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1 Medved, Vladimir Measurement and Analysis of Human Locomotion I11961 2021 eBook  
2 Fleck, Ivor Handbook of Particle Detection and Imaging I11929 2021 eBook  
3 Shockley, Evan Study of Excess Electronic Recoil Events in XENON1T I11887 2021 eBook  
4 Nakasako, Masayoshi Hydration Structures of Proteins I11877 2021 eBook  
5 Organtini, Giovanni Physics Experiments with Arduino and Smartphones I11852 2021 eBook  
6 Meyer, Ernst Scanning Probe Microscopy I11811 2021 eBook  
7 Sabbagh, Harold A Advanced Electromagnetic Models for Materials Characterization and Nondestructive Evaluation I11793 2021 eBook  
8 Velure, Arild A Digital Signal Processor for Particle Detectors I11738 2021 eBook  
9 Yoshida, Yutaka Modern M??ssbauer Spectroscopy I11710 2021 eBook  
10 Clark, Jane Calculate the Orbit of Mars! I11684 2021 eBook  
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TitleMeasurement and Analysis of Human Locomotion
Author(s)Medved, Vladimir
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXI, 371 p. 228 illus., 125 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book addresses instruments, methodologies and diagnostic methods used to evaluate and diagnose human movement, locomotion and physical status in general. Starting from historical perspective, the idea of understanding human locomotion by applying technical measurement devices and incorporating measurement data into physical representation of gross body movement is presented and explained, an approach known as inverse dynamics. With this approach as a kind of umbrella concept, components of measurement systems including relevant signal and data processing methods are described. Modern instruments to capture body movement by measuring its kinematics, kinetics and surface electromyography (sEMG) are thus described; all systems being used dominantly???if not exclusively???in a movement analysis laboratory setting. Focusing mainly on human posture and gait, but including also examples of movement patterns from selected kinesiological and sports activities, the book attempts to present essentials of biomechanics and biomedical engineering approach to this subject matter. It illustrates how data collected and elaborated by modern engineering technology can complement traditional expert knowledge of a kinesiologist or a medical doctor. The book is applicable in the fields of sports, physical activities, as well as in medical diagnostics and rehabilitation. The examples of this book???s practical application might be in evaluation of efficiency of human gait, in evaluation of skeletal muscle fatigue in physical exercise, in biomechanical diagnostics of traumatological conditions requiring orthopaedic treatment and the like. This book can also be used in planning and executing research endeavours, particularly in a clinical context as a reference for various diagnostics procedures. It presents the lecture notes of a course carrying the same name within Medical Studies in English at the University of Zagreb for more than a decade
ISBN,Price9783030796853
Keyword(s)1. BIOMECHANICS 2. Biomedical engineering 3. Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Health Sciences 7. Human physiology 8. MEASUREMENT 9. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 10. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 11. MEDICAL SCIENCES 12. Orthopaedics 13. Orthopedics
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TitleHandbook of Particle Detection and Imaging
Author(s)Fleck, Ivor;Titov, Maxim;Grupen, Claus;Buvat, Ir??ne
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
Description666 illus., 358 illus. in color. eReference : online resource
Abstract NoteThis handbook covers the fundamental principles of interactions of particles with matter and of most types of detectors used in many fields of physics, starting from particle physics, nuclear physics up to recent experiments for solid state physics. In this second edition chapters are updated to include the most recent developments in detector physics and additional chapters on new types of detectors, like silicon photomultipliers, have been added. In addition the section about medical applications has been extended. All major detector types are described in detail by leading experts in these fields. It also gives deep insight into many applications from homeland security over radiation protection to a whole section about medical physics with strong emphasis on nuclear medicine. The book is suited to achieve a deep knowledge in the field of detector physics and imaging. It can also be used as a reference book to look up the working principles of a given detector type and to get an overview of state-of-the-art applications of the various detector types. It is also helpful for practitioners in nuclear medicine and radiology as it summarizes all detector types in this field and the basic working principles of these detectors. The area of radiation therapy is also covered in detail taking into account the most recent developments
ISBN,Price9783319937854
Keyword(s)1. Accelerator Physics 2. ASTROPHYSICS 3. Cultural heritage 4. Cultural property 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. MEASUREMENT 8. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 9. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 10. PARTICLE ACCELERATORS 11. Radiology
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TitleStudy of Excess Electronic Recoil Events in XENON1T
Author(s)Shockley, Evan
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionX, 119 p. 78 illus., 77 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis summarizes the original analysis work performed by the author on data from XENON1T, a search for dark matter with a ton-size noble liquid detector operated at Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory in Italy. The nature of dark matter is one of the most open and pressing questions of modern physics, and the unique data acquired with this detector allows the exploration and investigation of several potential scenarios. The analysis of Dr. Shockley searches for a class of elusive elementary particles that interact with the electrons of ordinary atoms, instead of the nucleus. Results of the analysis present, with high confidence, an excess with respect to the expected background. Beyond more mundane explanations, this additional rate of electron-mediated interactions might be a first hint of physics beyond the standard model. This accessible thesis provides details on the detector, the data, and the theory, delivering to the reader an in-depth and coherent picture of the search for physics beyond the standard model
ISBN,Price9783030877521
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. MEASUREMENT 7. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 8. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 9. PARTICLE PHYSICS 10. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 11. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleHydration Structures of Proteins : Atomic Details
Author(s)Nakasako, Masayoshi
PublicationTokyo, Springer Japan, 2021.
DescriptionXVIII, 309 p. 143 illus., 139 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book describes hydration structures of proteins by combining experimental results with theoretical considerations. It is designed to introduce graduate students and researchers to microscopic views of the interactions between water and biological macromolecules and to provide them with an overview of the field. Topics on protein hydration from the past 25 years are examined, most of which involve crystallography, fluorescence measurements, and molecular dynamics simulations. In X-ray crystallography and molecular dynamics simulations, recent advances have accelerated the study of hydration structures over the entire surface of proteins. Experimentally, crystal structure analysis at cryogenic temperatures is advantageous in terms of visualizing the positions of hydration water molecules on the surfaces of proteins in their frozen-hydrated crystals. A set of massive data regarding hydration sites on protein surfaces provides an appropriate basis, enabling us to identify statistically significant trends in geometrical characteristics. Trajectories obtained from molecular dynamics simulations illustrate the motion of water molecules in the vicinity of protein surfaces at sufficiently high spatial and temporal resolution to study the influences of hydration on protein motion. Together with the results and implications of these studies, the physical principles of the measurement and simulation of protein hydration are briefly summarized at an undergraduate level. Further, the author presents recent results from statistical approaches to characterizing hydrogen-bond geometry in local hydration structures of proteins. The book equips readers to better understand the structures and modes of interaction at the interface between water and proteins. Referred to as ???hydration structures???, they are the subject of much discussion, as they may help to answer the question of why water is indispensable for life at the molecular and atomic level
ISBN,Price9784431569190
Keyword(s)1. BIOPHYSICS 2. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 3. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. LIFE SCIENCES 7. MEASUREMENT 8. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 9. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 10. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
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TitlePhysics Experiments with Arduino and Smartphones
Author(s)Organtini, Giovanni
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXII, 397 p. 122 illus., 114 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book on the use of Arduino and Smartphones in physics experiments, with a focus on mechanics, introduces various techniques by way of examples. The main aim is to teach students how to take meaningful measurements and how to interpret them. Each topic is introduced by an experiment. Those at the beginning of the book are rather simple to build and analyze. As the lessons proceed, the experiments become more refined and new techniques are introduced. Rather than providing recipes to be adopted while taking measurements, the need for new concepts is raised by observing the results of an experiment. A formal justification is given only after a concept has been introduced experimentally. The discussion extends beyond the taking of measurements to their meaning in terms of physics, the importance of what is learned from the laws that are derived, and their limits. Stress is placed on the importance of careful design of experiments as to reduce systematic errors and on good practices to avoid common mistakes. Data are always analyzed using computer software. C-like structures are introduced in teaching how to program Arduino, while data collection and analysis is done using Python. Several methods of graphical representation of data are used
ISBN,Price9783030651404
Keyword(s)1. COMPUTER PROGRAMMING 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. MEASUREMENT 5. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 6. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 7. Programming Techniques
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6.     
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TitleScanning Probe Microscopy : The Lab on a Tip
Author(s)Meyer, Ernst;Bennewitz, Roland;Hug, Hans J
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIV, 322 p. 194 illus., 89 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteWritten by three leading experts in the field, this book describes and explains all essential aspects of scanning probe microscopy. Emphasis is placed on the experimental design and procedures required to optimize the performance of the various methods described. The book covers not only the physical principles behind this popular technique, but also tackles questions on instrument design, the basic features of the different imaging modes, and recurring artifacts. Novel applications and the latest research results are presented, and the book closes with a look at the future prospects of scanning probe microscopy, while also discussing related techniques in the field of nanoscience. This second edition includes essential scientific updates reflecting the latest research, as well as coverage of new breakthroughs in techniques such as submolecular imaging by atomic force microscopy (AFM), multifrequency AFM, high-speed imaging of biological matter, scanning x-ray microscopy, and tip-enhanced Raman scattering. The book serves as a general, hands-on guide for all types of classes that address scanning probe microscopy. It is ideally suited for graduate and advanced undergraduate students, either for self-study or as a textbook for a dedicated course on the topic. Furthermore, it is an essential component of any scanning probe microscopy laboratory course and a valuable resource for practicing researchers developing and using scanning probe techniques
ISBN,Price9783030370893
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Analytical Technique 2. CONDENSED MATTER 3. CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Materials???Analysis 7. MEASUREMENT 8. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 9. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 10. SPECTROSCOPY 11. SPECTRUM ANALYSIS 12. Surfaces (Technology) 13. Surfaces, Interfaces and Thin Film 14. THIN FILMS
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7.     
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TitleAdvanced Electromagnetic Models for Materials Characterization and Nondestructive Evaluation
Author(s)Sabbagh, Harold A;Murphy, R. Kim;Sabbagh, Elias H;Zhou, Liming;Wincheski, Russell
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXII, 351 p. 246 illus., 51 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book expands on the subject matter of ???Computational Electromagnetics and Model-Based Inversion: A Modern Paradigm for Eddy-Current Nondestructive Evaluation.??? It includes (a) voxel-based inversion methods, which are generalizations of model-based algorithms; (b) a complete electromagnetic model of advanced composites (and other novel exotic materials), stressing the highly anisotropic nature of these materials, as well as giving a number of applications to nondestructive evaluation; and (c) an up-to-date discussion of stochastic integral equations and propagation-of-uncertainty models in nondestructive evaluation. As such, the book combines research started twenty-five years ago in advanced composites and voxel-based algorithms, but published in scattered journal articles, as well as recent research in stochastic integral equations. All of these areas are of considerable interest to the aerospace, nuclear power, civil infrastructure, materials characterization and biomedical industries. The book covers the topic of computational electromagnetics in eddy-current nondestructive evaluation (NDE) by emphasizing three distinct topics: (a) fundamental mathematical principles of volume-integral equations as a subset of computational electromagnetics, (b) mathematical algorithms applied to signal-processing and inverse scattering problems, and (c) applications of these two topics to problems in which real and model data are used. It is therefore more than an academic exercise and is valuable to users of eddy-current NDE technology in industries as varied as nuclear power, aerospace, materials characterization and biomedical imaging
ISBN,Price9783030679569
Keyword(s)1. Aerospace engineering 2. Aerospace Technology and Astronautics 3. ASTRONAUTICS 4. Characterization and Analytical Technique 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. Materials???Analysis 8. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 9. MEASUREMENT 10. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 11. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 12. Security Science and Technology 13. Security systems 14. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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8.     
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TitleA Digital Signal Processor for Particle Detectors : Design, Verification and Testing
Author(s)Velure, Arild
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIX, 157 p. 57 illus., 30 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteTo cope with the new running conditions in the ALICE experiment at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, a new integrated circuit named SAMPA has been created that can process 32 analogue channels, convert them to digital, perform filtering and compression, and transmit the data on high speed links to the data acquisition system. The main purpose of this work is to specify, design, test and verify the digital signal processing part of the SAMPA device to accommodate the requirements of the detectors involved. Innovative solutions have been employed to reduce the bandwidth required by the detectors, as well as adaptations to ease data handling later in the processing chain. The new SAMPA device was built to replace two existing circuits, in addition to reducing the current consumption, and doubling the amount of processing channels. About 50000 of the devices will be installed in the Time Projection Chamber and Muon Chamber detectors in the ALICE experiment
ISBN,Price9783030715595
Keyword(s)1. Accelerator Physics 2. Data Analysis and Big Data 3. Digital and Analog Signal Processing 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. MEASUREMENT 7. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 8. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 9. PARTICLE ACCELERATORS 10. PARTICLE PHYSICS 11. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 12. Quantitative research 13. SIGNAL PROCESSING
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9.     
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TitleModern M??ssbauer Spectroscopy : New Challenges Based on Cutting-Edge Techniques
Author(s)Yoshida, Yutaka;Langouche, Guido
PublicationSingapore, Springer Nature Singapore, 2021.
DescriptionXV, 523 p. 319 illus., 253 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents an overview of the latest M??ssbauer spectroscopy research. It sheds light on various cutting-edge research subjects: (i) nuclear resonance scattering experiments implemented at synchrotron radiation facilities, e.g., ESRF, DESY and Spring-8; (ii) multidisciplinary materials research related to chemistry, biology, geoscience, molecular magnetism of metal complexes, batteries, and magnetism; (iii) novel imaging techniques based on probing diffusion in solids using M??ssbauer spectroscopy. The first three chapters introduce recent research on modern M??ssbauer spectroscopy, including nuclear resonant scattering experiments and development of related techniques at synchrotron accelerator facilities. Chapters 4 and 5 then demonstrate the applications of such pioneering techniques to chemistry, biology and geoscience. Chapters 6 and 7 describe the applications to new functional materials, i.e., metal complexes and Li- and Na-ion batteries, while the final two chapters are devoted to two important measuring techniques: M??ssbauer spectroscopy under external magnetic fields, and microscopic M??ssbauer techniques on diffusion in solids, which are expected to play an essential role in the investigation and characterization of magnetic structures and microstructures in materials. The cutting-edge content provides readers with quick updates on the latest research topics in the field, while the tutorial-style descriptions allow readers unfamiliar with M??ssbauer spectroscopy to learn and implement the techniques. As such, the book is especially useful for advanced undergraduate and early graduate students who have recently been assigned to a laboratory
ISBN,Price9789811594229
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Analytical Technique 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Materials???Analysis 5. MEASUREMENT 6. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 7. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 8. OPTICAL MATERIALS 9. SPECTROSCOPY 10. SPECTRUM ANALYSIS
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10.    
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TitleCalculate the Orbit of Mars! : An Observing Challenge and Historical Adventure
Author(s)Clark, Jane
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIII, 316 p. 153 illus., 93 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book shows readers how to calculate the orbit of Mars, based on their own observations and using observations made by the author. The historical, observational, and analytical aspects of the project to measure the orbit of Mars are all combined in this one book! Determining the orbit of Mars is particularly important, as originally solving this problem required the founding of modern science. Clark discusses how people came to believe in the Newtonian model of the Solar System, works through the mathematical basis for the theory of gravity, and shows how Newton ruled out the possibility of alternative theories. Readers also learn how it became possible to accurately measure the positions of Mars from a moving, spinning platform???the Earth. This mid-level observational challenge is well within reach of most serious amateur astronomers. For the observations, only a telescope with auto-guiding capability and the ability to mount a digital single lens reflex (DSLR) camera is required. For the calculations, it is assumed that the reader has a science, engineering, or mathematics background and is familiar with calculus, vectors, and trigonometry
ISBN,Price9783030782672
Keyword(s)1. ASTRONOMY 2. Astronomy, Cosmology and Space Sciences 3. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 4. Astronomy???Observations 5. Classical and Quantum Gravity 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. GRAVITATION 9. MEASUREMENT 10. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 11. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS
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