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1 Siegfried Roser Revierws in modern astronomy: Cosmic Matter V20 OB1843 2008 eBook  
2 Siegfried Roser (ed.) Reviews in modern astronomy: Formation and Evolution of Cosmic Structures OB1819 2009 eBook  
3 Maurizio Salaris Evolution of stars and stellar populations OB1818 2005 eBook  
4 Iiyama, Yutaro Search for Supersymmetry in pp Collisions at ???s = 8 TeV with a Photon, Lepton, and Missing Transverse Energy I10465 2017 eBook  
5 Dribus, Benjamin F Discrete Causal Theory I10462 2017 eBook  
6 Magnani, Loris A Dirty Window I10457 2017 eBook  
7 Weinert, Friedel The Demons of Science I10450 2016 eBook  
8 Pettinari, Guido Walter The Intrinsic Bispectrum of the Cosmic Microwave Background I10443 2016 eBook  
9 Duffy, Kirsty Elizabeth First Measurement of Neutrino and Antineutrino Oscillation at T2K I10438 2017 eBook  
10 Kwok, Sun Our Place in the Universe I10437 2017 eBook  
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TitleRevierws in modern astronomy: Cosmic Matter V20
Author(s)Siegfried Roser
PublicationJohn Wiley and Sons 2008.
ISBN,Price$ 235.00
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - WILEY 5. EXTRAGALACTIC ASTRONOMY 6. GRAVITATIONAL WAVES 7. HIGH ENERGY ASTROPHYSICS 8. STELLAR ASTRONOMY
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TitleReviews in modern astronomy: Formation and Evolution of Cosmic Structures
Author(s)Siegfried Roser (ed.)
PublicationVerlag, John Wiley and Sons, 2009.
Abstract NoteThis 21st volume in the series contains 15 invited reviews and highlight contributions presented during the 2008 International Scientific Conference of the German Astronomical Society on the topic of "New Challenges to European Astronomy", held in Vienna, Austria. The papers discuss a wide range of hot topics, including cosmology, high-energy astrophysics, astroparticle physics gravitational waves, extragalactic and stellar astronomy -- together representing the roadmap for modern astrophysical research.
ISBN,Price9783527409105 : $ 215.00(Online)
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - WILEY 5. EXTRAGALACTIC ASTRONOMY 6. GRAVITATIONAL WAVES 7. HIGH ENERGY ASTROPHYSICS 8. STELLAR ASTRONOMY
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TitleEvolution of stars and stellar populations
Author(s)Maurizio Salaris;Santi Cassisi
PublicationVerlag, John Wiley and Sons, 2005.
Abstract NoteEvolution of Stars and Stellar Populations is a comprehensive presentation of the theory of stellar evolution and its application to the study of stellar populations in galaxies. Taking a unique approach to the subject, this self-contained text introduces first the theory of stellar evolution in a clear and accessible manner, with particular emphasis placed on explaining the evolution with time of observable stellar properties, such as luminosities and surface chemical abundances. This is followed by a detailed presentation and discussion of a broad range of related techniques, that are widely applied by researchers in the field to investigate the formation and evolution of galaxies. This book will be invaluable for undergraduates and graduate students in astronomy and astrophysics, and will also be of interest to researchers working in the field of Galactic, extragalactic astronomy and cosmology.
ISBN,Price9780470092194 : $ 208.00(Online)
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - WILEY 4. EXTRAGALACTIC ASTRONOMY 5. GALACTIC ASTRONOMY 6. STAR FORMATION 7. STELLAR EVOLUTION 8. STELLAR POPULATIONS
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TitleSearch for Supersymmetry in pp Collisions at ???s = 8 TeV with a Photon, Lepton, and Missing Transverse Energy
Author(s)Iiyama, Yutaro
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXIII, 174 p. 68 illus., 59 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis Ph.D. thesis is a search for physics beyond the standard model (SM) of particle physics, which successfully describes the interactions and properties of all known elementary particles. However, no particle exists in the SM that can account for the dark matter, which makes up about one quarter of the energy-mass content of the universe. Understanding the nature of dark matter is one goal of the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The extension of the SM with supersymmetry (SUSY) is considered a promising possibilities to explain dark matter. The nominated thesis describes a search for SUSY using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. It utilizes a final state consisting of a photon, a lepton, and a large momentum imbalance probing a class of SUSY models that has not yet been studied extensively. The thesis stands out not only due to its content that is explained with clarity but also because the author performed more or less all aspects of the thesis analysis by himself, from data skimming to limit calculations, which is extremely rare, especially nowadays in the large LHC collaborations
ISBN,Price9783319586618
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. Particle acceleration 7. Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics 8. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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I10465     On Shelf    

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TitleDiscrete Causal Theory : Emergent Spacetime and the Causal Metric Hypothesis
Author(s)Dribus, Benjamin F
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXX, 558 p. 154 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book evaluates and suggests potentially critical improvements to causal set theory, one of the best-motivated approaches to the outstanding problems of fundamental physics. Spacetime structure is of central importance to physics beyond general relativity and the standard model. The causal metric hypothesis treats causal relations as the basis of this structure. The book develops the consequences of this hypothesis under the assumption of a fundamental scale, with smooth spacetime geometry viewed as emergent. This approach resembles causal set theory, but differs in important ways; for example, the relative viewpoint, emphasizing relations between pairs of events, and relationships between pairs of histories, is central. The book culminates in a dynamical law for quantum spacetime, derived via generalized path summation
ISBN,Price9783319500836
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. GEOMETRY 6. GRAVITATION 7. TOPOLOGY
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TitleA Dirty Window : Diffuse and Translucent Molecular Gas in the Interstellar Medium
Author(s)Magnani, Loris;Shore, Steven N
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2017.
DescriptionXIX, 306 p. 76 illus., 28 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides an introduction to the physics of interstellar gas in the Galaxy. It deals with the diffuse interstellar medium which supplies a complex environment for exploring the neutral gas content of a galaxy like the Milky Way and the techniques necessary for studying this non-stellar component. After an initial exposition of the phases of the interstellar medium and the role of gas in a spiral galaxy, the authors discuss the transition from atomic to molecular gas. They then consider basic radiative transfer and molecular spectroscopy with particular emphasis on the molecules useful for studying low-density molecular gas. Observational techniques for investigating the gas and the dust component of the diffuse interstellar medium throughout the electromagnetic spectrum are explored emphasizing results from the recent Herschel and Planck missions. A brief exposition on dust in the diffuse interstellar medium is followed by a discussion of molecular clouds in general and high-latitude molecular clouds in particular. Ways of calibrating CO observations with the molecular hydrogen content of a cloud are examined along with the dark molecular gas controversy. High-latitude molecular clouds are considered in detail as vehicles for applying the techniques developed in the book. Given the transient nature of diffuse and translucent molecular clouds, the role of turbulence in the origin and dynamics of these objects is examined in some detail. The book is targeted at graduate students or postdocs who are entering the field of interstellar medium studies
ISBN,Price9783662543504
Keyword(s)1. ASTROBIOLOGY 2. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 3. Astronomy???Observations 4. ASTROPHYSICS 5. Astrophysics and Astroparticles 6. COSMOLOGY 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. Observations, Astronomical 10. SPACE SCIENCES 11. Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astronautics)
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TitleThe Demons of Science : What They Can and Cannot Tell Us About Our World
Author(s)Weinert, Friedel
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionIX, 251 p. 40 illus., 8 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is the first all-encompassing exploration of the role of demons in philosophical and scientific thought experiments. In Part I, the author explains the importance of thought experiments in science and philosophy. Part II considers Laplace???s Demon, whose claim is that the world is completely deterministic. Part III introduces Maxwell???s Demon, who - by contrast - experiences a world that is probabilistic and indeterministic. Part IV explores Nietzsche???s thesis of the cyclic and eternal recurrence of events. In each case a number of philosophical consequences regarding determinism and indeterminism, the arrows of time, the nature of the mind and free will are said to follow from the Demons???s worldviews. The book investigates what these Demons - and others - can and cannot tell us about our world.
ISBN,Price9783319317083
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 5. Philosophy and science 6. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 7. PHYSICS 8. Popular Science in Physics
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I10450     On Shelf    

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TitleThe Intrinsic Bispectrum of the Cosmic Microwave Background
Author(s)Pettinari, Guido Walter
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXXIII, 263 p. 21 illus., 19 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteNominated as an outstanding thesis by Professor Robert Crittenden of the Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation in Portsmouth, and winner of the Michael Penston Prize for 2014 given by the Royal Astronomical Society for the best doctoral thesis in Astronomy or Astrophysics, this work aims to shed light on one of the most important probes of the early Universe: the bispectrum of the cosmic microwave background. The CMB bispectrum is a potential window on exciting new physics, as it is sensitive to the non-Gaussian features in the primordial fluctuations, the same fluctuations that evolved into today???s planets, stars and galaxies. However, this invaluable information is potentially screened, as not all of the observed non-Gaussianity is of primordial origin. Indeed, a bispectrum arises even for perfectly Gaussian initial conditions due to non-linear dynamics, such as CMB photons scattering off free electrons and propagating in an inhomogeneous Universe. Dr. Pettinari introduces the reader to this intrinsic bispectrum in a pedagogic way, building up from the standard model of cosmology and from cosmological perturbation theory, the tool cosmologists use to unravel the history of the cosmos. In doing so, he introduces SONG, a new and efficient code for solving the second-order Einstein and Boltzmann equations. Next, he moves on to answer the crucial question: is the intrinsic bispectrum going to screen the primordial signal in the CMB? Using SONG, he computes the intrinsic bispectrum and shows how its contamination leads to a small bias in the estimates of primordial non-Gaussianity, a great news for the prospect of using CMB data to probe primordial non-Gaussianity
ISBN,Price9783319218823
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. GRAVITATION
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TitleFirst Measurement of Neutrino and Antineutrino Oscillation at T2K
Author(s)Duffy, Kirsty Elizabeth
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXV, 172 p. 87 illus., 10 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis reports the measurement of muon neutrino and antineutrino disappearance and electron neutrino and antineutrino appearance in a muon neutrino and antineutrino beam using the T2K experiment. It describes a result in neutrino physics that is a pioneering indication of charge-parity (CP) violation in neutrino oscillation; the first to be obtained from a single experiment. Neutrinos are some of the most abundant???but elusive???particles in the universe, and may provide a promising place to look for a potential solution to the puzzle of matter/antimatter imbalance in the observable universe. It has been firmly established that neutrinos can change flavour (or ???oscillate???), as recognised by the 2015 Nobel Prize. The theory of neutrino oscillation allows for neutrinos and antineutrinos to oscillate differently (CP violation), and may provide insights into why our universe is matter-dominated. Bayesian statistical methods, including the Markov Chain Monte Carlo fitting technique, are used to simultaneously optimise several hundred systematic parameters describing detector, beam, and neutrino interaction uncertainties as well as the six oscillation parameters
ISBN,Price9783319650401
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. Quantum Field Theories, String Theory 7. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 8. STRING THEORY
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I10438     On Shelf    

10.    
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TitleOur Place in the Universe : Understanding Fundamental Astronomy from Ancient Discoveries
Author(s)Kwok, Sun
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DescriptionXXV, 267 p. 100 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteIf you have ever wanted to understand the basic principles of astronomy and celestial movements, you should read this book. Using pictures of the sky observed from different places on Earth, as well as drawings of ancient astronomical methods and tools, Prof. Sun Kwok tells this story in an entertaining and fascinating way. Since the beginning of human civilization, people have wondered about the structure of the cosmos and our place in the Universe. More than 2,000 years ago, our ancestors knew that the seasons were unequal, the Earth was an unattached object floating in space, and stars existed that they could not see. From celestial observations, they concluded that the Earth was round. Using simple tools and mathematics, ancient astronomers accurately determined the sizes of the Earth and Moon, the distance to the Moon, and the lengths of the months and year. With a clever device called the armillary sphere, Greek astronomers could predict the times of sunrise and sunset on any day of the year, at any place on Earth. They developed sophisticated mathematical models to forecast Mars??? motions hundreds of years into the future. Find out how ancient observers achieved these remarkable feats. With minimal use of mathematics, this book retraces the footsteps of our ancestors, explains their intellectual journeys in simple terms, and explores the philosophical implications of these discoveries.
ISBN,Price9783319541723
Keyword(s)1. ASTRONOMY 2. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 3. Astronomy???Observations 4. COSMOLOGY 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. Observations, Astronomical 8. Popular Science in Astronomy
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