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1 Ebenezar, Jeyasingh Recent Trends in Materials Science and Applications I10469 2017 eBook  
2 Nolting, Wolfgang Theoretical Physics 4 I10467 2017 eBook  
3 Zhu, Jian-Xin Bogoliubov-de Gennes Method and Its Applications I10464 2016 eBook  
4 Tr??gler, Andreas Optical Properties of Metallic Nanoparticles I10456 2016 eBook  
5 Baranov, Pavel G Magnetic Resonance of Semiconductors and Their Nanostructures I10451 2017 eBook  
6 Weinert, Friedel The Demons of Science I10450 2016 eBook  
7 Bettles, Robert Cooperative Interactions in Lattices of Atomic Dipoles I10448 2017 eBook  
8 Cavallaro, Umberto Women Spacefarers I10447 2017 eBook  
9 Schramm, Stefan New Horizons in Fundamental Physics I10446 2017 eBook  
10 Ciullo, Giuseppe Nuclear Fusion with Polarized Fuel I10445 2016 eBook  
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TitleRecent Trends in Materials Science and Applications : Nanomaterials, Crystal Growth, Thin films, Quantum Dots, & Spectroscopy (Proceedings ICRTMSA 2016)
Author(s)Ebenezar, Jeyasingh
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXXIII, 735 p. 396 illus., 295 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book gathers the proceedings of the plenary sessions, invited lectures, and papers presented at the International Conference on Recent Trends in Materials Science and Applications (ICRTMSA-2016). It also features revealing presentations on various aspects of Materials Science, such as nanomaterials, photonic crystal fibers, quantum dots, thin film techniques, crystal growth, spectroscopic procedures, fabrication and characterisation of new materials / compounds with enhanced features, and potential applications in nonlinear optical and electro-optic devices, solar cell device, chemical sensing, biomedical imaging, diagnosis and treatment of cancer, energy storage device etc. This book will be of great interest to beginning and seasoned researchers alike
ISBN,Price9783319448909
Keyword(s)1. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 2. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Interfaces (Physical sciences) 6. MICROSCOPY 7. Nanoscale science 8. Nanoscale Science and Technology 9. NANOSCIENCE 10. Nanostructures 11. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 12. PHYSICS 13. SPECTROSCOPY 14. Spectroscopy and Microscopy 15. Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films 16. Surfaces (Physics) 17. THIN FILMS
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TitleTheoretical Physics 4 : Special Theory of Relativity
Author(s)Nolting, Wolfgang
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXII, 143 p. 15 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis concise textbook offers a clear and comprehensive introduction to special relativity, one of the core components of undergraduate physics courses. It follows on naturally from the previous volumes in this series, thus developing the relativistic expansion of classical mechanics and electrodynamics. The first part of the book introduces Lorentz transformations, time dilation, length contraction and Minkowski diagrams. More complex themes are covered in the second part of the book, which describes the four-dimensional covariant formulation for classical mechanics and electrodynamics, including discussion of Maxwell???s equations, the Lorentz force and the covariant Lagrangian formulation. Ideally suited to undergraduate students with some grounding in classical mechanics and electrodynamics, the book is enhanced throughout with learning features such as boxed inserts and chapter summaries, with key mathematical derivations highlighted to aid understanding. The text is supported by numerous worked examples and end of chapter problem sets. About the Theoretical Physics series Translated from the renowned and highly successful German editions, the eight volumes of this series cover the complete core curriculum of theoretical physics at undergraduate level. Each volume is self-contained and provides all the material necessary for the individual course topic. Numerous problems with detailed solutions support a deeper understanding. Nolting is famous for his refined didactical style and has been referred to as the "German Feynman" in reviews
ISBN,Price9783319443713
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. GRAVITATION 5. Mathematical Methods in Physics 6. PHYSICS
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TitleBogoliubov-de Gennes Method and Its Applications
Author(s)Zhu, Jian-Xin
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXI, 188 p. 50 illus., 33 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe purpose of this book is to provide an elementary yet systematic description of the Bogoliubov-de Gennes (BdG) equations, their unique symmetry properties and their relation to Green???s function theory. Specifically, it introduces readers to the supercell technique for the solutions of the BdG equations, as well as other related techniques for more rapidly solving the equations in practical applications. The BdG equations are derived from a microscopic model Hamiltonian with an effective pairing interaction and fully capture the local electronic structure through self-consistent solutions via exact diagonalization. This approach has been successfully generalized to study many aspects of conventional and unconventional superconductors with inhomogeneities ??? including defects, disorder or the presence of a magnetic field ??? and becomes an even more attractive choice when the first-principles information of a typical superconductor is incorporated via the construction of a low-energy tight-binding model. Further, the lattice BdG approach is essential when theoretical results for local electronic states around such defects are compared with the scanning tunneling microscopy measurements. Altogether, these lectures provide a timely primer for graduate students and non-specialist researchers, while also offering a useful reference guide for experts in the field
ISBN,Price9783319313146
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences 4. Mathematical Methods in Physics 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. Nanoscale science 7. Nanoscale Science and Technology 8. NANOSCIENCE 9. Nanostructures 10. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 11. PHYSICS 12. Strongly Correlated Systems, Superconductivity 13. SUPERCONDUCTIVITY 14. SUPERCONDUCTORS
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TitleOptical Properties of Metallic Nanoparticles : Basic Principles and Simulation
Author(s)Tr??gler, Andreas
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIX, 217 p. 100 illus., 98 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book introduces the fascinating world of plasmonics and physics at the nanoscale, with a focus on simulations and the theoretical aspects of optics and nanotechnology. A research field with numerous applications, plasmonics bridges the gap between the micrometer length scale of light and the secrets of the nanoworld. This is achieved by binding light to charge density oscillations of metallic nanostructures, so-called surface plasmons, which allow electromagnetic radiation to be focussed down to spots as small as a few nanometers. The book is a snapshot of recent and ongoing research and at the same time outlines our present understanding of the optical properties of metallic nanoparticles, ranging from the tunability of plasmonic resonances to the ultrafast dynamics of light-matter interaction. Beginning with a gentle introduction that highlights the basics of plasmonic interactions and plasmon imaging, the author then presents a suitable theoretical framework for the description of metallic nanostructures. This model based on this framework is first solved analytically for simple systems, and subsequently through numerical simulations for more general cases where, for example, surface roughness, nonlinear and nonlocal effects or metamaterials are investigated
ISBN,Price9783319250748
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. LASERS 4. Metallic Materials 5. METALS 6. Nanoscale science 7. Nanoscale Science and Technology 8. NANOSCIENCE 9. Nanostructures 10. NANOTECHNOLOGY 11. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 12. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 13. PHOTONICS 14. PHYSICS
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TitleMagnetic Resonance of Semiconductors and Their Nanostructures : Basic and Advanced Applications
Author(s)Baranov, Pavel G;von Bardeleben, Hans J??rgen;Jelezko, Fedor;Wrachtrup, J??rg
PublicationVienna, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Vienna, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 524 p. 190 illus., 40 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book explains different magnetic resonance (MR) techniques and uses different combinations of these techniques to analyze defects in semiconductors and nanostructures. It also introduces novelties such as single defects MR and electron-paramagnetic-resonance-based methods: electron spin echo, electrically detected magnetic resonance, optically detected magnetic resonance and electron-nuclear double resonance ??? the designated tools for investigating the structural and spin properties of condensed systems, living matter, nanostructures and nanobiotechnology objects. Further, the authors address problems existing in semiconductor and nanotechnology sciences that can be resolved using MR, and discuss past, current and future applications of MR, with a focus on advances in MR methods. The book is intended for researchers in MR studies of semiconductors and nanostructures wanting a comprehensive review of what has been done in their own and related fields of study, as well as future perspectives
ISBN,Price9783709111574
Keyword(s)1. Applied and Technical Physics 2. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. MAGNETIC MATERIALS 6. MAGNETISM 7. Magnetism, Magnetic Materials 8. MATERIALS SCIENCE 9. NANOTECHNOLOGY 10. PHYSICS 11. SEMICONDUCTORS 12. SPECTROSCOPY 13. Spectroscopy/Spectrometry
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TitleThe Demons of Science : What They Can and Cannot Tell Us About Our World
Author(s)Weinert, Friedel
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionIX, 251 p. 40 illus., 8 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is the first all-encompassing exploration of the role of demons in philosophical and scientific thought experiments. In Part I, the author explains the importance of thought experiments in science and philosophy. Part II considers Laplace???s Demon, whose claim is that the world is completely deterministic. Part III introduces Maxwell???s Demon, who - by contrast - experiences a world that is probabilistic and indeterministic. Part IV explores Nietzsche???s thesis of the cyclic and eternal recurrence of events. In each case a number of philosophical consequences regarding determinism and indeterminism, the arrows of time, the nature of the mind and free will are said to follow from the Demons???s worldviews. The book investigates what these Demons - and others - can and cannot tell us about our world.
ISBN,Price9783319317083
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 5. Philosophy and science 6. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 7. PHYSICS 8. Popular Science in Physics
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TitleCooperative Interactions in Lattices of Atomic Dipoles
Author(s)Bettles, Robert
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVII, 169 p. 35 illus., 12 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis reports the remarkable discovery that, by arranging the dipoles in an ordered array with particular spacings, it is possible to greatly enhance the cross-section and achieve a strong light-matter coupling (>98% of the incident light). It also discusses the broad background to cooperative behaviour in atomic ensembles, and analyses in detail effects in one- and two-dimensional atomic arrays. In general, when light interacts with matter it excites electric dipoles and since the nineteenth century it has been known that if the amplitude of these induced dipoles is sufficiently large, and their distance apart is on the scale of the wavelength of the light, then their mutual interaction significantly modifies the light???matter interaction. However, it was not known how to exploit this effect to modify the light???matter interaction in a desirable way, for example in order to enhance the optical cross-section
ISBN,Price9783319628431
Keyword(s)1. ATOMS 2. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 3. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 4. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. LASERS 8. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 9. PHOTONICS 10. PHYSICS
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TitleWomen Spacefarers : Sixty Different Paths to Space
Author(s)Cavallaro, Umberto
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXXI, 403 p. 177 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book tells the fascinating stories of the valiant women who broke down barriers to join the space program. Beginning with the orbital flight of USSR cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, they became players in the greatest adventure of our time. The author contextualizes their accomplishments in light of the political and cultural climate, from the Cold War in the background to the changing status of women in society at large, during the Seventies. The book includes the biographies of, and in some cases interviews with, the sixty women who flew in space in the first half century of space history. It reports their achievements and some little known details. The result is a gallery of pioneering women who reached for the stars: women who, with exceptional skill, hard work, and dedication, reached impressive careers as accomplished pilots, researchers, and engineers; many are now in high level managerial positions both at NASA or in public and private organizations, and all left a legacy of strength
ISBN,Price9783319340487
Keyword(s)1. Aerospace engineering 2. Aerospace Technology and Astronautics 3. ASTRONAUTICS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Gender Studies 7. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 8. PHYSICS 9. Popular Science in Technology 10. Sociology 11. SPACE SCIENCES 12. Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astronautics) 13. TECHNOLOGY
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TitleNew Horizons in Fundamental Physics
Author(s)Schramm, Stefan;Sch??fer, Mirko
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionIX, 389 p. 134 illus., 95 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis volume presents the state-of-the-art in selected topics across modern nuclear physics, covering fields of central importance to research and illustrating their connection to many different areas of physics. It describes recent progress in the study of superheavy and exotic nuclei, which is pushing our knowledge to ever heavier elements and neutron-richer isotopes. Extending nuclear physics to systems that are many times denser than even the core of an atomic nucleus, one enters the realm of the physics of neutron stars and possibly quark stars, a topic that is intensively investigated with many ground-based and outer-space research missions as well as numerous theoretical works. By colliding two nuclei at very high ultra-relativistic energies one can create a fireball of extremely hot matter, reminiscent of the universe very shortly after the big bang, leading to a phase of melted hadrons and free quarks and gluons, the so-called quark-gluon plasma. These studies tie up with effects of crucial importance in other fields. During the collision of heavy ions, electric fields of extreme strength are produced, potentially destabilizing the vacuum of the atomic physics system, subsequently leading to the decay of the vacuum state and the emission of positrons. In neutron stars the ultra-dense matter might support extremely high magnetic fields, far beyond anything that can be produced in the laboratory, significantly affecting the stellar properties. At very high densities general relativity predicts the stellar collapse to a black hole. However, a number of current theoretical activities, modifying Einstein???s theory, point to possible alternative scenarios, where this collapse might be avoided. These and related topics are addressed in this book in a series of highly readable chapters. In addition, the book includes fundamental analyses of the practicalities involved in transiting to an electricity supply mainly based on renewable energies, investigating this scenario less from an engineering and more from a physics point of view. While the topics comprise a large scope of activities, the contributions also show an extensive overlap in the methodology and in the analytical and numerical tools involved in tackling these diverse research fields that are the forefront of modern science.
ISBN,Price9783319441658
Keyword(s)1. Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks 2. ASTROPHYSICS 3. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 4. ATOMS 5. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. Heavy ions 9. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 10. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 11. PHYSICS
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TitleNuclear Fusion with Polarized Fuel
Author(s)Ciullo, Giuseppe;Engels, Ralf;B??scher, Markus;Vasilyev, Alexander
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIV, 154 p. 48 illus., 14 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book offers a detailed examination of the latest work on the potential of polarized fuel to realize the vision of energy production by nuclear fusion. It brings together contributions from nuclear physicists and fusion physicists with the aims of fostering exchange of information between the two communities, describing the current status in the field, and examining new ideas and projects under development. It is evident that polarized fuel can offer huge improvements for the first generation of fusion reactors and open new technological possibilities for future generations, including neutron lean reactors, which could be the most popular and sustainable energy production option to avoid environmental problems. Nevertheless, many questions must be resolved before polarized fuel can be used for energy production in the different reactor types. Readers will find this book to be a stimulating source of information on the key issues. It is based on contributions from leading scientists delivered at the meetings ???Nuclear Fusion with Polarized Nucleons??? (Trento, November 2013) and ???PolFusion??? (Ferrara, July 2015).
ISBN,Price9783319394718
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. ENERGY SYSTEMS 6. NUCLEAR FUSION 7. PHYSICS 8. Renewable and Green Energy 9. Renewable energy resources
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