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11 Anitas, Eugen Mircea Small-Angle Scattering (Neutrons, X-Rays, Light) from Complex Systems I09475 2019 eBook  
12 Pohl, Udo W Epitaxy of Semiconductors I09423 2020 eBook  
13 Lin, Yu-Chuan Properties of Synthetic Two-Dimensional Materials and Heterostructures I09281 2018 eBook  
14 Morelh??o, S??rgio Luiz Computer Simulation Tools for X-ray Analysis I09254 2016 eBook  
15 Lecoq, Paul Inorganic Scintillators for Detector Systems I09031 2017 eBook  
16 Korzhik, Mikhail Physics of Fast Processes in Scintillators I08999 2020 eBook  
17 Schauries, Daniel Ion Tracks in Apatite and Quartz I08944 2018 eBook  
18 Thompson, Matt Helium Nano-bubble Formation in Tungsten I08943 2018 eBook  
19 Bertrand, Patrick Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy I08798 2020 eBook  
20 Bertrand, Patrick Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy I08797 2020 eBook  
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11.    
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TitleSmall-Angle Scattering (Neutrons, X-Rays, Light) from Complex Systems : Fractal and Multifractal Models for Interpretation of Experimental Data
Author(s)Anitas, Eugen Mircea
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2019.
DescriptionVIII, 116 p. 36 illus., 34 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book addresses the basic physical phenomenon of small-angle scattering (SAS) of neutrons, x-rays or light from complex hierarchical nano- and micro-structures. The emphasis is on developing theoretical models for the material structure containing self-similar or fractal clusters. Within the suggested framework, key approaches for extracting structural information from experimental scattering data are investigated and presented in detail. The range of parameters which can be obtained pave the road towards a better understanding of the correlations between geometrical and various physical properties (electrical, magnetic, mechanical, optical, dynamical, transport etc.) in fractal nano- and micro-materials
ISBN,Price9783030266127
Keyword(s)1. Applications of Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos Theory 2. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 3. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. MICROSCOPY 7. NANOTECHNOLOGY 8. SPECTROSCOPY 9. Spectroscopy and Microscopy 10. STATISTICAL PHYSICS
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12.     
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TitleEpitaxy of Semiconductors : Physics and Fabrication of Heterostructures
Author(s)Pohl, Udo W
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXX, 535 p. 322 illus., 145 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe extended and revised edition of this textbook provides essential information for a comprehensive upper-level graduate course on the crystalline growth of semiconductor heterostructures. Heteroepitaxy is the basis of today???s advanced electronic and optoelectronic devices, and it is considered one of the most important fields in materials research and nanotechnology. The book discusses the structural and electronic properties of strained epitaxial layers, the thermodynamics and kinetics of layer growth, and it describes the major growth techniques: metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy, molecular-beam epitaxy, and liquid-phase epitaxy. It also examines in detail cubic and hexagonal semiconductors, strain relaxation by misfit dislocations, strain and confinement effects on electronic states, surface structures, and processes during nucleation and growth. Requiring only minimal knowledge of solid-state physics, it provides natural sciences, materials science and electrical engineering students and their lecturers elementary introductions to the theory and practice of epitaxial growth, supported by references and over 300 detailed illustrations
ISBN,Price9783030438692
Keyword(s)1. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 2. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Electronic materials 6. MICROWAVES 7. Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering 8. NANOTECHNOLOGY 9. Nanotechnology and Microengineering 10. Optical and Electronic Materials 11. OPTICAL ENGINEERING 12. OPTICAL MATERIALS 13. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 14. SEMICONDUCTORS
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13.     
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TitleProperties of Synthetic Two-Dimensional Materials and Heterostructures
Author(s)Lin, Yu-Chuan
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2018.
DescriptionXV, 141 p. 76 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis represents a significant advance in our understanding of the synthesis and propertiesof two-dimensional (2D) materials. The author???s work breaks new ground in the understanding of a number of 2D crystals, including atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides, graphene, and their heterostructures, that are technologically important to next-generation electronics. In addition to critical new results on the direct growth of 2D heterostructures, it also details growth mechanisms, surface science, and device applications of ???epi-grade??? 2D semiconductors, which are essential to low-power electronics, as well as for extending Moore???s law. Most importantly, it provides an effective alternative to mechanically exfoliate 2D layers for practical applications.
ISBN,Price9783030003326
Keyword(s)1. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 2. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Electronic materials 6. Materials???Surfaces 7. NANOTECHNOLOGY 8. Optical and Electronic Materials 9. OPTICAL MATERIALS 10. SEMICONDUCTORS 11. Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films 12. THIN FILMS
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14.     
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TitleComputer Simulation Tools for X-ray Analysis : Scattering and Diffraction Methods
Author(s)Morelh??o, S??rgio Luiz
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXV, 294 p. 105 illus., 104 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe main goal of this book is to break down the huge barrier of difficulties faced by beginners from many fields (Engineering, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Medicine, Material Science, etc.) in using X-rays as an analytical tool in their research. Besides fundamental concepts, MatLab routines are provided, showing how to test and implement the concepts. The major difficult in analyzing materials by X-ray techniques is that it strongly depends on simulation software. This book teaches the users on how to construct a library of routines to simulate scattering and diffraction by almost any kind of samples. It provides to a young student the knowledge that would take more than 20 years to acquire by working on X-rays and relying on the available textbooks. In this book, fundamental concepts in applied X-ray physics are demonstrated through available computer simulation tools. Using MatLab, more than eighty routines are developed for solving the proposed exercises, most of which can be directly used in experimental data analysis. Therefore, besides X-ray physics, this book offers a practical programming course in modern high-level language, with plenty of graphic and mathematical tools
ISBN,Price9783319195544
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 2. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 3. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. MATERIALS SCIENCE 7. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 8. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 9. PHYSICS
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15.     
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TitleInorganic Scintillators for Detector Systems : Physical Principles and Crystal Engineering
Author(s)Lecoq, Paul;Gektin, Alexander;Korzhik, Mikhail
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVI, 408 p. 226 illus., 44 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis second edition features new chapters highlighting advances in our understanding of the behavior and properties of scintillators, and the discovery of new families of materials with light yield and excellent energy resolution very close to the theoretical limit. The book focuses on the discovery of next-generation scintillation materials and on a deeper understanding of fundamental processes. Such novel materials with high light yield as well as significant advances in crystal engineering offer exciting new perspectives. Most promising is the application of scintillators for precise time tagging of events, at the level of 100 ps or higher, heralding a new era in medical applications and particle physics. Since the discovery of the Higgs Boson with a clear signature in the lead tungstate scintillating blocks of the CMS Electromagnetic Calorimeter detector, the current trend in particle physics is toward very high luminosity colliders, in which timing performance will ultimately be essential to mitigating pile-up problems. New and extremely fast light production mechanisms based on Hot-Intraband-Luminescence as well as quantum confinement are exploited for this purpose. Breakthroughs such as crystal engineering by means of co-doping procedures and selection of cations with small nuclear fragmentation cross-sections will also pave the way for the development of more advanced and radiation-hard materials. Similar innovations are expected in medical imaging, nuclear physics ecology, homeland security, space instrumentation and industrial applications. This second edition also reviews modern trends in our understanding and the engineering of scintillation materials. Readers will find new and updated references and information, as well as new concepts and inspirations to implement in their own research and engineering endeavors
ISBN,Price9783319455228
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 2. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 3. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Engineering???Materials 7. Materials Engineering 8. MATERIALS SCIENCE 9. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 10. Measurement?????? 11. Nuclear medicine 12. Particle acceleration 13. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 14. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS
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16.     
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TitlePhysics of Fast Processes in Scintillators
Author(s)Korzhik, Mikhail;Tamulaitis, Gintautas;Vasil'ev, Andrey N
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXII, 250 p. 130 illus., 110 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents the current advances in understanding of the fast excitation transfer processes in inorganic scintillation materials, the discovery of new materials exhibiting excellent time resolution, and the results on the evaluation of timing limits for scintillation detectors. The book considers in-depth basic principles of primary processes in energy relaxation, which play a key role in creating scintillating centers to meet a growing demand for knowledge to develop new materials combining high energy and time resolutions. The rate of relaxation varies. However, the goal is to make it extremely fast, occurring within the ps domain or even shorter. The book focuses on fast processes in scintillation materials. This approach enables in-depth understanding of fundamental processes in scintillation and supports the efforts to push the time resolution of scintillation detectors towards 10 ps target. Sophisticated theoretical and advanced experimental research conducted in the last decade is reviewed. Engineering and control of the energy transfer processes in the scintillation materials are addressed. The new era in development of instrumentation for detection of ionizing radiation in high- energy physics experiments, medical imaging and industrial applications is introduced. This book reviews modern trends in the description of the scintillation build up processes in inorganic materials, transient phenomena, and engineering of the scintillation properties. It also provides reliable background of scientific and educational information to stimulate new ideas for readers to implement in their research and engineering. The book is aimed at providing a coherent updated background of scientific and instructive information to stimulate new ideas for readers in their research and engineering
ISBN,Price9783030219666
Keyword(s)1. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 2. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Electronic materials 6. Heavy ions 7. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 8. Measurement?????? 9. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 10. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 11. Optical and Electronic Materials 12. OPTICAL MATERIALS 13. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 14. SOLID STATE PHYSICS 15. SPECTROSCOPY 16. Spectroscopy/Spectrometry
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17.     
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TitleIon Tracks in Apatite and Quartz : And Their Behaviour with Temperature and Pressure
Author(s)Schauries, Daniel
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2018.
DescriptionXVII, 154 p. 67 illus., 5 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book pioneers a novel approach to investigate the effects of pressure on fission tracks, a geological problem that has remained unsolved for 60 years. While conventional techniques to study fission tracks were limited in precision, this book overcomes such issues by using state-of-the-art synchrotron-based x-ray scattering; a technique initially developed for applications in material science and biomedical research. The book provides an overview of the theory and application of small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) on cylindrical ion tracks, including in-situ SAXS on ion tracks with simultaneous increases in temperature and pressure. As such it demonstrates a degree of characterisation normally not achievable with in-situ techniques. Further, it compares SAXS with small angle neutron scattering (SANS). This book has led to a range of publications and attracted the interest of the geological and material science communities. Daniel Schauries has been awarded several prizes for this research, including the Graduate Student Award of the Materials Research Society
ISBN,Price9783319962832
Keyword(s)1. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 2. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. GEOLOGY 6. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 7. Measurement?????? 8. Particle acceleration 9. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 10. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS
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18.     
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TitleHelium Nano-bubble Formation in Tungsten : Measurement with Grazing-Incidence Small Angle X-ray Scattering
Author(s)Thompson, Matt
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2018.
DescriptionXVII, 112 p. 40 illus., 6 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis PhD thesis characterises the damage that occurs in tungsten when it is exposed to a fusion-like environment. The book presents pioneering work on the use of grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) to measure nano-bubble formation in tungsten exposed to helium plasma. The phenomenon of nanoscale bubble formation within metals during helium plasma exposure can lead to undesirable changes in the material properties, such as complex nanoscale surface modification or a reduction in thermal conductivity. As a result of this work, it is now possible to quantify how nanobubble behaviour changes within different materials, and under different plasma conditions. In 2015 the author published the first GISAXS study of helium-induced nanobubble formation in tungsten, demonstrating the viability of using GISAXS for this work. This paper has generated significant interest from the international fusion community and was selected as one of the highlights for the journal Nuclear Fusion
ISBN,Price9783319960111
Keyword(s)1. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 2. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Energy Materials 6. FORCE AND ENERGY 7. MATERIALS SCIENCE 8. Nanoscale science 9. Nanoscale Science and Technology 10. NANOSCIENCE 11. Nanostructures 12. NUCLEAR FUSION 13. PLASMA (IONIZED GASES) 14. PLASMA PHYSICS
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19.     
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TitleElectron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy : Applications
Author(s)Bertrand, Patrick
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXXX, 433 p. 2 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book shows how the fundamentals of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy are practically implemented and illustrates the diversity of current applications. The technique is used at various levels, and applications are presented in order of increasing difficulty, with reference to theoretically obtained results. This book features a diverse array of application examples, from fields such as ionizing radiation dosimetry, neurodegenerative diseases, structural transitions in proteins, and the origins of terrestrial life. The final chapter of this book highlights the principles and applications of the technique of ferromagnetic resonance spectroscopy, followed by a brief introduction to advanced EPR techniques such as electron spin echo envelope modulation (ESEEM), hyperfine sub-level correlation (HYSCORE), pulsed electron-electron double resonance (PELDOR), and continuous wave electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) experiments
ISBN,Price9783030396688
Keyword(s)1. Atomic structure???? 2. Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra 3. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 4. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 5. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. MAGNETIC MATERIALS 9. MAGNETISM 10. Magnetism, Magnetic Materials 11. MATERIALS SCIENCE 12. MICROSCOPY 13. Molecular structure?? 14. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 15. SPECTROSCOPY 16. Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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20.    
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TitleElectron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy : Fundamentals
Author(s)Bertrand, Patrick
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXXIV, 420 p. 2 illus., 1 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteAlthough originally invented and employed by physicists, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy has proven to be a very efficient technique for studying a wide range of phenomena in many fields, such as chemistry, biochemistry, geology, archaeology, medicine, biotechnology, and environmental sciences. Acknowledging that not all studies require the same level of understanding of this technique, this book thus provides a practical treatise clearly oriented toward applications, which should be useful to students and researchers of various levels and disciplines. In this book, the principles of continuous wave EPR spectroscopy are progressively, but rigorously, introduced, with emphasis on interpretation of the collected spectra. Each chapter is followed by a section highlighting important points for applications, together with exercises solved at the end of the book. A glossary defines the main terms used in the book, and particular topics, whose knowledge is not required for understanding the main text, are developed in appendices for more inquisitive readers
ISBN,Price9783030396633
Keyword(s)1. Atomic structure???? 2. Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra 3. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 4. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 5. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. MAGNETIC MATERIALS 9. MAGNETISM 10. Magnetism, Magnetic Materials 11. MATERIALS SCIENCE 12. MICROSCOPY 13. Molecular structure?? 14. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 15. SPECTROSCOPY 16. Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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