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11 Unnikrishnan, C. S New Relativity in the Gravitational Universe I12307 2022 Book  
12 Moriwaki, Kana Large-Scale Structure of the Universe I12304 2022 Book  
13 Hogan, Peter A Exact Space-Time Models of Gravitational Waves I12292 2022 Book  
14 Gouttenoire, Yann Beyond the Standard Model Cocktail I12254 2022 Book  
15 Louis, Jan With String Theory to the Big Bang I11959 2021 eBook  
16 Saridakis, Emmanuel N Modified Gravity and Cosmology I11927 2021 eBook  
17 Meneghetti, Massimo Introduction to Gravitational Lensing I11896 2021 eBook  
18 Kwok, Sun Our Place in the Universe - II I11864 2021 eBook  
19 Finn, Kieran Geometric Approaches to Quantum Field Theory I11853 2021 eBook  
20 Crawford, Ian Expanding Worldviews: Astrobiology, Big History and Cosmic Perspectives I11822 2021 eBook  
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11.    
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TitleNew Relativity in the Gravitational Universe : The Theory of Cosmic Relativity and Its Experimental Evidence
Author(s)Unnikrishnan, C. S
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2022.
DescriptionXXI, 485 p. 96 illus., 81 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteOur vast Universe is filled with an enormous amount of matter and energy, which are the source of large gravitational potentials affecting all physical phenomena. Because this fact about the size and contents of the Universe was not known when our fundamental theories of dynamics and relativity were completed by the 1920s, the current theories - based as they are in empty space - fail to incorporate cosmic gravity. Though the current theories are consistent with the majority of empirical facts, there are some crucial discrepancies, which demand a drastic shift to a cosmic gravitational paradigm for the theories of relativity and dynamics. The book is a detailed and widely accessible account of this paradigm, called Cosmic Relativity, supported by ample empirical evidence. It is established that all motional relativistic effects are cosmic gravitational effects. The new theory of Cosmic Relativity solves and answers all outstanding questions and puzzles about dynamics and relativity
ISBN,Price9783031089350
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravity 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. GENERAL RELATIVITY 6. GENERAL RELATIVITY (PHYSICS) 7. GRAVITATION
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12.     
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TitleLarge-Scale Structure of the Universe : Cosmological Simulations and Machine Learning
Author(s)Moriwaki, Kana
PublicationSingapore, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Nature Singapore, 2022.
DescriptionXII, 120 p. 46 illus., 44 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteLine intensity mapping (LIM) is an observational technique that probes the large-scale structure of the Universe by collecting light from a wide field of the sky. This book demonstrates a novel analysis method for LIM using machine learning (ML) technologies. The author develops a conditional generative adversarial network that separates designated emission signals from sources at different epochs. It thus provides, for the first time, an efficient way to extract signals from LIM data with foreground noise. The method is complementary to conventional statistical methods such as cross-correlation analysis. When applied to three-dimensional LIM data with wavelength information, high reproducibility is achieved under realistic conditions. The book further investigates how the trained machine extracts the signals, and discusses the limitation of the ML methods. Lastly an application of the LIM data to a study of cosmic reionization is presented. This book benefits students and researchers who are interested in using machine learning to multi-dimensional data not only in astronomy but also in general applications
ISBN,Price9789811958809
Keyword(s)1. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 2. Astronomy???Observations 3. ASTROPHYSICS 4. COSMOLOGY 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. MACHINE LEARNING
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13.     
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TitleExact Space-Time Models of Gravitational Waves
Author(s)Hogan, Peter A;Puetzfeld, Dirk
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2022.
DescriptionVII, 86 p. 3 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThe book is about exact space-time models of the gravitational fields produced by gravitational radiation. The authors??? extensive work in the field is reviewed in order to stimulate the study of such models, that have been known for a long time, and to highlight interesting physical aspects of the existing models in some novel detail. There is an underlying simplicity to the gravitational radiation studied in this book. Apart from the basic assumption that the radiation has clearly identifiable wave fronts, the gravitational waves studied are directly analogous to electromagnetic waves. The book is meant for advanced students and researchers who have a knowledge of general relativity sufficient to carry out research in the field
ISBN,Price9783031168260
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. GENERAL RELATIVITY 5. GENERAL RELATIVITY (PHYSICS) 6. GRAVITATION 7. GRAVITATIONAL PHYSICS 8. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 9. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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14.     
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TitleBeyond the Standard Model Cocktail : A Modern and Comprehensive Review of the Major Open Puzzles in Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology with a Focus on Heavy Dark Matter
Author(s)Gouttenoire, Yann
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2022.
DescriptionXXIII, 519 p. 91 illus., 82 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides a remarkable and complete survey of important questions at the interface between theoretical particle physics and cosmology. After discussing the theoretical and experimental physics revolution that led to the rise of the Standard Model in the past century, the author reviews all the major open puzzles, among them the hierarchy problem, the small value of the cosmological constant, the matter-antimatter asymmetry, and the dark matter enigma, including the state-of-the-art regarding proposed solutions. Also addressed are the rapidly expanding fields of thermal dark matter, cosmological first-order phase transitions and gravitational-wave signatures. In addition, the book presents the original and interdisciplinary PhD research work of the author relating to Weakly-Interacting-Massive-Particles around the TeV scale, which are among the most studied dark matter candidates. Motivated by the absence of experimental evidence for such particles, this thesis explores the possibility that dark matter is much heavier than what is conventionally assumed
ISBN,Price9783031118623
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Foundations of Physics and Cosmology 5. PARTICLE PHYSICS 6. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 7. SCIENCE
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15.     
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TitleWith String Theory to the Big Bang : A Journey to the Origin of the Universe
Author(s)Louis, Jan
PublicationWiesbaden, Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2021.
DescriptionX, 57 p. 11 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThe history of the universe has fascinated mankind for centuries. Using the interplay of cosmology, general relativity, particle physics and quantum theory, it is today possible to reconstruct it physically. Only the beginning, the big bang, has so far eluded the established laws of physics. The more one approaches it, the more speculative the story becomes. With this book, the reader is invited on a journey to the Big Bang learning on the way about various physical facts, observations and theories. String theory is introduced as a possible all-encompassing physical theory that has the potential to grasp and describe the Big Bang. Its sometimes spectacular predictions, such as additional spatial dimensions or parallel universes, are explained concisely. This Springer essential is a translation of the original German 1st edition essentials, Mit der Stringtheorie zum Urknall by Jan Louis, published by Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature in 2021. The translation was done with the help of artificial intelligence (machine translation by the service DeepL.com). A subsequent human revision was done primarily in terms of content, so that the book will read stylistically differently from a conventional translation. Springer Nature works continuously to further the development of tools for the production of books and on the related technologies to support the authors. The Contents An introduction and overview of the state of research in cosmology, particle physics and string theory A short version of the history of our universe - from established facts to a selection of speculations The Target Groups Pupils and interested laymen with basic knowledge of natural sciences Students and teachers of all disciplines The Author Prof. Jan Louis studied physics in Karlsruhe, London and Philadelphia and subsequently worked as a research associate at Stanford, CERN and the University of Munich. From 1996-2002 he held a professorship at the University of Halle and since 2003 he has been at the University of Hamburg, where he heads the Cluster of Excellence "Quantum Universe"
ISBN,Price9783658358501
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravity 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. GRAVITATION 6. PARTICLE PHYSICS 7. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS)
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16.     
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TitleModified Gravity and Cosmology : An Update by the CANTATA Network
Author(s)Saridakis, Emmanuel N;Lazkoz, Ruth;Salzano, Vincenzo;Moniz, Paulo Vargas;Capozziello, Salvatore;Beltr??n Jim??nez, Jose;De Laurentis, Mariafelicia;Olmo, Gonzalo J
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXVII, 629 p. 62 illus., 58 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteWith a focus on modified gravity this book presents a review of the recent developments in the fields of gravity and cosmology, presenting the state of the art, high-lighting the open problems, and outlining the directions of future research. General Relativity and the ??CDM framework are currently the standard lore and constitute the concordance paradigm of cosmology. Nevertheless, long-standing open theoretical issues, as well as possible new observational ones arising from the explosive development of cosmology in the last two decades, offer the motivation and lead a large amount of research to be devoted in constructing various extensions and modifications. In this review all extended theories and scenarios are first examined under the light of theoretical consistency, and are then applied in various geometrical backgrounds, such as the cosmological and the spherical symmetric ones. Their predictions at both the background and perturbation levels, and concerning cosmology at early, intermediate and late times, are then confronted with the huge amount of observational data that astrophysics and cosmology has been able to offer in the last two decades. Theories, scenarios and models that successfully and efficiently pass the above steps are classified as viable and are candidates for the description of Nature, allowing readers to get a clear overview of the state of the art and where the field of modified gravity is likely to go. This work was performed in the framework of the COST European Action ???Cosmology and Astrophysics Network for Theoretical Advances and Training Actions??? - CANTATA
ISBN,Price9783030837150
Keyword(s)1. Alternative Relativity 2. ASTROPHYSICS 3. Classical and Quantum Gravity 4. COSMOLOGY 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. GENERAL RELATIVITY 8. GENERAL RELATIVITY (PHYSICS) 9. GRAVITATION 10. Relativity (Physics)
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17.     
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TitleIntroduction to Gravitational Lensing : With Python Examples
Author(s)Meneghetti, Massimo
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIII, 412 p. 131 illus., 120 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book introduces the phenomenology of gravitational lensing in an accessible manner and provides a thorough discussion of the related astrophysical applications. It is intended for advanced undergraduates and graduate students who want to start working in this rapidly evolving field. This includes also senior researchers who are interested in ongoing or future surveys and missions such as DES, Euclid, WFIRST, LSST. The reader is guided through many fascinating topics related to gravitational lensing like the structure of our galaxy, the searching for exoplanets, the investigation of dark matter in galaxies and galaxy clusters, and several aspects of cosmology, including dark energy and the cosmic microwave background. The author, who has gained valuable experience as academic teacher, guides the readers towards the comprehension of the theory of gravitational lensing and related observational techniques by using simple codes written in python. This approach, beyond facilitating the understanding of gravitational lensing, is preparatory for learning the python programming language which is gaining large popularity both in academia and in the private sector
ISBN,Price9783030735821
Keyword(s)1. ASTRONOMY 2. Astronomy, Cosmology and Space Sciences 3. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 4. Astronomy???Observations 5. ASTROPHYSICS 6. COSMOLOGY 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 10. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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18.     
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TitleOur Place in the Universe - II : The Scientific Approach to Discovery
Author(s)Kwok, Sun
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXIII, 344 p. 117 illus., 101 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteStarting from Newton???s times this follow-up to the author???s Springer book ???Our Place in the Universe - Understanding Fundamental Astronomy from Ancient Discoveries??? addresses the question of ???our place in the Universe??? from astronomical, physical, chemical, biological, philosophical and social perspectives. Using the history of astronomy to illustrate the process of discovery, the emphasis is on the description of the process of how we learned and on the exploration of the impacts of discoveries rather than on the presentation of facts. Thus readers are informed of the influence of science on a broad scale. Unlike the traditional way of teaching science, in this book, the author begins by describing the observations and then discusses various attempts to find answers (including unsuccessful ones). The goal is to help students develop a better appreciation of the scientific process and learn from this process to tackle real-life problems
ISBN,Price9783030802608
Keyword(s)1. ASTROBIOLOGY 2. ASTRONOMY 3. Astronomy, Cosmology and Space Sciences 4. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 5. Astronomy???Observations 6. COSMOLOGY 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 10. Science???History
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I11864     On Shelf    

19.     
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TitleGeometric Approaches to Quantum Field Theory
Author(s)Finn, Kieran
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIX, 202 p. 7 illus., 6 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe ancient Greeks believed that everything in the Universe should be describable in terms of geometry. This thesis takes several steps towards realising this goal by introducing geometric descriptions of systems such as quantum gravity, fermionic particles and the origins of the Universe itself. The author extends the applicability of previous work by Vilkovisky, DeWitt and others to include theories with spin ?? and spin 2 degrees of freedom. In addition, he introduces a geometric description of the potential term in a quantum field theory through a process known as the Eisenhart lift. Finally, the methods are applied to the theory of inflation, where they show how geometry can help answer a long-standing question about the initial conditions of the Universe. This publication is aimed at graduate and advanced undergraduate students and provides a pedagogical introduction to the exciting topic of field space covariance and the complete geometrization of quantum field theory
ISBN,Price9783030852696
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravity 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Elementary particles (Physics) 6. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 7. GEOMETRY 8. GRAVITATION 9. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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20.    
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TitleExpanding Worldviews: Astrobiology, Big History and Cosmic Perspectives
Author(s)Crawford, Ian
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionVI, 377 p. 33 illus., 10 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book collates papers presented at two international conferences (held at the Australian National University in 2018 and Birkbeck College London in 2019) exploring the relationships between big history and astrobiology and their wider implications for society. These two relatively new academic disciplines aim to integrate human history with the wider history of the universe and the search for life elsewhere. The book will show that, despite differences in emphasis, big history and astrobiology share much in common, especially their interdisciplinary approaches and the cosmic and evolutionary perspectives that they both engender. Specifically, the book addresses the unified, all-embracing, nature of knowledge, the impact of big history on humanity and the world at large, the possible impact of SETI on astrobiology and big history, the cultural signature of Earth???s inhabitants beyond the atmosphere, and the political implications of a planetary worldview. The principal readership is envisaged to comprise scholars working in the fields of astrobiology, big history and space exploration interested in forging interdisciplinary links between these diverse topics, together with educators, and a wider public, interested in the societal implications of the cosmic and evolutionary perspectives engendered by research in these fields
ISBN,Price9783030704827
Keyword(s)1. ASTROBIOLOGY 2. ASTRONAUTICS 3. ASTRONOMY 4. Astronomy, Cosmology and Space Sciences 5. COSMOLOGY 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. HISTORY 9. Outer space???Exploration 10. PHILOSOPHY 11. Space Exploration and Astronautics
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