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1 Louis, Jan With String Theory to the Big Bang I11959 2021 eBook  
2 Saridakis, Emmanuel N Modified Gravity and Cosmology I11927 2021 eBook  
3 Meneghetti, Massimo Introduction to Gravitational Lensing I11896 2021 eBook  
4 Kwok, Sun Our Place in the Universe - II I11864 2021 eBook  
5 Finn, Kieran Geometric Approaches to Quantum Field Theory I11853 2021 eBook  
6 Crawford, Ian Expanding Worldviews: Astrobiology, Big History and Cosmic Perspectives I11822 2021 eBook  
7 Chaichian, Masud Basic Concepts in Physics I11816 2021 eBook  
8 De Angelis, Alessandro Particle and Astroparticle Physics I11808 2021 eBook  
9 Grosa, Fabrizio Strange and Non-Strange D-meson Production in pp, p-Pb, and Pb-Pb Collisions with ALICE at the LHC I11745 2021 eBook  
10 Sreelatha, K. S Modern Perspectives in Theoretical Physics I11739 2021 eBook  
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TitleWith String Theory to the Big Bang : A Journey to the Origin of the Universe
Author(s)Louis, Jan
PublicationWiesbaden, Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2021.
DescriptionX, 57 p. 11 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThe history of the universe has fascinated mankind for centuries. Using the interplay of cosmology, general relativity, particle physics and quantum theory, it is today possible to reconstruct it physically. Only the beginning, the big bang, has so far eluded the established laws of physics. The more one approaches it, the more speculative the story becomes. With this book, the reader is invited on a journey to the Big Bang learning on the way about various physical facts, observations and theories. String theory is introduced as a possible all-encompassing physical theory that has the potential to grasp and describe the Big Bang. Its sometimes spectacular predictions, such as additional spatial dimensions or parallel universes, are explained concisely. This Springer essential is a translation of the original German 1st edition essentials, Mit der Stringtheorie zum Urknall by Jan Louis, published by Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature in 2021. The translation was done with the help of artificial intelligence (machine translation by the service DeepL.com). A subsequent human revision was done primarily in terms of content, so that the book will read stylistically differently from a conventional translation. Springer Nature works continuously to further the development of tools for the production of books and on the related technologies to support the authors. The Contents An introduction and overview of the state of research in cosmology, particle physics and string theory A short version of the history of our universe - from established facts to a selection of speculations The Target Groups Pupils and interested laymen with basic knowledge of natural sciences Students and teachers of all disciplines The Author Prof. Jan Louis studied physics in Karlsruhe, London and Philadelphia and subsequently worked as a research associate at Stanford, CERN and the University of Munich. From 1996-2002 he held a professorship at the University of Halle and since 2003 he has been at the University of Hamburg, where he heads the Cluster of Excellence "Quantum Universe"
ISBN,Price9783658358501
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravity 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. GRAVITATION 6. PARTICLE PHYSICS 7. PARTICLES (NUCLEAR PHYSICS)
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TitleModified Gravity and Cosmology : An Update by the CANTATA Network
Author(s)Saridakis, Emmanuel N;Lazkoz, Ruth;Salzano, Vincenzo;Moniz, Paulo Vargas;Capozziello, Salvatore;Beltr??n Jim??nez, Jose;De Laurentis, Mariafelicia;Olmo, Gonzalo J
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXVII, 629 p. 62 illus., 58 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteWith a focus on modified gravity this book presents a review of the recent developments in the fields of gravity and cosmology, presenting the state of the art, high-lighting the open problems, and outlining the directions of future research. General Relativity and the ??CDM framework are currently the standard lore and constitute the concordance paradigm of cosmology. Nevertheless, long-standing open theoretical issues, as well as possible new observational ones arising from the explosive development of cosmology in the last two decades, offer the motivation and lead a large amount of research to be devoted in constructing various extensions and modifications. In this review all extended theories and scenarios are first examined under the light of theoretical consistency, and are then applied in various geometrical backgrounds, such as the cosmological and the spherical symmetric ones. Their predictions at both the background and perturbation levels, and concerning cosmology at early, intermediate and late times, are then confronted with the huge amount of observational data that astrophysics and cosmology has been able to offer in the last two decades. Theories, scenarios and models that successfully and efficiently pass the above steps are classified as viable and are candidates for the description of Nature, allowing readers to get a clear overview of the state of the art and where the field of modified gravity is likely to go. This work was performed in the framework of the COST European Action ???Cosmology and Astrophysics Network for Theoretical Advances and Training Actions??? - CANTATA
ISBN,Price9783030837150
Keyword(s)1. Alternative Relativity 2. ASTROPHYSICS 3. Classical and Quantum Gravity 4. COSMOLOGY 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. GENERAL RELATIVITY 8. GENERAL RELATIVITY (PHYSICS) 9. GRAVITATION 10. Relativity (Physics)
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TitleIntroduction to Gravitational Lensing : With Python Examples
Author(s)Meneghetti, Massimo
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIII, 412 p. 131 illus., 120 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book introduces the phenomenology of gravitational lensing in an accessible manner and provides a thorough discussion of the related astrophysical applications. It is intended for advanced undergraduates and graduate students who want to start working in this rapidly evolving field. This includes also senior researchers who are interested in ongoing or future surveys and missions such as DES, Euclid, WFIRST, LSST. The reader is guided through many fascinating topics related to gravitational lensing like the structure of our galaxy, the searching for exoplanets, the investigation of dark matter in galaxies and galaxy clusters, and several aspects of cosmology, including dark energy and the cosmic microwave background. The author, who has gained valuable experience as academic teacher, guides the readers towards the comprehension of the theory of gravitational lensing and related observational techniques by using simple codes written in python. This approach, beyond facilitating the understanding of gravitational lensing, is preparatory for learning the python programming language which is gaining large popularity both in academia and in the private sector
ISBN,Price9783030735821
Keyword(s)1. ASTRONOMY 2. Astronomy, Cosmology and Space Sciences 3. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 4. Astronomy???Observations 5. ASTROPHYSICS 6. COSMOLOGY 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 10. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleOur Place in the Universe - II : The Scientific Approach to Discovery
Author(s)Kwok, Sun
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXXIII, 344 p. 117 illus., 101 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteStarting from Newton???s times this follow-up to the author???s Springer book ???Our Place in the Universe - Understanding Fundamental Astronomy from Ancient Discoveries??? addresses the question of ???our place in the Universe??? from astronomical, physical, chemical, biological, philosophical and social perspectives. Using the history of astronomy to illustrate the process of discovery, the emphasis is on the description of the process of how we learned and on the exploration of the impacts of discoveries rather than on the presentation of facts. Thus readers are informed of the influence of science on a broad scale. Unlike the traditional way of teaching science, in this book, the author begins by describing the observations and then discusses various attempts to find answers (including unsuccessful ones). The goal is to help students develop a better appreciation of the scientific process and learn from this process to tackle real-life problems
ISBN,Price9783030802608
Keyword(s)1. ASTROBIOLOGY 2. ASTRONOMY 3. Astronomy, Cosmology and Space Sciences 4. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 5. Astronomy???Observations 6. COSMOLOGY 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. HISTORY OF SCIENCE 10. Science???History
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TitleGeometric Approaches to Quantum Field Theory
Author(s)Finn, Kieran
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXIX, 202 p. 7 illus., 6 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThe ancient Greeks believed that everything in the Universe should be describable in terms of geometry. This thesis takes several steps towards realising this goal by introducing geometric descriptions of systems such as quantum gravity, fermionic particles and the origins of the Universe itself. The author extends the applicability of previous work by Vilkovisky, DeWitt and others to include theories with spin ?? and spin 2 degrees of freedom. In addition, he introduces a geometric description of the potential term in a quantum field theory through a process known as the Eisenhart lift. Finally, the methods are applied to the theory of inflation, where they show how geometry can help answer a long-standing question about the initial conditions of the Universe. This publication is aimed at graduate and advanced undergraduate students and provides a pedagogical introduction to the exciting topic of field space covariance and the complete geometrization of quantum field theory
ISBN,Price9783030852696
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Quantum Gravity 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Elementary particles (Physics) 6. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 7. GEOMETRY 8. GRAVITATION 9. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleExpanding Worldviews: Astrobiology, Big History and Cosmic Perspectives
Author(s)Crawford, Ian
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionVI, 377 p. 33 illus., 10 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book collates papers presented at two international conferences (held at the Australian National University in 2018 and Birkbeck College London in 2019) exploring the relationships between big history and astrobiology and their wider implications for society. These two relatively new academic disciplines aim to integrate human history with the wider history of the universe and the search for life elsewhere. The book will show that, despite differences in emphasis, big history and astrobiology share much in common, especially their interdisciplinary approaches and the cosmic and evolutionary perspectives that they both engender. Specifically, the book addresses the unified, all-embracing, nature of knowledge, the impact of big history on humanity and the world at large, the possible impact of SETI on astrobiology and big history, the cultural signature of Earth???s inhabitants beyond the atmosphere, and the political implications of a planetary worldview. The principal readership is envisaged to comprise scholars working in the fields of astrobiology, big history and space exploration interested in forging interdisciplinary links between these diverse topics, together with educators, and a wider public, interested in the societal implications of the cosmic and evolutionary perspectives engendered by research in these fields
ISBN,Price9783030704827
Keyword(s)1. ASTROBIOLOGY 2. ASTRONAUTICS 3. ASTRONOMY 4. Astronomy, Cosmology and Space Sciences 5. COSMOLOGY 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. HISTORY 9. Outer space???Exploration 10. PHILOSOPHY 11. Space Exploration and Astronautics
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TitleBasic Concepts in Physics : From the Cosmos to Quarks
Author(s)Chaichian, Masud;Perez Rojas, Hugo;Tureanu, Anca
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2021.
DescriptionXIV, 452 p. 188 illus., 16 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is the second edition of an excellent undergraduate-level overview of classical and modern physics, intended for students of physics and related subjects, and also perfectly suited for the education of physics teachers. The twelve-chapter book begins with Newton???s laws of motion and subsequently covers topics such as thermodynamics and statistical physics, electrodynamics, special and general relativity, quantum mechanics and cosmology , the standard model and quantum chromodynamics. The writing is lucid, and the theoretical discussions are easy to follow for anyone comfortable with standard mathematics. An important addition in this second edition is a set of exercises and problems, distributed throughout the book. Some of the problems aim to complement the text, others to provide readers with additional useful tools for tackling new or more advanced topics. Furthermore, new topics have been added in several chapters; for example, the discovery of extra-solar planets from the wobble of their mother stars, a discussion of the Landauer principle relating information erasure to an increase of entropy, quantum logic, first order quantum corrections to the ideal gas equation of state due to the Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein statistics. Both gravitational lensing and the time-correction in geo-positioning satellites are explained as theoretical applications of special and general relativity. The discovery of gravitational waves, one of the most important achievements of physical sciences, is presented as well. Professional scientists, teachers, and researchers will also want to have this book on their bookshelves, as it provides an excellent refresher on a wide range of topics and serves as an ideal starting point for expanding one???s knowledge of new or unfamiliar fields. Readers of this book will not only learn much about physics, they will also learn to love it
ISBN,Price9783662623138
Keyword(s)1. Classical and Continuum Physics 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 6. PHYSICS 7. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleParticle and Astroparticle Physics : Problems and Solutions
Author(s)De Angelis, Alessandro;Pimenta, M??rio;Concei????o, Ruben
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionIX, 325 p. 139 illus., 31 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents more than 200 problems, with detailed guided solutions, spanning key areas of particle physics and astrophysics. The selected examples enable students to gain a deeper understanding of these fields and also offer valuable support in the preparation for written examinations. The book is an ideal companion to Introduction to Particle and Astroparticle Physics: Multimessenger Astronomy and its Particle Physics Foundations, written by Alessandro De Angelis and M??rio Pimenta and published in its second edition in Springer???s Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics series in 2018. It can, however, also be used independently. The present book is organized into 11 chapters that match exactly those in the companion textbook, and each of the exercises is given a title to facilitate identification of the subject within that book. Some new exercises have been added because they are considered helpful on the basis of the experience gained by teachers while using the textbook. Beyond students on relevant courses, exercises and solutions in particle and astroparticle physics are of value for physics teachers and to all who seek aid to self-training
ISBN,Price9783030731168
Keyword(s)1. ASTROPHYSICS 2. COSMOLOGY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Nuclear and Particle Physics 6. NUCLEAR PHYSICS
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TitleStrange and Non-Strange D-meson Production in pp, p-Pb, and Pb-Pb Collisions with ALICE at the LHC
Author(s)Grosa, Fabrizio
PublicationCham, Springer International Publishing, 2021.
DescriptionXVI, 215 p. 128 illus., 125 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis provides a comprehensive view of the physics of charmed hadrons in high-energy proton-proton and heavy-ion collisions. Given their large masses, charm quarks are produced in the early stage of a heavy-ion collision and they subsequently experience the full system evolution probing the colour-deconfined medium called quark-gluon plasma (QGP) created in such collisions. In this thesis, the mechanisms of charm-quark in-medium energy loss and hadronisation are discussed via the measurements of the production of charm mesons with (Ds+) and without (D+) strange-quark content in different colliding systems, using data collected by the ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC. The participation of the charm quark and its possible thermalisation in the QGP are studied via measurements of azimuthal anisotropies in the production of D+ mesons. Finally, the prospects for future measurements with the upgraded ALICE experimental apparatus and with more refined machine learning techniques are presented
ISBN,Price9783030711313
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Nuclear and Particle Physics 5. NUCLEAR PHYSICS
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TitleModern Perspectives in Theoretical Physics : 80th Birthday Festschrift in Honor of K. Babu Joseph
Author(s)Sreelatha, K. S;Jacob, Varghese
PublicationSingapore, Springer Nature Singapore, 2021.
DescriptionXVI, 182 p. 35 illus., 32 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book highlights the review of articles in theoretical physics by the students of Professor K. Babu Joseph, as a Festschrift for his 80th Birthday. This book is divided into four sections based on the contributions of Babu Joseph and his students. The four sections are Cosmology, High Energy Physics, Mathematical Physics and Non-linear Dynamics and its applications
ISBN,Price9789811593130
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 5. NONLINEAR OPTICS 6. Quantum Correlation and Entanglement 7. QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT 8. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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