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1 Matta, James Till Exotic Nuclear Excitations: The Transverse Wobbling Mode in 135 Pr I10460 2017 eBook  
2 Schramm, Stefan New Horizons in Fundamental Physics I10446 2017 eBook  
3 Thoennessen, Michael The Discovery of Isotopes I10420 2016 eBook  
4 Chang, You-Hao Study of Double Parton Scattering in Photon + 3 Jets Final State I10383 2017 eBook  
5 Collamati, Francesco An Intraoperative Beta???Probe for Cancer Surgery I10358 2016 eBook  
6 Jegerlehner, Friedrich The Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon I10355 2017 eBook  
7 Takigawa, Noboru Fundamentals of Nuclear Physics I10316 2017 eBook  
8 Solov???yov, Andrey V Nanoscale Insights into Ion-Beam Cancer Therapy I10243 2017 eBook  
9 Bhuyan, Bipul XXI DAE-BRNS High Energy Physics Symposium I10236 2016 eBook  
10 Walz, Christopher The Two-Photon Decay of the 11-/2 Isomer of 137Ba and Mixed-Symmetry States of 92,94Zr and 94Mo I10219 2016 eBook  
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TitleExotic Nuclear Excitations: The Transverse Wobbling Mode in 135 Pr
Author(s)Matta, James Till
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 112 p. 57 illus., 35 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe work presented in this thesis established the existence of wobbling at low spin and low deformation in the Z~60, N~76 nuclear region. This opens the region to further searches for wobbling and shows that wobbling is not confined to a particular quasiparticle orbital, spin or deformation. While deformed nuclei usually have axial shape, triaxial shapes have been predicted at low to moderate spins in certain regions of the nuclear chart (e.g. Z~60, N~76 and Z~46, N~66). Observation of one of the fingerprints of triaxiality, chirality and wobbling, guarantees that the nucleus is axially asymmetric. While chirality has been observed in numerous nuclei from many regions of the nuclear chart, wobbling, prior to this work, had only been observed at high spins in super deformed bands in five nuclei confined to the Z~70, N~90 region. Additionally, this dissertation establishes a new interpretation for the wobbling phenomenon. It shows for the first time that the nucleon aligns to the short axis, which explains the decrease in wobbling energies with angular momentum seen on this and all previous wobbling nuclei while still explaining the observed B(E2out)B(E2in) ratios. This is a new phenomenon, which is in contrast to the increase of the wobbling energies predicted by Bohr and Mottelson
ISBN,Price9783319532400
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Heavy ions 4. MICROSCOPY 5. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 6. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 7. SPECTROSCOPY 8. Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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TitleNew Horizons in Fundamental Physics
Author(s)Schramm, Stefan;Sch??fer, Mirko
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionIX, 389 p. 134 illus., 95 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis volume presents the state-of-the-art in selected topics across modern nuclear physics, covering fields of central importance to research and illustrating their connection to many different areas of physics. It describes recent progress in the study of superheavy and exotic nuclei, which is pushing our knowledge to ever heavier elements and neutron-richer isotopes. Extending nuclear physics to systems that are many times denser than even the core of an atomic nucleus, one enters the realm of the physics of neutron stars and possibly quark stars, a topic that is intensively investigated with many ground-based and outer-space research missions as well as numerous theoretical works. By colliding two nuclei at very high ultra-relativistic energies one can create a fireball of extremely hot matter, reminiscent of the universe very shortly after the big bang, leading to a phase of melted hadrons and free quarks and gluons, the so-called quark-gluon plasma. These studies tie up with effects of crucial importance in other fields. During the collision of heavy ions, electric fields of extreme strength are produced, potentially destabilizing the vacuum of the atomic physics system, subsequently leading to the decay of the vacuum state and the emission of positrons. In neutron stars the ultra-dense matter might support extremely high magnetic fields, far beyond anything that can be produced in the laboratory, significantly affecting the stellar properties. At very high densities general relativity predicts the stellar collapse to a black hole. However, a number of current theoretical activities, modifying Einstein???s theory, point to possible alternative scenarios, where this collapse might be avoided. These and related topics are addressed in this book in a series of highly readable chapters. In addition, the book includes fundamental analyses of the practicalities involved in transiting to an electricity supply mainly based on renewable energies, investigating this scenario less from an engineering and more from a physics point of view. While the topics comprise a large scope of activities, the contributions also show an extensive overlap in the methodology and in the analytical and numerical tools involved in tackling these diverse research fields that are the forefront of modern science.
ISBN,Price9783319441658
Keyword(s)1. Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks 2. ASTROPHYSICS 3. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 4. ATOMS 5. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. Heavy ions 9. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 10. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 11. PHYSICS
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TitleThe Discovery of Isotopes : A Complete Compilation
Author(s)Thoennessen, Michael
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 413 p. 107 illus., 21 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book describes the exciting discovery of every isotope observed on earth to date, which currently numbers some 3000. For each isotope a short essay highlights the authors of the first publication for the isotope, the laboratory and year where and when the isotope was discovered, as well as details about the production and detection methods used. In controversial cases previously claims are also discussed. At the end a comprehensive table lists all isotopes sorted by elements and a complete list of references. Preliminary versions of these paragraphs have been published over the last few years as separate articles in the journal "Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables". The work re-evaluates all assignments judging them with a uniform set of criteria. In addition, the author includes over 100 new isotopes which have been discovered since the articles published. This book is a source of information for researchers as well as enthusiastic laymen alike. From the prepublication review: ???The explanations focus on the essentials, which makes the various chapters pleasingly compact. The phrasing is well understandable also for non-experts. This makes the book easy to read, even thrilling. I have to confess that parts of the manuscript I was even reading as an evening lecture in the bed, so exciting was the history of isotope discoveries.??? Sigurd Hofmann, Helmholtz Professor at GSI Darmstadt, Germany, and a leading expert in superheavy nuclei
ISBN,Price9783319317632
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 4. NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY 5. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 6. Particle and Nuclear Physics 7. PHYSICS
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TitleStudy of Double Parton Scattering in Photon + 3 Jets Final State : In Proton-Proton Collisions at ???s = 7TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC
Author(s)Chang, You-Hao
PublicationSingapore, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Singapore, 2017.
DescriptionXIV, 101 p. 49 illus., 43 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book mainly focuses on the study of photon + 3 jets final state in Proton-Proton Collisions at ???s = 7TeV, searching for patterns of two (or more) distinct hard scatterings in the same collision, i.e the so-called Double Parton Scattering (DPS). A new method by using Monte Carlo generators was performed and provides higher order corrections to the description of the Single Parton Scattering (SPS) background. Further it is investigated whether additional contributions from DPS can improve the agreement between the measured data and the Monte Carlo predictions. The current theoretical uncertainties related to the SPS background are found to be larger than expectation. At the same time a rich set of DPS-sensitive measurements is reported for possible further interpretation
ISBN,Price9789811038242
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. Heavy ions 6. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 7. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 8. Particle acceleration 9. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 10. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleAn Intraoperative Beta???Probe for Cancer Surgery
Author(s)Collamati, Francesco
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIV, 100 p. 55 illus., 24 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis focuses on a novel radio-guided surgery technique for complete tumor resections. It describes all aspects of the intraoperative probe, as well as testing and simulation of the novel technique. The presentation develops the technique from the initial idea to realistic feasibility studies that have been the subject of a press release of the American Society of Nuclear Medicine. Just a year after completing this work, the technique has now been tested for the first time on a meningioma patient, confirming all of the predictions made in this thesis
ISBN,Price9783319336992
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Medical and Radiation Physics 4. Medical physics 5. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 6. Particle and Nuclear Physics 7. RADIATION 8. Surgical oncology
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TitleThe Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon
Author(s)Jegerlehner, Friedrich
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVIII, 693 p. 206 illus., 110 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis research monograph covers extensively the theory of the muon anomalous magnetic moment and provides estimates of the theoretical uncertainties. The muon anomalous magnetic moment is one of the most precisely measured quantities in elementary particle physics and provides one of the most stringent tests of relativistic quantum field theory as a fundamental theoretical framework. It allows for an extremely precise check of the standard model of elementary particles and of its limitations. This book reviews the present state of knowledge of the anomalous magnetic moment a=(g-2)/2 of the muon. Recent experiments at the Brookhaven National Laboratory now reach the unbelievable precision of 0.5 parts per million, improving the accuracy of previous g-2 experiments at CERN by a factor of 14. In addition, quantum electrodynamics and electroweak and hadronic effects are reviewed. Since non-perturbative hadronic effects play a key role for the precision test, their evaluation is described in detail. Perspectives for future improvements of the theoretical and experimental precision are considered. The new edition features improved theoretical predictions to match upcoming experiments, like the one at Fermilab. Additionally the new more precise basic parameters are presented
ISBN,Price9783319635774
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 4. Particle and Nuclear Physics 5. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 6. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 7. STRING THEORY
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TitleFundamentals of Nuclear Physics
Author(s)Takigawa, Noboru;Washiyama, Kouhei
PublicationTokyo, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Japan, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 269 p. 86 illus., 6 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book introduces the current understanding of the fundamentals of nuclear physics by referring to key experimental data and by providing a theoretical understanding of principal nuclear properties. It primarily covers the structure of nuclei at low excitation in detail. It also examines nuclear forces and decay properties. In addition to fundamentals, the book treats several new research areas such as non-relativistic as well as relativistic Hartree???Fock calculations, the synthesis of super-heavy elements, the quantum chromodynamics phase diagram, and nucleosynthesis in stars, to convey to readers the flavor of current research frontiers in nuclear physics. The authors explain semi-classical arguments and derivation of its formulae. In these ways an intuitive understanding of complex nuclear phenomena is provided. The book is aimed at graduate school students as well as junior and senior undergraduate students and postdoctoral fellows. It is also useful for researchers to update their knowledge of diverse fields of nuclear structure. The book explains how basic physics such as quantum mechanics and statistical physics, as well as basic physical mathematics, is used to describe nuclear phenomena. A number of questions are given from place to place as supplements to the text
ISBN,Price9784431553786
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Continuum Physics 2. Continuum physics 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 6. Particle and Nuclear Physics 7. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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TitleNanoscale Insights into Ion-Beam Cancer Therapy
Author(s)Solov???yov, Andrey V
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXX, 498 p. 183 illus., 159 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides a unique and comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art understanding of the molecular and nano-scale processes that play significant roles in ion-beam cancer therapy. It covers experimental design and methodology, and reviews the theoretical understanding of the processes involved. It offers the reader an opportunity to learn from a coherent approach about the physics, chemistry and biology relevant to ion-beam cancer therapy, a growing field of important medical application worldwide. The book describes phenomena occurring on different time and energy scales relevant to the radiation damage of biological targets and ion-beam cancer therapy from the molecular (nano) scale up to the macroscopic level. It illustrates how ion-beam therapy offers the possibility of excellent dose localization for treatment of malignant tumours, minimizing radiation damage in normal tissue whilst maximizing cell-killing within the tumour, offering a significant development in cancer therapy. The full potential of such therapy can only be realized by better understanding the physical, chemical and biological mechanisms, on a range of time and space scales that lead to cell death under ion irradiation. This book describes how, using a multiscale approach, experimental and theoretical expertise available can lead to greater insight at the nanoscopic and molecular level into radiation damage of biological targets induced by ion impact. The book is intended for advanced students and specialists in the areas of physics, chemistry, biology and medicine related to ion-beam therapy, radiation protection, biophysics, radiation nanophysics and chemistry, atomic and molecular physics, condensed matter physics, and the physics of interaction of charged particles with matter. One of the most important features of the book is the inclusive multiscale approach to the understanding of complex and highly interdisciplinary processes behind ion-beam cancer therapy, which stretches from the atomistic level up to the biological scale and is demonstrated to be in excellent agreement with experimental observations
ISBN,Price9783319430300
Keyword(s)1. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 2. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 3. BIOPHYSICS 4. Cancer Research 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. Heavy ions 8. Medical and Radiation Physics 9. Medical physics 10. Nanochemistry 11. Nanoscale science 12. Nanoscale Science and Technology 13. NANOSCIENCE 14. Nanostructures 15. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 16. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 17. RADIATION
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TitleXXI DAE-BRNS High Energy Physics Symposium : Proceedings, Guwahati, India, December 8 ??? 12, 2014
Author(s)Bhuyan, Bipul
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXXXVII, 682 p. 295 illus., 95 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThese proceedings gather invited and contributed talks presented at the XXI DAE-BRNS High Energy Physics Symposium, which was held at the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati in December 2014. The contributions cover??many of the??most active research areas in particle physics, namely (i) Electroweak Physics; (ii) QCD and??Heavy Ion Physics; (iii) Heavy Flavour Physics and CP Violation; (iv) Neutrino Physics; (v)??Astro-particle Physics and Cosmology; (vi) Formal Theory; (vii) Future Colliders and New??Machines; and (viii) BSM Physics: SUSY, Extra Dimensions, Composites etc. The DAE-BRNS High Energy Physics Symposium,??widely considered to be one of the??premiere symposiums organised in India in the field of elementary particle physics,??is held every??other year and supported by the Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences,??Department of Atomic Energy, India.??Roughly 250 physicists and researchers participated in the 21st Symposium, discussing the latest advancements in the field in 18 plenary review talks, 15 invited mini-review talks and approximately??130 contributed presentations. Bringing together the essential content, the book offers a valuable resource for both beginning and advanced researchers in the field
ISBN,Price9783319256191
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Elementary particles (Physics) 6. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 7. Heavy ions 8. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 9. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 10. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleThe Two-Photon Decay of the 11-/2 Isomer of 137Ba and Mixed-Symmetry States of 92,94Zr and 94Mo
Author(s)Walz, Christopher
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXV, 160 p. 71 illus., 62 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis??work focuses on new electromagnetic decay mode in nuclear physics. The first part of the thesis presents the observation of the two-photon decay for a transition where the one-photon decay is allowed. In the second part, so called quadrupole mixed-symmetry is investigated in inelastic proton scattering experiments. In 1930 Nobel-prize winner M. Goeppert-Mayer was the first to discuss??the two-photon decay of an exited state in her doctoral thesis. This process has been observed many times in atomic physics. However in nuclear physics data is sparse. Here this decay mode has only been observed for the special case of a transition between nuclear states with spin and parity quantum number 0+. For such a transition, the one-photon decay ??? the main experimental obstacle to observe the two-photon decay ??? is forbidden. Furthermore, the energy sharing and angular distributions were measured, allowing??conclusions to be drawn??about the multipoles contributing??to the two-photon transition. Quadrupole mixed-symmetry states are an excitation mode in spherical nuclei which are sensitive to the strength of the quadrupole residual interaction. A new signature for these interesting states??is presented which allows??identification of mixed-symmetry states independently of electromagnetic transition strengths. Furthermore this signature represents a valuable additional observable to test model predictions for mixed-symmetry states
ISBN,Price9783319271835
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Heavy ions 4. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 5. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 6. Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons 7. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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