques for nucleosynethsis, and describes in detail the theories that go beyond the standard models, enabling readers to grasp the physics of big-bang nucleosynthesis on the basis of cosmology, general relativity and nuclear physics. In addition, the authors provide insights into the theoretical constrains required by observations. As a consequence, readers find out that big-bang nucleosynthesis still has windows opened to another cosmology. Although the book focuses on highly advanced topics, it is concisely written and mathematical derivations are explained step-by-step, making it accessible to graduate readers. Thus it is a short monograph appealing to a variety of readers interested in nucleosynthesis of big-bang cosmology
ISBN,Price9789811329357
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 3. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 4. COSMOLOGY 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. GRAVITATION 8. Heavy ions 9. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 10. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 11. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 12. THEORETICAL ASTROPHYSICS
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TitleSaturation of the f-mode Instability in Neutron Stars
Author(s)Pnigouras, Pantelis
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2018.
DescriptionXXIII, 220 p. 31 illus., 21 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents a study of the saturation of unstable f-modes (fundamental modes) due to low-order nonlinear mode coupling. Since their theoretical prediction in 1934, neutron stars have remained among the most challenging objects in the Universe. Gravitational waves emitted by unstable neutron star oscillations can be used to obtain information about their inner structure, that is, the equation of state of dense nuclear matter. After its initial growth phase, the instability is expected to saturate due to nonlinear effects. The saturation amplitude of the unstable mode determines the detectability of the generated gravitational-wave signal, but also affects the evolution of the neutron star. The study shows that the unstable (parent) mode resonantly couples to pairs of stable (daughter) modes, which drain the parent???s energy and make it saturate via a mechanism called parametric resonance instability. Further, it calculates the saturation amplitude of the most unstable f-mode multipoles throughout their so-called instability windows
ISBN,Price9783319982588
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. THEORETICAL ASTROPHYSICS
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TitleIlluminating Dark Matter : Proceedings of a Simons Symposium
Author(s)Essig, Rouven;Feng, Jonathan;Zurek, Kathryn
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2019.
DescriptionXII, 165 p. 54 illus., 49 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteBased on a Simons Symposium held in 2018, the proceedings in this volume focus on the theoretical, numerical, and observational quest for dark matter in the universe. Present ground-based and satellite searches have so far severely constrained the long-proposed theoretical models for dark matter. Nevertheless, there is continuously growing astrophysical and cosmological evidence for its existence. To address present and future developments in the field, novel ideas, theories, and approaches are called for. The symposium gathered together a new generation of experts pursuing innovative, more complex theories of dark matter than previously considered.This is being done hand in hand with experts in numerical astrophysical simulations and observational techniques???all paramount for deciphering the nature of dark matter. The proceedings volume provides coverage of the most advanced stage of understanding dark matter in various new frameworks. The collection will be useful for graduate students, postdocs, and investigators interested in cutting-edge research on one of the biggest mysteries of our universe
ISBN,Price9783030315931
Keyword(s)1. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 2. Astronomy???Observations 3. ASTROPHYSICS 4. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 8. Observations, Astronomical 9. THEORETICAL ASTROPHYSICS
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TitleUnderstanding the Enrichment of Heavy Elements by the Chemodynamical Evolution Models of Dwarf Galaxies
Author(s)Hirai, Yutaka
PublicationSingapore, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Singapore, 2019.
DescriptionXV, 135 p. 70 illus., 66 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book addresses the mechanism of enrichment of heavy elements in galaxies, a long standing problem in astronomy. It mainly focuses on explaining the origin of heavy elements by performing state-of-the-art, high-resolution hydrodynamic simulations of dwarf galaxies. In this book, the author successfully develops a model of galactic chemodynamical evolution by means of which the neutron star mergers can be used to explain the observed abundance pattern of the heavy elements synthesized by the rapid neutron capture process, such as europium, gold, and uranium in the Local Group dwarf galaxies. The book argues that heavy elements are significant indicators of the evolutionary history of the early galaxies, and presents theoretical findings that open new avenues to understanding the formation and evolution of galaxies based on the abundance of heavy elements in metal-poor stars
ISBN,Price9789811378843
Keyword(s)1. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 2. Astronomy???Observations 3. ASTROPHYSICS 4. COSMOLOGY 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 8. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 9. Observations, Astronomical 10. PHYSICS 11. THEORETICAL ASTROPHYSICS
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TitleTheoretical Fluid Dynamics
Author(s)Feldmeier, Achim
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2019.
DescriptionXVI, 569 p. 501 illus., 25 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis textbook gives an introduction to fluid dynamics based on flows for which analytical solutions exist, like individual vortices, vortex streets, vortex sheets, accretions disks, wakes, jets, cavities, shallow water waves, bores, tides, linear and non-linear free-surface waves, capillary waves, internal gravity waves and shocks. Advanced mathematical techniques ("calculus") are introduced and applied to obtain these solutions, mostly from complex function theory (Schwarz-Christoffel theorem and Wiener-Hopf technique), exterior calculus, singularity theory, asymptotic analysis, the theory of linear and nonlinear integral equations and the theory of characteristics. Many of the derivations, so far contained only in research journals, are made available here to a wider public
ISBN,Price9783030310226
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. CLASSICAL MECHANICS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Engineering Fluid Dynamics 6. FLUID MECHANICS 7. Fluid- and Aerodynamics 8. FLUIDS 9. Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences 10. Mathematical Methods in Physics 11. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 12. MECHANICS 13. PHYSICS 14. THEORETICAL ASTROPHYSICS
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