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11 Hoefflinger, Bernd Chips 2020 I07292 2012 eBook  
12 Ball, Philip Why Society is a Complex Matter I07060 2012 eBook  
13 Er??etin, ??efika ??ule Chaos, Complexity and Leadership 2013 I06622 2015 eBook  
14 Gatti, Domenico Emergent Macroeconomics I06510 2008 eBook  
15 Tarikhi, Parviz The Iranian Space Endeavor I06437 2015 eBook  
16 Young, Anthony The Twenty-First Century Commercial Space Imperative I05917 2015 eBook  
17 Skjeltorp, Arne T Evolution from Cellular to Social Scales I05903 2008 eBook  
18 Mobus, George E Principles of Systems Science I05799 2015 eBook  
19 Anderson Jr., Edward G The Innovation Butterfly I05737 2012 eBook  
20 Scherer, Stefan A Primer for Chiral Perturbation Theory I05415 2012 eBook  
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11.    
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TitleChips 2020 : A Guide to the Future of Nanoelectronics
Author(s)Hoefflinger, Bernd
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2012.
DescriptionXXVIII, 477 p. 314 illus., 98 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe chips in present-day cell phones already contain billions of sub-100-nanometer transistors. By 2020, however, we will see systems-on-chips with trillions of 10-nanometer transistors. But this will be the end of the miniaturization, because yet smaller transistors, containing just a few control atoms, are subject to statistical??fluctuations and thus no longer useful. We also need to worry about a potential energy crisis, because in less than five years from now, with current chip technology, the internet alone would consume the total global electrical power! This book presents a new, sustainable roadmap towards ultra-low-energy (femto-Joule), high-performance electronics. The focus is on the energy-efficiency of the various chip functions: sensing, processing, and communication, in a top-down spirit involving new architectures such as silicon brains, ultra-low-voltage circuits, energy harvesting, and 3D silicon technologies. Recognized world leaders from industry and from the research community share their views of this nanoelectronics future. They discuss, among other things, ubiquitous communication based on mobile companions, health and care supported by autonomous implants and by personal carebots, safe and efficient mobility assisted by co-pilots equipped with intelligent micro-electromechanical systems, and internet-based education for a billion??people from kindergarden to retirement. This book should help and interest all those who will have to make decisions associated with future electronics: students, graduates, educators, and researchers, as well as managers, investors, and policy makers. Introduction: Towards Sustainable 2020 Nanoelectronics.- From Microelectronics to Nanoelectronics.- The Future of Eight Chip Technologies.- Analog???Digital Interfaces.- Interconnects and Transceivers.- Requirements and Markets for Nanoelectronics.- ITRS: The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors.- Nanolithography.- Power-Efficient Design Challenges.- Superprocessors and Supercomputers.- Towards Terabit Memories.- 3D Integration for Wireless Multimedia.- The Next-Generation Mobile User-Experience.- MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems) for Automotive and Consumer.- Vision Sensors and Cameras.- Digital Neural Networks for New Media.- Retinal Implants for Blind Patients.- Silicon Brains.- Energy Harvesting and Chip Autonomy.- The Energy Crisis.- The Extreme-Technology Industry.- Education and Research for the Age of Nanoelectronics.- 2020 World with Chips
ISBN,Price9783642230967
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. ECONOMIC POLICY 4. ELECTRONICS 5. Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation 6. MICROELECTRONICS 7. Nanoscale science 8. Nanoscale Science and Technology 9. NANOSCIENCE 10. Nanostructures 11. NANOTECHNOLOGY 12. R & D/Technology Policy 13. SEMICONDUCTORS
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12.     
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TitleWhy Society is a Complex Matter : Meeting Twenty-first Century Challenges with a New Kind of Science
Author(s)Ball, Philip
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2012.
Description80 p. 35 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteSociety is complicated. But this book argues that this does not place it beyond the reach of a science that can help to explain and perhaps even to predict social behaviour. As a system made up of many interacting agents ??? people, groups, institutions and governments, as well as physical and technological structures such as roads and computer networks ??? society can be regarded as a complex system. In recent years, scientists have made great progress in understanding how such complex systems operate, ranging from animal populations to earthquakes and weather. These systems show behaviours that cannot be predicted or intuited by focusing on the individual components, but which emerge spontaneously as a consequence of their interactions: they are said to be ???self-organized???. Attempts to direct or manage such emergent properties generally reveal that ???top-down??? approaches, which try to dictate a particular outcome, are ineffectual, and that what is needed instead is a ???bottom-up??? approach that aims to guide self-organization towards desirable states. This book shows how some of these ideas from the science of complexity can be applied to the study and management of social phenomena, including traffic flow, economic markets, opinion formation and the growth and structure of cities. Building on these successes, the book argues that the complex-systems view of the social sciences has now matured sufficiently for it to be possible, desirable and perhaps essential to attempt a grander objective: to integrate these efforts into a unified scheme for studying, understanding and ultimately predicting what happens in the world we have made. Such a scheme would require the mobilization and collaboration of many different research communities, and would allow society and its interactions with the physical environment to be explored through realistic models and large-scale data collection and analysis. It should enable us to find new and effective solutions to major global problems such as conflict, disease, financial instability, environmental despoliation and poverty, while avoiding unintended policy consequences. It could give us the foresight to anticipate and ameliorate crises, and to begin tackling some of the most intractable problems of the twenty-first century
ISBN,Price9783642290008
Keyword(s)1. APPLICATION SOFTWARE 2. COMMUNICATION 3. Communication Studies 4. COMPLEXITY 5. COMPUTATIONAL COMPLEXITY 6. Computer Appl. in Social and Behavioral Sciences 7. Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building 8. EBOOK 9. EBOOK - SPRINGER 10. ECONOMIC POLICY 11. ECONOMICS 12. ECONOPHYSICS 13. Methodology of the Social Sciences 14. Political Economy/Economic Systems 15. SOCIAL SCIENCES 16. Sociophysics
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13.     
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TitleChaos, Complexity and Leadership 2013
Author(s)Er??etin, ??efika ??ule;Banerjee, Santo
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2015.
DescriptionXIII, 566 p. 37 illus., 30 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThese proceedings from the 2013 symposium on "Chaos, complexity and leadership" reflect current research results from all branches of Chaos, Complex Systems and their applications in Management. Included are the diverse results in the fields of applied nonlinear methods, modeling of data and simulations, as well as theoretical achievements of Chaos and Complex Systems. Also highlighted are Leadership and Management applications of Chaos and Complexity Theory
ISBN,Price9783319097107
Keyword(s)1. Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks 2. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 3. COMPLEXITY 4. COMPUTATIONAL COMPLEXITY 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. ECONOMIC POLICY 8. Economic sociology 9. ECONOMICS 10. Organizational Studies, Economic Sociology 11. PHYSICS 12. Political Economy/Economic Systems 13. SYSTEM THEORY
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14.     
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TitleEmergent Macroeconomics : An Agent-Based Approach to Business Fluctuations
Author(s)Gatti, Domenico;Gaffeo, Edoardo;Gallegati, Mauro;Giulioni, Gianfranco;Palestrini, Antonio
PublicationMilano, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Milan, 2008.
DescriptionXII, 114 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book contributes substantively to the current state-of-the-art of macroeconomics by providing a method for building models in which business cycles and economic growth emerge from the interactions of a large number of heterogeneous agents. Drawing from recent advances in agent-based computational modeling, the authors show how insights from dispersed fields like the microeconomics of capital market imperfections, industrial dynamics and the theory of stochastic processes can be fruitfully combined to improve our understanding of macroeconomic dynamics. This book should be a valuable resource for all researchers interested in analyzing macroeconomic issues without recurring to a fictitious representative agent
ISBN,Price9788847007253
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. ECONOMIC POLICY 6. ECONOMICS 7. FINANCE 8. Finance, general 9. Industrial Organization 10. MACROECONOMICS 11. Macroeconomics/Monetary Economics//Financial Economics 12. Political Economy/Economic Systems 13. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 14. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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15.     
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TitleThe Iranian Space Endeavor : Ambitions and Reality
Author(s)Tarikhi, Parviz
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2015.
DescriptionXII, 314 p. 120 illus., 102 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteFor those who see the trend of progress and movement of the Iranian space endeavor from the outside, it can be difficult to understand what goes on behind the scenes. However, for one who observes these events firsthand, they take on a very different meaning. In this book, the author brings new and different profiles of Iran???s space endeavor to light. Iran claims to be the ninth leading country in the world capable of manufacturing satellites and launching them, plans to land an astronaut on the Moon within a decade, and says its own president plans to be the first Iranian astronaut to travel into space. The author??explains in this book??that not all of these claims are quite as they seem.?? In addition to technical explanations, the book also includes historical, legal, social and cultural aspects of Iran???s space program as well. It is the author???s goal to create a tangible feeling of Iran???s space endeavor for the readers
ISBN,Price9783319053479
Keyword(s)1. Aerospace engineering 2. Aerospace Technology and Astronautics 3. ASTRONAUTICS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. ECONOMIC POLICY 7. Popular Science, general 8. Popular works 9. R & D/Technology Policy
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16.     
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TitleThe Twenty-First Century Commercial Space Imperative
Author(s)Young, Anthony
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2015.
DescriptionIX, 92 p. 31 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteYoung addresses the??impressive expansion across existing and developing commercial space business markets, with??multiple private companies??competing in the??payload launch services sector.??The author pinpoints the new markets, technologies, and players in the industry, as??well as highlighting the overall??reasons why it is important for us to develop space. NASA now relies on commercial partners to supply cargo and crew spacecraft and services to and from the International Space Station. The sizes of satellites are diminishing and their capabilities expanding, while costs to orbit are decreasing. Suborbital space tourism holds the potential of new industries and jobs. Commercial space exploration of the Moon and the planets also holds promise. All this activity is a catalyst for anyone interested in??joining the developing space industry, from students and researchers??to engineers and??entrepreneurs. As more and more satellites and rockets are launched and the business of space is expanding at a significant pace, it is??increasingly??important for scientists and engineers of many disciplines to understand how the business evolved and where it is continuing to develop. The growing field is fully explored in this concise overview to the players in this changing landscape
ISBN,Price9783319189291
Keyword(s)1. Aerospace engineering 2. Aerospace Technology and Astronautics 3. ASTRONAUTICS 4. Development economics 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. ECONOMIC POLICY 8. R & D/Technology Policy 9. SPACE SCIENCES 10. Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astronautics)
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I05917     On Shelf    

17.     
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TitleEvolution from Cellular to Social Scales
Author(s)Skjeltorp, Arne T;Belushkin, Alexander V
PublicationDordrecht, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Netherlands, 2008.
DescriptionXIV, 186 p : online resource
Abstract NoteEvolution is a critical challenge for many areas of science, technology and development of society. The book reviews general evolutionary facts such as origin of life and evolution of the genome and clues to evolution through simple systems. Emerging areas of science such as "systems biology" and "bio-complexity" are founded on the idea that phenomena need to be understood in the context of highly interactive processes operating at different levels and on different scales. This is where physics meets complexity in nature, and where we must begin to learn about complexity if we are to understand it. Similarly, there is an increasingly urgent need to understand and predict the evolutionary behavior of highly interacting man-made systems, in areas such as communications and transport, which permeate the modern world. The same applies to the evolution of human networks such as social, political and financial systems, where technology has tended to vastly increase both the complexity and speed of interaction, which is sometimes effectively instantaneous. The book contains reviews on such diverse areas as evolution experiments with microorganisms, the origin and evolution of viruses, evolutionary dynamics of genes and environment in cancer development, aging as an evolution-facilitating program, evolution of vision and evolution of financial markets
ISBN,Price9781402087615
Keyword(s)1. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 2. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 3. BIOPHYSICS 4. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 5. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 6. Dynamical Systems and Ergodic Theory 7. DYNAMICS 8. EBOOK 9. EBOOK - SPRINGER 10. ECONOMIC POLICY 11. ECONOMICS 12. ERGODIC THEORY 13. Evolutionary Biology 14. Political Economy/Economic Systems 15. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 16. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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18.     
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TitlePrinciples of Systems Science
Author(s)Mobus, George E;Kalton, Michael C
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer New York, 2015.
DescriptionXXXVI, 755 p. 199 illus., 163 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis pioneering text provides a comprehensive introduction to systems structure, function, and modeling as applied in all fields of science and engineering. Systems understanding is increasingly recognized as a key to a more holistic education and greater problem solving skills, and is also reflected in the trend toward interdisciplinary approaches to research on complex phenomena. The subject of systems science, as a basis for understanding the components and drivers of phenomena at all scales, should be viewed with the same importance as a traditional liberal arts education. Principles of Systems Science contains many graphs, illustrations, side bars, examples, and problems to enhance understanding. From basic principles of organization, complexity, abstract representations, and behavior (dynamics) to deeper aspects such as the relations between information, knowledge, computation, and system control, to higher order aspects such as auto-organization, emergence and evolution, the book provides an integrated perspective on the comprehensive nature of systems. It ends with practical aspects such as systems analysis, computer modeling, and systems engineering that demonstrate how the knowledge of systems can be used to solve problems in the real world. ??Each chapter is broken into parts beginning with qualitative descriptions that stand alone for students who have taken intermediate algebra. The second part?? presents quantitative descriptions that are based on pre-calculus and advanced algebra, providing a more formal treatment for students who have the necessary mathematical background. Understanding these basics enables further understanding both of how systems endure and how they may become increasingly complex and exhibit new properties or characteristics. ?????????????????? Serves as a textbook for teaching systems fundamentals in any discipline or for use in an introductory course in systems science degree programs ?????????????????? Addresses a wide range of audiences with different levels of mathematical sophistication ?????????????????? Includes open-ended questions in special boxes intended to stimulate integrated thinking and class discussion ?????????????????? Describes numerous examples of systems in science and society ?????????????????? Captures the trend towards interdisciplinary research and problem solving
ISBN,Price9781493919208
Keyword(s)1. Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks 2. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 3. COMPLEXITY 4. COMPUTATIONAL COMPLEXITY 5. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. ECONOMIC POLICY 9. ECONOMICS 10. PHYSICS 11. Political Economy/Economic Systems 12. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 13. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems 14. Systems biology
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I05799     On Shelf    

19.     
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TitleThe Innovation Butterfly : Managing Emergent Opportunities and Risks During Distributed Innovation
Author(s)Anderson Jr., Edward G;Joglekar, Nitin R
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer New York, 2012.
DescriptionXII, 176 p : online resource
Abstract NoteProduct and service innovations are the result of mutually interacting creative and coordination tasks within a system that has to balance technical decisions, marketplace taste, personnel management, and stakeholder commitment. The constituent elements of such systems are often scattered across multiple firms and across the globe and constitute a complex system consisting of many interacting parts. In the spirit of the "butterfly effect", metaphorically describing the sensitivity to initials conditions of chaotic systems, this book builds an argument that "innovation butterflies" can, in the short term, take up significant amounts of effort and sap efficiencies within individual innovation projects. Such "innovation butterflies" can be prompted by external forces such as government legislation or unexpected spikes in the price of basic goods (such as oil), unexpected shifts in market tastes, or from a company manager???s decisions or those of its competitors. Even the smallest change, the smallest disruption, to this system can steer a firm down an unpredictable and irreversibly different path in terms of technology and market evolution. In the long term, they can shift the balance of the entire innovation portfolio into unplanned directions. More importantly, we describe how innovation leaders can influence the emergent behavior of the system for good or ill. The first half of the book draws parallels from physics, economics, and sociology as well as evidence from multiple industries to describe the structural and behavioral causes of emergent phenomena in innovation settings as well as their often negative impacts. In the second half of the book, we turn to distributed management of innovation under emergence. We show that innovation butterflies, if improperly managed, most often lead to negative outcomes. On the other hand, it is also argued that while the complexity of the innovation system and the desire to experiment and try new and emergent alternatives precludes precise planning, innovation leaders can actually tame innovation butterflies through the design and implementation of appropriate processes, strategies, tools and leadership choices
ISBN,Price9781461431312
Keyword(s)1. Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks 2. COMPLEXITY 3. COMPUTATIONAL COMPLEXITY 4. DECISION MAKING 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. ECONOMIC POLICY 8. OPERATIONS RESEARCH 9. Operations Research/Decision Theory 10. PHYSICS 11. R & D/Technology Policy
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20.    
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TitleA Primer for Chiral Perturbation Theory
Author(s)Scherer, Stefan;Schindler, Matthias R
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2012.
DescriptionIX, 338 p. 35 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteChiral Perturbation Theory, as effective field theory, is a commonly accepted and well established working tool, approximating quantum chromodynamics at energies well below typical hadron masses. This volume, based on a number of lectures and supplemented with additional material, provides a pedagogical introduction for graduate students and newcomers entering the field from related areas of nuclear and particle physics. Starting with the the Lagrangian of the strong interactions and general symmetry principles, the basic concepts of Chiral Perturbation Theory in the mesonic and baryonic sectors are developed. The application of these concepts is then illustrated with a number of examples. A large number of exercises (81, with complete solutions) are included to familiarize the reader with helpful calculational techniques
ISBN,Price9783642192548
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. ECONOMIC POLICY 4. Law 5. Law, general 6. NANOTECHNOLOGY 7. PHYSICS 8. Physics, general 9. R & D/Technology Policy 10. SOCIAL SCIENCES 11. Social Sciences, general
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