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1 May, Andrew Pseudoscience and Science Fiction I10038 2017 eBook  
2 Magli, Giulio Sacred Landscapes of Imperial China I08814 2020 eBook  
3 Blackburn, James A Modern Instrumentation for Scientists and Engineers I11368 2001 eBook  
4 Kartikeyan, Machavaram V Gyrotrons I11059 2004 eBook  
5 Hoffmann, Klaus Otto Hahn I10995 2001 eBook  
6 Webb, Stephen If the Universe Is Teeming with Aliens ... WHERE IS EVERYBODY? I10944 2002 eBook  
7 Ward, Peter D Rare Earth I10775 2000 eBook  
8 Roe, Byron P Probability and Statistics in Experimental Physics I10637 2001 eBook  
9 Gilmore, Robert Once Upon a Universe I10606 2003 eBook  
10 Kurz-Milcke, Elke Experts in Science and Society I10577 2004 eBook  
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TitlePseudoscience and Science Fiction
Author(s)May, Andrew
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionX, 181 p. 45 illus., 28 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteAliens, flying saucers, ESP, the Bermuda Triangle, antigravity ??? are we talking about science fiction or pseudoscience? Sometimes it is difficult to tell the difference. Both pseudoscience and science fiction (SF) are creative endeavours that have little in common with academic science, beyond the superficial trappings of jargon and subject matter. The most obvious difference between the two is that pseudoscience is presented as fact, not fiction. Yet like SF, and unlike real science, pseudoscience is driven by a desire to please an audience ??? in this case, people who ???want to believe???. This has led to significant cross-fertilization between the two disciplines. SF authors often draw on ???real??? pseudoscientific theories to add verisimilitude to their stories, while on other occasions pseudoscience takes its cue from SF ??? the symbiotic relationship between ufology and Hollywood being a prime example of this. This engagingly written, well researched and richly illustrated text explores a wide range of intriguing similarities and differences between pseudoscience and the fictional science found in SF. Andrew May has a degree in Natural Sciences from Cambridge University and a PhD in astrophysics from Manchester University. After many years in academia and the private sector, he now works as a freelance writer and scientific consultant. He has written pocket biographies of Newton and Einstein, as well as contributing to a number of popular science books. He has a lifelong interest in science fiction, and has had several articles published in Fortean Times magazine
ISBN,Price9783319426051
Keyword(s)1. ASTRONOMY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. FICTION 5. PHILOSOPHY OF NATURE 6. PHYSICS 7. Popular Science in Astronomy 8. Popular Science in Physics 9. Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary
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TitleSacred Landscapes of Imperial China : Astronomy, Feng Shui, and the Mandate of Heaven
Author(s)Magli, Giulio
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXVI, 179 p. 108 illus., 98 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book analyses the magnificent imperial necropolises of ancient China from the perspective of Archaeoastronomy, a science which takes into account the landscape in which ancient monuments are placed, focusing especially but not exclusively on the celestial aspects. The power of the Chinese emperors was based on the so-called Mandate of Heaven: the rulers were believed to act as intermediaries between the sky gods and the Earth, and consequently, the architecture of their tombs, starting from the world-famous mausoleum of the first emperor, was closely linked to the celestial cycles and to the cosmos. This relationship, however, also had to take into account various other factors and doctrines, first the Zhao-Mu doctrine in the Han period and later the various forms of Feng Shui. As a result, over the centuries, diverse sacred landscapes were constructed. Among the sites analysed in the book are the ???pyramids??? of Xi???an from the Han dynasty, the mountain tombs of the Tang dynasty, and the Ming and Qing imperial tombs. The book explains how considerations such as astronomical orientation and topographical orientation according to the principles of Feng Shui played a fundamental role at these sites
ISBN,Price9783030493240
Keyword(s)1. ASTRONOMY 2. Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology 3. ASTROPHYSICS 4. Cultural heritage 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. HISTORY 8. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 9. Landscape architecture 10. Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary
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TitleModern Instrumentation for Scientists and Engineers
Author(s)Blackburn, James A
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer New York, 2001.
DescriptionXV, 319 p : online resource
Abstract NoteKnowledge of instrumentation is for experimentalists a kind of fluency in the language of measurement. But it is a fluency not so commonly possessed, and without which much of the experimental process remains hidden and mysterious. The basic goal in writing this book is to provide a treatment of useful depth of the basic elements of the instrumentation "language," namely electronics, sensors, and measurement. The present epoch is arguably a golden age for instrumentation. The crucial ingredient has been the exceptional development of semiconductor fabrication technology, and this has led to the present richness in both analog and digital inte?? grated circuits. The former provide relatively inexpensive but high-performance electronic modules (such as the operational amplifier) which can serve as build?? ing blocks for more complex circuits, whereas the latter have culminated in the desktop computer, which has permeated modem life generally and revolu?? tionized the instrumentation world with its capacity to act as a measurement controller and data storage center. Finally, silicon micromachining is creating a host of new sensors for such quantities as acceleration and pressure
ISBN,Price9781461301035
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 4. Measurement?????? 5. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 6. Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary
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TitleGyrotrons : High-Power Microwave and Millimeter Wave Technology
Author(s)Kartikeyan, Machavaram V;Borie, Edith;Thumm, Manfred
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2004.
DescriptionXI, 228 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThe gyrotron is a powerful source of coherent radiation that has experienced significant improvement since its invention. Today gyrotrons are capable of delivering hundreds of kilowatts of power at microwave and millimeter wavelengths, and they have important applications ranging from the electron cyclotron resonance heating of fusion plasmas to industrial and scientific applications and communications. Furthermore, the exciting potential applications of these devices and their derivatives span an even wider range of technologies. Drawing on the author's wide experience, this book gives a comprehensive review of the state of the art in gyrotron technology, covering the theory, design and applications. It will be a valuable resource for all engineers and scientists working with and developing high-power microwave devices. The book includes an extensive references list which provides an excellent guide to the related literature
ISBN,Price9783662076378
Keyword(s)1. CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ELECTRODYNAMICS 5. MICROWAVES 6. Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering 7. OPTICAL ENGINEERING 8. OPTICS 9. Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary
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TitleOtto Hahn : Achievement and Responsibility
Author(s)Hoffmann, Klaus
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer New York, 2001.
DescriptionX, 276 p : online resource
Abstract NoteOtto Hahn (1879-1968) was awarded the 1944 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on atomic fission: his work in Berlin in the 1930s and 1940s with Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassmann led to the discovery that uranium nuclei bombarded by neutrons undergo spontaneous fission, releasing enormous energies. This work, conveyed to England and the US by scientific refugees from Nazi Germany, led to the instigation of the Manhattan Project and the development of the Atomic Bomb. Reviled by many after the war as one of the people responsible for the carnage at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Hahn had already begun to reflect on the social responsibility of scientists for their fundamental discoveries and the subsequent applications of the knowledge they create. Already during the war, Hahn had protested Nazi restrictions on Universities and researchers, and after the War, he became actively involved in efforts to restrict the spread of nuclear weapons. In this volume Klaus Hoffmann discusses Hahn's contributions to science and his reflections of scientific and social responsibility. He concludes that Hahn's ideas can still serve as a foundation for responsible and moral actions by scientists
ISBN,Price9781461301011
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. CHEMISTRY 4. Chemistry/Food Science, general 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. PHYSICS 8. Physics, general 9. Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary
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TitleIf the Universe Is Teeming with Aliens ... WHERE IS EVERYBODY? : Fifty Solutions to the Fermi Paradox and the Problem of Extraterrestrial Life
Author(s)Webb, Stephen
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Copernicus 2. Springer New York, 2002.
DescriptionXII, 288 p : online resource
Abstract NoteGiven the fact that there are perhaps 400 million stars in our Galaxy alone, and perhaps 400 million galaxies in the Universe, it stands to reason that somewhere out there, in the 14-billion-year-old cosmos, there is or once was a civilization at least as advanced as our own. The sheer enormities of the numbers almost demand that we accept the truth of this hypothesis. Why, then, have we encountered no evidence, no messages, no artifacts of these extraterrestrials? Webb discusses in detail the 50 most cogent and intriguing solutions to Fermi's famous paradox: If the numbers strongly point to the existence of extraterrestrial civilizations, why have we found no evidence of them?
ISBN,Price9780387217390
Keyword(s)1. ASTROBIOLOGY 2. ASTRONOMY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Popular Science in Astronomy 6. Popular Science, general 7. Popular works 8. Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary
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TitleRare Earth : Why Complex Life is Uncommon in the Universe
Author(s)Ward, Peter D;Brownlee, Donald
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Copernicus 2. Springer New York, 2000.
DescriptionXXXIV, 338 p : online resource
Abstract NoteIn November 12, 2002, Dr. John Chambers of the NASA Ames Research Center gave a seminar to the Astrobiology Group at the University of Washington. The audience of about 100 listened with rapt attention as Chambers described results from a computer study of how planetary systems form. The goal of his research was to answer a deceptively simple question: How often would newly forming planetary systems produce Earth-like planets, given a star the size of our own sun? By ???Earth-like??? Chambers meant a rocky planet with water on its surface, orbiting within a star???s ???habitable zone. ??? This not-too-hot and not-too-cold inner region, relatively close to the star, supports the presence of liquid water on a planet surface for hundreds of million of years???the time-span probably necessary for the evolution of life. To answer the question of just how many Earth-like planets might be spawned in such a planetary system, Chambers had spent thousands of hours running highly sophisticated modeling programs through arrays of powerful computers. The results presented at the meeting were startling. The simulations showed that rocky planets orbiting at the ???right??? distances from the central star are easily formed, but they can end up with a wide range of water content. Earth seems to be quite a gem???a rocky planet where not only can liquid water exist for long periods of time, but where water can be found as a heathy oceanful???not too little and not too much. Our planet seems to reside in a benign region of the Galaxy, where comet and asteroid bombardment is tolerable and habitable-zone planets can commonly grow to Earth size. Such real estate in our galaxy???perhaps in any galaxy???is prime for life. And rare as well
ISBN,Price9780387218489
Keyword(s)1. ASTROBIOLOGY 2. ASTRONOMY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Popular Science in Astronomy 6. Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary
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TitleProbability and Statistics in Experimental Physics
Author(s)Roe, Byron P
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer New York, 2001.
DescriptionXII, 252 p : online resource
Abstract NoteIntended for advanced undergraduates and graduate students, this book is a practical guide to the use of probability and statistics in experimental physics. The emphasis is on applications and understanding, on theorems and techniques actually used in research. The text is not a comprehensive text in probability and statistics; proofs are sometimes omitted if they do not contribute to intuition in understanding the theorem. The problems, some with worked solutions, introduce the student to the use of computers; occasional reference is made to routines available in the CERN library, but other systems, such as Maple, can also be used. Topics covered include: basic concepts; definitions; some simple results independent of specific distributions; discrete distributions; the normal and other continuous distributions; generating and characteristic functions; the Monte Carlo method and computer simulations; multi-dimensional distributions; the central limit theorem; inverse probability and confidence belts; estimation methods; curve fitting and likelihood ratios; interpolating functions; fitting data with constraints; robust estimation methods. This second edition introduces a new method for dealing with small samples, such as may arise in search experiments, when the data are of low probability. It also includes a new chapter on queuing problems (including a simple, but useful buffer length example). In addition new sections discuss over- and under-coverage using confidence belts, the extended maximum-likelihood method, the use of confidence belts for discrete distributions, estimation of correlation coefficients, and the effective variance method for fitting y = f(x) when both x and y have measurement errors
ISBN,Price9781468492965
Keyword(s)1. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 2. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. PHYSICS 6. Physics, general 7. PROBABILITIES 8. Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes 9. Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary 10. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 11. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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TitleOnce Upon a Universe : Not-so-Grimm tales of cosmology
Author(s)Gilmore, Robert
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Copernicus 2. Springer New York, 2003.
DescriptionXII, 225 p : online resource
Abstract Note"Once upon a time there was no Universe," began the Storyteller. . . ." First Snow White encounters one of the Little People, then one of the Even Smaller People, and finally one of the Truly Infinitesimal People. And no matter how diligently she searches, the only dwarves she can find are collapsed stars! Clearly, she???s not at home in her well-known Brothers Grimm fairy tale, but instead in a strange new landscape that features quantum behavior, the wavelike properties of particles, and the Uncertainty Principle. She (and we) must have entered, in short, one of the worlds created by Robert Gilmore, the physicist and fabulist who brought us the classic "Alice in Quantumland." Whether he???s recasting such classic tales as "Jack and the Quarkstalk," "Waking Beauty," or "Cinderenda and the Death of Stars," Gilmore shows us that there???s more than one way to shed light on the strange profundities of modern physics and cosmology, and what they have to tell us about the nature of time and space and motion. Black holes, dying stars, traveling backward through time to the Big Bang - they???re all here in accessible, instructive, and charmingly illustrated retellings. Robert Gilmore has published three previous books with Copernicus, "Alice in Quantumland," "Scrooge???s Cryptic Carol," and "The Wizard of Quarks." He is a Visiting Research Fellow, with a special focus on the public understanding of science, at Bristol University in England. He has also worked in particle physics at Brookhaven, Stanford, and CERN in Geneva
ISBN,Price9781475741650
Keyword(s)1. ASTRONOMY 2. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. GRAVITATION 6. Popular Science in Astronomy 7. Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary
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TitleExperts in Science and Society
Author(s)Kurz-Milcke, Elke;Gigerenzer, Gerd
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer US, 2004.
DescriptionVIII, 314 p. 19 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteIn today's complex world, we have come to rely increasingly on those who have expertise in specific areas and can bring their knowledge to bear on crucial social, political and scientific questions. Taking the viewpoint that experts are consulted when there is something important at stake for an individual, a group, or society at large, Experts in Science and Society explores expertise as a relational concept. How do experts balance their commitment to science with that to society? How does a society actually determine that a person has expertise? What personal traits are valued in an expert? From where does the expert derive authority? What makes new forms of expertise emerge? These and related questions are addressed from a wide range of areas in order to be inclusive, as well as to demonstrate similarities across areas. Likewise, in order to be culturally comparative, this volume includes examples and discussions of experts in different countries and even in different time periods. The topics include the roles of political experts, scientific experts, medical experts, legal experts, and more
ISBN,Price9780306479649
Keyword(s)1. Clinical psychology 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Philosophy and science 5. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 6. Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary 7. Science???Social aspects 8. Societal Aspects of Physics, Outreach and Education 9. Sociology 10. Sociology, general
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