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1 Defranchis, Matteo M First Measurement of the Running of the Top Quark Mass I11947 2021 eBook  
2 Plotnitsky, Arkady Reality Without Realism I11936 2021 eBook  
3 Dickinson, Jennet Elizabeth ATLAS Measurements of the Higgs Boson Coupling to the Top Quark in the Higgs to Diphoton Decay Channel I11910 2021 eBook  
4 Belyaev, Alexander The Basics of Nuclear and Particle Physics I11899 2021 eBook  
5 Paranjape, M. B Quantum Theory and Symmetries I11894 2021 eBook  
6 Shockley, Evan Study of Excess Electronic Recoil Events in XENON1T I11887 2021 eBook  
7 Dall'Agata, Gianguido Supergravity I11876 2021 eBook  
8 Wipf, Andreas Statistical Approach to Quantum Field Theory I11872 2021 eBook  
9 Yanagihara, Ryosuke Distribution of Energy Momentum Tensor around Static Charges in Lattice Simulations and an Effective Model I11868 2021 eBook  
10 Tosciri, Cecilia Higgs Boson Decays into a Pair of Bottom Quarks I11867 2021 eBook  
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TitleFirst Measurement of the Running of the Top Quark Mass
Author(s)Defranchis, Matteo M
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXVI, 162 p. 131 illus., 120 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteIn this thesis, the first measurement of the running of the top quark mass is presented. This is a fundamental quantum effect that had never been studied before. Any deviation from the expected behaviour can be interpreted as a hint of the presence of physics beyond the Standard Model. All relevant aspects of the analysis are extensively described and documented. This thesis also describes a simultaneous measurement of the inclusive top quark-antiquark production cross section and the top quark mass in the simulation. The measured cross section is also used to precisely determine the values of the top quark mass and the strong coupling constant by comparing to state-of-the-art theoretical predictions. All the theoretical and experimental aspects relevant to the results presented in this thesis are discussed in the initial chapters in a concise but complete way, which makes the material accessible to a wider audience
ISBN,Price9783030903763
Keyword(s)1. Data Analysis and Big Data 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. PARTICLE PHYSICS 7. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 8. Quantitative research 9. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleReality Without Realism : Matter, Thought, and Technology in Quantum Physics
Author(s)Plotnitsky, Arkady
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXXI, 331 p. 2 illus., 1 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents quantum theory as a theory based on new relationships among matter, thought, and experimental technology, as against those previously found in physics, relationships that also redefine those between mathematics and physics in quantum theory. The argument of the book is based on its title concept, reality without realism (RWR), and in the corresponding view, the RWR view, of quantum theory. The book considers, from this perspective, the thinking of Bohr, Heisenberg, Schr??dinger, and Dirac, with the aim of bringing together the philosophy and history of quantum theory. With quantum theory, the book argues, the architecture of thought in theoretical physics was radically changed by the irreducible role of experimental technology in the constitution of physical phenomena, accordingly, no longer defined independently by matter alone, as they were in classical physics or relativity. Or so it appeared. For, quantum theory, the book further argues, made us realize that experimental technology, beginning with that of our bodies, irreducibly shapes all physical phenomena, and thus makes us rethink the relationships among matter, thought, and technology in all of physics
ISBN,Price9783030845780
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. Foundations of Physics and Cosmology 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. PHILOSOPHY OF PHYSICS 8. Physics???Philosophy 9. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 10. SCIENCE 11. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleATLAS Measurements of the Higgs Boson Coupling to the Top Quark in the Higgs to Diphoton Decay Channel
Author(s)Dickinson, Jennet Elizabeth
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIV, 223 p. 146 illus., 130 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteDuring Run 2 of the Large Hadron Collider, the ATLAS experiment recorded proton-proton collision events at 13 TeV, the highest energy ever achieved in a collider. Analysis of this dataset has provided new opportunities for precision measurements of the Higgs boson, including its interaction with the top quark. The Higgs-top coupling can be directly probed through the production of a Higgs boson in association with a top-antitop quark pair (ttH). The Higgs to diphoton decay channel is among the most sensitive for ttH measurements due to the excellent diphoton mass resolution of the ATLAS detector and the clean signature of this decay. Event selection criteria were developed using novel Machine Learning techniques to target ttH events, yielding a precise measurement of the ttH cross section in the diphoton channel and a 6.3 $\sigma$ observation of the ttH process in combination with other decay channels, as well as stringent limits on CP violation in the Higgs-top coupling
ISBN,Price9783030863685
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. MACHINE LEARNING 6. PARTICLE PHYSICS 7. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 8. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleThe Basics of Nuclear and Particle Physics
Author(s)Belyaev, Alexander;Ross, Douglas
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXVII, 401 p. 154 illus., 137 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis undergraduate textbook breaks down the basics of Nuclear Structure and modern Particle Physics. Based on a comprehensive set of course notes, it covers all the introductory material and latest research developments required by third- and fourth-year physics students. The textbook is divided into two parts. Part I deals with Nuclear Structure, while Part II delves into Particle Physics. Each section contains the most recent science in the field, including experimental data and research on the properties of the top quark and Higgs boson. Detailed mathematical derivations are provided where necessary to helps students grasp the physics at a deeper level. Many of these have been conveniently placed in the Appendices and can be omitted if desired. Each chapter ends with a brief summary and includes a number of practice problems, the answers to which are also provided
ISBN,Price9783030801168
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. Nuclear and Particle Physics 6. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 7. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 8. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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TitleQuantum Theory and Symmetries : Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium, Montreal, Canada
Author(s)Paranjape, M. B;MacKenzie, Richard;Thomova, Zora;Winternitz, Pavel;Witczak-Krempa, William
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXVII, 670 p. 100 illus., 50 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis volume of the CRM Conference Series is based on a carefully refereed selection of contributions presented at the "11th International Symposium on Quantum Theory and Symmetries", held in Montr??al, Canada from July 1-5, 2019. The main objective of the meeting was to share and make accessible new research and recent results in several branches of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, including Algebraic Methods, Condensed Matter Physics, Cosmology and Gravitation, Integrability, Non-perturbative Quantum Field Theory, Particle Physics, Quantum Computing and Quantum Information Theory, and String/ADS-CFT. There was also a special session in honour of Decio Levi. The volume is divided into sections corresponding to the sessions held during the symposium, allowing the reader to appreciate both the homogeneity and the diversity of mathematical tools that have been applied in these subject areas. Several of the plenary speakers, who are internationally recognized experts in their fields, have contributed reviews of the main topics to complement the original contributions.
ISBN,Price9783030557775
Keyword(s)1. CONDENSED MATTER 2. CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Elementary particles (Physics) 6. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 7. Mathematical Methods in Physics 8. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 9. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 10. Quantum computing 11. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleStudy of Excess Electronic Recoil Events in XENON1T
Author(s)Shockley, Evan
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionX, 119 p. 78 illus., 77 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis summarizes the original analysis work performed by the author on data from XENON1T, a search for dark matter with a ton-size noble liquid detector operated at Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory in Italy. The nature of dark matter is one of the most open and pressing questions of modern physics, and the unique data acquired with this detector allows the exploration and investigation of several potential scenarios. The analysis of Dr. Shockley searches for a class of elusive elementary particles that interact with the electrons of ordinary atoms, instead of the nucleus. Results of the analysis present, with high confidence, an excess with respect to the expected background. Beyond more mundane explanations, this additional rate of electron-mediated interactions might be a first hint of physics beyond the standard model. This accessible thesis provides details on the detector, the data, and the theory, delivering to the reader an in-depth and coherent picture of the search for physics beyond the standard model
ISBN,Price9783030877521
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. MEASUREMENT 7. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 8. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 9. PARTICLE PHYSICS 10. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 11. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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7.     
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TitleSupergravity : From First Principles to Modern Applications
Author(s)Dall'Agata, Gianguido;Zagermann, Marco
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2021.
DescriptionXIV, 294 p. 10 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is about supergravity, which combines the principles of general relativity and local gauge invariance with the idea of supersymmetries between bosonic and fermionic degrees of freedom. The authors give a thorough and pedagogical introduction to the subject suitable for beginning graduate or advanced undergraduate students in theoretical high energy physics or mathematical physics. Interested researchers working in these or related areas are also addressed. The level of the presentation assumes a working knowledge of general relativity and basic notions of differential geometry as well as some familiarity with global supersymmetry in relativistic field theories. Bypassing curved superspace and other more technical approaches, the book starts from the simple idea of supersymmetry as a local gauge symmetry and derives the mathematical and physical properties of supergravity in a direct and ???minimalistic??? way, using a combination of explicit computations and geometrical reasoning. Key topics include spinors in curved spacetime, pure supergravity with and without a cosmological constant, matter couplings in global and local supersymmetry, phenomenological and cosmological implications, extended supergravity, gauged supergravity and supergravity in higher spacetime dimensions
ISBN,Price9783662639801
Keyword(s)1. Applications of Mathematics 2. Classical and Quantum Gravity 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Elementary particles (Physics) 6. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 7. GRAVITATION 8. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 9. MATHEMATICS 10. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 11. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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8.     
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TitleStatistical Approach to Quantum Field Theory : An Introduction
Author(s)Wipf, Andreas
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXIV, 554 p. 133 illus., 47 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis new expanded second edition has been totally revised and corrected. The reader finds two complete new chapters. One covers the exact solution of the finite temperature Schwinger model with periodic boundary conditions. This simple model supports instanton solutions ??? similarly as QCD ??? and allows for a detailed discussion of topological sectors in gauge theories, the anomaly-induced breaking of chiral symmetry and the intriguing role of fermionic zero modes. The other new chapter is devoted to interacting fermions at finite fermion density and finite temperature. Such low-dimensional models are used to describe long-energy properties of Dirac-type materials in condensed matter physics. The large-N solutions of the Gross-Neveu, Nambu-Jona-Lasinio and Thirring models are presented in great detail, where N denotes the number of fermion flavors. Towards the end of the book corrections to the large-N solution and simulation results of a finite number of fermion flavors are presented. Further problems are added at the end of each chapter in order to guide the reader to a deeper understanding of the presented topics. This book is meant for advanced students and young researchers who want to acquire the necessary tools and experience to produce research results in the statistical approach to Quantum Field Theory
ISBN,Price9783030832636
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. Mathematical Methods in Physics 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 8. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 9. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleDistribution of Energy Momentum Tensor around Static Charges in Lattice Simulations and an Effective Model
Author(s)Yanagihara, Ryosuke
PublicationSingapore, Springer Nature Singapore, 2021.
DescriptionXVI, 158 p. 49 illus., 40 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe energy momentum tensor (EMT) is one of the most fundamental observables in physics. Recently, a novel method to define EMT on the basis of the gradient-flow formalism has been proposed. It turned out that the EMT operator can be constructed even on the lattice with the method, which enables non-perturbative computations. This approach has been successfully applied to the analyses on thermodynamic quantities. This book presents the study on spatial EMT distributions around static charges via the gradient flow in lattice simulations based on SU(3) Yang-Mills theory. Static charges are employed as probes to explore complex quantum systems, and EMT then characterizes the response of vacuum as well as hot medium under the existence of the charges, which significantly provides profound and novel insights into the non-perturbative phenomena, such as the confinement of quarks. In addition, the book treats the study on the EMT distribution around a magnetic vortex in the Abelian-Higgs model, which is compared with the lattice result. These achievements open up various future studies for revealing non-trivial aspects of the strong interaction. The book also includes well-organized reviews on general properties of EMT, lattice gauge theory and the gradient-flow formalism with its application to the definition of EMT. They are useful for students and young researchers as a brief introduction to this field.
ISBN,Price9789811662348
Keyword(s)1. Computational Physics and Simulations 2. COMPUTER SIMULATION 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Elementary particles (Physics) 6. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 7. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 8. Nuclear and Particle Physics 9. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 10. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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10.    
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TitleHiggs Boson Decays into a Pair of Bottom Quarks : Observation with the ATLAS Detector and Machine Learning Applications
Author(s)Tosciri, Cecilia
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIX, 159 p. 84 illus., 76 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis presents the analysis that led to the observation of the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson decay into pairs of bottom quarks. The analysis, based on a multivariate strategy, exploits the production of a Higgs boson associated with a vector boson. The analysis was performed on a dataset corresponding to a luminosity of 79.8/fb collected by the ATLAS experiment during Run-2 at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. An excess of events over the expected background is observed in a combination with complementary Hbb searches. The analysis was extended to provide a finer interpretation of the signal measurement. The cross sections of the V H(H ??? bb) process have been measured in exclusive regions of phase space and used to search for deviations from the SM with an effective field theory approach. The results are discussed in this book. A novel technique for the fast simulation of the ATLAS forward calorimeter response is also presented. The new technique is based on similarity search, a branch of machine learning that enables quick and efficient searches for vectors similar to each other
ISBN,Price9783030879389
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. MACHINE LEARNING 6. PARTICLE PHYSICS 7. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 8. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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