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1 Iiyama, Yutaro Search for Supersymmetry in pp Collisions at ???s = 8 TeV with a Photon, Lepton, and Missing Transverse Energy I10465 2017 eBook  
2 Crisp??n Ortuzar, Mireia High Jet Multiplicity Physics at the LHC I10459 2016 eBook  
3 Knolle, Johannes Dynamics of a Quantum Spin Liquid I10454 2016 eBook  
4 Duffy, Kirsty Elizabeth First Measurement of Neutrino and Antineutrino Oscillation at T2K I10438 2017 eBook  
5 Beenakker, Wim Supersymmetry and Noncommutative Geometry I10435 2016 eBook  
6 Yue, Jason Tsz Shing Higgs Properties at the LHC I10417 2017 eBook  
7 Knechtli, Francesco Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics I10410 2017 eBook  
8 Lindgren, Ingvar Relativistic Many-Body Theory I10407 2016 eBook  
9 Kallosh, Renata Theoretical Frontiers in Black Holes and Cosmology I10395 2016 eBook  
10 Chang, You-Hao Study of Double Parton Scattering in Photon + 3 Jets Final State I10383 2017 eBook  
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TitleSearch for Supersymmetry in pp Collisions at ???s = 8 TeV with a Photon, Lepton, and Missing Transverse Energy
Author(s)Iiyama, Yutaro
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXIII, 174 p. 68 illus., 59 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis Ph.D. thesis is a search for physics beyond the standard model (SM) of particle physics, which successfully describes the interactions and properties of all known elementary particles. However, no particle exists in the SM that can account for the dark matter, which makes up about one quarter of the energy-mass content of the universe. Understanding the nature of dark matter is one goal of the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The extension of the SM with supersymmetry (SUSY) is considered a promising possibilities to explain dark matter. The nominated thesis describes a search for SUSY using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. It utilizes a final state consisting of a photon, a lepton, and a large momentum imbalance probing a class of SUSY models that has not yet been studied extensively. The thesis stands out not only due to its content that is explained with clarity but also because the author performed more or less all aspects of the thesis analysis by himself, from data skimming to limit calculations, which is extremely rare, especially nowadays in the large LHC collaborations
ISBN,Price9783319586618
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. Particle acceleration 7. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 8. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleHigh Jet Multiplicity Physics at the LHC
Author(s)Crisp??n Ortuzar, Mireia
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXXII, 177 p. 95 illus., 62 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book describes research in two different areas of state-of-the-art hadron collider physics, both of which are of central importance in the field of particle physics. The first part of the book focuses on the search for supersymmetric particles called gluinos. The book subsequently presents a set of precision measurements of ???multi-jet??? collision events, which involve large numbers of newly created particles, and are among the dominant processes at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Now that a Higgs boson has been discovered at the LHC, the existence (or non-existence) of supersymmetric particles is of the utmost interest and significance, both theoretically and experimentally. In addition, multi-jet collision events are an important background process for a wide range of analyses, including searches for supersymmetry
ISBN,Price9783319434612
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 6. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 7. STRING THEORY
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TitleDynamics of a Quantum Spin Liquid
Author(s)Knolle, Johannes
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXV, 140 p. 46 illus., 4 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis presents an exact theoretical study of dynamical correlation functions in different phases of a??two-dimensional quantum spin liquid. By calculating the dynamical spin structure factor and the Raman scattering cross section, this??thesis shows that there are salient signatures???qualitative and quantitative???of the Majorana fermions and the gauge fluxes emerging as effective degrees of freedom in the exactly solvable Kitaev honeycomb lattice model. The model is a representative of a class of spin liquids with Majorana fermions coupled to Z2 gauge fields. The qualitative features of the response functions should therefore be characteristic for this broad class of topological states
ISBN,Price9783319239538
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. MAGNETIC MATERIALS 4. MAGNETISM 5. Magnetism, Magnetic Materials 6. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 7. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 8. STRING THEORY 9. Strongly Correlated Systems, Superconductivity 10. SUPERCONDUCTIVITY 11. SUPERCONDUCTORS
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TitleFirst Measurement of Neutrino and Antineutrino Oscillation at T2K
Author(s)Duffy, Kirsty Elizabeth
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 172 p. 87 illus., 10 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis reports the measurement of muon neutrino and antineutrino disappearance and electron neutrino and antineutrino appearance in a muon neutrino and antineutrino beam using the T2K experiment. It describes a result in neutrino physics that is a pioneering indication of charge-parity (CP) violation in neutrino oscillation; the first to be obtained from a single experiment. Neutrinos are some of the most abundant???but elusive???particles in the universe, and may provide a promising place to look for a potential solution to the puzzle of matter/antimatter imbalance in the observable universe. It has been firmly established that neutrinos can change flavour (or ???oscillate???), as recognised by the 2015 Nobel Prize. The theory of neutrino oscillation allows for neutrinos and antineutrinos to oscillate differently (CP violation), and may provide insights into why our universe is matter-dominated. Bayesian statistical methods, including the Markov Chain Monte Carlo fitting technique, are used to simultaneously optimise several hundred systematic parameters describing detector, beam, and neutrino interaction uncertainties as well as the six oscillation parameters
ISBN,Price9783319650401
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 7. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 8. STRING THEORY
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TitleSupersymmetry and Noncommutative Geometry
Author(s)Beenakker, Wim;van den Broek, Thijs;Suijlekom, Walter D
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionX, 137 p. 27 illus., 15 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteIn this work the question whether noncommutative geometry allows for supersymmetric theories is addressed. Noncommutative geometry has seen remarkable applications in high energy physics, viz. the geometrical interpretation of the Standard Model, however such a question has not been answered in a conclusive way so far. The book starts with a systematic analysis of the possibilities for so-called almost-commutative geometries on a 4-dimensional, flat background to exhibit not only a particle content that is eligible for supersymmetry, but also have a supersymmetric action. An approach is proposed in which the basic `building blocks' of potentially supersymmetric theories and the demands for their action to be supersymmetric are identified. It is then described how a novel kind of soft supersymmetry breaking Lagrangian arises naturally from the spectral action. Finally, the above formalism is applied to explore the existence of a noncommutative version of the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model. This book is intended for mathematical/theoretical physicists with an interest in the applications of noncommutative geometry to supersymmetric field theories
ISBN,Price9783319247984
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. Mathematical Methods in Physics 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. PHYSICS 8. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleHiggs Properties at the LHC : Implications for the Standard Model and for Cosmology
Author(s)Yue, Jason Tsz Shing
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVIII, 130 p. 35 illus., 21 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis studies the properties of the Higgs particle, discovered at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in 2012, in order to elucidate its role in electroweak symmetry breaking and cosmological phase transition in the early universe. It shows that a generic spin-2 Higgs impostor is excluded by the precision measurements of electroweak observables and perturbative unitarity considerations. It obtains LHC constraints on anomalous CP-violating Higgs-Top Yukawa couplings and examines the prospects of their measurement in future experiments. Lastly, it discusses in detail the electroweak phase transition and generation of cosmological matter???antimatter asymmetry in the universe with anomalous Higgs couplings
ISBN,Price9783319634029
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 8. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleLattice Quantum Chromodynamics : Practical Essentials
Author(s)Knechtli, Francesco;G??nther, Michael;Peardon, Michael
PublicationDordrecht, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Netherlands, 2017.
DescriptionXIII, 140 p. 12 illus., 1 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides an overview of the techniques central to lattice quantum chromodynamics, including modern developments. The book has four chapters. The first chapter explains the formulation of quarks and gluons on a Euclidean lattice. The second chapter introduces Monte Carlo methods and details the numerical algorithms to simulate lattice gauge fields. Chapter three explains the mathematical and numerical techniques needed to study quark fields and the computation of quark propagators. The fourth chapter is devoted to the physical observables constructed from lattice fields and explains how to measure them in simulations. The book is aimed at enabling graduate students who are new to the field to carry out explicitly the first steps and prepare them for research in lattice QCD
ISBN,Price9789402409994
Keyword(s)1. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 8. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 9. STRING THEORY
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TitleRelativistic Many-Body Theory : A New Field-Theoretical Approach
Author(s)Lindgren, Ingvar
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXVII, 406 p. 151 illus., 5 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis revised second edition of the author???s classic text offers readers a comprehensively updated review of relativistic atomic many-body theory, covering the many developments in the field since the publication of the original title. In particular, a new final section extends the scope to cover the evaluation of QED effects for dynamical processes. The treatment of the book is based upon quantum-field theory, and demonstrates that when the procedure is carried to all orders of perturbation theory, two-particle systems are fully compatible with the relativistically covariant Bethe-Salpeter equation. This procedure can be applied to arbitrary open-shell systems, in analogy with the standard many-body theory, and it is also applicable to systems with more than two particles. Presently existing theoretical procedures for treating atomic systems are, in several cases, insufficient to explain the accurate experimental data recently obtained, particularly for highly charged ions. The main text is divided into three parts. In Part I, the standard time-independent and time-dependent perturbation procedures are reviewed. This includes a new section at the end of chapter 2 concerning the so-called ???Fock-space procedure??? or ???Coulomb-only procedure??? for relativistic-QED calculations. This is a procedure on an intermediate level, frequently u sed in recent time by chemists on molecular systems, where a full QED treatment is out of question. Part II describes three methods for QED calculations, a) the standard S-matrix formulation, b) the Two-times Green???s-function method, developed by the St Petersburg Atomic Theory group, and c) the Covariant-evolution operator (CEO) method, recently developed by the Gothenburg Atomic Theory group. In Part III, the CEO method is combined with electron correlation to arbitrary order to a unified MBPT-QED procedure. The new Part IV includes two new chapters dealing with dynamical properties and how QED effects can be evaluated for such processes. This part is much needed as there has been an increasing interest in the study of QED effects for such processes. All methods treated in the book are illustrated with numerical examples, making it a text suitable for advanced students new to the field and a useful reference for established researchers
ISBN,Price9783319153865
Keyword(s)1. Atomic structure???? 2. Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Molecular structure?? 6. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 7. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 8. QUANTUM PHYSICS 9. STRING THEORY
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TitleTheoretical Frontiers in Black Holes and Cosmology : Theoretical Perspective in High Energy Physics
Author(s)Kallosh, Renata;Orazi, Emanuele
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionIX, 252 p. 21 illus., 17 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThese lecture notes are dedicated to the most recent theoretical applications of Black Hole solutions in high-energy physics. The main motivation of this volume is to present the latest black hole backgrounds that are relevant for gauge/gravity correspondence. Leading scientists in the field explain effective techniques for finding singular and cosmological solutions embedded in gauged supergravity, shedding light on underlying properties and symmetries. Starting from a basic level, the mathematical structures underlying black holes and cosmologies are revealed, helping the reader grasp the connection between theoretical approaches and physical observations with insights into possible future developments from both a theoretical and experimental point of view. The topics covered in this volume are based on lectures delivered during the ???Theoretical Frontiers in Black Holes and Cosmology??? school, held in Natal in June 2015
ISBN,Price9783319313528
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. GRAVITATION 5. Mathematical Methods in Physics 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. PHYSICS 8. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 9. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 10. STRING THEORY
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TitleStudy of Double Parton Scattering in Photon + 3 Jets Final State : In Proton-Proton Collisions at ???s = 7TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC
Author(s)Chang, You-Hao
PublicationSingapore, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Singapore, 2017.
DescriptionXIV, 101 p. 49 illus., 43 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book mainly focuses on the study of photon + 3 jets final state in Proton-Proton Collisions at ???s = 7TeV, searching for patterns of two (or more) distinct hard scatterings in the same collision, i.e the so-called Double Parton Scattering (DPS). A new method by using Monte Carlo generators was performed and provides higher order corrections to the description of the Single Parton Scattering (SPS) background. Further it is investigated whether additional contributions from DPS can improve the agreement between the measured data and the Monte Carlo predictions. The current theoretical uncertainties related to the SPS background are found to be larger than expectation. At the same time a rich set of DPS-sensitive measurements is reported for possible further interpretation
ISBN,Price9789811038242
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. Heavy ions 6. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 7. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 8. Particle acceleration 9. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 10. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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