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1 Piel, Alexander Plasma Physics I10365 2017 eBook  
2 Aidelsburger, Monika Artificial Gauge Fields with Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices I10237 2016 eBook  
3 Loureiro, Jorge Kinetics and Spectroscopy of Low Temperature Plasmas I10232 2016 eBook  
4 Friedrich, Harald Scattering Theory I10158 2016 eBook  
5 Pinheiro, Fernanda Multi-species Systems in Optical Lattices I10125 2016 eBook  
6 Matsumoto, Nobuyuki Classical Pendulum Feels Quantum Back-Action I10097 2016 eBook  
7 Barenghi, Carlo F A Primer on Quantum Fluids I10045 2016 eBook  
8 Dresselhaus, Mildred Solid State Properties I10012 2018 eBook  
9 Hadfield, Robert Superconducting Devices in Quantum Optics I09951 2016 eBook  
10 Iftikhar, Zubair Charge Quantization and Kondo Quantum Criticality in Few-Channel Mesoscopic Circuits I09929 2018 eBook  
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TitlePlasma Physics : An Introduction to Laboratory, Space, and Fusion Plasmas
Author(s)Piel, Alexander
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXX, 463 p. 268 illus., 39 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe enlarged new edition of this textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the basic processes in plasmas and demonstrates that the same fundamental concepts describe cold gas-discharge plasmas, space plasmas, and hot fusion plasmas. Starting from particle drifts in magnetic fields, the principles of magnetic confinement fusion are explained and compared with laser fusion. Collective processes are discussed in terms of plasma waves and instabilities. The concepts of plasma description by magnetohydrodynamics, kinetic theory, and particle simulation are stepwise introduced. Space charge effects in sheath regions, double layers and plasma diodes are given the necessary attention. The novel fundamental mechanisms of dusty plasmas are explored and integrated into the framework of conventional plasmas. The book concludes with a concise description of modern plasma discharges. Written by an internationally renowned researcher in experimental plasma physics, the text keeps the mathematical apparatus simple and emphasizes the underlying concepts. The guidelines of plasma physics are illustrated by a host of practical examples, preferentially from plasma diagnostics. There, Langmuir probe methods, laser interferometry, ionospheric sounding, Faraday rotation, and diagnostics of dusty plasmas are discussed. Though primarily addressing students in plasma physics, the book is easily accessible for researchers in neighboring disciplines, such as space science, astrophysics, material science, applied physics, and electrical engineering. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and contains substantially enlarged chapters on plasma diagnostics, dusty plasmas and plasma discharges. Probe techniques have been rearranged into basic theory and a host of practical examples for probe techniques in dc, rf, and space plasmas. New topics in dusty plasmas, such as plasma crystals, Yukawa balls, phase transitions and attractive forces have been adopted. The chapter on plasma discharges now contains a new section on conventional and high-power impulse magnetron sputtering. The recently discovered electrical asymmetry effect in capacitive rf-discharges is described. The text is based on an introductory course to plasma physics and advanced courses in plasma diagnostics, dusty plasmas, and plasma waves, which the author has taught at Kiel University for three decades. The pedagogical approach combines detailed explanations, a large number of illustrative figures, short summaries of the basics at the end of each chapter, and a selection of problems with detailed solutions
ISBN,Price9783319634272
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS 6. LOW TEMPERATURES 7. PLASMA (IONIZED GASES) 8. PLASMA PHYSICS
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TitleArtificial Gauge Fields with Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices
Author(s)Aidelsburger, Monika
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 172 p. 76 illus., 2 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis work reports on the generation of artificial magnetic fields with ultracold atoms in optical lattices using laser-assisted tunneling, as well as on the first Chern-number measurement in a non-electronic system. It starts with an introduction to the Hofstadter model, which describes the dynamics of charged particles on a square lattice subjected to strong magnetic fields. This model exhibits energy bands with non-zero topological invariants called Chern numbers, a property that is at the origin of the quantum Hall effect. The main part of the work discusses the realization of analog systems with ultracold neutral atoms using laser-assisted-tunneling techniques both from a theoretical and experimental point of view. Staggered, homogeneous and spin-dependent flux distributions are generated and characterized using two-dimensional optical super-lattice potentials. Additionally their topological properties are studied via the observation of bulk topological currents. The experimental techniques presented here offer a unique setting for studying topologically non-trivial systems with ultracold atoms
ISBN,Price9783319258294
Keyword(s)1. Condensed materials 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS 5. LOW TEMPERATURES 6. Phase transformations (Statistical physics) 7. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 8. Quantum Gases and Condensates 9. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 10. SPINTRONICS
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TitleKinetics and Spectroscopy of Low Temperature Plasmas
Author(s)Loureiro, Jorge;Amorim, Jayr
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 450 p. 145 illus., 142 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis is a comprehensive textbook designed for graduate and advanced undergraduate students. Both authors rely on more than 20 years of teaching experience in renowned Physics Engineering courses to write this book addressing the students??? needs. Kinetics and Spectroscopy of Low Temperature Plasmas derives in a full self-consistent way the electron kinetic theory used to describe low temperature plasmas created in the laboratory with an electrical discharge, and presents the main optical spectroscopic diagnostics used to characterize such plasmas. The chapters with the theoretical contents make use of a deductive approach in which the electron kinetic theory applied to plasmas with basis on the electron Boltzmann equation is derived from the basic concepts of Statistical and Plasma Physics. On the other hand, the main optical spectroscopy diagnostics used to characterize experimentally such plasmas are presented and justified from the point of view of the Atomic and Molecular Physics. Low temperature plasmas (LTP) are partially ionized gases with a broad use in many technological applications such as microelectronics, light sources, lasers, biology and medicine. LTPs lead to the production of atomic and molecular excited states, chemically reactive radicals, and activated surface sites, which are in the origin, among others, of the deposition of thin films, advanced nanotechnology products, solar cells, highly efficient combustion motors, and treatment of cancer cells
ISBN,Price9783319092539
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Industrial and Production Engineering 4. Industrial engineering 5. LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS 6. LOW TEMPERATURES 7. MICROSCOPY 8. PLASMA (IONIZED GASES) 9. PLASMA PHYSICS 10. Production engineering 11. SPECTROSCOPY 12. Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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TitleScattering Theory
Author(s)Friedrich, Harald
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 287 p. 68 illus., 21 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis corrected and updated second edition of "Scattering Theory" presents a concise and modern coverage of the subject. In the present treatment, special attention is given to the role played by the long-range behaviour of the projectile-target interaction, and a theory is developed, which is well suited to describe near-threshold bound and continuum states in realistic binary systems such as diatomic molecules or molecular ions. It is motivated by the fact that experimental advances have shifted and broadened the scope of applications where concepts from scattering theory are used, e.g. to the field of ultracold atoms and molecules, which has been experiencing enormous growth in recent years, largely triggered by the successful realization of Bose-Einstein condensates of dilute atomic gases in 1995. The book contains sections on special topics such as near-threshold quantization, quantum reflection, Feshbach resonances and the quantum description of scattering in two dimensions. The level of abstraction is kept as low as at all possible and deeper questions related to the mathematical foundations of scattering theory are passed by. It should be understandable for anyone with a basic knowledge of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. The book is intended for advanced students and researchers, and it is hoped that it will be useful for theorists and experimentalists alike
ISBN,Price9783662485262
Keyword(s)1. Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 2. ATOMS 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS 6. LOW TEMPERATURES 7. Mathematical Methods in Physics 8. PHYSICS
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5.     
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TitleMulti-species Systems in Optical Lattices : From Orbital Physics in Excited Bands to Effects of Disorder
Author(s)Pinheiro, Fernanda
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXVI, 126 p. 44 illus., 16 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis highly interdisciplinary thesis covers a wide range of topics relating to the interface of cold atoms, quantum simulation, quantum magnetism and disorder. With a self-contained presentation, it provides a broad overview of the rapidly evolving area of cold atoms and is of interest to both undergraduates and researchers working in the field. Starting with a general introduction to the physics of cold atoms and optical lattices, it extends the theory to that of systems with different multispecies atoms. It advances the theory of many-body quantum systems in excited bands (of optical lattices) through an extensive study of the properties of both the mean-field and strongly correlated regimes. Particular emphasis is given to the context of quantum simulation, where as shown here, the orbital degree of freedom in excited bands allows the study of exotic models of magnetism not easily achievable with the previous alternative systems. In addition, it proposes a new model Hamiltonian that serves as a quantum simulator of various disordered systems in different symmetry classes that can easily be reproduced experimentally. This is of great interest, especially for the study of disorder in 2D quantum systems.
ISBN,Price9783319434643
Keyword(s)1. Condensed materials 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS 5. LOW TEMPERATURES 6. Phase transformations (Statistical physics) 7. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 8. Quantum Gases and Condensates 9. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 10. QUANTUM PHYSICS 11. SPINTRONICS
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TitleClassical Pendulum Feels Quantum Back-Action
Author(s)Matsumoto, Nobuyuki
PublicationTokyo, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Japan, 2016.
DescriptionXII, 103 p. 36 illus., 5 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteIn this thesis, ultimate sensitive measurement for weak force imposed on a suspended mirror is performed with the help of a laser and an optical cavity for the development of gravitational-wave detectors. According to the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, such measurements are subject to a fundamental noise called quantum noise, which arises from the quantum nature of a probe (light) and a measured object (mirror). One of the sources of quantum noise is the quantum back-action, which arises from the vacuum fluctuation of the light. It sways the mirror via the momentum transferred to the mirror upon its reflection for the measurement. The author discusses a fundamental trade-off between sensitivity and stability in the macroscopic system, and suggests using a triangular cavity that can avoid this trade-off. The development of an optical triangular cavity is described and its characterization of the optomechanical effect in the triangular cavity is demonstrated. As a result, for the first time in the world the quantum back-action imposed on the 5-mg suspended mirror is significantly evaluated. This work contributes to overcoming the standard quantum limit in the future
ISBN,Price9784431558828
Keyword(s)1. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 2. Astronomy???Observations 3. ASTROPHYSICS 4. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. LASERS 8. LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS 9. LOW TEMPERATURES 10. Observations, Astronomical 11. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 12. PHOTONICS 13. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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7.     
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TitleA Primer on Quantum Fluids
Author(s)Barenghi, Carlo F;Parker, Nick G
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 119 p. 56 illus., 34 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe aim of this primer is to cover the essential theoretical information, quickly and concisely, in order to enable senior undergraduate and beginning graduate students to tackle projects in topical research areas of quantum fluids, for example, solitons, vortices and collective modes. The selection of the material, both regarding the content and level of presentation, draws on the authors analysis of the success of relevant research projects with newcomers to the field, as well as of the students feedback from many taught and self-study courses on the subject matter. Starting with a brief historical overview, this text covers particle statistics, weakly interacting condensates and their dynamics and finally superfluid helium and quantum turbulence. At the end of each chapter (apart from the first) there are some exercises. Detailed solutions can be made available to instructors upon request to the authors.
ISBN,Price9783319424767
Keyword(s)1. Condensed materials 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Fluid- and Aerodynamics 5. FLUIDS 6. LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS 7. LOW TEMPERATURES 8. Phase transformations (Statistical physics) 9. Quantum Gases and Condensates
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8.     
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TitleSolid State Properties : From Bulk to Nano
Author(s)Dresselhaus, Mildred;Dresselhaus, Gene;Cronin, Stephen B;Gomes Souza Filho, Antonio
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2018.
DescriptionXVIII, 517 p. 247 illus., 46 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book fills a gap between many of the basic solid state physics and materials science books that are currently available. It is written for a mixed audience of electrical engineering and applied physics students who have some knowledge of elementary undergraduate quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics. This book, based on a successful course taught at MIT, is divided pedagogically into three parts: (I) Electronic Structure, (II) Transport Properties, and (III) Optical Properties. Each topic is explained in the context of bulk materials and then extended to low-dimensional materials where applicable. Problem sets review the content of each chapter to help students to understand the material described in each of the chapters more deeply and to prepare them to master the next chapters
ISBN,Price9783662559222
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Electronic materials 4. LASERS 5. LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS 6. LOW TEMPERATURES 7. Nanoscale science 8. Nanoscale Science and Technology 9. NANOSCIENCE 10. Nanostructures 11. NANOTECHNOLOGY 12. Nanotechnology and Microengineering 13. Optical and Electronic Materials 14. OPTICAL MATERIALS 15. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 16. PHOTONICS 17. SOLID STATE PHYSICS
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9.     
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TitleSuperconducting Devices in Quantum Optics
Author(s)Hadfield, Robert;Johansson, G??ran
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXIII, 249 p. 110 illus., 84 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents the basics and applications of superconducting devices in quantum optics. Over the past decade, superconducting devices have risen to prominence in the arena of quantum optics and quantum information processing. Superconducting detectors provide unparalleled performance for the detection of infrared photons in quantum cryptography, enable fundamental advances in quantum optics, and provide a direct route to on-chip optical quantum information processing. Superconducting circuits based on Josephson junctions provide a blueprint for scalable quantum information processing as well as opening up a new regime for quantum optics at microwave wavelengths. The new field of quantum acoustics allows the state of a superconducting qubit to be transmitted as a phonon excitation. This volume, edited by two leading researchers, provides a timely compilation of contributions from top groups worldwide across this dynamic field, anticipating future advances in this domain
ISBN,Price9783319240916
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. ELECTRONICS 4. Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation 5. LASERS 6. LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS 7. LOW TEMPERATURES 8. MICROELECTRONICS 9. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 10. PHOTONICS 11. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 12. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 13. QUANTUM OPTICS 14. SPINTRONICS
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10.    
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TitleCharge Quantization and Kondo Quantum Criticality in Few-Channel Mesoscopic Circuits
Author(s)Iftikhar, Zubair
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2018.
DescriptionXIII, 137 p. 73 illus., 47 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis explores several fundamental topics in mesoscopic circuitries that incorporate few electronic conduction channels. The reported results establish a new state of the art in a field that has been waiting for this kind of experiments for decades. The first experiments address the quantized character of charge in circuits. The thesis discusses the charge quantization criterion, observes the predicted charge quantization scaling, and demonstrates a crossover toward a universal behavior as temperature is increased. In turn, the second set of experiments explores the unconventional quantum critical physics that arises in the multichannel Kondo model. At the symmetric quantum critical point, the predicted universal Kondo fixed points and scaling exponents are observed, and the full numerical renormalization group scaling curves validated. In addition, the thesis explores the crossover from quantum criticality: direct visualization of the development of a quantum phase transition, the parameter space for quantum criticality, as well as universality and scaling behaviors
ISBN,Price9783319946856
Keyword(s)1. Condensed materials 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS 5. Electronic Circuits and Devices 6. LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS 7. LOW TEMPERATURES 8. Phase transformations (Statistical physics) 9. Quantum Gases and Condensates 10. QUANTUM PHYSICS
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