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21 Ehrhard, Peter Interactive Dynamics of Convection and Solidification I10710 2001 eBook  
22 Berthier, Claude High Magnetic Fields I10535 2001 eBook  
23 Ishiwara, Hiroshi Ferroelectric Random Access Memories I10529 2004 eBook  
24 Getzlaff, Mathias Surface Magnetism I08267 2010 eBook  
25 Steger, Michael Transition-Metal Defects in Silicon I08258 2013 eBook  
26 Kastner, Oliver First Principles Modelling of Shape Memory Alloys I08047 2012 eBook  
27 Figueroa, Adriana I Magnetic Nanoparticles I08025 2015 eBook  
28 Crandall, Erika R Factors Governing Tin Whisker Growth I07919 2013 eBook  
29 Kakehashi, Yoshiro Modern Theory of Magnetism in Metals and Alloys I07836 2013 eBook  
30 Topolov, Vitaly Heterogeneous Ferroelectric Solid Solutions I07687 2012 eBook  
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21.    
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TitleInteractive Dynamics of Convection and Solidification
Author(s)Ehrhard, Peter;Riley, David S;Steen, Paul H
PublicationDordrecht, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Netherlands, 2001.
DescriptionXII, 272 p : online resource
Abstract NoteCrystal growth, casting, soldering, welding, high-energy surface treatment, nuclear safety systems and geophysical flows are just a few examples where solidification and convection occur together. These processes are interactive on micro- and macroscales: flow affects the distribution of heat and species and hence the freezing process, while solidification evolves flow boundaries, as in crusting, for example, and hence can radically alter the convection. Mathematical modellers, experimentalists and applied scientists were invited to this colloquium with the aim of consolidating our understanding of such interactions, of identifying key outstanding issues, and of developing new approaches in this important area of fundamental research. Both invited and contributed papers focus on both fundamental and technologically relevant problems
ISBN,Price9789401598071
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Continuum Physics 2. CLASSICAL MECHANICS 3. Continuum physics 4. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 5. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. MECHANICS 9. Metallic Materials 10. METALS 11. THERMODYNAMICS
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22.     
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TitleHigh Magnetic Fields : Applications in Condensed Matter Physics and Spectroscopy
Author(s)Berthier, Claude;Levy, Laurent P;Martinez, Gerard
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2001.
DescriptionX, 493 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThe quantum Hall effect, low-dimensional systems, vortices and superconductivity, high-resolution NMR and EPR spectroscopy - all these and many other landmark contributions of high-magnetic-field physics to solid state science, analytical chemistry and structural biology are presented in this book. Each chapter describes the key concepts and future prospects in the corresponding field. The text can be read at different levels: researchers will find depth and insight, while students will come to understand the basic concepts. This book, written by leading scientists, will serve as a reference work on high-magnetic-field science for many years to come
ISBN,Price9783540456490
Keyword(s)1. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 2. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 3. BIOPHYSICS 4. CONDENSED MATTER 5. CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. Electronic materials 9. MAGNETIC MATERIALS 10. MAGNETISM 11. Magnetism, Magnetic Materials 12. Metallic Materials 13. METALS 14. Optical and Electronic Materials 15. OPTICAL MATERIALS 16. Strongly Correlated Systems, Superconductivity 17. SUPERCONDUCTIVITY 18. SUPERCONDUCTORS
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23.     
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TitleFerroelectric Random Access Memories : Fundamentals and Applications
Author(s)Ishiwara, Hiroshi;Okuyama, Masanori;Arimoto, Yoshihiro
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2004.
DescriptionXIII, 291 p : online resource
Abstract NoteIn fabrication of FeRAMs, various academic and technological backgrounds are necessary, which include ferroelectric materials, thin film formation, device physics, circuit design, and so on.This book covers from fundamentals to applications of ferroelectric random access memories (FeRAMs). The book consists of 5 parts; (1) ferroelectric thin films, (2) deposition and characterization methods, (3) fabrication process and circuit design, (4) advanced-type memories, and (5) applications and future prospects, and each part is further devided in several chapters. Because of the wide range of the discussed topics, each chapter in this book was written by one of the best authors knowing the specific topic very well. Thus, this is a good introduction book of FeRAM for graduate students and new comers to this field, as well as it helps specialists to understand FeRAMs more deeply
ISBN,Price9783540451631
Keyword(s)1. CONDENSED MATTER 2. CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Electronic materials 6. Metallic Materials 7. METALS 8. MICROSCOPY 9. Optical and Electronic Materials 10. OPTICAL MATERIALS 11. SOLID STATE PHYSICS 12. SPECTROSCOPY 13. Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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24.     
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TitleSurface Magnetism : Correlation of Structural, Electronic and Chemical Properties with Magnetic Behavior
Author(s)Getzlaff, Mathias
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2010.
DescriptionXII, 144 p. 115 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis volume reviews on selected aspects related to surface magnetism, a field of extraordinary interest during the last decade. The special emphasis is set to the correlation of structural, electronic and magnetic properties in rare earth metal systems and ferromagnetic transition metals. This is made possible by the combination of electron emission techniques (spin polarized photoelectron spectroscopy, magnetic dichroism in photoemission and spin polarized metastable deexcitation spectroscopy) and local probes with high lateral resolution down to the atomic scale (spin polarized scanning tunneling microscopy / spectroscopy)
ISBN,Price9783642141898
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Materials???Surfaces 6. Metallic Materials 7. METALS 8. PHYSICS 9. Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films 10. THIN FILMS
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25.     
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TitleTransition-Metal Defects in Silicon : New Insights from Photoluminescence Studies of Highly Enriched 28Si
Author(s)Steger, Michael
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2013.
DescriptionXII, 97 p. 35 illus., 18 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe fundamental properties of deep luminescence centres in Si associated with transition metals such as Cu, Ag, Au, and Pt have been a focus of interest for decades, both as markers for these deleterious contaminants, and also in the quest for efficient Si-based light emission. ?? This dissertation presents the results of ultra-high resolution photoluminescence studies of these centres in specially prepared, highly enriched 28-Si samples. The greatly improved spectral resolution due to this enrichment led to the discovery of isotopic fingerprints. These fingerprints have revealed that the detailed constituents of all of the centres previously studied had been identified incorrectly. They also revealed the existence of several different families of impurity complexes containing either four or five atoms chosen from Li, Cu, Ag, Au, and Pt. These centres??? constituents have been determined, together with no-phonon transition energies, no-phonon isotope shifts, local vibrational mode energies, and the isotope shifts of the local vibrational mode energies. The data presented here for these centres should prove useful for the currently sought theoretical explanations of their formation, stability, and properties
ISBN,Price9783642350795
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. MATERIALS SCIENCE 5. Metallic Materials 6. METALS 7. MICROSCOPY 8. SOLID STATE PHYSICS 9. SPECTROSCOPY 10. Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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26.     
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TitleFirst Principles Modelling of Shape Memory Alloys : Molecular Dynamics Simulations
Author(s)Kastner, Oliver
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2012.
DescriptionXVI, 176 p : online resource
Abstract NoteMaterials sciences relate the macroscopic properties of materials to their microscopic structure and postulate the need for holistic multiscale research. The investigation of shape memory alloys is a prime example in this regard. This particular class of materials exhibits strong coupling of temperature, strain and stress, determined by solid state phase transformations of their metallic lattices. The present book presents a collection of simulation studies of this behaviour. Employing conceptually simple but comprehensive models, the fundamental material properties of shape memory alloys are qualitatively explained from first principles. Using contemporary methods of molecular dynamics simulation experiments, it is shown how microscale dynamics may produce characteristic macroscopic material properties. The work is rooted in the materials sciences of shape memory alloys and?? covers?? thermodynamical, micro-mechanical?? and crystallographical aspects. It addresses scientists in these research fields and their students
ISBN,Price9783642286193
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Metallic Materials 6. METALS 7. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 8. Phase transitions (Statistical physics) 9. Phase Transitions and Multiphase Systems 10. PHYSICS 11. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 12. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems 13. THERMODYNAMICS
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27.     
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TitleMagnetic Nanoparticles : A Study by Synchrotron Radiation and RF Transverse Susceptibility
Author(s)Figueroa, Adriana I
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2015.
DescriptionXI, 165 p. 85 illus., 2 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract Note??Magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) are finding their place in many modern technologies such as electronics (memory or spintronic devices) and medicine (contrast media, electromagnetic thermal therapy) to name just a few examples. The application of modern techniques based on synchrotron radiation, in particular X-ray spectroscopies, as well as an rf transverse susceptibility probe, built ad hoc, allowed the author to investigate several classes of magnetic NPs with diverse applications. For example, the interesting anisotropic properties of CoW and CoPt NPs revealed new magnetic behaviour and phases. Gold NPs prepared on a biological template from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius S-layer, were shown to possess intrinsic magnetism caused by the electron exchange with the sulfur atoms of the template. Silica and oleic acid coated magnetite NPs showed excellent human compatibility while preserving the bulk magnetic figures of merit. Both macroscopic and microscopic properties of all these NPs, hitherto unexplained, have been revealed for the first time
ISBN,Price9783319070940
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. MAGNETIC MATERIALS 4. MAGNETISM 5. Magnetism, Magnetic Materials 6. Metallic Materials 7. METALS 8. Nanoscale science 9. Nanoscale Science and Technology 10. NANOSCIENCE 11. Nanostructures 12. NANOTECHNOLOGY
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28.     
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TitleFactors Governing Tin Whisker Growth
Author(s)Crandall, Erika R
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2013.
DescriptionXII, 136 p. 92 illus., 65 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteTin (Sn) whiskers are electrically conductive, single crystal eruptions that grow from Sn film surfaces. Their high aspect ratio presents reliability problems for the electronics industry due to bridging and metal arcing, leading to malfunctions and catastrophic failures in many electronic systems (including satellite and defense sectors). Due to legislation in the EU, Japan, and the U.S., mandating a gradual shift from lead (Pb)-based to lead-free solders and board finishes, there has been a reemergence of Sn whiskers. Continuing reports of Sn whisker induced failures coupled with the lack of an industry-accepted understanding of whisker growth and/or test methods to identify whisker prone products has made pure/high Sn substitutes a risky proposition in high reliability systems. This thesis is designed to clarify and control the fundamental mechanisms that govern whisker formation. The research focuses on reproducible "laboratory" created whiskers under a variety of rigorously controlled environmental factors such as film thickness, film stress, substrate material, gas environment, and humidity exposure, which are known to play a significant role in whisker production. The ultimate question of how to impede and/or prevent whisker growth is also addressed and shows that whisker prevention is possible via hard metal capping films, which are impenetrable by whiskers
ISBN,Price9783319004709
Keyword(s)1. CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS 5. Electronic Circuits and Devices 6. Interfaces (Physical sciences) 7. Materials???Surfaces 8. Metallic Materials 9. METALS 10. Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films 11. Surfaces (Physics) 12. Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films 13. THIN FILMS
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29.     
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TitleModern Theory of Magnetism in Metals and Alloys
Author(s)Kakehashi, Yoshiro
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2013.
DescriptionIX, 345 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book describes theoretical aspects of the metallic magnetism from metals to disordered alloys to amorphous alloys both at the ground state and at finite temperatures. The book gives an introduction to the metallic magnetism, and treats effects of electron correlations on magnetism, spin fluctuations in metallic magnetism, formation of complex magnetic structures, a variety of magnetism due to configurational disorder in alloys as well as a new magnetism caused by the structural disorder in amorphous alloys, especially the itinerant-electron spin glasses. The readers will find that all these topics can be understood systematically?? by means of the spin-fluctuation theories based on the functional integral method
ISBN,Price9783642334016
Keyword(s)1. Applied and Technical Physics 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. MAGNETIC MATERIALS 5. MAGNETISM 6. Magnetism, Magnetic Materials 7. Metallic Materials 8. METALS 9. PHYSICS
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30.    
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TitleHeterogeneous Ferroelectric Solid Solutions : Phases and Domain States
Author(s)Topolov, Vitaly
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2012.
DescriptionXIV, 158 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThe book deals with perovskite-type ferroelectric solid solutions for modern materials science and applications, solving problems of complicated heterophase/domain structures near the morphotropic phase boundary and applications to various systems with morphotropic phases. In this book domain state???interface diagrams are presented for the interpretation of heterophase states in perovskite-type ferroelectric solid solutions. It allows to describe the stress relief in the presence of polydomain phases, the behavior of unit-cell parameters of coexisting phases and the effect of external electric fields. The novelty of the book consists in (i) the first systematization of data about heterophase states and their evolution in ferroelectric solid solutions (ii) the general interpretation of heterophase and domain structures at changing temperature, composition or electric field (iii) the complete analysis of interconnection domain structures, unit-cell parameters changes, heterophase structures and stress relief
ISBN,Price9783642224836
Keyword(s)1. Applied and Technical Physics 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Electrochemistry 5. MAGNETIC MATERIALS 6. MAGNETISM 7. Magnetism, Magnetic Materials 8. Metallic Materials 9. METALS 10. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 11. PHYSICS 12. Structural Materials
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