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1 Naik, Pramod V Meghnad Saha I10421 2017 eBook  
2 Eu, Byung Chan Kinetic Theory of Nonequilibrium Ensembles, Irreversible Thermodynamics, and Generalized Hydrodynamics I10418 2016 eBook  
3 Goldsmid, H. Julian Introduction to Thermoelectricity I10353 2016 eBook  
4 Chakraborty, Sumanta Classical and Quantum Aspects of Gravity in Relation to the Emergent Paradigm I10321 2017 eBook  
5 Gavrilov, Mom??ilo Experiments on the Thermodynamics of Information Processing I10286 2017 eBook  
6 Nolting, Wolfgang Theoretical Physics 5 I10268 2017 eBook  
7 Eu, Byung Chan Kinetic Theory of Nonequilibrium Ensembles, Irreversible Thermodynamics, and Generalized Hydrodynamics I10217 2016 eBook  
8 L??ders, Klaus Pohl's Introduction to Physics I10188 2017 eBook  
9 Chen, Jing The Unity of Science and Economics I10126 2016 eBook  
10 C??ceres, Manuel Osvaldo Non-equilibrium Statistical Physics with Application to Disordered Systems I10110 2017 eBook  
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TitleMeghnad Saha : His Life in Science and Politics
Author(s)Naik, Pramod V
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 211 p. 25 illus., 4 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis biography is a short yet comprehensive overview of the life of Meghnad Saha, the mastermind behind the frequently used Saha equations and a strong contributor to the foundation of science in India. The author explores the lesser known details behind the man who played a major role in building scientific institutions in India, developed the breakthrough theory of thermal ionization, and whose fervor about India???s rapid progress in science and technology, along with concern for uplifting his countrymen and optimizing resources, led him to eventually enter politics and identify the mismanagement of many programs of national importance to Parliament. This book is free of most academic technicalities, so that the reader with general scientific knowledge can read and understand it easily. One interested only in Saha???s contribution to physics can pick up just that part and read it. Conversely, the average reader may skip the technical chapters, and read the book without loss of continuity or generality to still get a coherent picture. This work touches on all aspects of Saha???s multidimensional personality, which overflows in the pages of his periodical,??Science and Culture,as well as his many speeches, debates and discussions in Parliament, all of which is appropriately conveyed in this book
ISBN,Price9783319621029
Keyword(s)1. Asia???Politics and government 2. Asian Politics 3. ASTROPHYSICS 4. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. HISTORY 8. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 9. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 10. PHYSICS 11. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleKinetic Theory of Nonequilibrium Ensembles, Irreversible Thermodynamics, and Generalized Hydrodynamics : Volume 2. Relativistic Theories
Author(s)Eu, Byung Chan
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionIX, 201 p. 1 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents the fundamentals of irreversible thermodynamics for nonlinear transport processes in gases and liquids, as well as for generalized hydrodynamics extending the classical hydrodynamics of Navier, Stokes, Fourier, and Fick. Together with its companion volume on nonrelativistic contexts, it provides a comprehensive picture of the relativistic covariant kinetic theory of gases and relativistic hydrodynamics of gases.Relativistic theories of macroscopic irreversible processes must strictly conform to the thermodynamic laws at every step and in all approximations that enter their derivation from the mechanical principles. Upholding this as the inviolable tenet, the author develops theories of irreversible transport processes in fluids (gases or liquids). They apply regardless of whether the processes are near to or far removed from equilibrium, or whether they are linear or nonlinear with respect to macroscopic fluxes or thermodynamic forces. The irreversible covariant Boltzmann as well as the covariant form of the Boltzmann-Nordheim-Uehling-Uhlenbeck equation is used for deriving theories of irreversible transport equations and generalized hydrodynamic equations for either classical gases or quantum gases. They all conform rigorously to the tenet. All macroscopic observables described by the so-formulated theories therefore are likewise expected to strictly obey the tenet
ISBN,Price9783319411538
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Mathematical Methods in Physics 6. PHYSICS 7. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 8. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems 9. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleIntroduction to Thermoelectricity
Author(s)Goldsmid, H. Julian
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016.
DescriptionXVIII, 278 p. 154 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of thermoelectric energy conversion. It covers both theory and practice. The book is timely as it refers to the many improvements that have come about in the last few years through the use of nanostructures. The concept of semiconductor thermoelements led to major advances during the second half of the twentieth century, making Peltier refrigeration a widely used technique. The latest materials herald thermoelectric generation as the preferred technique for exploiting low-grade heat. The book shows how progress has been made by increasing the thermal resistivity of the lattice until it is almost as large as it is for glass. It points the way towards the attainment of similar improvements in the electronic parameters. It does not neglect practical considerations, such as the desirability of making thermocouples from inexpensive and environmentally acceptable materials. The second edition was extended to also include recent advances in thermoelectric energy conversion, particularly, the production of bulk nanostructures, new materials with higher thermoelectric figures to use the possibility of large scale thermoelectric generation, as part of the worldwide strategy for making better use of energy resources. This book guides the newcomer towards the state of the art and shows the principles for further advancement to those who are already familiar with the subject. The author has been able to draw on his long experience to cover the science and technology in a balanced way while drawing on the expertise of others who have made major contributions to the field.
ISBN,Price9783662492567
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Electronic materials 4. ENERGY SYSTEMS 5. Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer 6. Heat engineering 7. HEAT TRANSFER 8. MASS TRANSFER 9. NANOTECHNOLOGY 10. Optical and Electronic Materials 11. OPTICAL MATERIALS 12. POWER ELECTRONICS 13. Power Electronics, Electrical Machines and Networks 14. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleClassical and Quantum Aspects of Gravity in Relation to the Emergent Paradigm
Author(s)Chakraborty, Sumanta
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXI, 263 p. 26 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis explores the connection between gravity and thermodynamics and provides a unification scheme that opens up new directions of exploration. Further elaborating on the Hawking effect and the possibility of singularity avoidance, the author not only discusses the information loss paradox at a broader level but also provides a possible solution to it. As the final frontier, it describes some novel effects arising from the microscopic structure of spacetime. Taken as a whole, the thesis addresses three major research areas in gravitational physics: it starts with classical gravity, proceeds to the black hole information loss paradox, and closes with Planck scale physics. ??The thesis is written in a lucid and pedagogical style, with an introduction accessible to researchers from other branches of physics and a discuss ion presenting open questions and future directions, which will benefit and hopefully inspire next-generation researchers
ISBN,Price9783319637334
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. GRAVITATION 6. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleExperiments on the Thermodynamics of Information Processing
Author(s)Gavrilov, Mom??ilo
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVI, 147 p. 55 illus., 53 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis reveals how the feedback trap technique, developed to trap small objects for biophysical measurement, could be adapted for the quantitative study of the thermodynamic properties of small systems. The experiments in this thesis are related to Maxwell???s demon, a hypothetical intelligent, ???neat fingered??? being that uses information to extract work from heat, apparently creating a perpetual-motion machine. ??The second law of thermodynamics should make that impossible, but how? That question has stymied physicists and provoked debate for a century and a half. The experiments in this thesis confirm a hypothesis proposed by Rolf Landauer over fifty years ago: that Maxwell???s demon would need to erase information, and that erasing information???resetting the measuring device to a standard starting state???requires dissipating as much energy as is gained. ??For his thesis work, the author used a ???feedback trap??? to study the motion of colloidal particles in ???v irtual potentials??? that may be manipulated arbitrarily. The feedback trap confines a freely diffusing particle in liquid by periodically measuring its position and applying an electric field to move it back to the origin
ISBN,Price9783319636948
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 4. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 5. Measurement?????? 6. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 7. PHYSICS 8. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleTheoretical Physics 5 : Thermodynamics
Author(s)Nolting, Wolfgang
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXII, 282 p. 87 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis concise textbook offers a clear and comprehensive introduction to thermodynamics, one of the core components of undergraduate physics courses. It follows on naturally from the previous volumes in this series, defining macroscopic variables, such as internal energy, entropy and pressure,together with thermodynamic principles. The first part of the book introduces the laws of thermodynamics and thermodynamic potentials. More complex themes are covered in the second part of the book, which describes phases and phase transitions in depth. Ideally suited to undergraduate students with some grounding in classical mechanics, the book is enhanced throughout with learning features such as boxed inserts and chapter summaries, with key mathematical derivations highlighted to aid understanding. The text is supported by numerous worked examples and end of chapter problem sets. About the Theoretical Physics series Translated from the renowned and highly successful German editions, the eight volumes of this series cover the complete core curriculum of theoretical physics at undergraduate level. Each volume is self-contained and provides all the material necessary for the individual course topic. Numerous problems with detailed solutions support a deeper understanding. Nolting is famous for his refined didactical style and has been referred to as the "German Feynman" in reviews
ISBN,Price9783319479101
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Mathematical Methods in Physics 4. Phase transitions (Statistical physics) 5. Phase Transitions and Multiphase Systems 6. PHYSICS 7. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleKinetic Theory of Nonequilibrium Ensembles, Irreversible Thermodynamics, and Generalized Hydrodynamics : Volume 1. Nonrelativistic Theories
Author(s)Eu, Byung Chan
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIV, 603 p. 15 illus., 4 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents the fundamentals of irreversible thermodynamics for nonlinear transport processes in gases and liquids, as well as for generalized hydrodynamics extending the classical hydrodynamics of Navier, Stokes, Fourier, and Fick. Together with its companion volume on relativistic theories, it provides a comprehensive picture of the kinetic theory formulated from the viewpoint of nonequilibrium ensembles in both nonrelativistic and, in Vol. 2, relativistic contexts. Theories of macroscopic irreversible processes must strictly conform to the thermodynamic laws at every step and in all approximations that enter their derivation from the mechanical principles. Upholding this as the inviolable tenet, the author develops theories of irreversible transport processes in fluids (gases or liquids) on the basis of irreversible kinetic equations satisfying the H theorem. They apply regardless of whether the processes are near to or far removed from equilibrium, or whether they are linear or nonlinear with respect to macroscopic fluxes or thermodynamic forces. Both irreversible Boltzmann and generalized Boltzmann equations are used for deriving theories of irreversible transport equations and generalized hydrodynamic equations, which rigorously conform to the tenet. All observables described by the so-formulated theories therefore also strictly obey the tenet
ISBN,Price9783319411477
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Mathematical Methods in Physics 6. PHYSICS 7. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 8. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems 9. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitlePohl's Introduction to Physics : Volume 1: Mechanics, Acoustics and Thermodynamics
Author(s)L??ders, Klaus;Pohl, Robert O
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXVII, 525 p. 509 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis classic textbook on experimental physics, written by Robert W. Pohl to accompany his famous lecture courses, served generations of physics and other science majors, not only in his native Germany, and was for many years a standard textbook. Pohl's lucid and memorable style and his consistent use of vivid demonstration experiments made his textbooks unique in their time. This completely revised and updated modern edition retains his style and clarity in an up-to-date format. The accompanying videos document the original demonstrations and add many modern touches, bringing to life the numerous illustrations in the book and providing an instructive and motivating complement to the text. They are linked to the corresponding topics in the text and can be accessed directly online from the e-book version. Volume 1 covers elementary mechanics, acoustics (vibrations and waves) and thermodynamics. The exercises provide an aid to understanding the material as well as complementary information. This book addresses students of physics and of other natural sciences and engineering, but also teachers and lecturers, who will profit from Pohl's many demonstration experiments, and other interested readers who want to gain an understanding of the fundamentals of physics from an experimental viewpoint
ISBN,Price9783319400464
Keyword(s)1. ACOUSTICS 2. CLASSICAL MECHANICS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. MECHANICS 6. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleThe Unity of Science and Economics : A New Foundation of Economic Theory
Author(s)Chen, Jing
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer New York, 2016.
DescriptionXVI, 136 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents a new economic theory developed from physical and biological principles. It explains how technology, social systems and economic values are intimately related to resources. Many people have recognized that mainstream (neoclassical) economic theories are not consistent with physical laws and often not consistent with empirical patterns, but most feel that economic activities are too complex to be described by a simple and coherent mathematical theory. While social systems are indeed complex, all life systems, including social systems, satisfy two principles. First, all systems need to extract resources from the external environment to compensate for their consumption. Second, for a system to be viable, the amount of resource extraction has to be no less than the level of consumption. From these two principles, we derive a quantitative theory of major factors in economic activities, such as fixed cost, variable cost, discount rate, uncertainty and duration. The mathematical theory enables us to systematically measure the effectiveness of different policies and institutional structures at varying levels of resource abundance and cost. The theory presented in this book shows that there do not exist universally optimal policies or institutional structures. Instead, the impacts of different policies or social structures have to be measured within the context of existing levels of resource abundance. As the physical costs of extracting resources rise steadily, many policy assumptions adopted in mainstream economic theories, and workable in times of cheap and abundant energy supplies and other resources, need to be reconsidered. In this rapidly changing world, the theory presented here provides a solid foundation for examining the long-term impacts of today's policy decisions
ISBN,Price9781493934669
Keyword(s)1. Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ECONOMIC THEORY 5. Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods 6. ECONOPHYSICS 7. Energy and state 8. Energy policy 9. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 10. Environmental economics 11. Sociophysics 12. Sustainable development 13. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleNon-equilibrium Statistical Physics with Application to Disordered Systems
Author(s)C??ceres, Manuel Osvaldo
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXIV, 556 p. 51 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis textbook is the result of the enhancement of several courses on non-equilibrium statistics, stochastic processes, stochastic differential equations, anomalous diffusion and disorder. The target audience includes students of physics, mathematics, biology, chemistry, and engineering at undergraduate and graduate level with a grasp of the basic elements of mathematics and physics of the fourth year of a typical undergraduate course. The little-known physical and mathematical concepts are described in sections and specific exercises throughout the text, as well as in appendices. Physical-mathematical motivation is the main driving force for the development of this text. It presents the academic topics of probability theory and stochastic processes as well as new educational aspects in the presentation of non-equilibrium statistical theory and stochastic differential equations.. In particular it discusses the problem of irreversibility in that context and the dynamics of Fokker-Planck. An introduction on fluctuations around metastable and unstable points are given. It also describes relaxation theory of non-stationary Markov periodic in time systems. The theory of finite and infinite transport in disordered networks, with a discussion of the issue of anomalous diffusion is introduced. Further, it provides the basis for establishing the relationship between quantum aspects of the theory of linear response and the calculation of diffusion coefficients in amorphous systems
ISBN,Price9783319515533
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer 6. Heat engineering 7. HEAT TRANSFER 8. MASS TRANSFER 9. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 10. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 11. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 12. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems 13. Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Sciences 14. Statistics?? 15. THERMODYNAMICS
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