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 #  AuthorTitleAccn#YearItem Type Claims
11 Vassiliev, Oleg N Monte Carlo Methods for Radiation Transport I10359 2017 eBook  
12 Petrovici, Mihai Alexandru Form Versus Function: Theory and Models for Neuronal Substrates I10320 2016 eBook  
13 Drukarev, Evgeny G High-Energy Atomic Physics I10309 2016 eBook  
14 Dapor, Maurizio Transport of Energetic Electrons in Solids I10303 2017 eBook  
15 Deymier, Pierre Multiscale Paradigms in Integrated Computational Materials Science and Engineering I10284 2016 eBook  
16 Stickler, Benjamin A Basic Concepts in Computational Physics I10279 2016 eBook  
17 Antoni, Rodolphe Applied Physics of External Radiation Exposure I10261 2017 eBook  
18 Zilles, Anne Emission of Radio Waves in Particle Showers I10197 2017 eBook  
19 Liseikin, Vladimir D Grid Generation Methods I10185 2017 eBook  
20 van Putten, Maurice H. P. M Introduction to Methods of Approximation in Physics and Astronomy I10183 2017 eBook  
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11.    
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TitleMonte Carlo Methods for Radiation Transport : Fundamentals and Advanced Topics
Author(s)Vassiliev, Oleg N
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVII, 281 p. 38 illus., 32 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is a guide to the use of Monte Carlo techniques in radiation transport. This topic is of great interest for medical physicists. Praised as a "gold standard" for accurate radiotherapy dose calculations, Monte Carlo has stimulated a high level of research activity that has produced thousands of papers within the past few years. The book is designed primarily to address the needs of an academically inclined medical physicist who wishes to learn the technique, as well as experienced users of standard Monte Carlo codes who wish to gain insight into the underlying mathematics of Monte Carlo algorithms. The book focuses on the fundamentals???giving full attention to and explaining the very basic concepts. It also includes advanced topics and covers recent advances such as transport of charged particles in magnetic fields and the grid-based solvers of the Boltzmann equation
ISBN,Price9783319441412
Keyword(s)1. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 2. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 3. BIOPHYSICS 4. Diagnostic Radiology 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences 8. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 9. Medical and Radiation Physics 10. Medical physics 11. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 12. Particle acceleration 13. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 14. PHYSICS 15. RADIATION 16. Radiology
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12.     
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TitleForm Versus Function: Theory and Models for Neuronal Substrates
Author(s)Petrovici, Mihai Alexandru
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXXVI, 374 p. 150 illus., 101 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis addresses one of the most fundamental challenges for modern science: how can the brain as a network of neurons process information, how can it create and store internal models of our world, and how can it infer conclusions from ambiguous data? The author addresses these questions with the rigorous language of mathematics and theoretical physics, an approach that requires a high degree of abstraction to transfer results of wet lab biology to formal models. The thesis starts with an in-depth description of the state-of-the-art in theoretical neuroscience, which it subsequently uses as a basis to develop several new and original ideas. Throughout the text, the author connects the form and function of neuronal networks. This is done in order to achieve functional performance of biological brains by transferring their form to synthetic electronics substrates, an approach referred to as neuromorphic computing. The obvious aspect that this transfer can never be perfect but necessarily leads to performance differences is substantiated and explored in detail. The author also introduces a novel interpretation of the firing activity of neurons. He proposes a probabilistic interpretation of this activity and shows by means of formal derivations that stochastic neurons can sample from internally stored probability distributions. This is corroborated by the author???s recent findings, which confirm that biological features like the high conductance state of networks enable this mechanism. The author goes on to show that neural sampling can be implemented on synthetic neuromorphic circuits, paving the way for future applications in machine learning and cognitive computing, for example as energy-efficient implementations of deep learning networks. The thesis offers an essential resource for newcomers to the field and an inspiration for scientists working in theoretical neuroscience and the future of computing
ISBN,Price9783319395524
Keyword(s)1. COMPUTER SIMULATION 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Mathematical Models of Cognitive Processes and Neural Networks 5. Neural networks (Computer science)?? 6. NEUROBIOLOGY 7. Neurosciences 8. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 9. PHYSICS 10. Simulation and Modeling
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13.     
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TitleHigh-Energy Atomic Physics
Author(s)Drukarev, Evgeny G;Mikhailov, A.I
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 384 p. 55 illus., 5 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis self-contained text introduces readers to the field of high-energy atomic physics - a new regime of photon-atom interactions in which the photon energies significantly exceed the atomic or molecular binding energies, and which opened up with the recent advent of new synchrotron sources. From a theoretical point of view, a small-parameter characteristic of the bound system emerged, making it possible to perform analytic perturbative calculations that can in turn serve as benchmarks for more powerful numerical computations. The first part of the book introduces readers to the foundations of this new regime and its theoretical treatment. In particular, the validity of the small-parameter perturbation expansion and of the lowest-order approximation is critically reviewed. The following chapters then apply these insights to various atomic processes, such as photoionization as a many-body problem, dominant mechanisms for the production of ions at higher energies, Compton scattering and ionization accompanied by creation of e-e+ pairs, and the photoionization of endohedral atoms (e.g. fullerene). Last but not least, the computationally challenging transitions in the electron shell during certain types of nuclear decays are investigated in detail
ISBN,Price9783319327365
Keyword(s)1. Atomic structure???? 2. Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra 3. ATOMS 4. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. Molecular structure?? 8. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 9. PHYSICS 10. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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14.     
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TitleTransport of Energetic Electrons in Solids : Computer Simulation with Applications to Materials Analysis and Characterization
Author(s)Dapor, Maurizio
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVIII, 182 p. 58 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis new edition describes all the mechanisms of elastic and inelastic scattering of electrons with the atoms of the target as simple as possible. The use of techniques of quantum mechanics is described in detail for the investigation of interaction processes of electrons with matter. It presents the strategies of the Monte Carlo method, as well as numerous comparisons among the results of the simulations and the experimental data available in the literature. New in this edition is the description of the Mermin theory, a comparison between Mermin theory and Drude theory, a discussion about the dispersion laws, and details about the calculation of the phase shifts that are used in the relativistic partial wave expansion method. The role of secondary electrons in proton cancer therapy is discussed in the chapter devoted to applications. In this context, Monte Carlo results about the radial distribution of the energy deposited in PMMA by secondary electrons generated by energetic proton beams are presented
ISBN,Price9783319474922
Keyword(s)1. APPLIED MATHEMATICS 2. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS 6. MATERIALS SCIENCE 7. Mathematical and Computational Engineering 8. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 9. PHYSICS 10. SOLID STATE PHYSICS
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15.     
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TitleMultiscale Paradigms in Integrated Computational Materials Science and Engineering : Materials Theory, Modeling, and Simulation for Predictive Design
Author(s)Deymier, Pierre;Runge, Keith;Muralidharan, Krishna
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionIX, 300 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents cutting-edge concepts, paradigms, and research highlights in the field of computational materials science and engineering, and provides a fresh, up-to-date perspective on solving present and future materials challenges. The chapters are written by not only pioneers in the fields of computational materials chemistry and materials science, but also experts in multi-scale modeling and simulation as applied to materials engineering. Pedagogical introductions to the different topics and continuity between the chapters are provided??to ensure the appeal to a broad audience and to address the applicability of integrated computational materials science and engineering for solving real-world problems
ISBN,Price9783319245294
Keyword(s)1. APPLIED MATHEMATICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Electronic materials 5. ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS 6. Mathematical and Computational Engineering 7. NANOTECHNOLOGY 8. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 9. Optical and Electronic Materials 10. OPTICAL MATERIALS 11. PHYSICS 12. SOLID STATE PHYSICS
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16.     
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TitleBasic Concepts in Computational Physics
Author(s)Stickler, Benjamin A;Schachinger, Ewald
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXVI, 409 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThis new edition is a concise introduction to the basic methods of computational physics. Readers will discover the benefits of numerical methods for solving complex mathematical problems and for the direct simulation of physical processes. The book is divided into two main parts: Deterministic methods and stochastic methods in computational physics. Based on concrete problems, the first part discusses numerical differentiation and integration, as well as the treatment of ordinary differential equations. This is extended by a brief introduction to the numerics of partial differential equations. The second part deals with the generation of random numbers, summarizes the basics of stochastics, and subsequently introduces Monte-Carlo (MC) methods. Specific emphasis is on MARKOV chain MC algorithms. The final two chapters discuss data analysis and stochastic optimization. All this is again motivated and augmented by applications from physics. In addition, the book offers a number of appendices to provide the reader with information on topics not discussed in the main text. Numerous problems with worked-out solutions, chapter introductions and summaries, together with a clear and application-oriented style support the reader. Ready to use C++ codes are provided online
ISBN,Price9783319272658
Keyword(s)1. APPLIED MATHEMATICS 2. Chemistry, Physical and theoretical 3. Computational Mathematics and Numerical Analysis 4. Computer mathematics 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS 8. Mathematical and Computational Engineering 9. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 10. PHYSICS 11. Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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17.     
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TitleApplied Physics of External Radiation Exposure : Dosimetry and Radiation Protection
Author(s)Antoni, Rodolphe;Bourgois, Laurent
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 470 p. 277 illus., 21 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book describes the interaction of living matter with photons, neutrons, charged particles, electrons and ions. The authors are specialists in the field of radiation protection. The book synthesizes many years of experiments with external radiation exposure in the fields of dosimetry and radiation shielding in medical, industrial and research fields. It presents the basic physical concepts including dosimetry and offers a number of tools to be used by students, engineers and technicians to assess the radiological risk and the means to avoid them by calculating the appropriate shields. The theory of radiation interaction in matter is presented together with empirical formulas and abacus. Numerous numerical applications are treated to illustrate the different topics. The state of the art in radiation protection and dosimetry is presented in detail, especially in the field of simulation codes for external exposure to radiation, medical projects and advanced research. Moreover, important data spread in different up to date references are presented in this book. The book deals also with accelerators, X-rays facilities, sealed sources, dosimetry, Monte Carlo simulation and radiation regulation. Each chapter is split in two parts depending on the level of details the readers want to focus on. The first part, accessible to a large public, provides a lot of simple examples to help understanding the physics concepts under radiation external exposure. The second part, called ???Additional Information??? is not mandatory; it aims on explaining topics more deeply, often using mathematical formulations. The book treats fundamental radiometric and dosimetric quantities to describe the interaction in materials under the aspects of absorbed dose processes in tissues. Definitions and applications on limited and operational radiation protection quantities are given. An important aspect are practical engineering tools in industrial, medical and research domains. Source characterization and shielding design are addressed. Also more ???exotic??? topics, such as ultra intense laser and new generation accelerators, are treated. The state of the art is presented to help the reader to work with the book in a self-consistent way. The basic knowledge necessary to apply Monte Carlo methods in the field of radiation protection and dosimetry for external radiation exposure is provided. Coverage of topics such as variance reduction, pseudo-random number generation and statistic estimators make the book useful even to experienced Monte Carlo practitioners. Solved problems help the reader to understand the Monte Carlo process. The book is meant to be used by researchers, engineers and medical physicist. It is also valuable to technicians and students
ISBN,Price9783319486604
Keyword(s)1. Biomedical engineering 2. Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering 3. Diagnostic Radiology 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Medical and Radiation Physics 7. Medical physics 8. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 9. Particle acceleration 10. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 11. PHYSICS 12. RADIATION 13. Radiology
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18.     
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TitleEmission of Radio Waves in Particle Showers : Validation of Microscopic Simulations with the SLAC T-510 Experiment and their Potential in the Future Square Kilometre Array
Author(s)Zilles, Anne
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVI, 130 p. 97 illus., 14 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis offers the first laboratory validation of microscopic simulations of radio emission from particle showers, including a detailed description of the simulation study. It presents a potential future avenue for resolving the mass composition of cosmic rays via radio detection of air showers.?? Particle showers are created from cascading interactions when high-energy particles collide with matter, e.g. with air in the case of cosmic radiation, or with a particle detector in the case of experiments at CERN. These showers can consist of billions of particles, mostly electrons, positrons and photons. They emit radio waves when the absorbing medium is in a magnetic field, and this radio emission can be used as a novel means of detecting and drawing inferences on the shower and the primary particle. The new method is currently being established in cosmic ray research, where large antenna arrays may soon replace or complement traditional particle detectors.?? In thi s study, a complete microscopic simulation of a radio-emission experiment conducted at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), Stanford/USA, is performed, and the underlying physical models are validated. The model is subsequently applied to the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) project, which is a large interferometer for radio astronomy. It is demonstrated that the SKA, with some modifications, might also be used for cosmic ray research based on radio detection of high-energy particles from the cosmos
ISBN,Price9783319634111
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 6. Measurement?????? 7. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 8. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 9. PHYSICS
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19.     
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TitleGrid Generation Methods
Author(s)Liseikin, Vladimir D
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXX, 530 p. 151 illus., 14 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis new edition provides a description of current developments relating to grid methods, grid codes, and their applications to actual problems. Grid generation methods are indispensable for the numerical solution of differential equations. Adaptive grid-mapping techniques, in particular, are the main focus and represent a promising tool to deal with systems with singularities. This 3rd edition includes three new chapters on numerical implementations (10), control of grid properties (11), and applications to mechanical, fluid, and plasma related problems (13). Also the other chapters have been updated including new topics, such as curvatures of discrete surfaces (3). Concise descriptions of hybrid mesh generation, drag and sweeping methods, parallel algorithms for mesh generation have been included too. This new edition addresses a broad range of readers: students, researchers, and practitioners in applied mathematics, mechanics, engineering, physics and other areas of applications
ISBN,Price9783319578460
Keyword(s)1. APPLIED MATHEMATICS 2. Computational Science and Engineering 3. Computer mathematics 4. Computer science???Mathematics 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS 8. Mathematical and Computational Engineering 9. Mathematics of Computing 10. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 11. PHYSICS
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20.    
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TitleIntroduction to Methods of Approximation in Physics and Astronomy
Author(s)van Putten, Maurice H. P. M
PublicationSingapore, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Singapore, 2017.
DescriptionXIII, 345 p. 90 illus., 71 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis textbook provides students with a solid introduction to the techniques of approximation commonly used in data analysis across physics and astronomy. The choice of methods included is based on their usefulness and educational value, their applicability to a broad range of problems and their utility in highlighting key mathematical concepts. Modern astronomy reveals an evolving universe rife with transient sources, mostly discovered - few predicted - in multi-wavelength observations. Our window of observations now includes electromagnetic radiation, gravitational waves and neutrinos. For the practicing astronomer, these are highly interdisciplinary developments that pose a novel challenge to be well-versed in astroparticle physics and data-analysis. The book is organized to be largely self-contained, starting from basic concepts and techniques in the formulation of problems and methods of approximation commonly used in computation and numerical analysis. This includes root finding, integration, signal detection algorithms involving the Fourier transform and examples of numerical integration of ordinary differential equations and some illustrative aspects of modern computational implementation. Some of the topics highlighted introduce the reader to selected problems with comments on numerical methods and implementation on modern platforms including CPU-GPU computing. Developed from lectures on mathematical physics in astronomy to advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students, this book will be a valuable guide for students and a useful reference for practicing researchers. To aid understanding, exercises are included at the end of each chapter. Furthermore, some of the exercises are tailored to introduce modern symbolic computation
ISBN,Price9789811029325
Keyword(s)1. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 2. Astronomy???Observations 3. ASTROPHYSICS 4. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. Mathematical Methods in Physics 8. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 9. Observations, Astronomical 10. PHYSICS
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