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21 Kogler, Roman Advances in Jet Substructure at the LHC I11759 2021 eBook  
22 Gato-Rivera, Beatriz Antimatter I11735 2021 eBook  
23 Becattini, Francesco Strongly Interacting Matter under Rotation I11655 2021 eBook  
24 Hirai, Hayato Towards Infrared Finite S-matrix in Quantum Field Theory I11653 2021 eBook  
25 Kimura, Taro Instanton Counting, Quantum Geometry and Algebra I11645 2021 eBook  
26 Erbin, Harold String Field Theory I11637 2021 eBook  
27 Hebecker, Arthur Naturalness, String Landscape and Multiverse I11636 2021 eBook  
28 Shuryak, Edward Nonperturbative Topological Phenomena in QCD and Related Theories I11633 2021 eBook  
29 Rieger, Marcel Search for tt??H Production in the H ??? bb?? Decay Channel I11617 2021 eBook  
30 Petrov, Albert Quantum Super???eld Supersymmetry I11613 2021 eBook  
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21.    
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TitleAdvances in Jet Substructure at the LHC : Algorithms, Measurements and Searches for New Physical Phenomena
Author(s)Kogler, Roman
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXV, 287 p. 76 illus., 70 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book introduces the reader to the field of jet substructure, starting from the basic considerations for capturing decays of boosted particles in individual jets, to explaining state-of-the-art techniques. Jet substructure methods have become ubiquitous in data analyses at the LHC, with diverse applications stemming from the abundance of jets in proton-proton collisions, the presence of pileup and multiple interactions, and the need to reconstruct and identify decays of highly-Lorentz boosted particles. The last decade has seen a vast increase in our knowledge of all aspects of the field, with a proliferation of new jet substructure algorithms, calculations and measurements which are presented in this book. Recent developments and algorithms are described and put into the larger experimental context. Their usefulness and application are shown in many demonstrative examples and the phenomenological and experimental effects influencing their performance are discussed. A comprehensive overview is given of measurements and searches for new phenomena performed by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations. This book shows the impressive versatility of jet substructure methods at the LHC
ISBN,Price9783030728588
Keyword(s)1. Accelerator Physics 2. Computational Mathematics and Numerical Analysis 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Elementary particles (Physics) 6. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 7. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 8. Mathematics???Data processing 9. Nuclear and Particle Physics 10. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 11. PARTICLE ACCELERATORS 12. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 13. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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22.     
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TitleAntimatter : What It Is and Why It's Important in Physics and Everyday Life
Author(s)Gato-Rivera, Beatriz
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXVI, 296 p. 138 illus., 98 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteAntimatter is one of the most fascinating aspects of Particle Physics, and matter-antimatter annihilation the most energetic process in the universe. If they existed, everyday objects made of antimatter would look exactly like those made of ordinary matter, as would antimatter stars. We live surrounded by antimatter, since showers of matter and antimatter particles fall incessantly on the Earth's surface, some of them penetrating our buildings. Furthermore, many things around us - bananas, for example - actually emit antielectrons. This book first introduces the essentials of particle physics and the nature of particles and antiparticles. It describes the discovery of antimatter particles and explains how they are produced, where they are found, and how antistars could be spotted; it also introduces cosmic rays, particle accelerators, dark matter, dark energy and nuclear reactions in stars. The enigma of the matter-antimatter asymmetry in the Universe is discussed as are the very real applications of antimatter in hospitals, in industry and in cutting-edge research and technology, Non-specialist readers will find here a wealth of fascinating and accessible information to deepen their appreciation of antimatter
ISBN,Price9783030677916
Keyword(s)1. ASTRONOMY 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Elementary particles (Physics) 6. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 7. PHYSICS 8. PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY 9. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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23.     
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TitleStrongly Interacting Matter under Rotation
Author(s)Becattini, Francesco;Liao, Jinfeng;Lisa, Michael
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionVIII, 396 p. 111 illus., 105 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book addresses the needs of growing community of graduate students and researchers new to the area, for a survey that covers a wide range of pertinent topics, summarizes the current status of the field, and provides the necessary pedagogical materials for newcomers. The investigation of strongly interacting matter under the influence of macroscopic rotational motion is a new, emerging area of research that encompasses a broad range of conventional physics disciplines such as nuclear physics, astrophysics, and condensed matter physics, where the non-trivial interplay between global rotation and spin is generating many novel phenomena. Edited and authored by leading researchers in the field, this book covers the following topics: thermodynamics and equilibrium distribution of rotating matter; quantum field theory and rotation; phase structure of QCD matter under rotation; kinetic theory of relativistic rotating matter; hydrodynamics with spin; magnetic effects in fluid systems with high vorticity and charge; polarization measurements in heavy ion collisions; hydrodynamic modeling of the QCD plasma and polarization calculation in relativistic heavy ion collisions; chiral vortical effect; rotational effects and related topics in neutron stars and condensed matter systems
ISBN,Price9783030714277
Keyword(s)1. CONDENSED MATTER 2. CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS 3. CONTINUUM MECHANICS 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Elementary particles (Physics) 7. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 8. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 9. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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24.     
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TitleTowards Infrared Finite S-matrix in Quantum Field Theory
Author(s)Hirai, Hayato
PublicationSingapore, Springer Nature Singapore, 2021.
DescriptionXIII, 127 p. 5 illus., 4 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents the better understanding of infrared structures of particle scattering processes in quantum electrodynamics (QED) in four-dimensional spacetime. An S-matrix is the fundamental quantity in scattering theory. However, if a theory involves massless particles, such as QED and gravity, the conventional S-matrix has not been well defined due to the infrared divergence, and infrared dynamics thus needs to be understood in-depth to figure out the S-matrix. The book begins with introducing fundamental nature of the charge conservation law associated with asymptotic symmetry, and explaining its relations to soft theorems and memory effect. Subsequently it looks into an appropriate asymptotic state of the S-matrix without infrared divergences. The Faddeev-Kulish dressed state is known as a candidate of such a state, and its gauge invariant condition and its relation to the asymptotic symmetry are discussed. It offers an important building blocks for constructing the S-matrix without infrared divergences
ISBN,Price9789811630453
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 7. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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25.     
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TitleInstanton Counting, Quantum Geometry and Algebra
Author(s)Kimura, Taro
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXIII, 285 p. 36 illus., 13 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book pedagogically describes recent developments in gauge theory, in particular four-dimensional N = 2 supersymmetric gauge theory, in relation to various fields in mathematics, including algebraic geometry, geometric representation theory, vertex operator algebras. The key concept is the instanton, which is a solution to the anti-self-dual Yang???Mills equation in four dimensions. In the first part of the book, starting with the systematic description of the instanton, how to integrate out the instanton moduli space is explained together with the equivariant localization formula. It is then illustrated that this formalism is generalized to various situations, including quiver and fractional quiver gauge theory, supergroup gauge theory. The second part of the book is devoted to the algebraic geometric description of supersymmetric gauge theory, known as the Seiberg???Witten theory, together with string/M-theory point of view. Based on its relation to integrable systems, how to quantize such a geometric structure via the ??-deformation of gauge theory is addressed. The third part of the book focuses on the quantum algebraic structure of supersymmetric gauge theory. After introducing the free field realization of gauge theory, the underlying infinite dimensional algebraic structure is discussed with emphasis on the connection with representation theory of quiver, which leads to the notion of quiver W-algebra. It is then clarified that such a gauge theory construction of the algebra naturally gives rise to further affinization and elliptic deformation of W-algebra
ISBN,Price9783030761905
Keyword(s)1. ALGEBRAIC GEOMETRY 2. DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Elementary particles (Physics) 6. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 7. GEOMETRY, DIFFERENTIAL 8. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 9. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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26.     
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TitleString Field Theory : A Modern Introduction
Author(s)Erbin, Harold
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXVII, 421 p. 1 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis textbook provides an introduction to string field theory (SFT). String theory is usually formulated in the worldsheet formalism, which describes a single string (first-quantization). While this approach is intuitive and could be pushed far due to the exceptional properties of two-dimensional theories, it becomes cumbersome for some questions or even fails at a more fundamental level. These motivations have led to the development of SFT, a description of string theory using the field theory formalism (second-quantization). As a field theory, SFT provides a rigorous and constructive formulation of string theory. The main focus of the book is the construction of the closed bosonic SFT. The accent is put on providing the reader with the foundations, conceptual understanding and intuition of what SFT is. After reading this book, the reader is able to study the applications from the literature. The book is organized in two parts. The first part reviews the notions of the worldsheet theory that are necessary to build SFT (worldsheet path integral, CFT and BRST quantization). The second part starts by introducing general concepts of SFT from the BRST quantization. Then, it introduces off-shell string amplitudes before providing a Feynman diagrams interpretation from which the building blocks of SFT are extracted. After constructing the closed SFT, the author outlines the proofs of several important properties such as background independence, unitarity and crossing symmetry. Finally, the generalization to the superstring is also discussed
ISBN,Price9783030653217
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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27.     
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TitleNaturalness, String Landscape and Multiverse : A Modern Introduction with Exercises
Author(s)Hebecker, Arthur
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXV, 313 p. 54 illus., 1 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents a string-theoretic approach to new ideas in particle physics, also known as Physics Beyond the Standard Model, and to cosmology. The concept of Naturalness and its apparent violation by the low electroweak scale and the small cosmological constant is emphasized. It is shown that string theory, through its multitude of solutions, known as the landscape, offers a partial resolution to these naturalness problems as well as suggesting more speculative possibilities like that of a multiverse. The book is based on a one-semester course, as such, it has a pedagogical approach, is self-contained and includes many exercises with solutions. Notably, the basics of string theory are introduced as part of the lectures. These notes are aimed at graduate students with a solid background in quantum field theory, as well as at young researchers from theoretical particle physics to mathematical physics. This text also benefits students who are in the process of studying string theory at a deeper level. In this case, the volume serves as additional reading beyond a formal string theory course
ISBN,Price9783030651510
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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28.     
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TitleNonperturbative Topological Phenomena in QCD and Related Theories
Author(s)Shuryak, Edward
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXIII, 520 p. 168 illus., 123 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book introduces a variety of aspects in nonperturbative Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), focusing on the topological objects present in gauge theories. These objects, like magnetic monopoles, instantons, instanto-dysons, sphalerons, QCD flux tubes, etc, are first introduced individually and, later, treated collectively. As ensembles, they produce various phenomena that can be modeled numerically in lattice gauge theories and such collective effects, produced on the lattice, are extensively discussed in some chapters. In turn, the notion of duality, which is crucial in modern field/string theories, is elucidated by taking into consideration the electric-magnetic duality, the Poisson duality, and the AdS/CFT duality.This monograph is based on various lectures given by Edward Shuryak at Stony Brook during the last three decades and it is meant for advanced graduate students and young researchers in theoretical and mathematical physics who are willing to consolidate their knowledge in the topological phenomena encountered in fundamental QCD research
ISBN,Price9783030629908
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. Mathematical Methods in Physics 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 8. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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I11633     On Shelf    

29.     
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TitleSearch for tt??H Production in the H ??? bb?? Decay Channel : Using Deep Learning Techniques with the CMS Experiment
Author(s)Rieger, Marcel
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIII, 217 p. 82 illus., 73 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteIn 1964, a mechanism explaining the origin of particle masses was proposed by Robert Brout, Fran??ois Englert, and Peter W. Higgs. 48 years later, in 2012, the so-called Higgs boson was discovered in proton-proton collisions recorded by experiments at the LHC. Since then, its ability to interact with quarks remained experimentally unconfirmed. This book presents a search for Higgs bosons produced in association with top quarks tt??H in data recorded with the CMS detector in 2016. It focuses on Higgs boson decays into bottom quarks H ??? bb?? and top quark pair decays involving at least one lepton. In this analysis, a multiclass classification approach using deep learning techniques was applied for the first time. In light of the dominant background contribution from tt?? production, the developed method proved to achieve superior sensitivity with respect to existing techniques. In combination with searches in different decay channels, the presented work contributed to the first observations of tt??H production and H ??? bb?? decays
ISBN,Price9783030653804
Keyword(s)1. Data Analysis and Big Data 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. MACHINE LEARNING 7. PARTICLE PHYSICS 8. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 9. Quantitative research 10. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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I11617     On Shelf    

30.    
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TitleQuantum Super???eld Supersymmetry
Author(s)Petrov, Albert
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionVIII, 158 p. 23 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents the super???eld description of various supersymmetric ???eld theory models in three- and four-dimensional space-times. A mapping between super???eld and component formulations of supersymmetric ???eld theories is discussed. The author also describes the methodology for calculating quantum corrections in these theories employing supergraph formalism and functional methods, and illustrates these approaches with many detailed examples of how such calculations are performed for various super???eld models.
ISBN,Price9783030681364
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. GRAVITATION 6. GRAVITATIONAL PHYSICS 7. PARTICLE PHYSICS 8. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS) 9. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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I11613     On Shelf    

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