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1 Masys, Anthony J Exploring the Security Landscape: Non-Traditional Security Challenges I10203 2016 eBook  
2 Chen, Jing The Unity of Science and Economics I10126 2016 eBook  
3 Ayres, Robert Energy, Complexity and Wealth Maximization I09947 2016 eBook  
4 Hafemeister, David Nuclear Proliferation and Terrorism in the Post-9/11 World I09257 2016 eBook  
5 Shah, Arvind Solar Cells and Modules I09218 2020 eBook  
6 Claeys, C Radiation Effects in Advanced Semiconductor Materials and Devices I11304 2002 eBook  
7 Nabi-Abdolyousefi, Marzieh Controllability, Identification, and Randomness in Distributed Systems I07804 2014 eBook  
8 Ochiai, Eiichiro Hiroshima to Fukushima I07520 2014 eBook  
9 Hafemeister, David Physics of Societal Issues I06819 2007 eBook  
10 Hafemeister, David Physics of Societal Issues I05952 2014 eBook  
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TitleExploring the Security Landscape: Non-Traditional Security Challenges
Author(s)Masys, Anthony J
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionVI, 325 p. 45 illus., 29 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides international perspective for those studying or working in the security domain, from enforcement to policy. It focuses on non-traditional threats in a landscape that has been described as transnational in nature and incorporates natural disasters, gang violence, extremism and terrorism, amongst other issues. Chapters provide innovative thinking on themes including cyber security, maritime security, transnational crime, human security, globalization and economic security. Relevant theoretical frameworks are presented and readers are expertly guided through complex threats, from matters pertaining to health security which pose threats not only to humans but also have significant national security implications, to issues regarding critical infrastructure vulnerability and the complexity of understanding terrorist operations. Authors reveal how emerging uncertainties regarding global critical infrastructure and supply chain security, food security, and health security are linked to the notion of human security. Security professionals, policy makers and academics will all gain from the insights, strategies and perspectives in this book. It builds understanding of the deepening and broadening domain of security studies and provides a valuable reference text for courses on security studies and international relations
ISBN,Price9783319279145
Keyword(s)1. Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks 2. COMPUTER SECURITY 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. Energy and state 6. Energy policy 7. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 8. Health promotion 9. Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 10. NATURAL DISASTERS 11. NATURAL HAZARDS 12. PHYSICS 13. Security Science and Technology 14. System safety 15. Systems and Data Security
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TitleThe Unity of Science and Economics : A New Foundation of Economic Theory
Author(s)Chen, Jing
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer New York, 2016.
DescriptionXVI, 136 p : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book presents a new economic theory developed from physical and biological principles. It explains how technology, social systems and economic values are intimately related to resources. Many people have recognized that mainstream (neoclassical) economic theories are not consistent with physical laws and often not consistent with empirical patterns, but most feel that economic activities are too complex to be described by a simple and coherent mathematical theory. While social systems are indeed complex, all life systems, including social systems, satisfy two principles. First, all systems need to extract resources from the external environment to compensate for their consumption. Second, for a system to be viable, the amount of resource extraction has to be no less than the level of consumption. From these two principles, we derive a quantitative theory of major factors in economic activities, such as fixed cost, variable cost, discount rate, uncertainty and duration. The mathematical theory enables us to systematically measure the effectiveness of different policies and institutional structures at varying levels of resource abundance and cost. The theory presented in this book shows that there do not exist universally optimal policies or institutional structures. Instead, the impacts of different policies or social structures have to be measured within the context of existing levels of resource abundance. As the physical costs of extracting resources rise steadily, many policy assumptions adopted in mainstream economic theories, and workable in times of cheap and abundant energy supplies and other resources, need to be reconsidered. In this rapidly changing world, the theory presented here provides a solid foundation for examining the long-term impacts of today's policy decisions
ISBN,Price9781493934669
Keyword(s)1. Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ECONOMIC THEORY 5. Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods 6. ECONOPHYSICS 7. Energy and state 8. Energy policy 9. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 10. Environmental economics 11. Sociophysics 12. Sustainable development 13. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleEnergy, Complexity and Wealth Maximization
Author(s)Ayres, Robert
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXXV, 593 p. 121 illus., 120 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book is about the mechanisms of wealth creation, or what we like to think of as evolutionary ???progress???. For the modern economy, natural wealth consists of complex physical structures of condensed (???frozen???) energy ??? mass - maintained in the earth???s crust far from thermodynamic equilibrium. However, we usually perceive wealth as created when mutation or ???invention??? ??? a change agent - introduces something different, and fitter, and usually after some part of the natural wealth of the planet has been exploited in an episode of ???creative destruction???. Selection out of the resulting diversity is determined by survival in a competitive environment, whether a planet, a habitat, or a market. While human wealth is associated with money and what it can buy, it is ultimately based on natural wealth, both as materials transformed into useful artifacts, and how those artifacts, activated by energy, can create and transmit useful information. Humans have learned how to transform natural wealth into other forms. Can the new immaterial wealth of information and ideas, which makes up the so-called knowledge economy, replace depleted natural wealth? This seemingly simple question is the grand challenge of the 21st century. In this book, you will learn about the three key requirements for wealth creation, and how this process acts at all scales from elementary particles to biological organisms to the human economy according to physical laws. At the planetary level, continuing life on Earth depends on ???entropy minimization??? or the ???circular economy???. In the human economy, however, the massive circular flow of goods and services between producers and consumers is not a perpetual motion machine; it has been dependent for the past 150 years on energy inputs from a finite storage of fossil fuels. Knowledge and natural capital, particularly energy, will interact to power the human wealth engine in the future as it has in the past. Will it sputter or continue along the path of evolutionary progress that we have come to expect?
ISBN,Price9783319305455
Keyword(s)1. Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ECONOMIC POLICY 5. ECONOMICS 6. ECONOPHYSICS 7. Energy and state 8. Energy policy 9. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 10. Natural Resource and Energy Economics 11. Natural resources 12. Political Economy/Economic Systems 13. Sociophysics 14. THERMODYNAMICS
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TitleNuclear Proliferation and Terrorism in the Post-9/11 World
Author(s)Hafemeister, David
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
DescriptionXXIV, 434 p. 52 illus., 35 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book fills a clear gap in the literature for a technically-focused book covering nuclear proliferation and related issues post-9/11. Using a concept-led approach which serves a broad readership, it provides detailed overview of nuclear weapons, nuclear proliferation and international nuclear policy. The author addresses topics including offensive and defensive missile systems, command and control, verification, weapon effects, and nuclear testing. A chronology of nuclear arms is presented including detailed discussion of the Cold War, proliferation, and arms control treaties. The book is tailored to courses on nuclear proliferation, and the general reader will also find it a fascinating introduction to the science and strategy behind international nuclear policy in the modern era. ???Finally, a spritely, accessible overview of the nuclear world in historical context from someone who has both seen it from the U.S. State Department and Congressional policy trenches and taught it for 43 years. A gift to both concerned citizens and interested students.??? Frank von Hippel, Prof. Public and International Affairs (emeritus), Princeton University ???The threat of nuclear weapons has been with the world community for a long time. Global destruction was narrowly avoided three or four times or more during the Cold War with the use of such weapons remaining an immediate threat in some parts of the world??? David Hafemeister's outstanding new book provides the reader this essential review of the threat, taking into account its many manifestations in a careful and thorough way. It should not be missed.??? Thomas Graham, Jr., former Special Representative of the President for Arms Control and Non-proliferation ???Hafemeister's Nuclear Proliferation and Terrorism contains a wealth of information about nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction. The reader ??? whether professionally involved with these weapons or a citizen seeking to become better informed ??? will come away with a sober appreciation of the dangers, and with increased insight into how the world seeks to eliminate them.??? Pierce Corden, former Admin. Exec. Officer, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Commission ???For more than 70 years since August 9, 1945, nuclear weapons have not been detonated in war, and terrorists have yet to acquire these weapons. Will humanity be so fortunate for the next 70 years? To learn what can and should be done to further reduce the risks of these and other dangers, read David Hafemeister???s excellent book.??? Charles D. Ferguson, President, Federation of American Scientists
ISBN,Price9783319253671
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Energy and state 4. Energy policy 5. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 6. International humanitarian law 7. International Humanitarian Law, Law of Armed Conflict 8. NUCLEAR ENERGY 9. Science???Social aspects 10. Security Science and Technology 11. Societal Aspects of Physics, Outreach and Education 12. System safety
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I09257     On Shelf    

5.     
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TitleSolar Cells and Modules
Author(s)Shah, Arvind
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
DescriptionXX, 346 p. 225 illus., 176 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book gives a comprehensive introduction to the field of photovoltaic (PV) solar cells and modules. In thirteen chapters, it addresses a wide range of topics including the spectrum of light received by PV devices, the basic functioning of a solar cell, and the physical factors limiting the efficiency of solar cells. It places particular emphasis on crystalline silicon solar cells and modules, which constitute today more than 90 % of all modules sold worldwide. Describing in great detail both the manufacturing process and resulting module performance, the book also touches on the newest developments in this sector, such as Tunnel Oxide Passivated Contact (TOPCON) and heterojunction modules, while dedicating a major chapter to general questions of module design and fabrication. Overall, it presents the essential theoretical and practical concepts of PV solar cells and modules in an easy-to-understand manner and discusses current challenges facing the global research and development community
ISBN,Price9783030464875
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Electronic materials 4. Energy and state 5. Energy policy 6. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 7. Interfaces (Physical sciences) 8. Optical and Electronic Materials 9. OPTICAL MATERIALS 10. SEMICONDUCTORS 11. Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films 12. Surfaces (Physics) 13. THIN FILMS
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I09218     On Shelf    

6.     
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TitleRadiation Effects in Advanced Semiconductor Materials and Devices
Author(s)Claeys, C;Simoen, E
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2002.
DescriptionXXII, 404 p : online resource
Abstract NoteIn the modern semiconductor industry, there is a growing need to understand and combat potential radiation damage problems. Space applications are an obvious case, but, beyond that, today's device and circuit fabrication rely on increasing numbers of processing steps that involve an aggressive environment where inadvertant radiation damage can occur. This book is both aimed at post-graduate researchers seeking an overview of the field, and will also be immensely useful for nuclear and space engineers and even process engineers. A background knowledge of semiconductor and device physics is assumed, but the basic concepts are all briefly summarized. Finally the book outlines the shortcomings of present experimental and modeling techniques and gives an outlook on future developments
ISBN,Price9783662049747
Keyword(s)1. Characterization and Evaluation of Materials 2. CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS 3. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 4. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 5. EBOOK 6. EBOOK - SPRINGER 7. ELECTRODYNAMICS 8. Electronic materials 9. Energy and state 10. Energy policy 11. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 12. MATERIALS SCIENCE 13. Materials???Surfaces 14. Optical and Electronic Materials 15. OPTICAL MATERIALS 16. OPTICS 17. Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films 18. THIN FILMS
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7.     
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TitleControllability, Identification, and Randomness in Distributed Systems
Author(s)Nabi-Abdolyousefi, Marzieh
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2014.
DescriptionXVII, 151 p. 39 illus., 30 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis interdisciplinary thesis involves the design and analysis of coordination algorithms on networks, identification of dynamic networks, and estimation on networks with random geometries with implications for networks that support the operation of dynamic systems, e.g., formations of robotic vehicles, distributed estimation via sensor networks.???? The results have ramifications for fault detection and isolation of large-scale networked systems and optimization models and algorithms for next generation aircraft power systems.?? The author?? finds novel applications of the methodology in energy systems, such as residential and industrial smart energy management systems
ISBN,Price9783319024295
Keyword(s)1. Aerospace engineering 2. Aerospace Technology and Astronautics 3. Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks 4. ASTRONAUTICS 5. Control and Systems Theory 6. Control engineering 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. Energy and state 10. Energy policy 11. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 12. PHYSICS
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I07804     On Shelf    

8.     
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TitleHiroshima to Fukushima : Biohazards of Radiation
Author(s)Ochiai, Eiichiro
PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2014.
DescriptionXVI, 225 p. 90 illus., 46 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteSet against a backdrop of the recent disaster at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, "Hiroshima to Fukushima" examines the issue of radiation safety. The author provides important and accurate scientific information about the radioactive substances arising from nuclear power plants and weapons, including the effects of this radiation on living organisms. Currently, humankind is at a crossroads and must decide whether to phase out or increase its reliance on nuclear power as weapons and an energy source. Although a few countries, mostly European, have vowed to abolish nuclear power as an energy source, many other countries are about to increase their nuclear power programs. This book is written from a Japanese perspective and thus provides an alternative to views of Western writers. The author includes rigorous scientific analyses, however maintains a broad scope which allows the book to be accessible to decision-makers and non-specialists
ISBN,Price9783642387272
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Effects of Radiation/Radiation Protection 4. Energy and state 5. Energy policy 6. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 7. NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY 8. NUCLEAR ENERGY 9. Radiation protection 10. Radiation???Safety measures
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I07520     On Shelf    

9.     
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TitlePhysics of Societal Issues : Calculations on National Security, Environment, and Energy
Author(s)Hafemeister, David
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer New York, 2007.
DescriptionXVIII, 487 p. 111 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteWhy this book on the Physics of Societal Issues? The subdivisions of physics - nuclear physics, particle physics, condensed-matter physics, biophysics - have their textbooks, while the subdivision of physics and society lacks an equation-oriented text on the physics of arms, energy and the environment. Physics of Societal Issues is intended for undergraduate and doctoral students who may work on applied topics, or who simply want to know why things are the way they are. Decisions guiding policies on nuclear arms, energy and the environment often seem mysterious and contradictory. What is the science behind the deployment of MIRVed ICBMs, the quest for space-based beam weapons, the fear of powerline EM fields, the wholesale acceptance of SUVs, the issues of climactic change, and the failure of the pre-embargo market to produce buildings and appliances that now save over 50 power plants? Physics of Societal Issues is three "mini-texts" in one: National Security (5 chapters): Weapons, offense, defense, verification, nuclear proliferation Environment (4 chapters): Air/water, nuclear, climate change, EM fields/epidemiology Energy (7 chapters): Current energy situation, buildings, solar buildings, renewables, enhanced end-use, transport, economics "Straightforward calculations and supporting analysis can significantly shape public policy. This insight is needed in Congress and the Executive Branch. Hafemeister, a former Congressional fellow with wide Washington experience, has written a book for physicists, chemists and engineers who want to learn science and policy on weapons, energy, and the environment. Scientists who want to make a difference will want this book." Richard Scribner, a Founder and first Director, Congressional Science and Engineering Fellow Program, AAAS "Hafemeister shows how much one can understand about nuclear weapons and missile issues through simple back-of-the-envelope calculations. He also provides compact explanations of the partially successful attempts that have been made over the past 60 years to control these weapons of mass destruction. Hopefully, Physics of Societal Issues will help interest a new generation of physicists in continuing this work." Frank von Hippel, Professor, Princeton University, former Assistant Director, National Security, White House, OSTP "Energy policy must be quantitative. People who don't calculate economic trade-offs often champion simplistic hardware. ???The solution is more .... nuclear power, or electric cars, or photovoltaics, etc.??? Some simple physics will show that the true solution matches supply and demand as an ???integrated resource plan.??? Physics of Societal Issues is a good place to begin this journey." Arthur Rosenfeld, California Energy Commissioner, Professor-emeritus, University of California-Berkeley "Political analysis of public policies that ignores technical reality is about as useful as technical analysis that ignores political reality. In this book, David Hafemeister demonstrates a solid grasp of both the technical and political realities that have shaped US arms control and defense policy for the past five decades. This is a rare treat." Dean Wilkening, Science Director, Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University
ISBN,Price9780387689098
Keyword(s)1. Applied and Technical Physics 2. Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building 3. EBOOK 4. EBOOK - SPRINGER 5. ECONOPHYSICS 6. Energy and state 7. Energy policy 8. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 9. ENGINEERING 10. Engineering, general 11. Industrial and Production Engineering 12. Industrial engineering 13. PHYSICS 14. Physics, general 15. Production engineering 16. Sociophysics
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I06819     On Shelf    

10.    
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TitlePhysics of Societal Issues : Calculations on National Security, Environment, and Energy
Author(s)Hafemeister, David
PublicationNew York, NY, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer New York, 2014.
DescriptionXX, 668 p. 109 illus., 38 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides the reader with essential tools needed to analyze complex societal issues and demonstrates the transition from physics to modern-day laws and treaties. This second edition features new equation-oriented material and extensive data sets drawing upon current information from experts in their fields. Problems to challenge the reader and extend discussion are presented on three timely issues: ?? ????????????????? National Security: Weapons, Offense, Defense, Verification, Nuclear Proliferation, Terrorism ????????????????? Environment: Air/Water, Nuclear, Climate Change, EM Fields/Epidemiology ????????????????? Energy: Current Energy Situation, Buildings, Solar Buildings, Renewable ??Energy, Enhanced End-Use Efficiency, Transportation, Economics ?? Praise for the first edition: "This insight is needed in Congress and the Executive Branch. Hafemeister, a former Congressional fellow with wide Washington experience, has written a book for physicists, chemists and engineers who want to learn science and policy on weapons, energy, and the environment. Scientists who want to make a difference will want this book." Richard Scribner, first Director, Congressional Science and Engineering Fellow Program, AAAS ?? "Hafemeister shows how much one can understand about nuclear weapons and missile issues through simple back-of-the-envelope calculations. He also provides compact explanations of the partially successful attempts that have been made over the past 60 years to control these weapons of mass destruction. Hopefully, Physics of Societal Issues will help interest a new generation of physicists in continuing this work." Frank von Hippel, Professor, Princeton, former Assistant Director, National Security, White House, OSTP ?? "Energy policy must be quantitative. People who don't calculate economic tradeoffs often champion simplistic hardware. ???The solution is more... nuclear power, or electric cars, or photovoltaics, etc.??? Some simple physics will show that the true solution matches supply and demand as an ???integrated resource plan.??? Physics of Societal Issues is a good place to begin this journey." Arthur Rosenfeld, former California Energy Commissioner, Professor-emeritus, U. of California-Berkeley
ISBN,Price9781461492726
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Energy and state 4. Energy policy 5. Energy Policy, Economics and Management 6. Environmental law 7. Environmental Law/Policy/Ecojustice 8. ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY 9. NUCLEAR ENERGY 10. Renewable and Green Energy 11. Renewable energy resources 12. Science???Social aspects 13. Security Science and Technology 14. Societal Aspects of Physics, Outreach and Education 15. System safety
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