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1 Bettles, Robert Cooperative Interactions in Lattices of Atomic Dipoles I10448 2017 eBook  
2 Schramm, Stefan New Horizons in Fundamental Physics I10446 2017 eBook  
3 Ciullo, Giuseppe Nuclear Fusion with Polarized Fuel I10445 2016 eBook  
4 Avetissian, Hamlet Karo Relativistic Nonlinear Electrodynamics I10382 2016 eBook  
5 Andersen, Nils Polarization, Alignment, and Orientation in Atomic Collisions I10362 2017 eBook  
6 Drukarev, Evgeny G High-Energy Atomic Physics I10309 2016 eBook  
7 Kuehn, Kerry A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts I10276 2016 eBook  
8 Ohtsubo, Junji Semiconductor Lasers I10205 2017 eBook  
9 Ganeev, Rashid A Frequency Conversion of Ultrashort Pulses in Extended Laser-Produced Plasmas I10195 2016 eBook  
10 Fechner, Lutz High-Resolution Experiments on Strong-Field Ionization of Atoms and Molecules I10168 2016 eBook  
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TitleCooperative Interactions in Lattices of Atomic Dipoles
Author(s)Bettles, Robert
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVII, 169 p. 35 illus., 12 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis reports the remarkable discovery that, by arranging the dipoles in an ordered array with particular spacings, it is possible to greatly enhance the cross-section and achieve a strong light-matter coupling (>98% of the incident light). It also discusses the broad background to cooperative behaviour in atomic ensembles, and analyses in detail effects in one- and two-dimensional atomic arrays. In general, when light interacts with matter it excites electric dipoles and since the nineteenth century it has been known that if the amplitude of these induced dipoles is sufficiently large, and their distance apart is on the scale of the wavelength of the light, then their mutual interaction significantly modifies the light???matter interaction. However, it was not known how to exploit this effect to modify the light???matter interaction in a desirable way, for example in order to enhance the optical cross-section
ISBN,Price9783319628431
Keyword(s)1. ATOMS 2. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 3. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 4. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. LASERS 8. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 9. PHOTONICS 10. PHYSICS
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TitleNew Horizons in Fundamental Physics
Author(s)Schramm, Stefan;Sch??fer, Mirko
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionIX, 389 p. 134 illus., 95 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis volume presents the state-of-the-art in selected topics across modern nuclear physics, covering fields of central importance to research and illustrating their connection to many different areas of physics. It describes recent progress in the study of superheavy and exotic nuclei, which is pushing our knowledge to ever heavier elements and neutron-richer isotopes. Extending nuclear physics to systems that are many times denser than even the core of an atomic nucleus, one enters the realm of the physics of neutron stars and possibly quark stars, a topic that is intensively investigated with many ground-based and outer-space research missions as well as numerous theoretical works. By colliding two nuclei at very high ultra-relativistic energies one can create a fireball of extremely hot matter, reminiscent of the universe very shortly after the big bang, leading to a phase of melted hadrons and free quarks and gluons, the so-called quark-gluon plasma. These studies tie up with effects of crucial importance in other fields. During the collision of heavy ions, electric fields of extreme strength are produced, potentially destabilizing the vacuum of the atomic physics system, subsequently leading to the decay of the vacuum state and the emission of positrons. In neutron stars the ultra-dense matter might support extremely high magnetic fields, far beyond anything that can be produced in the laboratory, significantly affecting the stellar properties. At very high densities general relativity predicts the stellar collapse to a black hole. However, a number of current theoretical activities, modifying Einstein???s theory, point to possible alternative scenarios, where this collapse might be avoided. These and related topics are addressed in this book in a series of highly readable chapters. In addition, the book includes fundamental analyses of the practicalities involved in transiting to an electricity supply mainly based on renewable energies, investigating this scenario less from an engineering and more from a physics point of view. While the topics comprise a large scope of activities, the contributions also show an extensive overlap in the methodology and in the analytical and numerical tools involved in tackling these diverse research fields that are the forefront of modern science.
ISBN,Price9783319441658
Keyword(s)1. Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks 2. ASTROPHYSICS 3. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 4. ATOMS 5. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. Heavy ions 9. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 10. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 11. PHYSICS
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TitleNuclear Fusion with Polarized Fuel
Author(s)Ciullo, Giuseppe;Engels, Ralf;B??scher, Markus;Vasilyev, Alexander
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIV, 154 p. 48 illus., 14 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book offers a detailed examination of the latest work on the potential of polarized fuel to realize the vision of energy production by nuclear fusion. It brings together contributions from nuclear physicists and fusion physicists with the aims of fostering exchange of information between the two communities, describing the current status in the field, and examining new ideas and projects under development. It is evident that polarized fuel can offer huge improvements for the first generation of fusion reactors and open new technological possibilities for future generations, including neutron lean reactors, which could be the most popular and sustainable energy production option to avoid environmental problems. Nevertheless, many questions must be resolved before polarized fuel can be used for energy production in the different reactor types. Readers will find this book to be a stimulating source of information on the key issues. It is based on contributions from leading scientists delivered at the meetings ???Nuclear Fusion with Polarized Nucleons??? (Trento, November 2013) and ???PolFusion??? (Ferrara, July 2015).
ISBN,Price9783319394718
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. ENERGY SYSTEMS 6. NUCLEAR FUSION 7. PHYSICS 8. Renewable and Green Energy 9. Renewable energy resources
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TitleRelativistic Nonlinear Electrodynamics : The QED Vacuum and Matter in Super-Strong Radiation Fields
Author(s)Avetissian, Hamlet Karo
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXVII, 506 p. 59 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis revised edition of the author???s classic 2006 text offers a comprehensively updated review of the field of relativistic nonlinear??electrodynamics. It explores the interaction of strong and super-strong electromagnetic/laser radiation with the electromagnetic quantum vacuum and diverse types of matter ??? including free charged particles and antiparticles, acceleration beams, plasma and plasmous media.?? The appearance of laser sources of relativistic and ultra-relativistic intensities over the last decade has stimulated investigation of a large class of processes under such super-strong radiation fields. Revisions for this second edition reflect these developments and the book includes new chapters on Bremsstrahlung and nonlinear absorption of superintense radiation in plasmas, the nonlinear interaction of relativistic atoms with intense laser radiation, nonlinear interaction of strong laser radiation with Graphene, and relativistic nonlinear phenomena in solid-plasma targets under supershort laser pulses of ultrarelativistic intensities. The only book devoted to the subject of relativistic nonlinear electrodynamics, this second edition will be a valuable resource for??graduate students and researchers involved in any aspect of the field, including those working with intense x-ray ??? gamma-ray lasers, the new generation of small size laser-plasma accelerators of superhigh energies and high-brightness particle beams
ISBN,Price9783319263847
Keyword(s)1. ATOMS 2. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 3. CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. ELECTRODYNAMICS 7. MICROWAVES 8. Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering 9. OPTICAL ENGINEERING 10. OPTICS 11. Particle acceleration 12. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 13. PHYSICS
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TitlePolarization, Alignment, and Orientation in Atomic Collisions
Author(s)Andersen, Nils;Bartschat, Klaus
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXIII, 404 p. 237 illus., 39 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book covers polarization, alignment, and orientation effects in atomic collisions induced by electron, heavy particle, or photon impact. The first part of the book presents introductory chapters on light and particle polarization, experimental and computational methods, and the density matrix and state multipole formalism. Examples and exercises are included. The second part of the book deals with case studies of electron impact and heavy particle excitation, electron transfer, impact ionization, and autoionization. A separate chapter on photo-induced processes by new-generation light sources has been added. The last chapter discusses related topics and applications. Part III includes examples of charge clouds and introductory summaries of selected seminal papers of tutorial value from the early history of the field (1925 ??? 1975). The book is a significant update to the previous (first) edition, particularly in experimental and computational methods, the inclusion of key results obtained during the past 15 years, and the extended coverage of photo-induced processes. It is intended as an introductory text for both experimental and theoretical students and researchers. It can be used as a textbook for graduate courses, as a primary source for special topics and seminar courses, and as a standard reference. The book is accompanied by electronically available copies of the full text of the key papers in Part III, as well as animations of theoretically predicted electron charge clouds and currents for some of the cases discussed in Part II
ISBN,Price9783319552163
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. CONDENSED MATTER 4. CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 8. PHYSICS
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TitleHigh-Energy Atomic Physics
Author(s)Drukarev, Evgeny G;Mikhailov, A.I
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 384 p. 55 illus., 5 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis self-contained text introduces readers to the field of high-energy atomic physics - a new regime of photon-atom interactions in which the photon energies significantly exceed the atomic or molecular binding energies, and which opened up with the recent advent of new synchrotron sources. From a theoretical point of view, a small-parameter characteristic of the bound system emerged, making it possible to perform analytic perturbative calculations that can in turn serve as benchmarks for more powerful numerical computations. The first part of the book introduces readers to the foundations of this new regime and its theoretical treatment. In particular, the validity of the small-parameter perturbation expansion and of the lowest-order approximation is critically reviewed. The following chapters then apply these insights to various atomic processes, such as photoionization as a many-body problem, dominant mechanisms for the production of ions at higher energies, Compton scattering and ionization accompanied by creation of e-e+ pairs, and the photoionization of endohedral atoms (e.g. fullerene). Last but not least, the computationally challenging transitions in the electron shell during certain types of nuclear decays are investigated in detail
ISBN,Price9783319327365
Keyword(s)1. Atomic structure???? 2. Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra 3. ATOMS 4. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. Molecular structure?? 8. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 9. PHYSICS 10. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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TitleA Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts : Volume III: Electricity, Magnetism and Light
Author(s)Kuehn, Kerry
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXXVI, 471 p. 176 illus., 5 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides a chronological introduction to the electromagnetic theory of light, using selected extracts from classic texts such as Gilbert???s De Magnete, Franklin???s Experiments and Observations on Electricity, and Huygens??? Treatise on Light. Particular attention is given to the works of Faraday, Maxwell and Heaviside, scientists who unified the formerly separate disciplines of electricity, magnetism and light. Their electromagnetic theory???developed during the 19th century???would lead to the invention of modern radar, electrical power grids, and telecommunication networks. Each chapter of this book begins with a short introduction followed by a reading selection. Carefully crafted study questions draw out key points in the text and focus the reader???s attention on the author???s methods, analysis and conclusions. Numerical and laboratory exercises at the end of each chapter test the reader???s ability to understand and apply key concepts from the text. Electricity, Magnetism and Light is the third of four volumes in A Student???s Guide through the Great Physics Texts. This book grew out of a four-semester undergraduate physics curriculum designed to encourage a critical and circumspect approach to natural science while at the same time preparing students for advanced coursework in physics. This book is particularly suitable as a college-level textbook for students of the natural sciences, history or philosophy. It can also serve as a textbook for advanced high-school or home-schooled students, or as a thematically-organized source-book for scholars and motivated lay-readers. In studying the classic scientific texts included herein, the reader will be drawn toward a lifetime of contemplation.
ISBN,Price9783319218168
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 6. LASERS 7. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 8. Philosophy and science 9. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 10. PHOTONICS 11. PHYSICS
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TitleSemiconductor Lasers : Stability, Instability and Chaos
Author(s)Ohtsubo, Junji
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXV, 666 p. 331 illus., 97 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book describes the fascinating recent advances made concerning the chaos, stability and instability of semiconductor lasers, and discusses their applications and future prospects in detail. It emphasizes the dynamics in semiconductor lasers by optical and electronic feedback, optical injection, and injection current modulation. Applications of semiconductor laser chaos, control and noise, and semiconductor lasers are also demonstrated. Semiconductor lasers with new structures, such as vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers and broad-area semiconductor lasers, are intriguing and promising devices. Current topics include fast physical number generation using chaotic semiconductor lasers for secure communication, development of chaos, quantum-dot semiconductor lasers and quantum-cascade semiconductor lasers, and vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. This fourth edition has been significantly expanded to reflect the latest developments. The fundamental theory of laser chaos and the chaotic dynamics in semiconductor lasers are discussed, but also for example the method of self-mixing interferometry in quantum-cascade lasers, which is indispensable in practical applications. Further, this edition covers chaos synchronization between two lasers and the application to secure optical communications. Another new topic is the consistency and synchronization property of many coupled semiconductor lasers in connection with the analogy of the dynamics between synaptic neurons and chaotic semiconductor lasers, which are compatible nonlinear dynamic elements. In particular, zero-lag synchronization between distant neurons plays a crucial role for information processing in the brain. Lastly, the book presents an application of the consistency and synchronization property in chaotic semiconductor lasers, namely a type of neuro-inspired information processing referred to as reservoir computing
ISBN,Price9783319561387
Keyword(s)1. ATOMS 2. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 3. CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. ELECTRODYNAMICS 7. LASERS 8. MICROWAVES 9. Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering 10. OPTICAL ENGINEERING 11. OPTICS 12. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 13. PHOTONICS 14. PHYSICS 15. SEMICONDUCTORS
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TitleFrequency Conversion of Ultrashort Pulses in Extended Laser-Produced Plasmas
Author(s)Ganeev, Rashid A
PublicationSingapore, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Singapore, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 221 p. 101 illus., 6 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book offers a review of the use of extended ablation plasmas as nonlinear media for HHG of high-order harmonic generation (HHG). The book describes the different experimental approaches, shows the advantages and limitations regarding HHG efficiency and discusses the particular processes that take place at longer interaction lengths, including propagation and quasi-phase matching effects. It describes the most recent approaches to harmonic generation in the extreme ultraviolet (XUV) range with the use of extended plasma plumes, and how these differ from more commonly-used gas-jet sources. The main focus is on studies using extended plasmas, but some new findings from HHG experiments in narrow plasma plumes are also discussed. It also describes how quasi-phase-matching in modulated plasmas, as demonstrated in recent studies, has revealed different means of tuning enhanced harmonic groups in the XUV region. After an introduction to the fundamental theoretical and experimental aspects of HHG, a review of the most important results of HHG in narrow plasmas is presented, including recent studies of small-sized plasma plumes as emitters of high-order harmonics. In Chapter 2, various findings in the application of extended plasmas for harmonic generation are analyzed. One of the most important applications of extended plasmas, the quasi-phase-matching of generated harmonics, is demonstrated in Chapter 3, including various approaches to the modification of perforated plasma plumes. Chapter 4 depicts the nonlinear optical features of extended plasmas produced on the surfaces of different non-metal materials. Chapter 5 is dedicated to the analysis of new opportunities for extended plasma induced HHG. The advantages of the application of long plasma plumes for HHG, such as resonance enhancement and double-pulse method, are discussed in Chapter 6. Finally, a summary section brings together all of these findings and discuss the perspectives of extended plasma formations for efficient HHG and nonlinear optical plasma spectroscopy. The book will be useful for students and scholars working in this highly multidisciplinary domain involving material science, nonlinear optics and laser spectroscopy. It brings the new researcher to the very frontier of the physics of the interaction between laser and extended plasma; for the expert it will serve as an essential guide and indicate directions for future research
ISBN,Price9789811001949
Keyword(s)1. ATOMS 2. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Electronic materials 6. LASERS 7. MICROWAVES 8. Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering 9. Optical and Electronic Materials 10. OPTICAL ENGINEERING 11. OPTICAL MATERIALS 12. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 13. PHOTONICS 14. PHYSICS 15. PLASMA (IONIZED GASES) 16. PLASMA PHYSICS
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TitleHigh-Resolution Experiments on Strong-Field Ionization of Atoms and Molecules : Test of Tunneling Theory, the Role of Doubly Excited States, and Channel-Selective Electron Spectra
Author(s)Fechner, Lutz
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIV, 151 p. 71 illus., 29 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteIn this thesis, the ionization of atoms and small molecules in strong laser fields is experimentally studied using a reaction microscope. The population of autoionizing doubly excited states in the laser fields is proven and a possible connection to the well-known dielectronic recombination processes is discussed. The fundamental process of tunnel ionization in strong laser fields is subject of investigation in a pump-probe experiment with ultrashort laser pulses. A coherent superposition of electronic states in singly charged argon ions is created within the first, and subsequently tunnel-ionized with the second pulse. This gives access to state-selective information about the tunneling process and allows to test common models. Moreover, the ionization of krypton and argon at different wavelengths is studied, from the multiphoton to the tunneling regime. The wavelength-dependent investigations are furthermore extended to molecular hydrogen. In addition to ionization, this system might undergo different dissociative processes. Channel-selective electron momentum distributions are presented and compared to each other
ISBN,Price9783319320465
Keyword(s)1. ATOMS 2. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. MICROSCOPY 6. PHYSICS 7. SPECTROSCOPY 8. Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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