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1 Louis, Jan With String Theory to the Big Bang I11959 2021 eBook  
2 Defranchis, Matteo M First Measurement of the Running of the Top Quark Mass I11947 2021 eBook  
3 Bose, Debanjan High Energy Astrophysical Neutrinos I11926 2021 eBook  
4 Dickinson, Jennet Elizabeth ATLAS Measurements of the Higgs Boson Coupling to the Top Quark in the Higgs to Diphoton Decay Channel I11910 2021 eBook  
5 Shockley, Evan Study of Excess Electronic Recoil Events in XENON1T I11887 2021 eBook  
6 Tosciri, Cecilia Higgs Boson Decays into a Pair of Bottom Quarks I11867 2021 eBook  
7 Hoyer, Paul Journey to the Bound States I11846 2021 eBook  
8 Lambiase, Gaetano The Interaction of Spin with Gravity in Particle Physics I11788 2021 eBook  
9 Velure, Arild A Digital Signal Processor for Particle Detectors I11738 2021 eBook  
10 Mambrini, Yann Particles in the Dark Universe I11677 2021 eBook  
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TitleWith String Theory to the Big Bang : A Journey to the Origin of the Universe
Author(s)Louis, Jan
PublicationWiesbaden, Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2021.
DescriptionX, 57 p. 11 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThe history of the universe has fascinated mankind for centuries. Using the interplay of cosmology, general relativity, particle physics and quantum theory, it is today possible to reconstruct it physically. Only the beginning, the big bang, has so far eluded the established laws of physics. The more one approaches it, the more speculative the story becomes. With this book, the reader is invited on a journey to the Big Bang learning on the way about various physical facts, observations and theories. String theory is introduced as a possible all-encompassing physical theory that has the potential to grasp and describe the Big Bang. Its sometimes spectacular predictions, such as additional spatial dimensions or parallel universes, are explained concisely. This Springer essential is a translation of the original German 1st edition essentials, Mit der Stringtheorie zum Urknall by Jan Louis, published by Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature in 2021. The translation was done with the help of artificial intelligence (machine translation by the service DeepL.com). A subsequent human revision was done primarily in terms of content, so that the book will read stylistically differently from a conventional translation. Springer Nature works continuously to further the development of tools for the production of books and on the related technologies to support the authors. The Contents An introduction and overview of the state of research in cosmology, particle physics and string theory A short version of the history of our universe - from established facts to a selection of speculations The Target Groups Pupils and interested laymen with basic knowledge of natural sciences Students and teachers of all disciplines The Author Prof. Jan Louis studied physics in Karlsruhe, London and Philadelphia and subsequently worked as a research associate at Stanford, CERN and the University of Munich. From 1996-2002 he held a professorship at the University of Halle and since 2003 he has been at the University of Hamburg, where he heads the Cluster of Excellence "Quantum Universe"
ISBN,Price9783658358501
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravity 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. GRAVITATION 6. PARTICLE PHYSICS 7. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS)
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TitleFirst Measurement of the Running of the Top Quark Mass
Author(s)Defranchis, Matteo M
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXVI, 162 p. 131 illus., 120 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteIn this thesis, the first measurement of the running of the top quark mass is presented. This is a fundamental quantum effect that had never been studied before. Any deviation from the expected behaviour can be interpreted as a hint of the presence of physics beyond the Standard Model. All relevant aspects of the analysis are extensively described and documented. This thesis also describes a simultaneous measurement of the inclusive top quark-antiquark production cross section and the top quark mass in the simulation. The measured cross section is also used to precisely determine the values of the top quark mass and the strong coupling constant by comparing to state-of-the-art theoretical predictions. All the theoretical and experimental aspects relevant to the results presented in this thesis are discussed in the initial chapters in a concise but complete way, which makes the material accessible to a wider audience
ISBN,Price9783030903763
Keyword(s)1. Data Analysis and Big Data 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. PARTICLE PHYSICS 7. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 8. Quantitative research 9. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleHigh Energy Astrophysical Neutrinos
Author(s)Bose, Debanjan;Rakshit, Subhendu
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionIX, 67 p. 22 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides a pedagogical introduction to the likely sources of these neutrinos, their propagation and detection mechanisms. Detection of high energy neutrinos of extragalactic origin has led to an interdisciplinary field of research, involving astronomy, astrophysics and particle physics. An extensive review of various detectors and the observations is provided that consolidates the latest findings. Above a few tens of TeVs, neutrinos are conceived as more reliable messengers for astronomy than photons as these photons get absorbed in the background photon field. Determining the neutrino spectrum not only helps in exploring astrophysical objects like AGN, GRB, etc. but also allows us to study particle physics at unprecedented energies. This introductory book is intended to help advanced undergraduate and graduate students to get into the subject with ease, and it simultaneously caters to practicing theoretical or experimental physicists as a reference book
ISBN,Price9783030912581
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. PARTICLE PHYSICS 5. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS)
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TitleATLAS Measurements of the Higgs Boson Coupling to the Top Quark in the Higgs to Diphoton Decay Channel
Author(s)Dickinson, Jennet Elizabeth
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIV, 223 p. 146 illus., 130 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteDuring Run 2 of the Large Hadron Collider, the ATLAS experiment recorded proton-proton collision events at 13 TeV, the highest energy ever achieved in a collider. Analysis of this dataset has provided new opportunities for precision measurements of the Higgs boson, including its interaction with the top quark. The Higgs-top coupling can be directly probed through the production of a Higgs boson in association with a top-antitop quark pair (ttH). The Higgs to diphoton decay channel is among the most sensitive for ttH measurements due to the excellent diphoton mass resolution of the ATLAS detector and the clean signature of this decay. Event selection criteria were developed using novel Machine Learning techniques to target ttH events, yielding a precise measurement of the ttH cross section in the diphoton channel and a 6.3 $\sigma$ observation of the ttH process in combination with other decay channels, as well as stringent limits on CP violation in the Higgs-top coupling
ISBN,Price9783030863685
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. MACHINE LEARNING 6. PARTICLE PHYSICS 7. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 8. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleStudy of Excess Electronic Recoil Events in XENON1T
Author(s)Shockley, Evan
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionX, 119 p. 78 illus., 77 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis summarizes the original analysis work performed by the author on data from XENON1T, a search for dark matter with a ton-size noble liquid detector operated at Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory in Italy. The nature of dark matter is one of the most open and pressing questions of modern physics, and the unique data acquired with this detector allows the exploration and investigation of several potential scenarios. The analysis of Dr. Shockley searches for a class of elusive elementary particles that interact with the electrons of ordinary atoms, instead of the nucleus. Results of the analysis present, with high confidence, an excess with respect to the expected background. Beyond more mundane explanations, this additional rate of electron-mediated interactions might be a first hint of physics beyond the standard model. This accessible thesis provides details on the detector, the data, and the theory, delivering to the reader an in-depth and coherent picture of the search for physics beyond the standard model
ISBN,Price9783030877521
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. MEASUREMENT 7. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 8. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 9. PARTICLE PHYSICS 10. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 11. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleHiggs Boson Decays into a Pair of Bottom Quarks : Observation with the ATLAS Detector and Machine Learning Applications
Author(s)Tosciri, Cecilia
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIX, 159 p. 84 illus., 76 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis presents the analysis that led to the observation of the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson decay into pairs of bottom quarks. The analysis, based on a multivariate strategy, exploits the production of a Higgs boson associated with a vector boson. The analysis was performed on a dataset corresponding to a luminosity of 79.8/fb collected by the ATLAS experiment during Run-2 at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. An excess of events over the expected background is observed in a combination with complementary Hbb searches. The analysis was extended to provide a finer interpretation of the signal measurement. The cross sections of the V H(H ??? bb) process have been measured in exclusive regions of phase space and used to search for deviations from the SM with an effective field theory approach. The results are discussed in this book. A novel technique for the fast simulation of the ATLAS forward calorimeter response is also presented. The new technique is based on similarity search, a branch of machine learning that enables quick and efficient searches for vectors similar to each other
ISBN,Price9783030879389
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. MACHINE LEARNING 6. PARTICLE PHYSICS 7. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 8. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleJourney to the Bound States
Author(s)Hoyer, Paul
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXI, 166 p. 23 illus., 19 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is a graduate-level self-study guide of bound states in elementary particle physics and consequently in the standard model. The author first recalls the usual quantum electrodynamics (QED) approach to atoms in terms of Feynman diagrams, which assume free states at asymptotic times. Motivated by general principles and data, he then develops a novel method based on a Fock expansion of bound states in temporal gauge. The properties of relativistic bound states are discussed for Dirac states, atoms in motion, QED in D=1+1 dimensions, and hadrons in quantum chromodynamics (including color confinement). This book provides complementary material for quantum field theory courses and is accessible for graduate students and more senior researchers
ISBN,Price9783030794897
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 7. PARTICLE PHYSICS 8. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 9. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 10. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleThe Interaction of Spin with Gravity in Particle Physics : Low Energy Quantum Gravity
Author(s)Lambiase, Gaetano;Papini, Giorgio
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXV, 190 p. 12 illus., 7 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book seeks to present a new way of thinking about the interaction of gravitational fields with quantum systems. Despite the massive amounts of research and experimentation, the myriad meetings, seminars and conferences, all of the articles, treatises and books, and the seemingly endless theorization, quantization and just plain speculation that have been engaged in regarding our evolving understanding of the quantum world, that world remains an enigma, even to the experts. The usefulness of general relativity in this regard has proven to be imperfect at best, but there is a new approach. We do not simply have to accept the limitations of Einstein's most celebrated theorem in regard to quantum theory; we can also embrace them, and thereby utilize them, to reveal new facts about the behavior of quantum systems within inertial and gravitational fields, and therefore about the very structure of space???time at the quantum level. By taking existing knowledge of the essential functionality of spin (along with the careful identification of the omnipresent inertial effects) and applying it to the quantum world, the book gives the reader a much clearer picture of the difference between the classical and quantum behaviors of a particle, shows that Einstein's ideas may not be as incompatible within this realm as many have come to believe, sparks new revelations of the way in which gravity affects quantum systems and brings a new level of efficiency???quantum efficiency, if you will???to the study of gravitational theory
ISBN,Price9783030847715
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. Classical and Quantum Gravity 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. GENERAL RELATIVITY 6. GENERAL RELATIVITY (PHYSICS) 7. GRAVITATION 8. PARTICLE PHYSICS 9. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 10. QUANTUM PHYSICS 11. SPECIAL RELATIVITY 12. Special relativity (Physics)
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TitleA Digital Signal Processor for Particle Detectors : Design, Verification and Testing
Author(s)Velure, Arild
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIX, 157 p. 57 illus., 30 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteTo cope with the new running conditions in the ALICE experiment at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, a new integrated circuit named SAMPA has been created that can process 32 analogue channels, convert them to digital, perform filtering and compression, and transmit the data on high speed links to the data acquisition system. The main purpose of this work is to specify, design, test and verify the digital signal processing part of the SAMPA device to accommodate the requirements of the detectors involved. Innovative solutions have been employed to reduce the bandwidth required by the detectors, as well as adaptations to ease data handling later in the processing chain. The new SAMPA device was built to replace two existing circuits, in addition to reducing the current consumption, and doubling the amount of processing channels. About 50000 of the devices will be installed in the Time Projection Chamber and Muon Chamber detectors in the ALICE experiment
ISBN,Price9783030715595
Keyword(s)1. Accelerator Physics 2. Data Analysis and Big Data 3. Digital and Analog Signal Processing 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. MEASUREMENT 7. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 8. MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 9. PARTICLE ACCELERATORS 10. PARTICLE PHYSICS 11. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 12. Quantitative research 13. SIGNAL PROCESSING
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TitleParticles in the Dark Universe : A Student???s Guide to Particle Physics and Cosmology
Author(s)Mambrini, Yann
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXV, 502 p. 111 illus., 103 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides a comprehensive and instructive coverage of particle physics in the early universe, in a logical way. It starts from the thermal history of the universe by investigating some of the main arguments such as Big Bang nucleosynthesis, the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and the inflation, before treating in details the direct and indirect detection of dark matter and then some aspects of the physics of neutrino. Following, it describes possible candidates for dark matter and its interactions. The book is targeted at theoretical physicists who deal with particle physics in the universe, dark matter detection and astrophysical constraints, and at particle physicists who are interested in models of inflation or reheating. This book offers also material for astrophysicists who work with quantum field theory computations. All that is useful to compute any physical process is included: mathematical tables, all the needed functions for the thermodynamics of early universe and Feynman rules. In light of this, this book acts as a crossroad between astrophysics, particle physics and cosmology
ISBN,Price9783030781392
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. PARTICLE PHYSICS 7. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 8. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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