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11 Noda, Hirofumi X-ray Studies of the Central Engine in Active Galactic Nuclei with Suzaku I10257 2016 eBook  
12 Kazama, Shingo Search for Charginos Nearly Mass-Degenerate with the Lightest Neutralino I10251 2016 eBook  
13 Prochazka, Marek Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy I10239 2016 eBook  
14 Franklin, Allan The Rise and Fall of the Fifth Force I10212 2016 eBook  
15 Patra, Abhijeet Quantifying Interactions of Biomolecules with Inorganic Surfaces I10199 2017 eBook  
16 Zilles, Anne Emission of Radio Waves in Particle Showers I10197 2017 eBook  
17 Gunnellini, Paolo Study of Double Parton Scattering Using Four-Jet Scenarios I10191 2016 eBook  
18 Kikawa, Tatsuya Measurement of Neutrino Interactions and Three Flavor Neutrino Oscillations in the T2K Experiment I10161 2016 eBook  
19 Feng, Chao Theoretical and Experimental Studies on Novel High-Gain Seeded Free-Electron Laser Schemes I10114 2016 eBook  
20 Morse, Edward C Analytical Methods for Nonproliferation I10068 2016 eBook  
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11.    
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TitleX-ray Studies of the Central Engine in Active Galactic Nuclei with Suzaku
Author(s)Noda, Hirofumi
PublicationSingapore, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Singapore, 2016.
DescriptionXV, 153 p. 95 illus., 33 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe aim of this research was to use the X-ray satellite Suzaku to establish a picture of a central engine that effectively converts the gravitational energy of accreting matter onto the supermassive black hole to a huge amount of radiation in an active galactic nucleus. Although the engine is known to consist of a Comptonizing corona and an accretion disk, its image has remained unclear because primary emissions, coming directly from the engine, cannot be identified in X-ray spectra without models. The book describes a technique of time variability assisted spectral decomposition to model-independently examine X-ray signals, and how this was applied to the Suzaku archive data of active galactic nuclei. As a result, at least three distinct primary X-ray components have been discovered in an X-ray from an active galactic nucleus, presumably indicating a novel picture that the engine is composed of multiple coronae with different physical properties in an accretion flow. Furthermore, the determination of the spectral shapes of the primary X-rays has a significant impact on estimations of black hole spins, because it is essential to quantify reprocessed X-ray spectra. The successful model-independent decomposition of X-ray spectral components with flux variations of active galactic nuclei is likely to be effective in future data analyses from the soon-to-be-launched Japanese X-ray satellite ASTRO-H, which is capable of achieving unprecedented fine spectros copy and broad energy band coverage
ISBN,Price9789812877215
Keyword(s)1. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 2. Astronomy???Observations 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 6. Measurement?????? 7. Observations, Astronomical 8. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS
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12.     
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TitleSearch for Charginos Nearly Mass-Degenerate with the Lightest Neutralino : Based on a Disappearing-Track Signature in pp Collisions at ???s = 8 TeV
Author(s)Kazama, Shingo
PublicationTokyo, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Japan, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 148 p : online resource
Abstract Note??In this book, the anomaly mediated supersymmetry breaking (AMSB) model is explored by searching for charged winos with their subsequent decays collected with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The author develops a new method, called ???re-tracking,??? to detect charged winos that decay before reaching the Semiconductor Tracker (SCT) detector. Because the nominal tracking algorithm at the ATLAS experiment requires at least seven successive hits in the inner tracking system, the sensitivity to charged winos having a fraction of a nanosecond in the past analysis was therefore limited. However, re-tracking requires a minimum of three pixel hits and provides a fully efficient tracking capability for charged winos traversing the pixel detector, resulting in around about 100 times greater efficiency for charged winos with a lifetime ~0.2 ns longer than that in past searches. Signal topology is characterized by a jet with large transverse momentum (pT), large missing transverse energy, and a high-pT disappearing track. There are three types of background tracks: interacting hadron trac ks, charged leptons, and tracks with mismeasured pT. A background estimation based on the Monte Carlo (MC) simulation suffers from large uncertainties due to poor statistics and has difficulty simulating the properties of background tracks. Therefore, a data-driven approach has been developed by the author of the book to estimate the background track-pT spectrum. No significant excess above the background expectation is observed for candidate tracks with large transverse momentum, and constraints on the AMSB model are obtained. The author shows that in the AMSB model, a charged wino mass below 270 GeV is excluded at 95 % confidence level, which also directly constrains the mass of wino dark matter
ISBN,Price9784431556572
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 7. Measurement?????? 8. Particle acceleration 9. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 10. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 11. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 12. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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13.     
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TitleSurface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy : Bioanalytical, Biomolecular and Medical Applications
Author(s)Prochazka, Marek
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXVI, 221 p. 78 illus., 27 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book gives an overview of recent developments in RS and SERS for sensing and biosensing considering also limitations, possibilities and prospects of this technique. Raman scattering (RS) is a widely used vibrational technique providing highly specific molecular spectral patterns. A severe limitation for the application of this spectroscopic technique lies in the low cross section of RS. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy overcomes this problem by 6-11 orders of magnitude enhancement compared with the standard RS for molecules in the close vicinity of certain rough metal surfaces. Thus, SERS combines molecular fingerprint specificity with potential single-molecule sensitivity. Due to the recent development of new SERS-active substrates, labeling and derivatization chemistry as well as new instrumentations, SERS became a very promising tool for many varied applications, including bioanalytical studies and sensing. Both intrinsic and extrinsic SERS biosensing schemes have been employed to detect and identify small molecules, nucleic acids and proteins, and also for cellular and in vivo sensing
ISBN,Price9783319239927
Keyword(s)1. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 2. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 3. Biological Techniques 4. Biology???Technique 5. BIOPHYSICS 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 9. Measurement?????? 10. Medical and Radiation Physics 11. Medical physics 12. MICROSCOPY 13. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 14. RADIATION 15. SPECTROSCOPY 16. Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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14.     
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TitleThe Rise and Fall of the Fifth Force : Discovery, Pursuit, and Justification in Modern Physics
Author(s)Franklin, Allan;Fischbach, Ephraim
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXII, 249 p. 93 illus., 4 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides the reader with a detailed and captivating account of the story where, for the first time, physicists ventured into proposing a new force of nature beyond the four known ones - the electromagnetic, weak and strong forces, and gravitation - based entirely on the reanalysis of existing experimental data. Back in 1986, Ephraim Fischbach, Sam Aronson, Carrick Talmadge and their collaborators proposed a modification of Newton???s Law of universal gravitation. Underlying this proposal were three tantalizing pieces of evidence: 1) an energy dependence of the CP (particle-antiparticle and reflection symmetry) parameters, 2) differences between the measurements of G, the universal gravitational constant, in laboratories and in mineshafts, and 3) a reanalysis of the E??tvos experiment, which had previously been used to show that the gravitational mass of an object and its inertia mass were equal to approximately one part in a billion. The reanalysis revealed that, contrary to Galileo???s position, the force of gravity was in fact very slightly different for different substances. The resulting Fifth Force hypothesis included this composition dependence and also added a small distance dependence to the inverse-square gravitational force. Over the next four years numerous experiments were performed to test the hypothesis. By 1990 there was overwhelming evidence that the Fifth Force, as initially proposed, did not exist. This book discusses how the Fifth Force hypothesis came to be proposed and how it went on to become a showcase of discovery, pursuit and justification in modern physics, prior to its demise. In this new and significantly expanded edition, the material from the first edition is complemented by two essays, one containing Fischbach???s personal reminiscences of the proposal, and a second on the ongoing history and impact of the Fifth Force hypothesis from 1990 to the present. <
ISBN,Price9783319284125
Keyword(s)1. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 2. Astronomy???Observations 3. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. GRAVITATION 7. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 8. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 9. Measurement?????? 10. Observations, Astronomical 11. Philosophy and science 12. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 13. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 14. PHYSICS
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15.     
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TitleQuantifying Interactions of Biomolecules with Inorganic Surfaces
Author(s)Patra, Abhijeet
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVIII, 102 p. 39 illus., 35 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis demonstrates the adaptation of existing techniques and principles towards enabling clean and precise measurements of biomolecules interacting with inorganic surfaces. In particular, it includes real-time measurement of serum proteins interacting with engineered nanomaterial. Making meaningful and unambiguous measurements has been an evolving problem in the field of biology and its various allied domains, primarily due to the complex nature of experiments and the large number of possible interferants. The subsequent quantification of interactions between biomolecules and inorganic surfaces solves pressing problems in the rapidly developing fields of lipidomics and nanomedicine
ISBN,Price9783319307282
Keyword(s)1. Amorphous substances 2. Complex fluids 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Materials???Surfaces 6. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 7. Measurement?????? 8. Nanochemistry 9. Nanoscale science 10. Nanoscale Science and Technology 11. NANOSCIENCE 12. Nanostructures 13. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 14. Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics 15. Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films 16. THIN FILMS
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I10199     On Shelf    

16.     
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TitleEmission of Radio Waves in Particle Showers : Validation of Microscopic Simulations with the SLAC T-510 Experiment and their Potential in the Future Square Kilometre Array
Author(s)Zilles, Anne
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXVI, 130 p. 97 illus., 14 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis offers the first laboratory validation of microscopic simulations of radio emission from particle showers, including a detailed description of the simulation study. It presents a potential future avenue for resolving the mass composition of cosmic rays via radio detection of air showers.?? Particle showers are created from cascading interactions when high-energy particles collide with matter, e.g. with air in the case of cosmic radiation, or with a particle detector in the case of experiments at CERN. These showers can consist of billions of particles, mostly electrons, positrons and photons. They emit radio waves when the absorbing medium is in a magnetic field, and this radio emission can be used as a novel means of detecting and drawing inferences on the shower and the primary particle. The new method is currently being established in cosmic ray research, where large antenna arrays may soon replace or complement traditional particle detectors.?? In thi s study, a complete microscopic simulation of a radio-emission experiment conducted at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), Stanford/USA, is performed, and the underlying physical models are validated. The model is subsequently applied to the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) project, which is a large interferometer for radio astronomy. It is demonstrated that the SKA, with some modifications, might also be used for cosmic ray research based on radio detection of high-energy particles from the cosmos
ISBN,Price9783319634111
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 6. Measurement?????? 7. Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation 8. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 9. PHYSICS
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17.     
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TitleStudy of Double Parton Scattering Using Four-Jet Scenarios : in Proton-Proton Collisions at sqrt s = 7 TeV with the CMS Experiment at the LHC
Author(s)Gunnellini, Paolo
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXX, 279 p. 125 illus., 55 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis addresses, in a novel and elegant way, a combination of measurements that are used to extract so-called double parton scattering. The method is easy to apply and overcomes many of the technical difficulties of older methods.??Many new phenomena in particle physics can be??observed when particles are collided at the highest energies; one of the highlights in recent years was the discovery of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. Understanding the production mechanism of the Higgs boson at the LHC requires detailed knowledge of the physics of proton-proton collisions. When the density of partons in the protons becomes large, there is a non-negligible probability that more than one parton participates in the interaction and the so-called double parton scattering becomes important. In some cases very particular final state signatures can be observed, which can be regarded as an indication of such double partonic scattering and where the different interactions can be separated. Such multiple partonic interactions play an important role when precise predictions from known processes are required
ISBN,Price9783319222134
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Elementary particles (Physics) 4. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 5. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 6. Measurement?????? 7. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 8. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 9. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 10. STRING THEORY
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I10191     On Shelf    

18.     
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TitleMeasurement of Neutrino Interactions and Three Flavor Neutrino Oscillations in the T2K Experiment
Author(s)Kikawa, Tatsuya
PublicationSingapore, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Singapore, 2016.
DescriptionXX, 264 p. 234 illus., 226 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is based on the author's work in the T2K long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment, in which neutrinos are generated by a proton beam and are detected by near and far neutrino detectors. In order to achieve the precise measurement of the neutrino oscillation, an accurate understanding of the neutrino beam and the neutrino interaction is essential. Thus, the author measured the neutrino beam properties and the neutrino interaction cross sections using a near neutrino detector called INGRID and promoted a better understanding of them. Then, the author performed a neutrino oscillation analysis using the neutrino beam and neutrino interaction models verified by the INGRID measurements. As a result, some values of the neutrino CP phase are disfavored at the 90% confidence level. If the measurement precision is further improved, we may be able to discover the finite CP phase which involves the CP violation. Thus, this result is an important step towards the discovery of CP violation in the lepton sector, which may be the key to understanding the origin of the matter???antimatter asymmetry in the universe
ISBN,Price9789812877154
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 4. Measurement?????? 5. Particle acceleration 6. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 7. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS
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I10161     On Shelf    

19.     
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TitleTheoretical and Experimental Studies on Novel High-Gain Seeded Free-Electron Laser Schemes
Author(s)Feng, Chao
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016.
DescriptionXII, 108 p. 87 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis dissertation focuses on the study of novel high-gain free-electron laser (FEL) operation schemes with external seed lasers. The technique of manipulating the phase space of the electron beam, which is widely used in novel seeded FEL schemes, is systematically studied. Several novel FEL schemes are proposed for the generation of intense coherent FEL pulses with short wavelength, sub-femtosecond pulse length or multiple carrier frequency properties, which meet the needs of FEL users. Results of experiments are described for the recently proposed FEL schemes such as echo-enabled harmonic generation and cascaded high-gain harmonic generation. New photon/electron beam diagnostic methods are also developed for these experiments and future high-gain FEL facilities
ISBN,Price9783662490662
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. LASERS 4. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 5. Measurement?????? 6. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 7. Particle acceleration 8. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 9. PHOTONICS 10. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS
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I10114     On Shelf    

20.    
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TitleAnalytical Methods for Nonproliferation
Author(s)Morse, Edward C
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXVI, 250 p. 104 illus., 100 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is intended to be used as a textbook and research reference for the field of nuclear nonproliferation. The book is primarily technical and focussed on methods of detecting clandestine nuclear material that might be illicitly transported. The book also touches on nuclear forensics, i.e. methods for identification, attribution, and establishment of transport pathways for illicit nuclear material. Also covered are topics of methods used for arms control and treaty verification, and an assessment of technologies under development for all of the above. A description of the government and international agencies involved in nuclear terrorism prevention, nuclear safeguards, and arms control is also included.
ISBN,Price9783319297316
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. MATERIALS SCIENCE 5. Measurement Science and Instrumentation 6. Measurement?????? 7. NUCLEAR ENERGY 8. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 9. Particle and Nuclear Physics 10. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 11. Security Science and Technology 12. System safety
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I10068     On Shelf    

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