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2051 Costard, Ren?? Ultrafast Dynamics of Phospholipid-Water Interfaces I05461 2015 eBook  
2052 Akabori, Kiyotaka Structure Determination of HIV-1 Tat/Fluid Phase Membranes and DMPC Ripple Phase Using X-Ray Scattering I05456 2015 eBook  
2053 Daud, Suzairi Simulation of Optical Soliton Control in Micro- and Nanoring Resonator Systems I05450 2015 eBook  
2054 Lipperheide, Reinhard The Thermoballistic Transport Model I05445 2014 eBook  
2055 Bulavin, Leonid Physics of Liquid Matter: Modern Problems I05431 2015 eBook  
2056 Steinwachs, Christian Friedrich Non-minimal Higgs Inflation and Frame Dependence in Cosmology I05418 2014 eBook  
2057 David Koepsell Scientific integrity and research ethics: An Approach from the Ethos of Science 026693 2017 Book  
(page:206 / 206) [#2057] First Page   Previous Page    

2051.    
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TitleUltrafast Dynamics of Phospholipid-Water Interfaces : Studied by Nonlinear Time-Resolved Vibrational Spectroscopy
Author(s)Costard, Ren??
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2015.
DescriptionX, 103 p. 42 illus., 6 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis presents a highly innovative study of the ultrafast structural and vibrational dynamics of hydrated phospholipids, the basic constituents of cell membranes. As a novel approach to the water-phospholipid interface, the author studies phosphate vibrations using the most advanced methods of nonlinear vibrational spectroscopy, including femtosecond two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy. He shows for the first time that the structure of interfacial water undergoes very limited fluctuations on a 300 fs time scale and that the lifetimes of hydrogen bonds with the phospholipid are typically longer than 10 ps. Such properties originate from the steric hindrance of water fluctuations at the interface and the orienting action of strong electric fields from the phospholipid head group dipoles. In an extensive series of additional experiments, the vibrational lifetimes of the different vibrations and the processes of energy dissipation are elucidated in detail
ISBN,Price9783319220666
Keyword(s)1. Atomic structure???? 2. Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra 3. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 4. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 5. BIOPHYSICS 6. Cell membranes?? 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. Membrane Biology 10. MICROSCOPY 11. Molecular structure?? 12. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 13. SPECTROSCOPY 14. Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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I05461     On Shelf    

2052.     
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TitleStructure Determination of HIV-1 Tat/Fluid Phase Membranes and DMPC Ripple Phase Using X-Ray Scattering
Author(s)Akabori, Kiyotaka
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2015.
DescriptionXX, 168 p. 114 illus., 89 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis Thesis in biological physics has two components, describing??the use of X-ray scattering techniques??to study the structure of two different stacked lipid membrane systems.?? The first part focuses on the interaction between a short 11-mer peptide, Tat, which is part of the Tat protein in the HIV-1 virus.?? Although highly positively charged, the Tat protein has been shown to translocate through hydrocarbon lipid bilayers easily, without requiring the cell???s energy, which is counter to its Born self-energy.?? In this work Tat???s location in the headgroup region was demonstrated using a combined X-ray scattering and molecular dynamics approach.?? Bilayer thinning was observed as well as softening of different membrane mimics due to Tat.?? It was concluded that Tat???s headgroup location, which increases the area/lipid, and its bilayer softening likely reduce the energy barrier for passive translocation. The second part is a rigorous investigation of an enigmatic phase in the phase diagram of the lipid dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC).?? The ripple phase has fascinated many researchers in condensed matter physics and physical chemistry as an example of periodically modulated phases, with many theoretical and simulation papers published.?? Despite systematic studies over the past three decades, molecular details of the structure were still lacking.?? By obtaining the highest resolution X-ray data so far, this work revealed the complex nature of the chain packing, as well as confirming that the major side is thicker than the minor side of the saw-tooth ripple structure.?? The new model shows that the chains in the major arm are tilted with respect to the bilayer normal and that the chains in the minor arm are slightly more disordered than all-trans gel-phase chains, i.e., the chains in the minor arm are more fluid-like.?? This work provides the highest resolution X-ray structure of the ripple phase to-date
ISBN,Price9783319222103
Keyword(s)1. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 2. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 3. BIOPHYSICS 4. Cell membranes?? 5. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 6. Crystallography and Scattering Methods 7. EBOOK 8. EBOOK - SPRINGER 9. Membrane Biology 10. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
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I05456     On Shelf    

2053.     
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TitleSimulation of Optical Soliton Control in Micro- and Nanoring Resonator Systems
Author(s)Daud, Suzairi;Idrus, Sevia Mahdaliza;Ali, Jalil
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2015.
DescriptionXIII, 100 p. 38 illus., 28 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book introduces optical soliton control in micro- and nanoring resonator systems. It describes how the ring resonator systems can be optimized as optical tweezers for photodetection by controlling the input power, ring radii and coupling coefficients of the systems. Numerous arrangements and configurations of micro and nanoring resonator systems are explained. The analytical formulation and optical transfer function for each model and the interaction of the optical signals in the systems are discussed. This book shows that the models designed are able to control the dynamical behaviour of generated signals
ISBN,Price9783319154855
Keyword(s)1. CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ELECTRODYNAMICS 5. LASERS 6. MICROWAVES 7. Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering 8. OPTICAL ENGINEERING 9. OPTICS 10. Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices 11. PHOTONICS
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I05450     On Shelf    

2054.     
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TitleThe Thermoballistic Transport Model : A Novel Approach to Charge Carrier Transport in Semiconductors
Author(s)Lipperheide, Reinhard;Wille, Uwe
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2014.
DescriptionXI, 150 p. 7 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThe book presents a comprehensive survey of the thermoballistic approach to charge carrier transport in semiconductors. This semi-classical approach, which the authors have developed over the past decade, bridges the gap between the opposing drift-diffusion and ballistic?? models of carrier transport. While incorporating basic features of the latter two models, the physical concept underlying the thermoballistic approach constitutes a novel, unifying scheme. It is based on the introduction of "ballistic configurations" arising from a random partitioning of the length of a semiconducting sample into ballistic transport intervals. Stochastic averaging of the ballistic carrier currents over the ballistic configurations results in a position-dependent thermoballistic current, which is the key element of the thermoballistic concept and forms?? the point of departure for the calculation of all relevant transport properties. In the book, the thermoballistic concept and its implementation are developed in great detail, and specific examples of interest to current research in semiconductor physics??and spintronics are worked out
ISBN,Price9783319059242
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Electronic materials 4. Nanoscale science 5. Nanoscale Science and Technology 6. NANOSCIENCE 7. Nanostructures 8. Optical and Electronic Materials 9. OPTICAL MATERIALS 10. SEMICONDUCTORS 11. SOLID STATE PHYSICS
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I05445     On Shelf    

2055.     
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TitlePhysics of Liquid Matter: Modern Problems : Proceedings, Kyiv, Ukraine, 23-27 May 2014
Author(s)Bulavin, Leonid;Lebovka, Nikolai
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2015.
DescriptionXI, 374 p. 156 illus., 115 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThese proceedings comprise invited and contributed papers presented at PLMMP-2014, addressing modern problems in the fields of liquids, solutions and confined systems, critical phenomena, as well as colloidal and biological systems. The book focuses on state-of-the-art developments in contemporary physics of liquid matter. The papers presented here are organized into four parts: (i) structure of liquids in confined systems, (ii) phase transitions, supercritical liquids and glasses, (iii) colloids, and (iv) medical and biological aspects and cover the most recent developments in the broader field of liquid state including interdisciplinary problems
ISBN,Price9783319208756
Keyword(s)1. Amorphous substances 2. Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics 3. BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS 4. BIOPHYSICS 5. Complex fluids 6. COMPLEX SYSTEMS 7. DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 8. EBOOK 9. EBOOK - SPRINGER 10. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 11. Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics 12. STATISTICAL PHYSICS 13. Statistical Physics and Dynamical Systems
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I05431     On Shelf    

2056.     
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TitleNon-minimal Higgs Inflation and Frame Dependence in Cosmology
Author(s)Steinwachs, Christian Friedrich
PublicationCham, 1. Imprint: Springer 2. Springer International Publishing, 2014.
DescriptionXVI, 279 p. 41 illus., 21 illus. in color : online resource
Abstract NoteThis thesis explores the idea that the Higgs boson of the Standard Model and the cosmological inflaton are just two manifestations of one and the same scalar field - the Higgs-inflaton. By this unification two energy scales that are separated by many orders of magnitude are connected, thereby building a bridge between particle physics and cosmology. An essential ingredient for making this model consistent with observational data is a strong non-minimal coupling to gravity. Predictions for the value of the Higgs mass as well as for cosmological parameters are derived, and can be tested by future experiments. The results become especially exciting in the light of the recently announced discovery of the Higgs boson. The model of non-minimal Higgs inflation is also used in a quantum cosmological context to predict initial conditions for inflation. These results can in turn be tested by the detection of primordial gravitational waves. The??presentation includes??all introductory material about cosmology and the Standard Model that is essential for??the further understanding. It also provides an introduction to the mathematical methods used to calculate the effective action by heat kernel methods
ISBN,Price9783319018423
Keyword(s)1. COSMOLOGY 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Elementary particles (Physics) 5. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 6. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS 7. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY 8. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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I05418     On Shelf    

2057.    
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TitleScientific integrity and research ethics: An Approach from the Ethos of Science
Author(s)David Koepsell
PublicationSwitzerland, Springer International Publishing, 2017.
Descriptionxiv, 115p.
ISBN,Price9783319512761 : Eur 54.99(PB)
Classification378.245:176.8
Keyword(s)1. RESEARCH ETHICS 2. SCIENTIFIC INTEGRITY
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026693   378.245:176.8/KOE/026693  On Shelf    

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